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This article is about the town. For other uses, see Conwy County Borough and Conwy (disambiguation).
Conwy Castle and Bridges.jpg
Conwy Castle and the bridges
Conwy is located in Conwy
 Conwy shown within Conwy
Population 14,723 (2011)
OS grid reference SH775775
Community Conwy
Principal area Conwy
Ceremonial county Clwyd
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CONWY
Postcode district LL32/LL31
Dialling code 01492
Police North Wales
Fire North Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Aberconwy
Welsh Assembly Aberconwy
List of places

Coordinates: 53°17′N 3°50′W / 53.28°N 3.83°W / 53.28; -3.83

Conwy (Welsh pronunciation: [ˈkɔnʊɨ]) is a walled market town and community in Conwy County Borough on the north coast of Wales. The town, which faces Deganwy across the River Conwy, formerly lay in Gwynedd and prior to that in Caernarfonshire. The community, which includes Deganwy and Llandudno Junction, had a population of 14,208 at the 2001 census,[1] and is a popular tourist destination. The population rose to 14,753 at the 2011 census.[2] The Welsh language can still be heard in widespread, casual and official usage.

A view of the original walled town, viewed from one of the towers. Conwy Castle is visible to the right, with the suspension bridge barely visible.
Conway Town and Castle, 1800

Conwy Castle and the town walls were built, on the instruction of Edward I of England, between 1283 and 1289, as part of his conquest of the principality of Wales. Conwy was the original site of Aberconwy Abbey, founded by Llywelyn the Great. Edward and his troops took over the abbey site and moved the monks down the Conwy valley to a new site at Maenan, establishing Maenan Abbey. The parish church still retains some parts of the original abbey church in the east and west walls. English settlers were given incentives to move to the walled garrison town, which for decades the Welsh were forbidden from entering.

Across the estuary is Bodysgallen Hall, which incorporates a medieval watchtower that was later used as a signal place for Conwy Castle.

Conwy has other tourist attractions that help draw visitors to the town. Conwy Suspension Bridge, designed by Thomas Telford to replace the ferry, was completed in 1826 and spans the River Conwy next to the castle. Telford designed the bridge's supporting towers to match the castle's turrets. The bridge is now open to pedestrians only and, together with the toll-keeper's house, is in the care of the National Trust.

The Conwy Railway Bridge, a Tubular bridge, was built for the Chester and Holyhead Railway by Robert Stephenson in 1849. The bridge is still in use on the North Wales Coast Line, along with station, which is located within the town walls. In addition to a modern bridge serving the town, the A55 road passes under the river by a tunnel which was built between 1986 and 1991. The old mountain road to Dwygyfylchi and Penmaenmawr runs through the Sychnant Pass, at the foot of Conwy Mountain.

Conwy Town Walls

The National Trust also owns Aberconwy House, which is Conwy's only surviving 14th-century merchant's house, one of the first buildings built inside the walls of Conwy. Another fine house open to the public is Plas Mawr, an Elizabethan house built in 1576 by the Wynn family, which has been extensively refurbished to its original 16th-century appearance and is now in the care of Cadw.[3]

The church standing in Conwy, has been marked as the oldest building in Conwy and has stood in the walls of Conwy since the 14th century. However, the oldest structure is part of the town walls, at the southern end of the east side. Here one wall and the tower of Llewellyn the Great's Llys [court house] have been incorporated into the wall. Built on a rocky outcrop, with an aspidal tower, it is a classic, native, Welsh build and stands out from the rest of the town walls, due to the presence of 4 window openings. It dates from the early 13th century and is the most complete remnant of any of his Llys.

The smallest house in Britain.

The house named in the Guinness Book of Records as The Smallest House in Great Britain, with dimensions of 3.05 metres x 1.8 metres, can be found on the quay. It was in continuous occupation from the 16th century (and was even inhabited by a family at one point) until 1900 when the owner (a 6-foot (1.8 m) fisherman – Robert Jones) was forced to move out on the grounds of hygiene. The rooms were too small for him to stand up in fully. The house is still owned by his descendants today, and you can go on a tour around it for a small charge.

Conwy Morfa, a marshy spit of land on the west side of the estuary, was probably the location where golf was first played on Welsh soil. It was also the place where Hugh Iorys Hughes developed, and later built, the floating Mulberry Harbour, used in Operation Overlord in World War II.


An electoral ward in the same name exists. The ward extends west of the River Conwy only with a total population of 4,065 only.[4]


External links[edit]

Media related to Conwy (town) at Wikimedia Commons

A map of Conwy from 1947

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conwy — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

261358 news items

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Daily Post North Wales
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Wed, 30 Sep 2015 12:20:34 -0700

An outbreak of E. coli in Conwy which saw three children taken ill has been declared over. An outbreak of E. coli in Conwy which saw three children taken ill has been declared over. In total, 83 people were screened for the potentially deadly bug as ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Thu, 01 Oct 2015 01:15:00 -0700

A pre-inquest hearing has been held into the death of a pregnant 22-year-old woman. Shanice Jaclyn Priestley, of Penmaen Crescent, Conwy, died on August 24 last year. The hearing in Ruthin was attended by legal representatives of Betsi Cadwaladr ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Thu, 01 Oct 2015 09:18:45 -0700

A mysterious fruit thief who has been stripping apple and plum trees in the Conwy Valley has struck again. Over the last month, trees have been stripped of their fruit in Trefriw, Rowen, Tyn y Groes, Tal y Bont, Llanddoged and Dolgarrog. During the ...

North Wales Pioneer

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Wed, 30 Sep 2015 08:00:00 -0700

TAXI drivers in Conwy could be given extra training in the wake of high-profile child sexual exploitation cases. Conwy County Borough Council's general licensing committee is recommending mandatory awareness training to further safeguard children and ...

ITV News

ITV News
Tue, 22 Sep 2015 22:26:15 -0700

A housing association is helping its tenants find a job by offering them work doing maintenance on its properties. 15 jobs have already been created as part of Cartrefi Conwy's employment academy. Cartrefi Conwy has joined forces with the Crest ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Mon, 28 Sep 2015 11:00:00 -0700

A 15-year-old adventurer has revealed how he was chased by a polar bear on a record-breaking trip between Alaska and Russia. Tybalt Peake became the youngest sailor to conquer the Northwest Passage during his epic voyage earlier this month. Tybalt ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Mon, 28 Sep 2015 07:37:30 -0700

A collection of papers comprising the diaries of a leading Conservative politician have been donated to the Welsh Political Archive at the National Library of Wales. The 18 volumes span the period 1970-1995 when Lord Roberts of Conwy (Wyn Roberts) was ...

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