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Corixidae
Hesperocorixa castanea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hemiptera
Suborder: Heteroptera
Infraorder: Nepomorpha
Family: Corixidae
Leach, 1815
Subfamilies, Genera

33 genera in 6 subfamilies

Corixidae is a family of aquatic insects in the order Hemiptera that inhabit ponds and slow moving streams, where they swim near the bottom. There are about 500 known species worldwide, in 33 genera, including the genus Sigara.

Members of the Corixidae are known in the United States as water boatmen, a term that is sometimes used in the United Kingdom for Notonecta glauca, a bug of a different family, Notonectidae, and Corixa punctata is the "lesser water boatman".[1]

Morphology and ecology[edit]

Corixidae generally have a long flattened body up to 13 millimetres (0.5 in) long and have extremely fine dark brown or black striations marking the wings. They have four long rear legs and two short front ones. The hind legs are covered with hairs and shaped like oars, hence the name "water boatman". Their front legs are scoop shaped at the tip. They also have a triangular head with short, triangular mouthparts.

Unlike their relatives the backswimmers, |who swim upside down near the surface of the water, Corixidae swim right side up near the bottom of ponds or streams. It is easy to tell the two types of insects apart simply by looking at where the insect is in the water and whether it is swimming upside down or not.

Corixidae are unusual among the aquatic Hemiptera in that they are mostly non-predatory, feeding on aquatic plants and algae instead of insects and vertebrates. They use their straw-like mouthparts to inject enzymes into plants. The enzymes digest the plant material, letting the insect suck the liquified food back through its mouthparts and into its digestive tract. A few species of Corixidae are predatory, but the majority are herbivorous.

Some species within this family are preyed upon by a number of amphibians including the rough-skinned newt, Taricha granulosa.[2]

The reproductive cycle of Corixidae is annual. Eggs are typically oviposited (deposited) on submerged plants, sticks, or rocks. In substrate limited waters (waters without many submerged oviposition sites), every bit of available substrate will be covered in eggs.

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corixidae — Please support Wikipedia.
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111 videos foundNext > 

Water Boatman (Corixidae: Hesperocorixa) Dorsal and Ventral Views

A close-up look at the Water Boatman, removed from the water, showing dorsal and ventral views. Photographed at Grand Forks, North Dakota (30 March 2010).

Corixidae

I noticed this little guy swimming in the pool on Thanksgiving Day 2011.

Water Boatmen (Corixidae) Taking Flight

Photographed at the Kelly's Slough NWR, North Dakota (23 October 2009).

Water Boatman (Corixidae) Mortality

The Pop Machine serves as a sadly ironic tombstone for the thousands of Water Boatmen who mistook an artificial light for the light of the moon. Photographed...

Water Boatman Corixidae

SBS Water Boatman Corixidae Music: Idea Soundtrack / TiredEyes / X:Mt Baker Visit http://tiredeyesmusic.com.

Corixa calling

This small bug or the heteroptera order is making a nice chirping sound. The sound is on the web, but I think this is the only video that actually shows one ...

Water Boatmen (Corixidae) Downstream Spring Migration in River

Water boatmen commonly inhabit lentic water systems (marshes, ponds, and lakes) and are infrequently found in lotic systems (streams and rivers). This video ...

CORIXIDAE.

Water Boatman (Corixidae) Grooms in Meltwater of River

This clip was filmed through 12-13 cm of flowing water. Many, many thousands of water boatmen were observed drifting with the melting current of the still ic...

How to Pronounce Corixidae

Learn how to say Corixidae correctly with emmasaying's "how do you pronounce" free tutorials. http://www.emmasaying.com/ Take a look at my comparison tutoria...

111 videos foundNext > 

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