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Coprosma rhamnoides 11.JPG
Coprosma rhamnoides
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Subfamily: Rubioideae
Tribe: Anthospermeae
Genus: Coprosma
J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Coprosma is a genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family. It is found in New Zealand, Hawaiian Islands, Borneo, Java, New Guinea, islands of the Pacific Ocean to Australia and the Juan Fernández Islands.[1]


The name Coprosma means "smelling like dung" and refers to the smell (methanethiol) given out by the crushed leaves of a few species.

Many species are small shrubs with tiny evergreen leaves, but a few are small trees and have much larger leaves. The flowers have insignificant petals and are wind-pollinated, with long anthers and stigmas. Natural hybrids are common. The fruit is a non-poisonous juicy berry, most often bright orange (but can be dark red or even light blue), containing two small seeds. The orange fruit of the larger species were eaten by Māori children, and are also popular with birds. It is said that coffee can be made from the seeds, Coprosma being related to the coffee plants. A notable feature (also found in other genera of Rubiaceae) is that the leaves contain hollows in the axils of the veins; in these, and on the leaf stipules, nitrogen-fixing bacteria grow. In addition the hollows, or domatia, encourage certain kinds of mites to take up residence, which feed on and reduce parasitic fungi which attack the leaf.[2]



  1. ^ "Coprosma in the World Checklist of Rubiaceae". Retrieved June 2014. 
  2. ^ Monks A, O'Connell DM, Lee WG, Bannister JM, Dickinson JM (2007). "Benefits associated with the domatia mediated tritrophic mutualism in the shrub Coprosma lucida". Oikos 116 (5): 873–881. doi:10.1111/j.0030-1299.2007.15654.x. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coprosma — Please support Wikipedia.
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131 news items

ABC Online

ABC Online
Wed, 26 Aug 2015 23:45:00 -0700

The cemetery's horticultural staff removed a Coprosma repens hedge, which once surrounded the graves, to plant the poppy seedlings. "It's now listed as a noxious weed and we removed [the hedge] because it was in really poor condition," Mr Whitfield said.


Tue, 04 Aug 2015 17:04:44 -0700

Pictured is a tumbling tapestry of natives at Ayrlies in Auckland, including gold drifts of Libertia peregrinans, mounds of clipped Muehlenbeckia astonii with Coprosma acerosa hybrids in the foreground. 'Hawera' is my favourite green – a stringy, mossy ...


Thu, 20 Aug 2015 14:34:15 -0700

In this wide border Yvonne has mixed some deciduous trees such as magnolias with camellias, proteas, viburnum, coprosma, alstroemeria, hydrangeas, leucadendron and euphorbia. There are ground covers such as sisyrinchium, which is a "blaze of blue" ...

Bayside News

Herald Sun
Mon, 17 Aug 2015 22:31:27 -0700

Sen-Constable Catherine Mussared of Frankston Embona said the 18-year-old was walking along Cranbourne Rd about 9.50pm on Wednesday, July 22 when the attack happened near Coprosma Avenue. She said one of the unknown teenagers asked the ...
San Francisco Chronicle
Thu, 23 Feb 2012 12:13:35 -0800

We gardeners sometimes can be demanding, asking for plants that look good year round, are tough and require little upkeep. One genus that fits this bill is the sturdy and beautiful Coprosma repens. Hailing from New Zealand, this evergreen shrub is ...


Sun, 21 Jun 2015 20:52:43 -0700

Climate change research predicts that Canterbury and other rural areas in NZ will be hotter, drier places in the next few decades, and the tendency for vegetation to facilitate fire spread will become more and more important. Shelterbelt trees are an ...
Tue, 10 Feb 2015 15:18:18 -0800

The Crown research institute, which focuses on environmental science, recently developed a free app for smart phones and tablets to identify native coprosma plants. Native coprosmas are a common and diverse genus of trees, shrubs and ground-hugging ...
Wanganui Chronicle
Thu, 11 Jun 2015 17:45:00 -0700

Coprosma and Nandina are two of the most popular groups of plants. Coprosma have had much breeding and selection with a number of new varieties being released in the past few years. Coprosma Inferno has become a very hot favourite as has Coprosma ...

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