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This article is about the town. For other uses, see Conwy County Borough and Conwy (disambiguation).
Conwy Castle and Bridges.jpg
Conwy Castle and the bridges
Conwy is located in Conwy
 Conwy shown within Conwy
Population 14,208 (2001)
OS grid reference SH775775
Community Conwy
Principal area Conwy
Ceremonial county Clwyd
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CONWY
Postcode district LL32/LL31
Dialling code 01492
Police North Wales
Fire North Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Aberconwy
Welsh Assembly Aberconwy
List of places

Coordinates: 53°17′N 3°50′W / 53.28°N 3.83°W / 53.28; -3.83

Conwy (Welsh pronunciation: [ˈkɔnʊɨ]; English Conway) is a walled market town and community in Conwy County Borough on the north coast of Wales. The town, which faces Deganwy across the River Conwy, formerly lay in Gwynedd and prior to that in Caernarfonshire. The community, which includes Deganwy and Llandudno Junction, had a population of 14,208 at the 2001 census,[1] and is a popular tourist destination. The Welsh language can still be heard in widespread, casual and official usage.

A view of the original walled town, viewed from one of the towers. Conwy Castle is visible to the right, with the suspension bridge barely visible.

Conwy Castle and the town walls were built, on the instruction of Edward I of England, between 1283 and 1289, as part of his conquest of the principality of Wales. Conwy was the original site of Aberconwy Abbey, founded by Llywelyn the Great. Edward and his troops took over the abbey site and moved the monks down the Conwy valley to a new site at Maenan, establishing Maenan Abbey. The parish church still retains some parts of the original abbey church in the east and west walls. English settlers were given incentives to move to the walled garrison town, which for decades the Welsh were forbidden from entering.

Across the estuary is Bodysgallen Hall, which incorporates a medieval watchtower that was later used as a signal place for Conwy Castle.

Conwy has other tourist attractions that help draw visitors to the town. Conwy Suspension Bridge, designed by Thomas Telford to replace the ferry, was completed in 1826 and spans the River Conwy next to the castle. Telford designed the bridge's supporting towers to match the castle's turrets. The bridge is now open to pedestrians only and, together with the toll-keeper's house, is in the care of the National Trust.

The Conwy Railway Bridge, a Tubular bridge, was built for the Chester and Holyhead Railway by Robert Stephenson in 1849. The bridge is still in use on the North Wales Coast Line, along with station, which is located within the town walls. In addition to a modern bridge serving the town, the A55 road passes under the river by a tunnel which was built between 1986 and 1991. The old mountain road to Dwygyfylchi and Penmaenmawr runs through the Sychnant Pass, at the foot of Conwy Mountain.

Conwy Town Walls

The National Trust also owns Aberconwy House, which is Conwy's only surviving 14th-century merchant's house, one of the first buildings built inside the walls of Conwy. Another fine house open to the public is Plas Mawr, an Elizabethan house built in 1576 by the Wynn family, which has been extensively refurbished to its original 16th-century appearance and is now in the care of Cadw.[2]

The church standing in Conwy, has been marked as the oldest building in Conwy and has stood in the walls of Conwy since the 14th century. However, the oldest structure is part of the town walls, at the southern end of the east side. Here one wall and the tower of Llewellyn the Great's Llys [court house] have been incorporated into the wall. Built on a rocky outcrop, with an aspidal tower, it is a classic, native, Welsh build and stands out from the rest of the town walls, due to the presence of 4 window openings. It dates from the early 13th century and is the most complete remnant of any of his Llys.

The smallest house in Britain.

The house named in the Guinness Book of Records as The Smallest House in Great Britain, with dimensions of 3.05 metres x 1.8 metres, can be found on the quay. It was in continuous occupation from the 16th century (and was even inhabited by a family at one point) until 1900 when the owner (a 6 ft fisherman – Robert Jones) was forced to move out on the grounds of hygiene. The rooms were too small for him to stand up in fully. The house is still owned by his descendants today, and you can go on a tour around it for a small charge.

Conwy Morfa, a marshy spit of land on the west side of the estuary, was probably the location where golf was first played on Welsh soil. It was also the place where Hugh Iorys Hughes developed, and later built, the floating Mulberry Harbour, used in Operation Overlord in World War II.


External links[edit]

Media related to Conwy (town) at Wikimedia Commons

A map of Conwy from 1947

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conwy — Please support Wikipedia.
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5449 news items

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 03:47:36 -0700

The visitors can sample the delights of Conwy Goat Meat, gluten free food or handmade toffee. But organisers are quick to point out that it's going to be so much more than a foodie festival. The music actually kicks off on the Friday evening at 8.30pm ...

Southwales Evening Post

BBC News
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 07:50:35 -0700

People living in Conwy will not be living in streets with names which could cause a double take, under new plans. The council has reviewed its street-naming policy and ruled out any which might cause offence. Conwy's new policy reads: "Aesthetically ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 10:41:26 -0700

But Cllr Dave Cowans, a former finance spokesman, denied Conwy would copy Isle of Anglesey County Council's decision to offer its entire 3,300-strong workforce voluntary redundancy to balance its books. It was “not the way forward in terms of relations ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Fri, 24 Oct 2014 02:21:39 -0700

Back at the Conwy Feast, you can enjoy music at two venues; there's of the course the main marquee from 2pm with Gavin Mart, Awen Thomas, Wee Bag Band, Mostly Blues, Wil Williams and the Continentals, Svengali and finishing the night after the ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 10:48:45 -0700

Today, Cllr Sue Lloyd-Williams, of Llansannan, proposed a notice of motion that “Conwy County Borough Council demands as a matter of policy that all cabling running in Conwy from the North Wales Wind Farms Connection should be placed underground ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 07:44:43 -0700

The networking event was the third organised by Conwy County Borough Council's Conwy Cynhaliol project. Project manager Stuart Whitfield said: “We are promoting some of the shortest supply chains the consumer will find anywhere.” Gerwyn Rowlands, of ...
News North Wales
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 04:15:00 -0700

The new Trolibocs system will be distributed to over 41,000 homes following a successful testing period by Conwy County Council last year. Councillor Mike Priestley, portfolio holder for Highways, Environment and Sustainability, said: “For a long time ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 07:28:48 -0700

The award winning chocolatier curently has a production unit at Conwy Morfa Business Park and sells its products through various retail stores and at food festivals and markets. Now it is set to establish its first retail unit in Conwy town centre with ...

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