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Coprosma
Coprosma rhamnoides 11.JPG
Coprosma rhamnoides
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Subfamily: Rubioideae
Tribe: Anthospermeae
Genus: Coprosma
J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.
Synonyms

Coprosma is a genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family. It is found in New Zealand, Hawaiian Islands, Borneo, Java, New Guinea, islands of the Pacific Ocean to Australia and the Juan Fernández Islands.[1]

Description[edit]

The name Coprosma means "smelling like dung" and refers to the smell (methanethiol) given out by the crushed leaves of a few species.

Many species are small shrubs with tiny evergreen leaves, but a few are small trees and have much larger leaves. The flowers have insignificant petals and are wind-pollinated, with long anthers and stigmas. Natural hybrids are common. The fruit is a non-poisonous juicy berry, most often bright orange (but can be dark red or even light blue), containing two small seeds. The orange fruit of the larger species were eaten by Māori children, and are also popular with birds. It is said that coffee can be made from the seeds, Coprosma being related to the coffee plants. A notable feature (also found in other genera of Rubiaceae) is that the leaves contain hollows in the axils of the veins; in these, and on the leaf stipules, nitrogen-fixing bacteria grow. In addition the hollows, or domatia, encourage certain kinds of mites to take up residence, which feed on and reduce parasitic fungi which attack the leaf.[2]

Species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Coprosma in the World Checklist of Rubiaceae". Retrieved June 2014. 
  2. ^ Monks A, O'Connell DM, Lee WG, Bannister JM, Dickinson JM (2007). "Benefits associated with the domatia mediated tritrophic mutualism in the shrub Coprosma lucida". Oikos 116 (5): 873–881. doi:10.1111/j.0030-1299.2007.15654.x. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coprosma — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

231 news items

Otago Daily Times

Otago Daily Times
Thu, 14 Apr 2016 10:26:15 -0700

Coprosma is an understated genus of woody plants found throughout New Zealand and well represented in Dunedin Botanic Garden. There are 60 or so native species of Coprosma. They grow in a wide range of habitats, from sand dunes to mountains.

Stuff.co.nz

Stuff.co.nz
Sat, 30 Apr 2016 21:07:30 -0700

Tree species included Liquidambar 'Worplesdon', and local lancewoods, with native ground cover plants including Coprosma, Libertia, Marlborough Rock Daisy, Dwarf Phormium (flax) and pseudopanax (five finger). The number of plants and size of plots ...

Radio New Zealand

Radio New Zealand
Thu, 28 Apr 2016 15:41:15 -0700

Kowhai for example, when it's flowering, they like tree fuschia, coprosma berries, kahikatea berries, and they will use introduced species as well, so eucalyptus, proteas, things like that." Another volunteer Alison Evans is tasked with monitoring the tui.

Sydney Morning Herald

Sydney Morning Herald
Fri, 08 Apr 2016 06:47:56 -0700

Not so luckily a phlomis, coprosma, dwarf agapanthus and sage had been almost entirely severed from their root systems and couldn't be saved. Several clusters of the particularly choice Miscanthus transmorrisonensis, a Yukka recurvifolia and a mahonia ...

San Francisco Chronicle

San Francisco Chronicle
Thu, 23 Feb 2012 12:13:35 -0800

We gardeners sometimes can be demanding, asking for plants that look good year round, are tough and require little upkeep. One genus that fits this bill is the sturdy and beautiful Coprosma repens. Hailing from New Zealand, this evergreen shrub is ...

EurekAlert (press release)

EurekAlert (press release)
Thu, 11 Feb 2016 13:45:00 -0800

Just in time for Valentine's Day, botanists from Hawai'i have discovered a new species of plant with small heart-shaped fruits. The new species is a member of the coffee family (Rubiaceae) and part of the genus Coprosma, which occurs across many remote ...

LA Daily News

LA Daily News
Fri, 25 Mar 2016 14:11:15 -0700

... notable examples include species of Euonymous, privet (Ligustrum), juniper, Hebe, hibiscus, Chinese lantern (Abutilon), snow bush (Breynia), sky flower (Duranta), California lilac (Ceanothus), mirror plant (Coprosma), gold dust plant (Aucuba), and ...

The Seattle Times

The Seattle Times
Wed, 16 Mar 2016 06:52:30 -0700

Consider small foliage plants with multitoned leaves, like some of the heucheras, Ajuga 'Metalica Crispa', with its crinkled purple and green leaves, or the flashy Coprosma 'Tequila Sunrise'. Don't forget edibles. Cool-season herbs like parsley, chives ...
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