digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Corruption perception index 2013.

Since the turn of the new millennium, Transparency International (TI) has published the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) annually ranking countries "by their perceived levels of corruption, as determined by expert assessments and opinion surveys."[1] The CPI generally defines corruption as "the misuse of public power for private benefit."[2]

The CPI currently ranks 177 countries "on a scale from 100 (very clean) to 0 (highly corrupt)."[3]

Methods[edit]

Transparency International commissioned Johann Graf Lambsdorff of the University of Passau to produce the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI).[4] The 2012 CPI draws on 13 different surveys and assessments from 12 different institutions.[5] The institutions are the African Development Bank, the Bertelsmann Foundation, the Economist Intelligence Unit, Freedom House, Global Insight, International Institute for Management Development, Political and Economic Risk Consultancy, Political Risk Services, the World Economic Forum, the World Bank and the World Justice Project.[6]

Countries must be assessed by at least three sources to appear in the CPI.[7] The 13 surveys/assessments are either business people opinion surveys or performance assessments from a group of analysts.[2] Early CPIs used public opinion surveys.[7]

The CPI measures perception of corruption due to the difficulty of measuring absolute levels of corruption.[8]

Validity[edit]

A study published in 2002 found a "very strong significant correlation" between the Corruption Perceptions Index and two other proxies for corruption: Black Market activity and overabundance of regulation. All three metrics also had a highly significant correlation with real gross domestic product per capita (RGDP/Cap). The Corruption Perceptions Index correlation with RGDP/Cap was the strongest.[9]

Reports[edit]

2013[edit]

The 20 top countries that were ranked as having the lowest perceived levels of corruption were:

# Country Score # Country Score
1 Denmark 91 11 Luxembourg 80
New Zealand 12 Germany 78
3 Finland 89 Iceland
Sweden 14 United Kingdom 76
5 Norway 86 15 Barbados 75
Singapore Belgium
7 Switzerland 85 Hong Kong
8 Netherlands 83 18 Japan 74
9 Australia 81 19 United States 73
Canada Uruguay
Source:[10]

The 20 bottom countries that were ranked as having the highest perceived levels of corruption were:

# Country Score # Country Score
175 Somalia 8 167 Yemen 18
North Korea 163 Haiti 19
Afghanistan Guinea Bissau
174 Sudan 11 Equatorial Guinea
173 South Sudan 14 Chad
172 Libya 15 160 Venezuela 20
171 Iraq 16 Eritrea
168 Uzbekistan 17 Cambodia
Turkmenistan 158 Zimbabwe 21
Syria Myanmar
Source:[10]

2012[edit]

The 20 top countries that were ranked as having the lowest perceived levels of corruption were:

# Country Score # Country Score
1 Denmark 90 11 Iceland 82
Finland 12 Luxembourg 80
New Zealand 13 Germany 79
4 Sweden 88 14 Hong Kong 77
5 Singapore 87 15 Barbados 76
6 Switzerland 86 16 Belgium 75
7 Australia 85 17 Japan 74
Norway United Kingdom
9 Canada 84 19 United States 73
Netherlands 20 Chile 72
Source:[11]

The 20 bottom countries that were ranked as having the highest perceived levels of corruption were:

# Country Score # Country Score
174 Somalia 8 165 Chad 19
North Korea Burundi
Afghanistan 163 Zimbabwe 20
173 Sudan 11 Equatorial Guinea
172 Myanmar 15 160 Libya 21
170 Uzbekistan 17 Laos
Turkmenistan Democratic Republic of the Congo
169 Iraq 18 157 Tajikstan 22
165 Venezuela 19 Cambodia
Haiti Angola
Source:[11]

2011[edit]

The 20 top countries that were ranked as having the lowest perceived levels of corruption were:

# Country Score # Country Score
1 New Zealand 95 11 Luxembourg 85
2 Denmark 94 12 Hong Kong 84
Finland 13 Iceland 83
4 Sweden 93 14 Germany 80
5 Singapore 92 Japan
6 Norway 90 16 Austria 78
7 Netherlands 89 Barbados
8 Australia 88 United Kingdom
Switzerland 19 Belgium 75
10 Canada 87 Ireland
Source:[12]

The 20 bottom countries that were ranked as having the highest perceived levels of corruption were:

# Country Score # Country Score
182 Somalia 10 172 Equatorial Guinea 19
North Korea Burundi
180 Myanmar 15 168 Niger 20
Afghanistan Democratic Republic of the Congo
177 Uzbekistan 16 Chad
Turkmenistan Angola
Sudan 164 Yemen 21
175 Iraq 18 Kyrgyzstan
Haiti Guinea
172 Venezuela 19 Cambodia
Source:[12]

2010[edit]

The 20 top countries that were ranked as having the lowest perceived levels of corruption were:

