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Coprosma rhamnoides 11.JPG
Coprosma rhamnoides
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Subfamily: Rubioideae
Tribe: Anthospermeae
Genus: Coprosma
J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Coprosma is a genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family. It is found in New Zealand, Hawaiian Islands, Borneo, Java, New Guinea, islands of the Pacific Ocean to Australia and the Juan Fernández Islands.[1]


The name Coprosma means "smelling like dung" and refers to the smell (methanethiol) given out by the crushed leaves of a few species.

Many species are small shrubs with tiny evergreen leaves, but a few are small trees and have much larger leaves. The flowers have insignificant petals and are wind-pollinated, with long anthers and stigmas. Natural hybrids are common. The fruit is a non-poisonous juicy berry, most often bright orange (but can be dark red or even light blue), containing two small seeds. The orange fruit of the larger species were eaten by Māori children, and are also popular with birds. It is said that coffee can be made from the seeds, Coprosma being related to the coffee plants. A notable feature (also found in other genera of Rubiaceae) is that the leaves contain hollows in the axils of the veins; in these, and on the leaf stipules, nitrogen-fixing bacteria grow. In addition the hollows, or domatia, encourage certain kinds of mites to take up residence, which feed on and reduce parasitic fungi which attack the leaf.[2]



  1. ^ "Coprosma in the World Checklist of Rubiaceae". Retrieved June 2014. 
  2. ^ Monks A, O'Connell DM, Lee WG, Bannister JM, Dickinson JM (2007). "Benefits associated with the domatia mediated tritrophic mutualism in the shrub Coprosma lucida". Oikos 116 (5): 873–881. doi:10.1111/j.0030-1299.2007.15654.x. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coprosma — Please support Wikipedia.
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5 news items

Taranaki Daily News
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 18:52:30 -0700

Sally has pruned wiry-looking native coprosma into bronze balls dripping with tiny tears of muhlenbeckia. "It's called cloud clipping," she says. "They aren't as sharp as they should be. I just love design. What it's really doing is imitating the hills ...

Taranaki Daily News

Taranaki Daily News
Thu, 14 Aug 2014 15:41:24 -0700

Designed by landscape architect Alice Cullen, the gardens boast korokia, coprosma, hebes, flaxes and prostrate kowhai. Back at Bridger Park, Bruce is picking summer as the time to visit. "Watch this space because that's when things will be up and running.
New Zealand Herald
Sat, 02 Aug 2014 18:52:30 -0700

Shrubby evergreen pioneers were planted first. Feijoa, karamu (Coprosma robusta), Hebe stricta, Corokia, and tagasaste (nitrogen-fixing tree lucerne with flowers the bees love) were chosen to provide a buffer to the wind, and are kept trimmed to head ...

Independent Online (blog)

Independent Online (blog)
Thu, 14 Aug 2014 03:18:45 -0700

Coprosma repens (mirror plant), fast-growing evergreen with glossy foliage that can be plain green or variegated. * Escallonia cultivars, evergreen shrub, 2m or more in height, glossy leaves, small white or pink tubular flowers. * Raphiolepis indica ...

Otago Daily Times

Otago Daily Times
Fri, 01 Aug 2014 10:33:09 -0700

Within the small marginal strip now clear-felled by the arborist students, an understorey of coprosma, wineberry, pittosporum, mahoe and broadleaf have suddenly and rudely found themselves as the pioneer community. This situation replicates a major ...

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