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Coprosma rhamnoides 11.JPG
Coprosma rhamnoides
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Subfamily: Rubioideae
Tribe: Anthospermeae
Genus: Coprosma
J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Coprosma is a genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family. It is found in New Zealand, Hawaiian Islands, Borneo, Java, New Guinea, islands of the Pacific Ocean to Australia and the Juan Fernández Islands.[1]


The name Coprosma means "smelling like dung" and refers to the smell (methanethiol) given out by the crushed leaves of a few species.

Many species are small shrubs with tiny evergreen leaves, but a few are small trees and have much larger leaves. The flowers have insignificant petals and are wind-pollinated, with long anthers and stigmas. Natural hybrids are common. The fruit is a non-poisonous juicy berry, most often bright orange (but can be dark red or even light blue), containing two small seeds. The orange fruit of the larger species were eaten by Māori children, and are also popular with birds. It is said that coffee can be made from the seeds, Coprosma being related to the coffee plants. A notable feature (also found in other genera of Rubiaceae) is that the leaves contain hollows in the axils of the veins; in these, and on the leaf stipules, nitrogen-fixing bacteria grow. In addition the hollows, or domatia, encourage certain kinds of mites to take up residence, which feed on and reduce parasitic fungi which attack the leaf.[2]



  1. ^ "Coprosma in the World Checklist of Rubiaceae". Retrieved June 2014. 
  2. ^ Monks A, O'Connell DM, Lee WG, Bannister JM, Dickinson JM (2007). "Benefits associated with the domatia mediated tritrophic mutualism in the shrub Coprosma lucida". Oikos 116 (5): 873–881. doi:10.1111/j.0030-1299.2007.15654.x. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coprosma — Please support Wikipedia.
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120 news items

Long Beach Press Telegram
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 10:00:00 -0800

Mirror plant (Coprosma repens) is available in a multitude of cultivars, one more colorful than the next. Their iridescent foliage is unique among garden ornamentals. They require excellent light to color properly, but more than half-day sun can lead ...

Otago Daily Times

Otago Daily Times
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 08:49:34 -0800

The second part of the project included buying native plants - including kowhai trees, native grass Carex trifida and the dense ground cover Coprosma acerosa ''Hawera'' - for four planting boxes on Main Rd. The boxes - ranging between 12sq m and 74sq m ...
The San Luis Obispo Tribune
Wed, 10 Dec 2014 07:00:00 -0800

Coprosma pink firecracker, also called mirror plant because of its highly reflective leaves, adds interest to the scene. Creeping fig, ficus pumila, climbs up and around the porch and over the horizontal stone of the chimney. Anigozanthos 'Big Red ...


Thu, 11 Dec 2014 08:00:38 -0800

Fuchsia, lacebark, coprosma, rimu, miro and cabbage trees also feature. Tui appeared on the farm for the first time last year. Worthington said the trio were a true partnership because her father loved working the land, her mother loved the riparian ...

Limerick Leader

Limerick Leader
Sun, 30 Nov 2014 07:22:30 -0800

Coprosma repens 'Pink Splender' has brilliant dark-pink tones on the leaves that are more pronounced in cold weather. The plant likes a neutral to acid soil that is moist but well drained. The plant is not fully frost hardy so it will only survive in ...
Scoop.co.nz (press release)
Wed, 26 Nov 2014 19:45:00 -0800

Newer plantings along a tributary and a hillside spring include native pittosporum, toe toe, flax, carex and coprosma. Mr Taylor says close to 100 per cent of trees have survived since he started using protective guards with built-in woollen mulch pads ...
San Francisco Chronicle
Thu, 23 Feb 2012 12:13:35 -0800

We gardeners sometimes can be demanding, asking for plants that look good year round, are tough and require little upkeep. One genus that fits this bill is the sturdy and beautiful Coprosma repens. Hailing from New Zealand, this evergreen shrub is ...
Otago Daily Times
Thu, 16 Feb 2012 08:41:15 -0800

The diversity of New Zealand's plants is matched only by the range of landscapes they inhabit. In many of these habitats there is a Coprosma to be found and, with a matching diversity of growth habit and form, you can be sure to find one to suit your ...

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