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Cubagua within Nueva Esparta
Map of Cubagua

Cubagua or Isla de Cubagua (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈisla ðe kuˈβaɣwa]) is the smallest and least populated of the three islands constituting the Venezuelan state of Nueva Esparta, after Isla Margarita and Coche. It is located 16 km north of Araya Peninsula, the closest mainland area.

Geography[edit]

Topography[edit]

The island is 9.2 by 3.6 km in size, an elliptical shape with the longer axis east-west. Its area is 22.438 km². The coast consists of cliffs from five to seven meters high in the south, and from 20 to 24 meters high in the north, but there are also some beaches. The highest elevation of the flat-topped island reaches 32 meters.

Climate[edit]

It is dry and lacks surface water bodies (the only freshwater is found in small underground reservoirs). Annual precipitation is 250 mm, which is the value of a dry desert. Temperatures are close to 25°C year-round, with little fluctuation.

Vegetation[edit]

The desert-like (xerophytic) vegetation of the essentially barren island includes a number of cactus species such as Cardón de Dato (Ritterocereus griseus), Buche, Melón de Cerro, Sabana o Monte (Melocactus caesius), Guamacho (Pereskia guamacho), and Opuntia tuna, as well as a few legumes (family Fabaceae) such as Mesquite (Prosopis juliflora), Divi-divi (Caesalpinia coriaria), Poorman’s Friend (Stylosanthes viscosa), and the Sangre Drago (Croton flavens).[1]

Fauna[edit]

The island has small populations of hares and feral goats.

Transportation[edit]

Beach of Cubagua

There are no streets or roads on the island. Cubagua is served by ferries and other boats from Punta de Piedras, the capital of Tubores municipality, located eight kilometers to the northeast, on Isla Margarita. The passage takes less than two hours. The boat landing pier is located at the eastern end of Playa Charagato, the main settlement of Cubagua. There is a lighthouse marking Punta Charagato in the northeast (which the ferry from Isla Margarita passes), and another one at Punta Brasil in the northwest, to aid the ferries from Punta de Piedras to Puerto la Cruz that pass by Cubagua on the west.

History[edit]

The first human settlement on Cubagua has been dated to 2325 B.C., a time within the Meso-Indian Period (5000 to 1000 B.C.).

Cubagua was discovered for Europeans by Christopher Columbus in 1498. Its historically most important resources have been the pearls of pearl oysters, already in pre-European times. The peak of its exploitation occurred from 1508 to 1520. By 1531 signs of resource exhaustion became evident. Between 1530 and 1535 fishing resources were exploited at peak level, to support a growing population.

In 1528, Cristóbal Guerra founded the city of Nueva Cádiz, the first settlement to hold the title of "city" in Venezuela, and one of the first ones in the Americas.[2] The city became a synonym for the suppression by the Hispanic Conquistadores in South America.[2] Nueva Cádiz, which reached a population between 1000 and 1500, was destroyed in an earthquake followed by a tsunami in 1541.[3] The ruins have been declared a National Monument of Venezuela in 1979.

Ruins of Nueva Cádiz

Administration[edit]

Cubagua is part of the municipality of Tubores, one of eleven municipalities of the state of Nueva Esparta.

Population[edit]

Human activity dates from the 24th century BC, but the first people did not settle here in a permanent fashion. Instead the island was used as a source of oysters, for food, and for pearls. The lack of vegetation or fresh water made permanent settlement nearly impossible. Today the island still has temporary fisherman, but few to no permanent residents.[4]

According to an unofficial census of population by the Instituto del Patrimonio Cultural in August 2007, the island had a population of 51, of which 19 were children. This population resides in four sub-communities in the northeast of the island, from west to east:

  1. Playa Falucho
  2. Playa Charagato (the largest settlement)
  3. Punta Charagato
  4. Punta la Cabecera (close to the ruins Nueva Cádiz)

In addition, on some maps a settlement called Punta Arenas appears in the Southwest. Satellite images reveal about five buildings at that site. A small settlement of about four buildings can be made out about midway between Punta La Horca (the westernmost point of Cubagua) and Punta Arenas, south of Punta El Lamparo. Two buildings can be seen on the southern bay of Manglecito, just east of Punta Manglecito.

If the itinerant fishermen from the rest of Nueva Esparta from the Venezuelan mainland (State of Sucre) are included, the population exceeds 300 during the year.

Coordinates: 10°49′08″N 64°10′57″W / 10.81889°N 64.18250°W / 10.81889; -64.18250

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cubagua — Please support Wikipedia.
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elsoldemargarita.com.ve

elsoldemargarita.com.ve
Wed, 16 Apr 2014 14:45:00 -0700

Fue capturado en las cercanías de Cubagua en el año 2001. *Las playas son el principal patrimonio natural de la isla de Margarita. ¡Por favor, no las ensucies! * Ser excelente es levantar los ojos de la tierra, elevar el espíritu y soñar con lograr lo ...

elsoldemargarita.com.ve

elsoldemargarita.com.ve
Wed, 16 Apr 2014 21:30:00 -0700

Estas se distribuirán en las Estaciones de Guardacostas de Guanta (Anzoátegui) y Carúpano (Sucre), las Estaciones secundarias de Cumaná, La Blanquilla, Juan Griego, Península de Macanao y Los Testigos, además de los Puntos Avanzados de Cubagua ...

elsoldemargarita.com.ve

elsoldemargarita.com.ve
Sun, 13 Apr 2014 22:01:26 -0700

En la marina del Concorde, aun cuando parezca pequeña, se da un movimiento anual de 15 mil pasajeros, mediante la prestación de tres empresas turísticas que llevan paseos a Los Frailes y a las islas de Coche y Cubagua. No se debe subestimar, por lo ...
 
EnOriente.com
Fri, 11 Apr 2014 15:52:30 -0700

... Mata Figueroa anunció que 3.120 funcionarios policiales y militares resguardarán el estado Nueva Esparta durante la Semana Santa. 300 vehículos, 15 embarcaciones y 2 aviones fueron asignados para patrullar las islas de Margarita, Coche y Cubagua.
 
elsoldemargarita.com.ve
Sun, 30 Mar 2014 21:32:45 -0700

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Fri, 28 Mar 2014 08:22:09 -0700

La Asunción, 28 Mar. AVN.- La Red de Teatro y Circo Capitulo Margarita, Coche y Cubagua impulsa la creación de una sede de la Universidad Nacional de las Artes (Uneartes) en el estado Nueva Esparta, para fortalecer el desarrollo cultural de la entidad.

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Wed, 09 Apr 2014 11:15:01 -0700

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que muera por ello" (Cedulario de la isla de Cubagua, 1984: 129). El primer alzamiento de esclavos negros documentalmente registrado en la región insular margariteña ocurrió en el año de 1603, cuando un grupo de ellos huyó hacia las costas cumanesas ...
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