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Cubagua within Nueva Esparta
Map of Cubagua

Cubagua or Isla de Cubagua (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈisla ðe kuˈβaɣwa]) is the smallest and least populated of the 3 islands constituting the Venezuelan state of Nueva Esparta, after Isla Margarita and Coche. It is located 16 km north of Araya Peninsula, the closest mainland area.

Geography[edit]

Topography[edit]

The island is 9.2 by 3.6 km in size, an elliptical shape with the longer axis east-west. Its area is 22.438 km². The coast consists of some beaches as well as cliffs from 5-7 meters high in the south and from 20-24 meters high in the north. The highest elevation of the flat-topped island reaches 32 meters.

Climate[edit]

It is dry and lacks surface water bodies (the only freshwater is found in small underground reservoirs). Annual precipitation is 250 millimeters, which is the value of a dry desert. Temperatures are close to 25°C year-round with little fluctuation.

Vegetation[edit]

The desert-like (xerophytic) vegetation of the essentially barren island includes a number of cactus species such as Cardón de Dato (Ritterocereus griseus), Buche, Melón de Cerro, Sabana o Monte (Melocactus caesius), Guamacho (Pereskia guamacho), and Opuntia tuna as well as a few legumes (family Fabaceae) such as Mesquite (Prosopis juliflora), Divi-divi (Caesalpinia coriaria), Poorman’s Friend (Stylosanthes viscosa), and the Sangre Drago (Croton flavens).[1]

Fauna[edit]

The island has small populations of hares, feral goats and a large population of dogs.

Transportation[edit]

Beach of Cubagua

The island of Cubagua has no streets or roads. It is served by ferries and other boats from Punta de Piedras, the capital of the municipality of Tubores located 8 km to the northeast on Isla Margarita. The passage takes less than 2 hours. The boat landing pier is located at the eastern end of Playa Charagato, the main settlement of Cubagua.

A lighthouse marking Punta Charagato lies in the northeast to aid the Isla Margarita ferry and another lighthouse is situated at Punta Brasil in the northwest to aid the ferries of Punta de Piedras and Puerto la Cruz.

History[edit]

The first human settlement on Cubagua has been dated to 2325 BC, a time within the Meso-Indian Period (5000-1000 BC).

In 1498, Cubagua was discovered by Christopher Columbus. In 1528, Cristóbal Guerra founded the city of Nueva Cádiz, the first settlement to hold the title of "city" in Venezuela.[2] The city became a synonym for the suppression by the Hispanic Conquistadores in South America.[2] Nueva Cádiz, which reached a population between 1000 and 1500, was destroyed in an earthquake followed by a tsunami in 1541.[3] The ruins have been declared a National Monument of Venezuela in 1979.

Ruins of Nueva Cádiz

Administration[edit]

Cubagua is part of the municipality of Tubores, one of 11 municipalities of the state of Nueva Esparta.

Population[edit]

Human activity dates from the 24th century BC, but the first people did not settle here in a permanent fashion. Instead the island was used as a source of oysters, for food, and for pearls. The lack of vegetation or fresh water made permanent settlement nearly impossible. Today the island still has temporary fisherman, but few to no permanent residents.[4]

According to an unofficial population census conducted by the Instituto del Patrimonio Cultural in August 2007, the island had 51 residents of which 19 were children. The population resides in the following 4 communities in the island's northwest:

  • Playa Falucho
  • Playa Charagato (the largest settlement)
  • Punta Charagato
  • Punta la Cabecera (close to the ruins Nueva Cádiz)

In addition, on some maps a settlement called Punta Arenas appears in the Southwest. Satellite images reveal about 5 buildings at that site. A small settlement of about 4 buildings can be made out about midway between Punta La Horca (the westernmost point of Cubagua) and Punta Arenas south of Punta El Lamparo. A pair of buildings can be seen on the southern bay of Manglecito just east of Punta Manglecito.

The population exceeds 300 during the year when seasonal fishermen from the Venezuelan mainland state of Sucre are included.

Coordinates: 10°49′08″N 64°10′57″W / 10.81889°N 64.18250°W / 10.81889; -64.18250

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cubagua — Please support Wikipedia.
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352 news items

El Nacional.com

El Nacional.com
Sat, 31 Jan 2015 20:30:00 -0800

... de la tecnología y la educación para incrementar la producción, además de cuidar las poscosecha. "De esta manera se convertirá nuevamente en riqueza para el país, como lo fue hace 300 años, cuando le dio a España más que las perlas de Cubagua".

elsoldemargarita.com.ve

elsoldemargarita.com.ve
Sat, 31 Jan 2015 20:30:00 -0800

Entre los programas a desarrollar para Margarita, Coche y Cubagua se encuentran Margarita Educadora, que según el portal web, busca implementar programas y proyectos que fortalezcan la formación de niños, jóvenes y adultos en diversos ámbitos.

GroundReport

GroundReport
Tue, 13 Jan 2015 15:26:15 -0800

The film reveals a somewhat forgotten Venezuelan island, Cubagua, which is not only the picture of paradise, but also, the first Spanish settlement of the new world. Teehan says, “Like the broader picture of Venezuela itself, it has suffered from ...
 
Diario El Siglo
Wed, 28 Jan 2015 05:22:47 -0800

Según la historia en los inicios de la conquista los españoles fundaron en la Isla de Cubagua, la ciudad de Nueva Cádiz. En poco tiempo dicha ciudad creció vertiginosamente derivado de la extracción de perlas que abundaban en sus mares. Durante este ...
 
El Universal (Venezuela)
Wed, 16 Jul 2014 21:30:37 -0700

Antes, muchos años antes de ser declarada ciudad, Cubagua apenas era una isla desierta donde solo había soledad, cardones y suelo ripio. Hacia finales del siglo XV Cristóbal Colón la avistó y supo que era sitio de ostrales. Algunos historiadores ...

El Nacional.com

El Nacional.com
Sun, 27 Jul 2014 21:30:00 -0700

Alejandro Bruzual, poeta, ensayista, crítico e investigador literario, musical y cinematográfico, en Cubagua. Enrique Bernardo Nuñez. Estudio y edición crítico-genética (Caracas: Fundación Centro de Estudios Latinoamericanos Rómulo Gallegos, 2014 ...

elsoldemargarita.com.ve

elsoldemargarita.com.ve
Sat, 09 Aug 2014 21:30:00 -0700

Potenciar el turismo en Cubagua requiere mancomunar esfuerzos. Capitanía de Puerto inicia campaña ambiental de limpieza en playas. Dos toneladas de basura fueron recolectadas en la isla que albergó a la primera ciudad de América. Turistas solicitan ...

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Mon, 12 Jan 2015 20:30:00 -0800

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