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This article is about the town. For other uses, see Conwy County Borough and Conwy (disambiguation).
Conwy Castle and Bridges.jpg
Conwy Castle and the bridges
Conwy is located in Conwy
 Conwy shown within Conwy
Population 14,208 (2001)
OS grid reference SH775775
Community Conwy
Principal area Conwy
Ceremonial county Clwyd
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CONWY
Postcode district LL32/LL31
Dialling code 01492
Police North Wales
Fire North Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Aberconwy
Welsh Assembly Aberconwy
List of places

Coordinates: 53°17′N 3°50′W / 53.28°N 3.83°W / 53.28; -3.83

Conwy (Welsh pronunciation: [ˈkɔnʊɨ]; English Conway) is a walled market town and community in Conwy County Borough on the north coast of Wales. The town, which faces Deganwy across the River Conwy, formerly lay in Gwynedd and prior to that in Caernarfonshire. The community, which includes Deganwy and Llandudno Junction, had a population of 14,208 at the 2001 census,[1] and is a popular tourist destination. The Welsh language can still be heard in widespread, casual and official usage.

A view of the original walled town, viewed from one of the towers. Conwy Castle is visible to the right, with the suspension bridge barely visible.

Conwy Castle and the town walls were built, on the instruction of Edward I of England, between 1283 and 1289, as part of his conquest of the principality of Wales. Conwy was the original site of Aberconwy Abbey, founded by Llywelyn the Great. Edward and his troops took over the abbey site and moved the monks down the Conwy valley to a new site at Maenan, establishing Maenan Abbey. The parish church still retains some parts of the original abbey church in the east and west walls. English settlers were given incentives to move to the walled garrison town, which for decades the Welsh were forbidden from entering.

Across the estuary is Bodysgallen Hall, which incorporates a medieval watchtower that was later used as a signal place for Conwy Castle.

Conwy has other tourist attractions that help draw visitors to the town. Conwy Suspension Bridge, designed by Thomas Telford to replace the ferry, was completed in 1826 and spans the River Conwy next to the castle. Telford designed the bridge's supporting towers to match the castle's turrets. The bridge is now open to pedestrians only and, together with the toll-keeper's house, is in the care of the National Trust.

The Conwy Railway Bridge, a Tubular bridge, was built for the Chester and Holyhead Railway by Robert Stephenson in 1849. The bridge is still in use on the North Wales Coast Line, along with station, which is located within the town walls. In addition to a modern bridge serving the town, the A55 road passes under the river by a tunnel which was built between 1986 and 1991. The old mountain road to Dwygyfylchi and Penmaenmawr runs through the Sychnant Pass, at the foot of Conwy Mountain.

Conwy Town Walls

The National Trust also owns Aberconwy House, which is Conwy's only surviving 14th-century merchant's house, one of the first buildings built inside the walls of Conwy. Another fine house open to the public is Plas Mawr, an Elizabethan house built in 1576 by the Wynn family, which has been extensively refurbished to its original 16th-century appearance and is now in the care of Cadw.[2]

The church standing in Conwy, has been marked as the oldest building in Conwy and has stood in the walls of Conwy since the 14th century. However, the oldest structure is part of the town walls, at the southern end of the east side. Here one wall and the tower of Llewellyn the Great's Llys [court house] have been incorporated into the wall. Built on a rocky outcrop, with an aspidal tower, it is a classic, native, Welsh build and stands out from the rest of the town walls, due to the presence of 4 window openings. It dates from the early 13th century and is the most complete remnant of any of his Llys.

The smallest house in Britain.

The house named in the Guinness Book of Records as The Smallest House in Great Britain, with dimensions of 3.05 metres x 1.8 metres, can be found on the quay. It was in continuous occupation from the 16th century (and was even inhabited by a family at one point) until 1900 when the owner (a 6 ft fisherman – Robert Jones) was forced to move out on the grounds of hygiene. The rooms were too small for him to stand up in fully. The house is still owned by his descendants today, and you can go on a tour around it for a small charge.

Conwy Morfa, a marshy spit of land on the west side of the estuary, was probably the location where golf was first played on Welsh soil. It was also the place where Hugh Iorys Hughes developed, and later built, the floating Mulberry Harbour, used in Operation Overlord in World War II.


External links[edit]

Media related to Conwy (town) at Wikimedia Commons

A map of Conwy from 1947

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conwy — Please support Wikipedia.
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Fri, 21 Nov 2014 05:02:36 -0800

Conwy Half Marathon takes place this weekend, returning for its sixth year. Having already been voted one of the top five most scenic half marathons in the UK and with 3,000 runners participating in 2013, it's a must-attend in North Wales. So put on ...

BBC News

BBC News
Thu, 20 Nov 2014 05:07:30 -0800

Two preferred sites have been earmarked for Gypsy and traveller communities by Conwy council officials. Councillors are being recommended to accept land at Bangor Road, Conwy, as a permanent residential base. And a temporary base at Smithy Lane, ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Fri, 21 Nov 2014 23:52:30 -0800

Bereft after his death aged 35 on August 5, teacher Nia, of Llandudno Junction, has channelled her grief into “doing something that would make Si proud” – running Conwy's Half Marathon on Sunday in aid of Guide Dogs and the hospice. Simon, a car sales ...
Daily Post North Wales
Mon, 17 Nov 2014 09:21:04 -0800

A plan to set-up a permanent site for gypsies and travellers has sparked an outcry from local business. Many are worried about security and litter from the camp which would be located yards from an industrial estate off Bangor Road in Conwy. Conwy ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Fri, 21 Nov 2014 03:41:54 -0800

A B&B in Conwy has been praised by judges in an international competition which rewards the most environmentally friendly businesses. Narrowly missing out on the top accolade for Britain's Best B&B / Guest House, the Bryn Bella Guest House in ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Mon, 17 Nov 2014 08:59:05 -0800

Here are when and where they will be happening in Llandudno, Conwy Town and Llanrwst to mark the start of the festive period. For the rest of the North Wales Christmas lights switch ons read our wrap up guide to where you can find them. Know of anymore ...

North Wales Pioneer

North Wales Pioneer
Thu, 20 Nov 2014 02:52:30 -0800

Events such as the Wales Rally GB and Access All Eirias generate £25m a year to the economy in Conwy. A BLUE print for Conwy events over the next decade has been unveiled. The Conwy County Council Events Strategy for 2014 to 2020 was launched by ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Mon, 27 Oct 2014 04:47:32 -0700

The festival attracted over 150 artisan food producers – the majority from Wales – plus award-winning local micro brewers, Conwy's famous mussels, and dozens of street food sellers. Organiser Jane Hughes said: “It has been absolutely fantastic.

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