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Cubagua within Nueva Esparta
Map of Cubagua

Cubagua or Isla de Cubagua (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈisla ðe kuˈβaɣwa]) is the smallest and least populated of the 3 islands constituting the Venezuelan state of Nueva Esparta, after Isla Margarita and Coche. It is located 16 kilometres (10 mi) north of Araya Peninsula, the closest mainland area.

Geography[edit]

Topography[edit]

The island is 9.2 by 3.6 km (5.7 by 2.2 mi) in size, an elliptical shape with the longer axis east-west. Its area is 22.438 km2 (9 sq mi). The coast consists of some beaches as well as cliffs from 5 to 7 metres (16 to 23 ft) high in the south and from 20 to 24 metres (66 to 79 ft) high in the north. The highest elevation of the flat-topped island reaches 32 metres (105 ft).

Climate[edit]

It is dry and lacks surface water bodies (the only freshwater is found in small underground reservoirs). Annual precipitation is 250 millimetres (10 inches), which is the value of a dry desert. Temperatures are close to 25 °C (77 °F) year-round with little fluctuation.

Vegetation[edit]

The desert-like (xerophytic) vegetation of the essentially barren island includes a number of cactus species such as Cardón de Dato (Ritterocereus griseus), Buche, Melón de Cerro, Sabana o Monte (Melocactus caesius), Guamacho (Pereskia guamacho), and Opuntia tuna as well as a few legumes (family Fabaceae) such as Mesquite (Prosopis juliflora), Divi-divi (Caesalpinia coriaria), Poorman’s Friend (Stylosanthes viscosa), and the Sangre Drago (Croton flavens).[1]

Fauna[edit]

The island has small populations of hares, feral goats and a large population of dogs.

Transportation[edit]

Beach of Cubagua

The island of Cubagua has no streets or roads. It is served by ferries and other boats from Punta de Piedras, the capital of the municipality of Tubores located 8 km (5 mi) to the northeast on Isla Margarita. The passage takes less than 2 hours. The boat landing pier is located at the eastern end of Playa Charagato, the main settlement of Cubagua.

A lighthouse marking Punta Charagato lies in the northeast to aid the Isla Margarita ferry and another lighthouse is situated at Punta Brasil in the northwest to aid the ferries of Punta de Piedras and Puerto la Cruz.

History[edit]

The first human settlement on Cubagua has been dated to 2325 BC, a time within the Meso-Indian Period (5000-1000 BC).

In 1498, Cubagua was discovered by Christopher Columbus. In 1528, Cristóbal Guerra founded the city of Nueva Cádiz, the first settlement to hold the title of "city" in Venezuela.[2] The city became a synonym for the suppression by the Hispanic Conquistadores in South America.[2] Nueva Cádiz, which reached a population between 1000 and 1500, was destroyed in an earthquake followed by a tsunami in 1541.[3] The ruins have been declared a National Monument of Venezuela in 1979.

Ruins of Nueva Cádiz

Administration[edit]

Cubagua is part of the municipality of Tubores, one of 11 municipalities of the state of Nueva Esparta.

Population[edit]

Human activity dates from the 24th century BC, but the first people did not settle here in a permanent fashion. Instead the island was used as a source of oysters, for food, and for pearls. The lack of vegetation or fresh water made permanent settlement nearly impossible. Today the island still has temporary fisherman, but few to no permanent residents.[4]

According to an unofficial population census conducted by the Instituto del Patrimonio Cultural in August 2007, the island had 51 residents of which 19 were children. The population resides in the following 4 communities in the island's northwest:

  • Playa Falucho
  • Playa Charagato (the largest settlement)
  • Punta Charagato
  • Punta la Cabecera (close to the ruins Nueva Cádiz)

In addition, on some maps a settlement called Punta Arenas appears in the Southwest. Satellite images reveal about 5 buildings at that site. A small settlement of about 4 buildings can be made out about midway between Punta La Horca (the westernmost point of Cubagua) and Punta Arenas south of Punta El Lamparo. A pair of buildings can be seen on the southern bay of Manglecito just east of Punta Manglecito.

The population exceeds 300 during the year when seasonal fishermen from the Venezuelan mainland state of Sucre are included.

Coordinates: 10°49′08″N 64°10′57″W / 10.81889°N 64.18250°W / 10.81889; -64.18250

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cubagua — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1993 videos foundNext > 

https://youtube.com/devicesupport

Cubagua documental del 2002

Un documental sobre la isla de Cubagua que hicimos con nuestro gran amigo Dr. Hugo Ancieta. Dr. Hugo Ancieta era una persona extraordinaria, un scientifico y explorador, siempre estara en nuestro ...

COMBATE: Krayg y la Isla de Cubagua 09/12/13

COMBATE - KRAYG Y LA ISLA DE CUBAGUA LUNES 09 DE DICIEMBRE DEL 2013 KRAYG Y CUBAGUA EN BALDE SORPRESA LUNES 09 DE DICIEMBRE DEL 2013 krayg y la isla de cubagua ...

