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Coprosma rhamnoides 11.JPG
Coprosma rhamnoides
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Subfamily: Rubioideae
Tribe: Anthospermeae
Genus: Coprosma
J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Coprosma is a genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family. It is found in New Zealand, Hawaiian Islands, Borneo, Java, New Guinea, islands of the Pacific Ocean to Australia and the Juan Fernández Islands.[1]


The name Coprosma means "smelling like dung" and refers to the smell (methanethiol) given out by the crushed leaves of a few species.

Many species are small shrubs with tiny evergreen leaves, but a few are small trees and have much larger leaves. The flowers have insignificant petals and are wind-pollinated, with long anthers and stigmas. Natural hybrids are common. The fruit is a non-poisonous juicy berry, most often bright orange (but can be dark red or even light blue), containing two small seeds. The orange fruit of the larger species were eaten by Māori children, and are also popular with birds. It is said that coffee can be made from the seeds, Coprosma being related to the coffee plants. A notable feature (also found in other genera of Rubiaceae) is that the leaves contain hollows in the axils of the veins; in these, and on the leaf stipules, nitrogen-fixing bacteria grow. In addition the hollows, or domatia, encourage certain kinds of mites to take up residence, which feed on and reduce parasitic fungi which attack the leaf.[2]



  1. ^ "Coprosma in the World Checklist of Rubiaceae". Retrieved June 2014. 
  2. ^ Monks A, O'Connell DM, Lee WG, Bannister JM, Dickinson JM (2007). "Benefits associated with the domatia mediated tritrophic mutualism in the shrub Coprosma lucida". Oikos 116 (5): 873–881. doi:10.1111/j.0030-1299.2007.15654.x. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coprosma — Please support Wikipedia.
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185 news items

Discovery News

Discovery News
Thu, 11 Feb 2016 13:45:00 -0800

The new plant, described in the journal PhytoKeys, has been romantically named Coprosma cordicarpa, meaning the Coprosma (a type of flowering plant) with hearts. The researchers even write that the find resulted from a “loving adventure with Hawaiian ...
Fri, 12 Feb 2016 17:52:30 -0800

The new species, Coprosma cordicarpa, is a relative of the coffee plant discovered in the Kanaio Natural Reserve Area on the island of Maui. It's rare enough to qualify as a threatened plant species under the International Union for Conservation of ...


Thu, 04 Feb 2016 12:37:30 -0800

More than 3500 kahikatea, cabbage trees, flax, coprosma and manuka have been planted by volunteers. A small levy on every hunting permit from Fish and Game's Game and Habitat Trust, plus sponsorship and voluntary labour from Pernod Ricard, NZ ...


Fri, 15 Jan 2016 13:59:07 -0800

“I imagine we'll plant some pohutakawa but the majority of the vegetation will be regeneration species like flax, pittosporum and coprosma for example.” He says some time after March, council will update the public with details of the revegetation and ...

Horticulture Week

Horticulture Week
Fri, 15 Jan 2016 07:56:15 -0800

Sargeant has also included static pauses in the planting with the exotic Coprosma 'Lemon & Lime' and C. 'Pina Colada' contrasting with the more dynamic forms of Uncinia rubra and Anemanthele. Hope is represented by the English oak tree. The garden ...

San Francisco Chronicle

San Francisco Chronicle
Thu, 23 Feb 2012 12:13:35 -0800

We gardeners sometimes can be demanding, asking for plants that look good year round, are tough and require little upkeep. One genus that fits this bill is the sturdy and beautiful Coprosma repens. Hailing from New Zealand, this evergreen shrub is ...


Sun, 21 Jun 2015 20:52:43 -0700

Climate change research predicts that Canterbury and other rural areas in NZ will be hotter, drier places in the next few decades, and the tendency for vegetation to facilitate fire spread will become more and more important. Shelterbelt trees are an ...
Marin Independent Journal
Fri, 18 Dec 2015 13:56:15 -0800

The mirror plant, coprosma, is another small- to medium-sized deer-resistant plant. The thick, rounded, glossy leaves come in a variety of colors. Native to Australia and New Zealand, it handles the heat just fine, but can be damaged by severe frost. A ...

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