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Coprosma rhamnoides 11.JPG
Coprosma rhamnoides
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Subfamily: Rubioideae
Tribe: Anthospermeae
Genus: Coprosma
J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Coprosma is a genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family. It is found in New Zealand, Hawaiian Islands, Borneo, Java, New Guinea, islands of the Pacific Ocean to Australia and the Juan Fernández Islands.[1]


The name Coprosma means "smelling like dung" and refers to the smell (methanethiol) given out by the crushed leaves of a few species.

Many species are small shrubs with tiny evergreen leaves, but a few are small trees and have much larger leaves. The flowers have insignificant petals and are wind-pollinated, with long anthers and stigmas. Natural hybrids are common. The fruit is a non-poisonous juicy berry, most often bright orange (but can be dark red or even light blue), containing two small seeds. The orange fruit of the larger species were eaten by Māori children, and are also popular with birds. It is said that coffee can be made from the seeds, Coprosma being related to the coffee plants. A notable feature (also found in other genera of Rubiaceae) is that the leaves contain hollows in the axils of the veins; in these, and on the leaf stipules, nitrogen-fixing bacteria grow. In addition the hollows, or domatia, encourage certain kinds of mites to take up residence, which feed on and reduce parasitic fungi which attack the leaf.[2]



  1. ^ "Coprosma in the World Checklist of Rubiaceae". Retrieved June 2014. 
  2. ^ Monks A, O'Connell DM, Lee WG, Bannister JM, Dickinson JM (2007). "Benefits associated with the domatia mediated tritrophic mutualism in the shrub Coprosma lucida". Oikos 116 (5): 873–881. doi:10.1111/j.0030-1299.2007.15654.x. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coprosma — Please support Wikipedia.
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128 news items

Scoop.co.nz (press release)
Tue, 03 Nov 2015 16:59:15 -0800

The latest planting took place on Wednesday 28 October, with students planting 200 native plants including hebe, flax, coprosma and rengarenga. Horizons environmental management officer Neil Mickleson says that this project is about sustained action ...

San Francisco Chronicle

San Francisco Chronicle
Thu, 23 Feb 2012 12:13:35 -0800

We gardeners sometimes can be demanding, asking for plants that look good year round, are tough and require little upkeep. One genus that fits this bill is the sturdy and beautiful Coprosma repens. Hailing from New Zealand, this evergreen shrub is ...


Sun, 21 Jun 2015 20:52:43 -0700

Climate change research predicts that Canterbury and other rural areas in NZ will be hotter, drier places in the next few decades, and the tendency for vegetation to facilitate fire spread will become more and more important. Shelterbelt trees are an ...
Wanganui Chronicle
Thu, 11 Jun 2015 17:45:00 -0700

Coprosma and Nandina are two of the most popular groups of plants. Coprosma have had much breeding and selection with a number of new varieties being released in the past few years. Coprosma Inferno has become a very hot favourite as has Coprosma ...
Tue, 10 Feb 2015 15:18:18 -0800

The Crown research institute, which focuses on environmental science, recently developed a free app for smart phones and tablets to identify native coprosma plants. Native coprosmas are a common and diverse genus of trees, shrubs and ground-hugging ...


Wed, 09 Sep 2015 17:00:00 -0700

Examples of female (left) and male (right) flowers of Karamu (Coprosma robusta). New Zealand's native plant life is renowned by botanists the world over for its uniqueness. But scientists at Victoria University of Wellington are calling into question a ...

Marlborough Express

Marlborough Express
Tue, 06 Oct 2015 13:26:15 -0700

Bowron's latest venture has been to fence off a hectare of wetland and plant 500 native trees and shrubs such as coprosma/mingimingi, carex grasses, flax, kahikatea, pink broom, kanuka, kowhai, pittosporum and cabbage trees. Delegat Wines plant ...


Sun, 14 Jun 2015 10:01:15 -0700

Coprosma repens 'Pina Colada' is not a plant for the faint-hearted but I predict that kids and the young at heart would love a mound of this glistening outside the kitchen window on a dull winter's day. Nothing feels fresher than flowers, though, and I ...

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