Estoesmargarita: Cubagua

Dirigido y producido por... Toni velazco, Instagram: @javelazco Grabado en Isla de Cubagua, Estado Nueva Esparta. Venezuela CANCION: FAUL & Wad Ad vs Pnau - Changes Excursion con Island...

Ferry Hundido en Cubagua - Isla de Margarita - Venezuela

Filmado por Manuel Yusti.

Isla de Cubagua, Nueva Esparta, Venezuela | Cubagua Island, Venezuela .... Ilha de Cubagua

La Isla de Cubagua es una isla del Mar Caribe, ubicada al noreste de Venezuela. Tiene una superficie de 24 km². Es parte integrante del Municipio Tubores del estado Nueva Esparta, Este estado,...

CUBAGUA TIERRA INHÓSPITA 2014.

REALIZADO POR LOS ESTUDIANTES DE LA I PROMOCIÓN DE GEOGRAFÍA E HISTORIA UPEL-IMPM DEL ESTADO NUEVA ESPARTA 2014 EN PAENA ÚLTIMA CARGA ACADÉMICA. Profesor ...

Isla de Cubagua : un isolotto deserto davanti a Isla Margarita

Una escursione di Italcaribe Club che non potete assolutamente mancare; una sensazione di essere tornati indietro nel tempo, dove solo gabbiani, cormorani e il rumore del mare dei caraibi saranno...

Arqueología Cubagua en el Museo Nueva Cádiz,Margarita,Venezuela

Cubagua o Coche con Er´Corsario - Isla Margarita - Caribbean-trip.com

Disfrute de paradisíacas playas, arenas blancas y la más espectacular aventura en estas embarcaciones con Todo Incluido Para mas informacion y reservaciones click aqui: http://www.caribbean-tri...

1993 videos foundNext > 

363 news items

Diario El Siglo

Diario El Siglo
Wed, 22 Apr 2015 11:11:15 -0700

Ortiz Rojas precisó que a bordo de las naves venían 47 mil 124 pasajeros, de los cuales 35.663 visitaron las islas de Margarita, Coche y Cubagua, lo que representa el desembarco del 55% de las personas que viajaban en los cruceros. Igualmente, los ...

Aporrea.org (blog)

Aporrea.org (blog)
Sat, 18 Apr 2015 23:45:00 -0700

Cinco de ellas abarcaban distritos enteros en los Estados Zulia, Falcón, Yaracuy y Carabobo; el otro, toda la isla de Cubagua. Sólo una de las concesiones fue otorgada a petroleras importantes.[5] No estableció conscientemente una política del petróleo ...

elsoldemargarita.com.ve

elsoldemargarita.com.ve
Fri, 10 Apr 2015 21:53:01 -0700

A propósito de la temática de las embarcaciones, el biólogo marino Paúl Bermúdez se anima y anuncia un proyecto de investigación, "como un aporte al conocimiento adicional a la pesca de Margarita, Coche y Cubagua, desde el punto de vista cultural".

Radio Rebelde

Radio Rebelde
Tue, 03 Mar 2015 11:51:02 -0800

Otra de las acciones integradoras de la región latinoamericana y caribeña, lo constituye el encuentro científico, comercial y de intercambio de experiencias CubAagua 2015, que del 8 al 13 de junio tendrá lugar en el Palacio de las Convenciones de La ...

elsoldemargarita.com.ve

elsoldemargarita.com.ve
Fri, 03 Apr 2015 22:16:17 -0700

Fresca y traída de Cubagua, para delicia de todos. / Foto: GÉNESIS TORANI. 4 Abr, 2015 | A partir de las 9:00 a.m., se celebra hoy la Feria de la madre 'e perla en el paseo Rómulo Gallego, sector Guaraguao de Porlamar, por iniciativa de la alcaldía de ...

Aporrea.org

Noticias24
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 14:10:35 -0700

Eso se va a mantener en expansión, en crecimiento”, expresó el Jefe de Estado, durante un encuentro con pescadores de la Isla de Margarita, Coche y Cubagua, en la Península de Macanao, estado Nueva Esparta. Vale destacar que a su llegada a la ...

El Nacional.com

El Nacional.com
Sat, 11 Apr 2015 21:30:00 -0700

La “narración caleidoscópica” como el “viaje transcultural” son dos propósitos de someter la tradición de lectura de la novela Cubagua a una nueva vía de acceso gracias a las renovadas teorías de los fenómenos culturales latinoamericanos. “Cardumen ...

PanamaOn

PanamaOn
Wed, 25 Feb 2015 10:11:15 -0800

Cubagua es la continuidad de los eventos Expoagua que se venían realizando en el país, luego se incorporaron a las ferias de la construcción, y ahora, acorde con la dimensión de la política de hidráulica, se decidió integrarlos en una convención, la ...
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