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Coprosma rhamnoides 11.JPG
Coprosma rhamnoides
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Subfamily: Rubioideae
Tribe: Anthospermeae
Genus: Coprosma
J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Coprosma is a genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family. It is found in New Zealand, Hawaiian Islands, Borneo, Java, New Guinea, islands of the Pacific Ocean to Australia and the Juan Fernández Islands.[1]


The name Coprosma means "smelling like dung" and refers to the smell (methanethiol) given out by the crushed leaves of a few species.

Many species are small shrubs with tiny evergreen leaves, but a few are small trees and have much larger leaves. The flowers have insignificant petals and are wind-pollinated, with long anthers and stigmas. Natural hybrids are common. The fruit is a non-poisonous juicy berry, most often bright orange (but can be dark red or even light blue), containing two small seeds. The orange fruit of the larger species were eaten by Māori children, and are also popular with birds. It is said that coffee can be made from the seeds, Coprosma being related to the coffee plants. A notable feature (also found in other genera of Rubiaceae) is that the leaves contain hollows in the axils of the veins; in these, and on the leaf stipules, nitrogen-fixing bacteria grow. In addition the hollows, or domatia, encourage certain kinds of mites to take up residence, which feed on and reduce parasitic fungi which attack the leaf.[2]



  1. ^ "Coprosma in the World Checklist of Rubiaceae". Retrieved June 2014. 
  2. ^ Monks A, O'Connell DM, Lee WG, Bannister JM, Dickinson JM (2007). "Benefits associated with the domatia mediated tritrophic mutualism in the shrub Coprosma lucida". Oikos 116 (5): 873–881. doi:10.1111/j.0030-1299.2007.15654.x. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coprosma — Please support Wikipedia.
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124 news items

Otago Daily Times

Otago Daily Times
Thu, 30 Apr 2015 10:26:15 -0700

Coprosma lucida, a New Zealand native shrub, bears bright orange fruit that silvereyes love and if you are lucky the grey warbler and New Zealand fantail may also visit to feed on insects. With careful selection, it is possible to provide a year-round ...
Wairarapa Times-Age
Wed, 08 Apr 2015 12:48:18 -0700

Mrs MacKenzie said cookianum, a flax, was the predominant plant in the area, as well as coprosma. "We have been planting in small blocks, clearing the gorse and replanting it with flax. Unfortunately the fire went through half of the planting." She ...
San Francisco Chronicle
Thu, 23 Feb 2012 12:13:35 -0800

We gardeners sometimes can be demanding, asking for plants that look good year round, are tough and require little upkeep. One genus that fits this bill is the sturdy and beautiful Coprosma repens. Hailing from New Zealand, this evergreen shrub is ...
Wairarapa Times-Age
Tue, 16 Sep 2014 14:05:28 -0700

My equivalent of the stick-out-ears boy is Coprosma Green Rocks. I've never been a fan of any kind of coprosma and when The Landscaper presented me with a couple of these glossy green ground covers he had left over from a job, I gave him a withering ...
Tue, 10 Feb 2015 15:18:18 -0800

The Crown research institute, which focuses on environmental science, recently developed a free app for smart phones and tablets to identify native coprosma plants. Native coprosmas are a common and diverse genus of trees, shrubs and ground-hugging ...


Sun, 29 Mar 2015 18:52:30 -0700

The Zen garden, with its elegant maples and smooth quartz sea, punctuated by two islands of emerald green Coprosma acerosa 'Hawera' (shaped like New Zealand and Japan, naturally) is a marked contrast to the rest of Ngamamuku. Tony and John ...


Sun, 22 Mar 2015 14:25:40 -0700

He chose a palette of natives from genera that grow naturally in the coastal landscape: phormium (flaxes), muehlenbeckia, leptospermum, pseudopanax (five-finger) and coprosma. To create structure and provide terracing for stability he added rocks, lots ...
Wellington City Council (press release)
Thu, 11 Dec 2014 13:28:13 -0800

Coprosma grandifolia, kanono. Coprosma propinqua, mingmingi. Coprosma robusta, karamu. Cordyline australis, ti kouka, cabbage tree. Griselinia littoralis, kapuka. Hebe stricta, koromiko. Kunzea robusta, kanuka. Leptospermum scoparium, manuka.

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