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Coprosma rhamnoides 11.JPG
Coprosma rhamnoides
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Subfamily: Rubioideae
Tribe: Anthospermeae
Genus: Coprosma
J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Coprosma is a genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family. It is found in New Zealand, Hawaiian Islands, Borneo, Java, New Guinea, islands of the Pacific Ocean to Australia and the Juan Fernández Islands.[1]


The name Coprosma means "smelling like dung" and refers to the smell (methanethiol) given out by the crushed leaves of a few species.

Many species are small shrubs with tiny evergreen leaves, but a few are small trees and have much larger leaves. The flowers have insignificant petals and are wind-pollinated, with long anthers and stigmas. Natural hybrids are common. The fruit is a non-poisonous juicy berry, most often bright orange (but can be dark red or even light blue), containing two small seeds. The orange fruit of the larger species were eaten by Māori children, and are also popular with birds. It is said that coffee can be made from the seeds, Coprosma being related to the coffee plants. A notable feature (also found in other genera of Rubiaceae) is that the leaves contain hollows in the axils of the veins; in these, and on the leaf stipules, nitrogen-fixing bacteria grow. In addition the hollows, or domatia, encourage certain kinds of mites to take up residence, which feed on and reduce parasitic fungi which attack the leaf.[2]



  1. ^ "Coprosma in the World Checklist of Rubiaceae". Retrieved June 2014. 
  2. ^ Monks A, O'Connell DM, Lee WG, Bannister JM, Dickinson JM (2007). "Benefits associated with the domatia mediated tritrophic mutualism in the shrub Coprosma lucida". Oikos 116 (5): 873–881. doi:10.1111/j.0030-1299.2007.15654.x. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coprosma — Please support Wikipedia.
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123 news items

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 20:52:30 -0800

If you're in a salt-air area, choose plants such as rhaphiolepis, coprosma and escallonia. As a rule of thumb, plants with large, tender leaves like more water and shadier positions. By contrast, smaller leaves naturally lose less water so are better ...
Scoop.co.nz (press release)
Wed, 26 Nov 2014 19:45:00 -0800

Newer plantings along a tributary and a hillside spring include native pittosporum, toe toe, flax, carex and coprosma. Mr Taylor says close to 100 per cent of trees have survived since he started using protective guards with built-in woollen mulch pads ...
Fri, 07 Nov 2014 08:02:51 -0800

They have planted a surrounding five metre buffer in "swamp-loving" native plants including flax, ribbonwoods, and small-leafed coprosma propinqua. Old macrocarpa were left along the stream to provide the fish with shade until native plantings are tall ...
Wanganui Chronicle
Tue, 04 Nov 2014 10:18:51 -0800

After the tea break some of us spent some time potting up coprosma and mahoe seedlings for planting. Others weeded and tut tutted about the three illegal fires that were lit near the carpark in the last few weeks. It was a warm cloudy afternoon, with a ...
Scoop.co.nz (press release)
Wed, 05 Nov 2014 17:10:06 -0800

... by the previous owner, fenced off a spring and stream running into Horseshoe Lagoon and planted a surrounding 5-metre riparian strip in swamp-loving native plants including flax, ribbonwoods, small-leafed Coprosma propinqua and sedge, Carex secta.
San Francisco Chronicle
Thu, 23 Feb 2012 12:13:35 -0800

We gardeners sometimes can be demanding, asking for plants that look good year round, are tough and require little upkeep. One genus that fits this bill is the sturdy and beautiful Coprosma repens. Hailing from New Zealand, this evergreen shrub is ...
Otago Daily Times
Thu, 16 Feb 2012 08:41:15 -0800

The diversity of New Zealand's plants is matched only by the range of landscapes they inhabit. In many of these habitats there is a Coprosma to be found and, with a matching diversity of growth habit and form, you can be sure to find one to suit your ...

New York Times

New York Times
Thu, 09 Oct 2014 02:00:13 -0700

An invasive ice plant growing on and killing a native Coprosma shrub on the coast of New Zealand. Credit Jason Fridley. Continue reading the main story. Continue reading the main story. Carl Zimmer. MATTER. Continue reading the main story Share This ...

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