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Coprosma
Coprosma rhamnoides 11.JPG
Coprosma rhamnoides
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Subfamily: Rubioideae
Tribe: Anthospermeae
Genus: Coprosma
J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.
Synonyms

Coprosma is a genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family. It is found in New Zealand, Hawaiian Islands, Borneo, Java, New Guinea, islands of the Pacific Ocean to Australia and the Juan Fernández Islands.[1]

Description[edit]

The name Coprosma means "smelling like dung" and refers to the smell (methanethiol) given out by the crushed leaves of a few species.

Many species are small shrubs with tiny evergreen leaves, but a few are small trees and have much larger leaves. The flowers have insignificant petals and are wind-pollinated, with long anthers and stigmas. Natural hybrids are common. The fruit is a non-poisonous juicy berry, most often bright orange (but can be dark red or even light blue), containing two small seeds. The orange fruit of the larger species were eaten by Māori children, and are also popular with birds. It is said that coffee can be made from the seeds, Coprosma being related to the coffee plants. A notable feature (also found in other genera of Rubiaceae) is that the leaves contain hollows in the axils of the veins; in these, and on the leaf stipules, nitrogen-fixing bacteria grow. In addition the hollows, or domatia, encourage certain kinds of mites to take up residence, which feed on and reduce parasitic fungi which attack the leaf.[2]

Species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Coprosma in the World Checklist of Rubiaceae". Retrieved June 2014. 
  2. ^ Monks A, O'Connell DM, Lee WG, Bannister JM, Dickinson JM (2007). "Benefits associated with the domatia mediated tritrophic mutualism in the shrub Coprosma lucida". Oikos 116 (5): 873–881. doi:10.1111/j.0030-1299.2007.15654.x. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coprosma — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
319 videos foundNext > 

Coprosma 'Evening Glow'

Coprosma 'Evening Glow' is an evergreen, medium sized shrub. It has distinctive foliage color in the winter. For more please watch the video. To learn more a...

The Garden Gurus - Featured Plant Coprosma Pacific Sunset

Story Title: Featured Plant: Coprosma Pacific Sunset Episode: 2 Broadcast Date: 9/3/2014 Presenter: Melissa King A brilliant sunset in your own backyard. ATI...

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Coprosma 'Rainbow Surprise' - Maintenance covers How To prune this plant. To learn more please watch the video. For more about this and other plants please v...

Coprosma 'Rainbow Surprise'

Coprosma 'Rainbow Surprise' is a very unique dwarf evergreen shrub with showy variegated foliage. For more please watch the video. To learn more about this a...

Coprosma 'County Park Red'

Coprosma 'County Park Red' is a newer introduction. The foliage color and form make it a great option in a plant design. To learn more please enjoy the video...

Coprosma repens 'Marble Queen' - 'Marble Queen' Mirror Plant

Coprosma repens 'Marble Queen' - Variegated Mirror Plant - is an evergreen shrub with bright white variegated, glossy leaves. It tolerates coastal conditions...

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Le Coprosma 'Pacific Sunset' est un arbuste pourpre original au feuillage étonnant: des feuilles brillantes rose et chocolat évoluant en fonction des saisons.

Bonsái de Coprosma 1ª parte Bonavebe. Coprosma Bonsai Bonavebe Part 1.

Primera parte, de dos, sobre un bonsái de Coprosma ( Planta espejo) . Part one, two, on a bonsai of Coprosma (Plant mirror).

Bonsái de Coprosma 2ª parte Bonavebe.

Segunda parte, de dos, sobre un bonsái de Coprosma. Part two of two on a bonsai of Coprosma.

Coprosma repens - Koprosma, Mirror Bush

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319 videos foundNext > 

3 news items

New York Times

New York Times
Thu, 09 Oct 2014 02:00:13 -0700

An invasive ice plant growing on and killing a native Coprosma shrub on the coast of New Zealand. Credit Jason Fridley. Continue reading the main story. Continue reading the main story. Carl Zimmer. MATTER. Continue reading the main story Share This ...
 
The Aucklander
Fri, 10 Oct 2014 11:11:15 -0700

Some of the dark Coprosma hybrids would be ideal, or perhaps a smaller dark Pseudopanax species. I also found a wonderful planting of native spurge, Euphorbia glauca. Over the years I have become a bit shy of foreign spurges. One species I planted ...
 
Wairarapa Times-Age
Mon, 06 Oct 2014 12:52:30 -0700

Flax, astelia, griselinia and coprosma will stand a good deal of rough and tumble before they turn up their toes, and grasses planted in clumps will provide great spots for rolling and tumbling. Other good choices are banksia, grevillea and daisies ...
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