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Coprosma
Coprosma rhamnoides 11.JPG
Coprosma rhamnoides
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Subfamily: Rubioideae
Tribe: Anthospermeae
Genus: Coprosma
J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.
Synonyms

Coprosma is a genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family. It is found in New Zealand, Hawaiian Islands, Borneo, Java, New Guinea, islands of the Pacific Ocean to Australia and the Juan Fernández Islands.[1]

Description[edit]

The name Coprosma means "smelling like dung" and refers to the smell (methanethiol) given out by the crushed leaves of a few species.

Many species are small shrubs with tiny evergreen leaves, but a few are small trees and have much larger leaves. The flowers have insignificant petals and are wind-pollinated, with long anthers and stigmas. Natural hybrids are common. The fruit is a non-poisonous juicy berry, most often bright orange (but can be dark red or even light blue), containing two small seeds. The orange fruit of the larger species were eaten by Māori children, and are also popular with birds. It is said that coffee can be made from the seeds, Coprosma being related to the coffee plants. A notable feature (also found in other genera of Rubiaceae) is that the leaves contain hollows in the axils of the veins; in these, and on the leaf stipules, nitrogen-fixing bacteria grow. In addition the hollows, or domatia, encourage certain kinds of mites to take up residence, which feed on and reduce parasitic fungi which attack the leaf.[2]

Species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Coprosma in the World Checklist of Rubiaceae". Retrieved June 2014. 
  2. ^ Monks A, O'Connell DM, Lee WG, Bannister JM, Dickinson JM (2007). "Benefits associated with the domatia mediated tritrophic mutualism in the shrub Coprosma lucida". Oikos 116 (5): 873–881. doi:10.1111/j.0030-1299.2007.15654.x. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coprosma — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
300 videos foundNext > 

Coprosma 'Evening Glow'

Coprosma 'Evening Glow' is an evergreen, medium sized shrub. It has distinctive foliage color in the winter. For more please watch the video. To learn more a...

Coprosma repens 'Marble Queen' - 'Marble Queen' Mirror Plant

Coprosma repens 'Marble Queen' - Variegated Mirror Plant - is an evergreen shrub with bright white variegated, glossy leaves. It tolerates coastal conditions...

Coprosma 'Rainbow Surprise' Maintenance

Coprosma 'Rainbow Surprise' - Maintenance covers How To prune this plant. To learn more please watch the video. For more about this and other plants please v...

The Garden Gurus - Featured Plant Coprosma Pacific Sunset

Story Title: Featured Plant: Coprosma Pacific Sunset Episode: 2 Broadcast Date: 9/3/2014 Presenter: Melissa King A brilliant sunset in your own backyard. ATI...

Coprosma 'Pacific Sunset' - Cultivons l'originalité! - Jardinerie Truffaut TV

Le Coprosma 'Pacific Sunset' est un arbuste pourpre original au feuillage étonnant: des feuilles brillantes rose et chocolat évoluant en fonction des saisons.

Coprosma 'Rainbow Surprise'

Coprosma 'Rainbow Surprise' is a very unique dwarf evergreen shrub with showy variegated foliage. For more please watch the video. To learn more about this a...

Bonsái de Coprosma 2ª parte Bonavebe.

Segunda parte, de dos, sobre un bonsái de Coprosma. Part two of two on a bonsai of Coprosma.

Coprosma 'County Park Red'

Coprosma 'County Park Red' is a newer introduction. The foliage color and form make it a great option in a plant design. To learn more please enjoy the video...

Bonsái de Coprosma 1ª parte Bonavebe. Coprosma Bonsai Bonavebe Part 1.

Primera parte, de dos, sobre un bonsái de Coprosma ( Planta espejo) . Part one, two, on a bonsai of Coprosma (Plant mirror).

Pruning Coprosma

300 videos foundNext > 

3 news items

 
Taranaki Daily News
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 18:52:30 -0700

Sally has pruned wiry-looking native coprosma into bronze balls dripping with tiny tears of muhlenbeckia. "It's called cloud clipping," she says. "They aren't as sharp as they should be. I just love design. What it's really doing is imitating the hills ...

Taranaki Daily News

Taranaki Daily News
Thu, 14 Aug 2014 15:41:24 -0700

Designed by landscape architect Alice Cullen, the gardens boast korokia, coprosma, hebes, flaxes and prostrate kowhai. Back at Bridger Park, Bruce is picking summer as the time to visit. "Watch this space because that's when things will be up and running.

Independent Online (blog)

Independent Online (blog)
Thu, 14 Aug 2014 03:18:45 -0700

Coprosma repens (mirror plant), fast-growing evergreen with glossy foliage that can be plain green or variegated. * Escallonia cultivars, evergreen shrub, 2m or more in height, glossy leaves, small white or pink tubular flowers. * Raphiolepis indica ...
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