# Country Score # Country Score
1 Denmark 93 11 Iceland 85
New Zealand Luxembourg
Singapore 13 Hong Kong 84
4 Finland 92 14 Ireland 80
Sweden 15 Austria 79
6 Canada 89 Germany
7 Netherlands 88 17 Barbados 78
8 Australia 87 Japan
Switzerland 19 Qatar 77
10 Norway 86 20 United Kingdom 76
Source:[13]

The 20 bottom countries that were ranked as having the highest perceived levels of corruption were:

# Country Score # Country Score
178 Somalia 11 168 Angola 19
176 Myanmar 14 164 Venezuela 20
Afghanistan Kyrgyzstan
175 Iraq 15 Guinea
172 Uzbekistan 16 Democratic Republic of the Congo
Turkmenistan 159 Tajikstan 21
Sudan Russia
171 Chad 17 Papua New Guinea
170 Burundi 18 Laos
168 Equatorial Guinea 19 Kenya
Source:[13]

Economic implications[edit]

Research papers published in 2007 and 2008 examined the economic consequences of corruption perception, as defined by the CPI. The researchers found a correlation between a higher CPI and higher long-term economic growth,[14] as well as an increase in GDP growth of 1.7% for every unit increase in a country's CPI score.[15] Also shown was a power-law dependence linking higher CPI score to higher rates of foreign investment in a country.

Criticism[edit]

Because corruption is willfully hidden, it is impossible to measure directly; instead, proxies for corruption are used.[citation needed]

Media outlets frequently use the raw numbers as a yardstick for government performance, without clarifying what the numbers mean. The local Transparency International chapter in Bangladesh disowned the index results after a change in methodology caused the country's scores to increase; media reported it as an "improvement".[16]

In a 2013 article in Foreign Policy, Alex Cobham suggested that CPI should be dropped for the good of Transparency International. It argues that the CPI embeds a powerful and misleading elite bias in popular perceptions of corruption, potentially contributing to a vicious cycle and at the same time incentivizing inappropriate policy responses. Cobham resumes: "the index corrupts perceptions to the extent that it's hard to see a justification for its continuing publication."[17]

In the United States, many lawyers advise international businesses to consult the CPI when attempting to measure the risk of Foreign Corrupt Practices Act violations in different nations. This practice has been criticized by the Minnesota Journal of International Law, which wrote that since the CPI may be subject to perceptual biases it therefore should not be considered by lawyers to be a measure of actual national corruption risk.[18]

Transparency International also publishes the Global Corruption Barometer, which ranks countries by corruption levels using direct surveys instead of perceived expert opinions, which has been under criticism for substantial bias from the powerful elite.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Transparency International (2011). "Corruption Perceptions Index". Transparency International. Transparency International. Retrieved 1 December 2011. 
  2. ^ a b CPI 2010: Long methodological brief, p. 2
  3. ^ Transparency International (2012). "Corruption Perceptions Index 2012: In detail". Transparency International. Transparency International. Retrieved 24 August 2011. 
  4. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions: TI Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI 2005)". Retrieved 22 November 2005. 
  5. ^ CPI 2010: Long methodological brief, p. 1
  6. ^ Transparency International (2010). Corruption Perceptions Index 2010: Sources of information (Report). Transparency International. http://www.transparency.org/content/download/55815/891318/CPI2010_sources_EN.pdf. Retrieved 24 August 2011.
  7. ^ a b CPI 2010: Long methodological brief, p. 7
  8. ^ Transparency International (2010). "Frequently asked questions (FAQs)". Corruption Perceptions Index 2010. Transparency International. Retrieved 24 August 2011. 
  9. ^ Wilhelm, Paul G. (2002). "International Validation of the Corruption Perceptions Index: Implications for Business Ethics and Entrepreneurship Education". Journal of Business Ethics (Springer Netherlands) 35 (3): 177–189. doi:10.1023/A:1013882225402. 
  10. ^ a b Corruption Perceptions Index 2013. Full table and rankings. Transparency International. Retrieved: 4 December 2013.
  11. ^ a b Corruption Perceptions Index 2012. Full table and rankings. Transparency International. Retrieved: 4 December 2013.
  12. ^ a b Corruption Perceptions Index 2011. Full table and rankings. Transparency International. Retrieved: 4 December 2013.
  13. ^ a b Corruption Perceptions Index 2010. Full table and rankings. Transparency International. Retrieved: 4 December 2013.
  14. ^ Shao, J.; Ivanov, P. C.; Podobnik, B.; Stanley, H. E. (2007). "Quantitative relations between corruption and economic factors". The European Physical Journal B 56 (2): 157. arXiv:0705.0161. Bibcode:2007EPJB...56..157S. doi:10.1140/epjb/e2007-00098-2. 
  15. ^ Podobnik, B.; Shao, J.; Njavro, D.; Ivanov, P. C.; Stanley, H. E. (2008). "Influence of corruption on economic growth rate and foreign investment". The European Physical Journal B 63 (4): 547. arXiv:0710.1995. Bibcode:2008EPJB...63..547P. doi:10.1140/epjb/e2008-00210-2. 
  16. ^ Werve, Jonathan (2008-09-23). "TI's Index: Local Chapter Not Having It". Global Integrity. 
  17. ^ Cobham, Alex. "Corrupting Perceptions". Foreign Policy. 
  18. ^ Campbell, Stuart Vincent. "Perception is Not Reality: The FCPA, Brazil, and the Mismeasurement of Corruption" 22 Minnesota Journal of International Law 1, p. 247 (2013).
  19. ^ Cobham, Alex. "Corrupting Perceptions". Foreign Policy. 


