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This article is about the town. For other uses, see Conwy County Borough and Conwy (disambiguation).
Conwy
Conwy Castle and Bridges.jpg
Conwy Castle and the bridges
Conwy is located in Conwy
Conwy
Conwy
 Conwy shown within Conwy
Population 14,208 (2001)
OS grid reference SH775775
Community Conwy
Principal area Conwy
Ceremonial county Clwyd
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CONWY
Postcode district LL32/LL31
Dialling code 01492
Police North Wales
Fire North Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Aberconwy
Welsh Assembly Aberconwy
List of places
UK
Wales
Conwy

Coordinates: 53°17′N 3°50′W / 53.28°N 3.83°W / 53.28; -3.83

Conwy (Welsh pronunciation: [ˈkɔnʊɨ]; English Conway) is a walled market town and community in Conwy County Borough on the north coast of Wales. The town, which faces Deganwy across the River Conwy, formerly lay in Gwynedd and prior to that in Caernarfonshire. The community, which includes Deganwy and Llandudno Junction, had a population of 14,208 at the 2001 census,[1] and is a popular tourist destination. The Welsh language can still be heard in widespread, casual and official usage.

A view of the original walled town, viewed from one of the towers. Conwy Castle is visible to the right, with the suspension bridge barely visible.

Conwy Castle and the town walls were built, on the instruction of Edward I of England, between 1283 and 1289, as part of his conquest of the principality of Wales. Conwy was the original site of Aberconwy Abbey, founded by Llywelyn the Great. Edward and his troops took over the abbey site and moved the monks down the Conwy valley to a new site at Maenan, establishing Maenan Abbey. The parish church still retains some parts of the original abbey church in the east and west walls. English settlers were given incentives to move to the walled garrison town, which for decades the Welsh were forbidden from entering.

Across the estuary is Bodysgallen Hall, which incorporates a medieval watchtower that was later used as a signal place for Conwy Castle.

Conwy has other tourist attractions that help draw visitors to the town. Conwy Suspension Bridge, designed by Thomas Telford to replace the ferry, was completed in 1826 and spans the River Conwy next to the castle. Telford designed the bridge's supporting towers to match the castle's turrets. The bridge is now open to pedestrians only and, together with the toll-keeper's house, is in the care of the National Trust.

The Conwy Railway Bridge, a Tubular bridge, was built for the Chester and Holyhead Railway by Robert Stephenson in 1849. The bridge is still in use on the North Wales Coast Line, along with station, which is located within the town walls. In addition to a modern bridge serving the town, the A55 road passes under the river by a tunnel which was built between 1986 and 1991. The old mountain road to Dwygyfylchi and Penmaenmawr runs through the Sychnant Pass, at the foot of Conwy Mountain.

Conwy Town Walls

The National Trust also owns Aberconwy House, which is Conwy's only surviving 14th-century merchant's house, one of the first buildings built inside the walls of Conwy. Another fine house open to the public is Plas Mawr, an Elizabethan house built in 1576 by the Wynn family, which has been extensively refurbished to its original 16th-century appearance and is now in the care of Cadw.[2]

The church standing in Conwy, has been marked as the oldest building in Conwy and has stood in the walls of Conwy since the 14th century. However, the oldest structure is part of the town walls, at the southern end of the east side. Here one wall and the tower of Llewellyn the Great's Llys [court house] have been incorporated into the wall. Built on a rocky outcrop, with an aspidal tower, it is a classic, native, Welsh build and stands out from the rest of the town walls, due to the presence of 4 window openings. It dates from the early 13th century and is the most complete remnant of any of his Llys.

The smallest house in Britain.

The house named in the Guinness Book of Records as The Smallest House in Great Britain, with dimensions of 3.05 metres x 1.8 metres, can be found on the quay. It was in continuous occupation from the 16th century (and was even inhabited by a family at one point) until 1900 when the owner (a 6 ft fisherman – Robert Jones) was forced to move out on the grounds of hygiene. The rooms were too small for him to stand up in fully. The house is still owned by his descendants today, and you can go on a tour around it for a small charge.

Conwy Morfa, a marshy spit of land on the west side of the estuary, was probably the location where golf was first played on Welsh soil. It was also the place where Hugh Iorys Hughes developed, and later built, the floating Mulberry Harbour, used in Operation Overlord in World War II.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Conwy (town) at Wikimedia Commons

A map of Conwy from 1947

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conwy — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

286437 news items

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Wed, 01 Apr 2015 07:59:04 -0700

A site for gypsies and travellers to use permanently is recommended for approval by council chiefs at a meeting next Wednesday. The proposal for up to four plots on land off Bangor Road near Conwy Morfa will be considered by Conwy council's planning ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Tue, 31 Mar 2015 12:07:30 -0700

He said: “I've got a soft spot for the Bridge, as years ago it used to be the best pub in Conwy, and it's in an amazing location just by Conwy Castle. “It will be more family-friendly than the Albion, and there will be food. We'll be serving ...

BBC News

BBC News
Mon, 30 Mar 2015 22:03:45 -0700

While it is now three years since Harry Price died, his organs have since saved five lives. The Conwy man signed the Organ Donor Register in the 1980s after a friend died in a motoring accident. When he died suddenly of a brain haemorrhage in 2012, his ...

North Wales Pioneer

North Wales Pioneer
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 03:52:30 -0700

On Sunday, March 29, Sarah will hold her first masterclass at Bodnant Welsh Food Centre's £6.5m base at Furnace Farm in the Conwy Valley showing the delicate art of hand tempering and dipping, to create a mouth-watering selection of Easter chocolate ...

North Wales Pioneer

North Wales Pioneer
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 06:07:30 -0700

THE number of jobseekers allowance claimants in Conwy has fallen by almost a third in 12 months, figures show. The official labour market statistics, released by the Office for National Statistics on Wednesday, March 18, show that the number of people ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Sat, 21 Mar 2015 00:00:02 -0700

This beautiful converted barn with its exposed beams and stunning views across the Conwy Valley has gone on the market for £465,000. The Barn in Capel Garmon is a 16th Century Grade II Listed cruck barn which has been converted to combine ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 07:03:25 -0700

The claims come as documents put before the Assembly's finance committee earlier this week show Conwy spent £2,500 in preparatory work before the merger was quashed in January. Mr Mehmet said Denbighshire had spent around the same amount.

North Wales Pioneer

North Wales Pioneer
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 02:22:30 -0700

The Government has said it will consider ending the exclusion of Conwy teachers from one of the UK's most popular employee benefits. Over 2,500 teachers in the region are not part of the salary sacrifice car scheme, and secretary of state for education ...
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