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Coprosma rhamnoides 11.JPG
Coprosma rhamnoides
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Subfamily: Rubioideae
Tribe: Anthospermeae
Genus: Coprosma
J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Coprosma is a genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family. It is found in New Zealand, Hawaiian Islands, Borneo, Java, New Guinea, islands of the Pacific Ocean to Australia and the Juan Fernández Islands.[1]


The name Coprosma means "smelling like dung" and refers to the smell (methanethiol) given out by the crushed leaves of a few species.

Many species are small shrubs with tiny evergreen leaves, but a few are small trees and have much larger leaves. The flowers have insignificant petals and are wind-pollinated, with long anthers and stigmas. Natural hybrids are common. The fruit is a non-poisonous juicy berry, most often bright orange (but can be dark red or even light blue), containing two small seeds. The orange fruit of the larger species were eaten by Māori children, and are also popular with birds. It is said that coffee can be made from the seeds, Coprosma being related to the coffee plants. A notable feature (also found in other genera of Rubiaceae) is that the leaves contain hollows in the axils of the veins; in these, and on the leaf stipules, nitrogen-fixing bacteria grow. In addition the hollows, or domatia, encourage certain kinds of mites to take up residence, which feed on and reduce parasitic fungi which attack the leaf.[2]



  1. ^ "Coprosma in the World Checklist of Rubiaceae". Retrieved June 2014. 
  2. ^ Monks A, O'Connell DM, Lee WG, Bannister JM, Dickinson JM (2007). "Benefits associated with the domatia mediated tritrophic mutualism in the shrub Coprosma lucida". Oikos 116 (5): 873–881. doi:10.1111/j.0030-1299.2007.15654.x. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coprosma — Please support Wikipedia.
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130 news items


Tue, 19 May 2015 09:52:30 -0700

Colorful water-wise shrubs are trending now, too, from Coprosma, purple smokebush, to natives such as California lilac (Ceanothus). People can't get enough of succulents, which is why we filled this little garden at Sunset (pictured below) with them.

U-T San Diego

U-T San Diego
Fri, 15 May 2015 14:22:30 -0700

13) Cercis occidentalis (western redbud): Nothing else looks like a redbud when in bloom. Tiny flowers cover every stem and even branch like they've been overloaded with magenta Christmas lights. 14) Coprosma: The perfectly shaped, very shiny leaves ...

Taranaki Daily News

Taranaki Daily News
Wed, 20 May 2015 00:52:30 -0700

A healthy karaka and coprosma help screen their property from next door and beneath these is a kawa kawa bush, its heart-shaped leaves in one piece. "It's the first time I've seen one like this, un-holed," Derek says. Down to earth are offerings from a ...
New Zealand Herald
Fri, 22 May 2015 10:03:45 -0700

Its distinctive white exterior incorporates angular asymmetric clusters of windows and negative patterning based on the native shrub Coprosma repens. "If this was an apartment it'd be worth about $3.5 million," says Mark, looking around the top-floor ...
New Zealand Herald
Sat, 09 May 2015 20:04:19 -0700

Auckland's Northern Club is one of very few inner city buildings adorned with Boston ivy. That's a shame because it's beautiful. Photo / Meg Liptrot. The colour red gets attention. It is the primal colour of fire, evoking passion, vitality and ...

Otago Daily Times

Otago Daily Times
Thu, 30 Apr 2015 10:26:15 -0700

Coprosma lucida, a New Zealand native shrub, bears bright orange fruit that silvereyes love and if you are lucky the grey warbler and New Zealand fantail may also visit to feed on insects. With careful selection, it is possible to provide a year-round ...
San Francisco Chronicle
Thu, 23 Feb 2012 12:13:35 -0800

We gardeners sometimes can be demanding, asking for plants that look good year round, are tough and require little upkeep. One genus that fits this bill is the sturdy and beautiful Coprosma repens. Hailing from New Zealand, this evergreen shrub is ...
Tue, 10 Feb 2015 15:18:18 -0800

The Crown research institute, which focuses on environmental science, recently developed a free app for smart phones and tablets to identify native coprosma plants. Native coprosmas are a common and diverse genus of trees, shrubs and ground-hugging ...

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