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This article is about the town. For other uses, see Conwy County Borough and Conwy (disambiguation).
Conwy
Conwy Castle and Bridges.jpg
Conwy Castle and the bridges
Conwy is located in Conwy
Conwy
Conwy
 Conwy shown within Conwy
Population 14,723 (2011)
OS grid reference SH775775
Community Conwy
Principal area Conwy
Ceremonial county Clwyd
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CONWY
Postcode district LL32
Postcode district LL31
Dialling code 01492
Police North Wales
Fire North Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Aberconwy
Welsh Assembly Aberconwy
List of places
UK
Wales
Conwy

Coordinates: 53°17′N 3°50′W / 53.28°N 3.83°W / 53.28; -3.83

Conwy (Welsh pronunciation: [ˈkɔnʊɨ]; formerly known in English as Conway) is a walled market town and community in Conwy County Borough on the north coast of Wales. The town, which faces Deganwy across the River Conwy, formerly lay in Gwynedd and prior to that in Caernarfonshire. The community, which includes Deganwy and Llandudno Junction, had a population of 14,208 at the 2001 census,[1] and is a popular tourist destination. The population rose to 14,753 at the 2011 census.[2] The Welsh language can be heard in widespread, casual and official usage.

Conway c.1850
A view of the original walled town, viewed from one of the towers. Conwy Castle is visible to the right, with the suspension bridge barely visible.
Conway Town and Castle, 1800

Conwy Castle and the town walls were built, on the instruction of Edward I of England, between 1283 and 1289, as part of his conquest of the principality of Wales. Conwy was the original site of Aberconwy Abbey, founded by Llywelyn the Great. Edward and his troops took over the abbey site and moved the monks down the Conwy valley to a new site at Maenan, establishing Maenan Abbey. The parish church still retains some parts of the original abbey church in the east and west walls. English settlers were given incentives to move to the walled garrison town, which for decades the Welsh were forbidden from entering.

Across the estuary is Bodysgallen Hall, which incorporates a medieval watchtower that was later used as a signal place for Conwy Castle.

Conwy has other tourist attractions that help draw visitors to the town. Conwy Suspension Bridge, designed by Thomas Telford to replace the ferry, was completed in 1826 and spans the River Conwy next to the castle. Telford designed the bridge's supporting towers to match the castle's turrets. The bridge is now open to pedestrians only and, together with the toll-keeper's house, is in the care of the National Trust.

The Conwy Railway Bridge, a Tubular bridge, was built for the Chester and Holyhead Railway by Robert Stephenson in 1849. The bridge is still in use on the North Wales Coast Line, along with station, which is located within the town walls. In addition to a modern bridge serving the town, the A55 road passes under the river by a tunnel which was built between 1986 and 1991. The old mountain road to Dwygyfylchi and Penmaenmawr runs through the Sychnant Pass, at the foot of Conwy Mountain.

Conwy Town Walls

The National Trust also owns Aberconwy House, which is Conwy's only surviving 14th-century merchant's house, one of the first buildings built inside the walls of Conwy. Another fine house open to the public is Plas Mawr, an Elizabethan house built in 1576 by the Wynn family, which has been extensively refurbished to its original 16th-century appearance and is now in the care of Cadw.[3]

The church standing in Conwy, has been marked as the oldest building in Conwy and has stood in the walls of Conwy since the 14th century. However, the oldest structure is part of the town walls, at the southern end of the east side. Here one wall and the tower of Llewellyn the Great's Llys [court house] have been incorporated into the wall. Built on a rocky outcrop, with an aspidal tower, it is a classic, native, Welsh build and stands out from the rest of the town walls, due to the presence of 4 window openings. It dates from the early 13th century and is the most complete remnant of any of his Llys.

The smallest house in Britain.

The house named in the Guinness Book of Records as The Smallest House in Great Britain, with dimensions of 3.05 metres x 1.8 metres, can be found on the quay. It was in continuous occupation from the 16th century (and was even inhabited by a family at one point) until 1900 when the owner (a 6-foot (1.8 m) fisherman – Robert Jones) was forced to move out on the grounds of hygiene. The rooms were too small for him to stand up in fully. The house is still owned by his descendants today, and you can go on a tour around it for a small charge.

Conwy Morfa, a marshy spit of land on the west side of the estuary, was probably the location where golf was first played on Welsh soil. It was also the place where Hugh Iorys Hughes developed, and later built, the floating Mulberry Harbour, used in Operation Overlord in World War II.

Governance[edit]

An electoral ward in the same name exists. The ward extends west of the River Conwy only with a total population of 4,065 only.[4]

References[edit]

Gallery[edit]

External links[edit]

A map of Conwy from 1947

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conwy — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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415153 news items

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Sat, 06 Feb 2016 08:52:30 -0800

Jay Lusted is tying the knot to fiancée Chloe Roberts at the famous Marble Church - St Margaret's - in Bodelwyddan. Jay, 27, of Rhos on Sea, said: “We're really excited that on August 5 we will be tying the knot at the Marble Church. It's a beautiful ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Tue, 02 Feb 2016 21:00:22 -0800

Salvage Hunters star Drew Pritchard has sold his Conwy warehouse and is moving part of his business to Gloucestershire. Drew, who has worked with interior designer to the Royals Annabel Elliot, the sister of Camilla Parker Bowles, fashion designer ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Fri, 05 Feb 2016 10:35:55 -0800

More than six thousand people put their names to a petition amid fears over a £12m hydro electric power scheme on the River Conwy . The group Save Our Conwy gave the document to Aberconwy Assembly Member Janet Finch-Saunders near the site by ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Mon, 01 Feb 2016 06:00:36 -0800

As a result of its presence on the list, Conwy is being included in the upcoming schedule for tourism promotion throughout Japan at expos and conferences, as well as in the media. Sam Nayar, Chair of the Destination Conwy Steering Group, said: 'It was ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Wed, 03 Feb 2016 04:11:15 -0800

A 20-week bridge refurbishment programme which will see lane closures in Conwy is set to get underway. The work to repaint and replace corroded parts of Conwy Bridge will start this week, as work also continues on the A55 at the Conwy and Pen y Clip ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Sun, 31 Jan 2016 06:34:07 -0800

Drivers are bracing themselves for more traffic misery on the A55 as five weeks of new roadworks start today. The latest closures are affecting the Pen-y-Clip and Conwy tunnels. The works are to replace the environmental control systems which monitor ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Wed, 03 Feb 2016 10:45:00 -0800

Visit Conwy has commissioned its own Welsh sushi – affectionately known as 'wushi' after the medieval walled town was voted as one of the prettiest in Europe by Japanese officials - the only UK location to make into the top 30. In a case of East meets ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Sun, 10 Jan 2016 03:37:43 -0800

Two historic signs from Conwy Suspension Bridge have been rediscovered in a dusty cellar after lying forgotten for decades. The signs or 'date scrolls' - made from bronze or copper with the dates 1826-1926 - came to light after a clear-out in Conwy ...
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