External links[edit]



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corruption_Perceptions_Index — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
46316 videos foundNext > 

Corruption Perceptions Index from Transparency International

What is corruption? And what is Transparency International's Corruption Perceptions Index? Learn more in our updated video. Visit www.transparency.org/cpi fo...

Corruption Perception Index, What is it ??

The Corruption Perception Index, What is it ?? Where do we stand and what it means? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corruption_Perceptions_Index.

The Corruption Perceptions Index 2011

We know corruption is a problem around the world, but how bad is it? And what can be done? Find out more at www.transparency.org/cpi.

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) annually ranks countries by their perceived levels of corruption, as determined by expert assessments and opinion surv...

Robin Hodess discusses Corruption Perceptions Index 2012

Robin Hodess, Group Director of Research and Knowledge at Transparency International, discusses the importance of the Corruption Perceptions Index 2012. www....

CORRUPTION PERCEPTION INDEX 2013

Setiap tahun Transparency International (TI) meluncurkan Corruption Perception Index (CPI). Sejak diluncurkan pada tahun 1995, CPI digunakan oleh banyak nega...

Corruption Perceptions Index

Since the turn of the new millennium, Transparency International (TI) has published the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) annually ranking countries "by the...

BT: Pilipinas, nasa ika-94 na pwesto sa Corruption Perceptions Index 2013

Balitanghali is the daily noontime newscast of GMA News TV anchored by Raffy Tima and Pia Arcangel. It airs Mondays to Fridays at 11:30 AM (PHL Time). For mo...

Sylvia Lim queries on Singapore's ranking in Corruption Perceptions Index

Workers Party Chairman and Aljunied GRC MP Sylvia Lim queries on corruption and Singapore's recent ranking in the Corruption Perceptions Index in Parliament....

2013 Corruption Perception Index - PM Express on Joy News (3-12-13)

Video Upload by: Barima Osei Asare (barima.asare@myjoyonline.com)

46316 videos foundNext > 

173 news items

International Business Times

International Business Times
Fri, 24 Oct 2014 10:15:24 -0700

Transparency International, an anti-corruption watchdog based in Berlin, gave Ukraine a score of 25 out of 100 on a corruption perceptions index last year, and it ranked it 144th out of 177 countries, behind Nigeria and Iran. Corruption hasn't ...
 
The National Law Review
Fri, 24 Oct 2014 13:26:15 -0700

Last week the international anti-corruption body Transparency International (TI) awarded its annual Integrity Award to Thuli Madonsela, South Africa's Public Protector. The Berlin-based organization is best known for its yearly Corruption Perceptions ...
 
Saudi Gazette
Tue, 07 Oct 2014 14:22:09 -0700

The annual study released by Transparency International (TI), the Corruption Perceptions Index 2013, reveals how corruption continues to devastate societies around the world. The 2013 report offers a breakdown of the scores of individual countries ...

Foreign Affairs

Foreign Affairs
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 19:48:45 -0700

The Corruption Perceptions Index, an annual ranking published by the watchdog group Transparency International, has become one of the world's most cited reference sources. Yet despite all this attention, no adequate solutions to the problem have come ...

Wall Street Journal (blog)

Wall Street Journal (blog)
Mon, 20 Oct 2014 11:09:59 -0700

Transparency International is one of the leading global anti-corruption organizations, and its annual Corruption Perceptions Index is used by companies across the world when conducting risk assessments. The latest edition of the index, issued in ...

South China Morning Post (subscription)

South China Morning Post (subscription)
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 15:28:23 -0700

As matters stand, Hong Kong rates pretty well on Transparency International's Corruption Perceptions Index. The latest survey places Hong Kong in 15th place in the world league, whereas the mainland languishes in 80th place, so no need to guess where ...

Businessweek

Businessweek
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 17:33:47 -0700

Seeking to improve on 144th place among 177 nations in Berlin-based Transparency International's Corruption Perceptions Index, Ukraine's new leaders picked investigative journalist Tetiana Chornovol to lead an anti-graft body. She quit in August ...

Thanh Nien Daily

Thanh Nien Daily
Mon, 20 Oct 2014 04:37:30 -0700

The country made little headway in the latest corruption rankings by the Berlin-based watchdog Transparency International. The 2013 Corruption Perceptions Index, which measures the perceived levels of public sector corruption, saw Vietnam advance just ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight