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Coprosma rhamnoides 11.JPG
Coprosma rhamnoides
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Subfamily: Rubioideae
Tribe: Anthospermeae
Genus: Coprosma
J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Coprosma is a genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family. It is found in New Zealand, Hawaiian Islands, Borneo, Java, New Guinea, islands of the Pacific Ocean to Australia and the Juan Fernández Islands.[1]


The name Coprosma means "smelling like dung" and refers to the smell (methanethiol) given out by the crushed leaves of a few species.

Many species are small shrubs with tiny evergreen leaves, but a few are small trees and have much larger leaves. The flowers have insignificant petals and are wind-pollinated, with long anthers and stigmas. Natural hybrids are common. The fruit is a non-poisonous juicy berry, most often bright orange (but can be dark red or even light blue), containing two small seeds. The orange fruit of the larger species were eaten by Māori children, and are also popular with birds. It is said that coffee can be made from the seeds, Coprosma being related to the coffee plants. A notable feature (also found in other genera of Rubiaceae) is that the leaves contain hollows in the axils of the veins; in these, and on the leaf stipules, nitrogen-fixing bacteria grow. In addition the hollows, or domatia, encourage certain kinds of mites to take up residence, which feed on and reduce parasitic fungi which attack the leaf.[2]



  1. ^ "Coprosma in the World Checklist of Rubiaceae". Retrieved June 2014. 
  2. ^ Monks A, O'Connell DM, Lee WG, Bannister JM, Dickinson JM (2007). "Benefits associated with the domatia mediated tritrophic mutualism in the shrub Coprosma lucida". Oikos 116 (5): 873–881. doi:10.1111/j.0030-1299.2007.15654.x. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coprosma — Please support Wikipedia.
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121 news items

Tue, 10 Feb 2015 15:18:18 -0800

The Crown research institute, which focuses on environmental science, recently developed a free app for smart phones and tablets to identify native coprosma plants. Native coprosmas are a common and diverse genus of trees, shrubs and ground-hugging ...

Otago Daily Times

Otago Daily Times
Sat, 14 Feb 2015 08:41:55 -0800

She said ''swathes'' of broad-leafed coprosma, rangiora and, to a lesser extent, five-finger and karamu had recently been ''cut and slashed'' beside the bush walks. And ''a ghastly mass of stumps and branches, rampant ivy, aluminium weed, blackberry ...
San Francisco Chronicle
Thu, 23 Feb 2012 12:13:35 -0800

We gardeners sometimes can be demanding, asking for plants that look good year round, are tough and require little upkeep. One genus that fits this bill is the sturdy and beautiful Coprosma repens. Hailing from New Zealand, this evergreen shrub is ...

New York Times

New York Times
Thu, 09 Oct 2014 02:00:13 -0700

Invasive species are both a fact of life and a scientific puzzle. Humans transport animals and plants thousands of miles from where they first evolved — sometimes accidentally, sometimes intentionally. Many of those species die off in their new homes ...
The San Luis Obispo Tribune
Wed, 10 Dec 2014 07:09:45 -0800

Coprosma pink firecracker, also called mirror plant because of its highly reflective leaves, adds interest to the scene. Creeping fig, ficus pumila, climbs up and around the porch and over the horizontal stone of the chimney. Anigozanthos 'Big Red ...
Wellington City Council (press release)
Thu, 11 Dec 2014 13:28:13 -0800

Coprosma grandifolia, kanono. Coprosma propinqua, mingmingi. Coprosma robusta, karamu. Cordyline australis, ti kouka, cabbage tree. Griselinia littoralis, kapuka. Hebe stricta, koromiko. Kunzea robusta, kanuka. Leptospermum scoparium, manuka.


Fri, 17 Oct 2014 21:16:12 -0700

Coprosma baueri. Coprosma "Yvonne". Cordyline "Red Sensation". Corokia "Frosted Chocolate". Cupressus sempervirens. Dizygotheca elegantissima. Dracaena marginata. Dymondia margaretae. Euonyumus japonicus "Aureo-Marginatus". Ficus elastica.
LA Daily News
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 10:00:00 -0800

Mirror plant (Coprosma repens) is available in a multitude of cultivars, one more colorful than the next. Their iridescent foliage is unique among garden ornamentals. They require excellent light to color properly, but more than half-day sun can lead ...

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