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"Corixa" redirects here. For the pharmaceutical company, see Corixa (company).
Hesperocorixa castanea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hemiptera
Suborder: Heteroptera
Infraorder: Nepomorpha
Family: Corixidae
Leach, 1815
Subfamilies, Genera

33 genera in 6 subfamilies

Corixidae is a family of aquatic insects in the order Hemiptera that inhabit ponds and slow moving streams, where they swim near the bottom. There are about 500 known species worldwide, in 33 genera, including the genus Sigara.

Members of the Corixidae are known in the United States as water boatmen, a term that is sometimes used in the United Kingdom for Notonecta glauca, a bug of a different family, Notonectidae, and Corixa punctata is the "lesser water boatman".[1]

Morphology and ecology[edit]

Corixidae generally have a long flattened body up to 13 millimetres (0.5 in) long and have extremely fine dark brown or black striations marking the wings. They have four long rear legs and two short front ones. The hind legs are covered with hairs and shaped like oars, hence the name "water boatman". Their front legs are scoop shaped at the tip. They also have a triangular head with short, triangular mouthparts. Corixidae dwell in slow rivers and ponds, as well as some household pools.

Unlike their relatives the backswimmers, who swim upside down near the surface of the water, Corixidae swim right side up near the bottom of ponds or streams. It is easy to tell the two types of insects apart simply by looking at where the insect is in the water and whether it is swimming upside down or not.

Corixidae are unusual among the aquatic Hemiptera in that they are mostly non-predatory, feeding on aquatic plants and algae instead of insects and vertebrates. They use their straw-like mouthparts to inject enzymes into plants. The enzymes digest the plant material, letting the insect suck the liquified food back through its mouthparts and into its digestive tract. A few species of Corixidae are predatory, but the majority are herbivorous.

Some species within this family are preyed upon by a number of amphibians including the rough-skinned newt, Taricha granulosa.[2]

The reproductive cycle of Corixidae is annual. Eggs are typically oviposited (deposited) on submerged plants, sticks, or rocks. In substrate limited waters (waters without many submerged oviposition sites), every bit of available substrate will be covered in eggs.


External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corixidae — Please support Wikipedia.
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343 videos foundNext > 

Water Boatmen (Family Corixidae) Hebron, Connecticut

Raymond Brook Marsh along the Air Line Trail.


Water Boatmen (Corixidae) Taking Flight

Photographed at the Kelly's Slough NWR, North Dakota (23 October 2009).

Sigara corixidae

Sigara nigrolineata, corixidae.

Water Boatman (Corixidae: Hesperocorixa) Dorsal and Ventral Views

A close-up look at the Water Boatman, removed from the water, showing dorsal and ventral views. Photographed at Grand Forks, North Dakota (30 March 2010).

Water Boatman Corixidae

SBS Water Boatman Corixidae Music: Idea Soundtrack / TiredEyes / X:Mt Baker Visit http://tiredeyesmusic.com.


I noticed this little guy swimming in the pool on Thanksgiving Day 2011.

Water Boatman (Corixidae) Grooms in Meltwater of River

This clip was filmed through 12-13 cm of flowing water. Many, many thousands of water boatmen were observed drifting with the melting current of the still iced ...

Water Boatman (Corixidae) Mortality

The Pop Machine serves as a sadly ironic tombstone for the thousands of Water Boatmen who mistook an artificial light for the light of the moon. Photographed ...

Water Boatmen (Corixidae) Downstream Spring Migration in River

Water boatmen commonly inhabit lentic water systems (marshes, ponds, and lakes) and are infrequently found in lotic systems (streams and rivers). This video ...

343 videos foundNext > 

47 news items

The Conversation AU

The Conversation AU
Mon, 11 Jan 2016 11:18:45 -0800

The remaining novel insects comprise six Leaf beetles (Chrysomelidae), four Stink bugs (Pentatomidae), a Seed bug (Lygaeidae), an Assassin bug (Reduviidae), a Water boatman (Corixidae), a Leafhopper (Cicadellidae), a Cicada (Cicadidae), a Flatid ...

Discovery News

Discovery News
Thu, 12 Nov 2015 13:53:13 -0800

It feeds on microbes and turns them into energy thanks to its microbial fuel cell stomach. The fuel cell powers a motor, which controls the robot's propulsion and paddles. Researchers got their inspiration from an insect called Corixidae, also known as ...

Scientific American

Scientific American
Thu, 30 Oct 2014 05:06:16 -0700

For the past four decades the Nikon Small World competition has placed photography under the microscope, with eye-catching results. This year's 20 finalists, announced Thursday, are no exception, zooming in on microorganisms, minerals and even ...

Science et Vie

Science et Vie
Sat, 21 Nov 2015 07:19:01 -0800

Les concepteurs de RowBot, des chercheurs de l'université de Bristol (Royaume-Uni), avouent s'être inspirés directement des Corises, ces punaises aquatiques ou cigales d'eau pour imaginer leur dispositif. La corise (Corixidae sp.) ou punaise aquatique ...

Scientific American (blog)

Scientific American (blog)
Sun, 31 Mar 2013 10:17:11 -0700

With the historic supreme court hearings this week, there has been much discussion about homosexuality*. One of the 'arguments' that you often hear from the anti-gay rights side is that being gay isn't natural. Evidence from the animal kingdom would ...

Discover Magazine (blog)

Discover Magazine (blog)
Fri, 17 Jun 2011 05:14:14 -0700

If you walk by a European river on a summer's day, you might get to hear the animal kingdom's champion vocalist. His song sounds like a train of chirps, and from a metre away, it's as loud as whirring power tools. The din is all the more incredible ...
EurekAlert (press release)
Fri, 15 Jun 2012 21:18:45 -0700

Research on superhydrophobicity has seldom focused on insects that live in water. In this report, the authors investigated the water-dwelling water boatman, which belongs to the Corixidae family of the order Hemiptera, suborder Heteroptera. The water ...

Discover Magazine (blog)

Discover Magazine (blog)
Tue, 07 Feb 2012 07:20:11 -0800

So Small, So Loud: Extremely High Sound Pressure Level from a Pygmy Aquatic Insect (Corixidae, Micronectinae). PLoS ONE http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0021089. More on animal calls: City birds struggle to make themselves heard · Orang-utans ...

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