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This article is about the town. For other uses, see Conwy County Borough and Conwy (disambiguation).
Conwy
Conwy Castle and Bridges.jpg
Conwy Castle and the bridges
Conwy is located in Conwy
Conwy
Conwy
 Conwy shown within Conwy
Population 14,723 (2011)
OS grid reference SH775775
Community Conwy
Principal area Conwy
Ceremonial county Clwyd
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CONWY
Postcode district LL32/LL31
Dialling code 01492
Police North Wales
Fire North Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Aberconwy
Welsh Assembly Aberconwy
List of places
UK
Wales
Conwy

Coordinates: 53°17′N 3°50′W / 53.28°N 3.83°W / 53.28; -3.83

Conwy (Welsh pronunciation: [ˈkɔnʊɨ]) is a walled market town and community in Conwy County Borough on the north coast of Wales. The town, which faces Deganwy across the River Conwy, formerly lay in Gwynedd and prior to that in Caernarfonshire. The community, which includes Deganwy and Llandudno Junction, had a population of 14,208 at the 2001 census,[1] and is a popular tourist destination. The population rose to 14,753 at the 2011 census.[2] The Welsh language can still be heard in widespread, casual and official usage.

A view of the original walled town, viewed from one of the towers. Conwy Castle is visible to the right, with the suspension bridge barely visible.

Conwy Castle and the town walls were built, on the instruction of Edward I of England, between 1283 and 1289, as part of his conquest of the principality of Wales. Conwy was the original site of Aberconwy Abbey, founded by Llywelyn the Great. Edward and his troops took over the abbey site and moved the monks down the Conwy valley to a new site at Maenan, establishing Maenan Abbey. The parish church still retains some parts of the original abbey church in the east and west walls. English settlers were given incentives to move to the walled garrison town, which for decades the Welsh were forbidden from entering.

Across the estuary is Bodysgallen Hall, which incorporates a medieval watchtower that was later used as a signal place for Conwy Castle.

Conwy has other tourist attractions that help draw visitors to the town. Conwy Suspension Bridge, designed by Thomas Telford to replace the ferry, was completed in 1826 and spans the River Conwy next to the castle. Telford designed the bridge's supporting towers to match the castle's turrets. The bridge is now open to pedestrians only and, together with the toll-keeper's house, is in the care of the National Trust.

The Conwy Railway Bridge, a Tubular bridge, was built for the Chester and Holyhead Railway by Robert Stephenson in 1849. The bridge is still in use on the North Wales Coast Line, along with station, which is located within the town walls. In addition to a modern bridge serving the town, the A55 road passes under the river by a tunnel which was built between 1986 and 1991. The old mountain road to Dwygyfylchi and Penmaenmawr runs through the Sychnant Pass, at the foot of Conwy Mountain.

Conwy Town Walls

The National Trust also owns Aberconwy House, which is Conwy's only surviving 14th-century merchant's house, one of the first buildings built inside the walls of Conwy. Another fine house open to the public is Plas Mawr, an Elizabethan house built in 1576 by the Wynn family, which has been extensively refurbished to its original 16th-century appearance and is now in the care of Cadw.[3]

The church standing in Conwy, has been marked as the oldest building in Conwy and has stood in the walls of Conwy since the 14th century. However, the oldest structure is part of the town walls, at the southern end of the east side. Here one wall and the tower of Llewellyn the Great's Llys [court house] have been incorporated into the wall. Built on a rocky outcrop, with an aspidal tower, it is a classic, native, Welsh build and stands out from the rest of the town walls, due to the presence of 4 window openings. It dates from the early 13th century and is the most complete remnant of any of his Llys.

The smallest house in Britain.

The house named in the Guinness Book of Records as The Smallest House in Great Britain, with dimensions of 3.05 metres x 1.8 metres, can be found on the quay. It was in continuous occupation from the 16th century (and was even inhabited by a family at one point) until 1900 when the owner (a 6 ft fisherman – Robert Jones) was forced to move out on the grounds of hygiene. The rooms were too small for him to stand up in fully. The house is still owned by his descendants today, and you can go on a tour around it for a small charge.

Conwy Morfa, a marshy spit of land on the west side of the estuary, was probably the location where golf was first played on Welsh soil. It was also the place where Hugh Iorys Hughes developed, and later built, the floating Mulberry Harbour, used in Operation Overlord in World War II.

Governance[edit]

An electoral ward in the same name exists. The ward extends west of the River Conwy only with a total population of 4,065 only.[4]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Conwy (town) at Wikimedia Commons

A map of Conwy from 1947

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conwy — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

286118 news items

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Sat, 25 Jul 2015 08:33:45 -0700

“Selfish ” fly-tippers killed three cows in Conwy after dumping lethal cuttings in a field. The 16-month-old Friesians were found dead in a farmer's field in Dolwen after eating poisonous tree clippings. It is believed fly-tippers dumped a “small ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Fri, 24 Jul 2015 05:00:34 -0700

Conwy council has found itself embroiled in an unlikely row with one of the world's most prominent Hindu faith leaders over its plans to fine people who feed seagulls. Rajan Zed, a leading Hindu statesman from Nevada, USA, said he was disappointed that ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Fri, 24 Jul 2015 23:00:09 -0700

A three bedroom townhouse which sits on the waterfront of Deganwy Quay has gone on the market for £425,000. The property enjoys spectacular views of Conwy Castle and the estuary and even comes with its own jacuzzi. The living space on the first floor ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Mon, 20 Jul 2015 03:44:03 -0700

But today North Wales Police confirmed the body found yesterday is that of Mr Hughes. A spokesman said: "The body discovered just before 17:30 on Sunday afternoon in Kinmel Bay, Conwy, has been formally identified as that of missing fisherman Brian ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Mon, 20 Jul 2015 21:30:54 -0700

A local authority had considered seeking powers to punish those who contributed to the scourge of gulls in its seaside towns. But the Daily Post has learned Conwy council shelved the plan after being advised it might conflict with the rights of people ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Wed, 22 Jul 2015 03:28:20 -0700

Conwy council say they will introduce the law by the end of the year to ban the feeding of the birds on Llandudno's North Shore. This week, the Daily Post highlighted how people were coming under attack from gulls, who were swooping to steal their food.

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Mon, 20 Jul 2015 12:51:44 -0700

A woman was taken to hospital after her car crashed off a bridge and into a stream in Conwy. The crash took place on the B4407 between Ysbyty Ifan, near Pentrefoelas and Llan Ffestiniog at around 4.30pm this afternoon. A North Wales Fire and Rescue ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Fri, 17 Jul 2015 10:55:29 -0700

At the inquest Conwy Council asked the coroner to contact the Welsh Government explaining the difficulties it faced as it lacked the legal power to monitor the quality of education received at home. The teenager died at his home on the morning of ...
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