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Coprosma rhamnoides 11.JPG
Coprosma rhamnoides
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Subfamily: Rubioideae
Tribe: Anthospermeae
Genus: Coprosma
J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Coprosma is a genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family. It is found in New Zealand, Hawaiian Islands, Borneo, Java, New Guinea, islands of the Pacific Ocean to Australia and the Juan Fernández Islands.[1]


The name Coprosma means "smelling like dung" and refers to the smell (methanethiol) given out by the crushed leaves of a few species.

Many species are small shrubs with tiny evergreen leaves, but a few are small trees and have much larger leaves. The flowers have insignificant petals and are wind-pollinated, with long anthers and stigmas. Natural hybrids are common. The fruit is a non-poisonous juicy berry, most often bright orange (but can be dark red or even light blue), containing two small seeds. The orange fruit of the larger species were eaten by Māori children, and are also popular with birds. It is said that coffee can be made from the seeds, Coprosma being related to the coffee plants. A notable feature (also found in other genera of Rubiaceae) is that the leaves contain hollows in the axils of the veins; in these, and on the leaf stipules, nitrogen-fixing bacteria grow. In addition the hollows, or domatia, encourage certain kinds of mites to take up residence, which feed on and reduce parasitic fungi which attack the leaf.[2]



  1. ^ "Coprosma in the World Checklist of Rubiaceae". Retrieved June 2014. 
  2. ^ Monks A, O'Connell DM, Lee WG, Bannister JM, Dickinson JM (2007). "Benefits associated with the domatia mediated tritrophic mutualism in the shrub Coprosma lucida". Oikos 116 (5): 873–881. doi:10.1111/j.0030-1299.2007.15654.x. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coprosma — Please support Wikipedia.
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133 news items

Santa Rosa Press Democrat

Santa Rosa Press Democrat
Wed, 24 Jun 2015 11:45:00 -0700

Mirror plant (Coprosma) is featured in nearly all local nurseries and for good reason. Its shiny, multi-hued foliage, as eye-catching as any floral spray, promises to add sparkle to gardens and, once established, this easy-care, evergreen shrub needs ...


Sun, 14 Jun 2015 10:01:15 -0700

Are the breeders of coprosma (aka mirror bush) pushing the colour range too far? This is stocky little Coprosma repens 'Pina Colada' but you will also need your sunnies on for the joyfully wacky 'Evening Glow' or 'Tequila Sunrise', striped and speckled ...

Independent Online

Independent Online
Tue, 30 Jun 2015 02:22:30 -0700

Yellow-green and those variegated with yellow include euonymus, coprosma, Aucuba japonica “Variegata”, Melaleuca “Johannesburg Gold” and Symphoricarpos orbiculatus “Variegatus”. These can be used as specimen plants, as hedges or as background ...
Wanganui Chronicle
Thu, 11 Jun 2015 17:49:15 -0700

Coprosma and Nandina are two of the most popular groups of plants. Coprosma have had much breeding and selection with a number of new varieties being released in the past few years. Coprosma Inferno has become a very hot favourite as has Coprosma ...


Thu, 11 Jun 2015 09:52:30 -0700

Ancient large conifers provide the roof or canopy to protect against rain and wind erosion, beneath which are kamahi that further disperse the rain, then a layer of tree ferns, followed by shrubs like pittosporum, coprosma and ground ferns, and finally ...
San Francisco Chronicle
Thu, 23 Feb 2012 12:13:35 -0800

We gardeners sometimes can be demanding, asking for plants that look good year round, are tough and require little upkeep. One genus that fits this bill is the sturdy and beautiful Coprosma repens. Hailing from New Zealand, this evergreen shrub is ...
Tue, 10 Feb 2015 15:18:18 -0800

The Crown research institute, which focuses on environmental science, recently developed a free app for smart phones and tablets to identify native coprosma plants. Native coprosmas are a common and diverse genus of trees, shrubs and ground-hugging ...

U-T San Diego

U-T San Diego
Fri, 15 May 2015 14:22:30 -0700

13) Cercis occidentalis (western redbud): Nothing else looks like a redbud when in bloom. Tiny flowers cover every stem and even branch like they've been overloaded with magenta Christmas lights. 14) Coprosma: The perfectly shaped, very shiny leaves ...

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