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This article is about the town. For other uses, see Conwy County Borough and Conwy (disambiguation).
Conwy Castle and Bridges.jpg
Conwy Castle and the bridges
Conwy is located in Conwy
 Conwy shown within Conwy
Population 14,208 (2001)
OS grid reference SH775775
Community Conwy
Principal area Conwy
Ceremonial county Clwyd
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CONWY
Postcode district LL32/LL31
Dialling code 01492
Police North Wales
Fire North Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Aberconwy
Welsh Assembly Aberconwy
List of places

Coordinates: 53°17′N 3°50′W / 53.28°N 3.83°W / 53.28; -3.83

Conwy (Welsh pronunciation: [ˈkɔnʊɨ]; English Conway) is a walled market town and community in Conwy County Borough on the north coast of Wales. The town, which faces Deganwy across the River Conwy, formerly lay in Gwynedd and prior to that in Caernarfonshire. The community, which includes Deganwy and Llandudno Junction, had a population of 14,208 at the 2001 census,[1] and is a popular tourist destination. The Welsh language can still be heard in widespread, casual and official usage.

A view of the original walled town, viewed from one of the towers. Conwy Castle is visible to the right, with the suspension bridge barely visible.

Conwy Castle and the town walls were built, on the instruction of Edward I of England, between 1283 and 1289, as part of his conquest of the principality of Wales. Conwy was the original site of Aberconwy Abbey, founded by Llywelyn the Great. Edward and his troops took over the abbey site and moved the monks down the Conwy valley to a new site at Maenan, establishing Maenan Abbey. The parish church still retains some parts of the original abbey church in the east and west walls. English settlers were given incentives to move to the walled garrison town, which for decades the Welsh were forbidden from entering.

Across the estuary is Bodysgallen Hall, which incorporates a medieval watchtower that was later used as a signal place for Conwy Castle.

Conwy has other tourist attractions that help draw visitors to the town. Conwy Suspension Bridge, designed by Thomas Telford to replace the ferry, was completed in 1826 and spans the River Conwy next to the castle. Telford designed the bridge's supporting towers to match the castle's turrets. The bridge is now open to pedestrians only and, together with the toll-keeper's house, is in the care of the National Trust.

The Conwy Railway Bridge, a Tubular bridge, was built for the Chester and Holyhead Railway by Robert Stephenson in 1849. The bridge is still in use on the North Wales Coast Line, along with station, which is located within the town walls. In addition to a modern bridge serving the town, the A55 road passes under the river by a tunnel which was built between 1986 and 1991. The old mountain road to Dwygyfylchi and Penmaenmawr runs through the Sychnant Pass, at the foot of Conwy Mountain.

Conwy Town Walls

The National Trust also owns Aberconwy House, which is Conwy's only surviving 14th-century merchant's house, one of the first buildings built inside the walls of Conwy. Another fine house open to the public is Plas Mawr, an Elizabethan house built in 1576 by the Wynn family, which has been extensively refurbished to its original 16th-century appearance and is now in the care of Cadw.[2]

The church standing in Conwy, has been marked as the oldest building in Conwy and has stood in the walls of Conwy since the 14th century. However, the oldest structure is part of the town walls, at the southern end of the east side. Here one wall and the tower of Llewellyn the Great's Llys [court house] have been incorporated into the wall. Built on a rocky outcrop, with an aspidal tower, it is a classic, native, Welsh build and stands out from the rest of the town walls, due to the presence of 4 window openings. It dates from the early 13th century and is the most complete remnant of any of his Llys.

The smallest house in Britain.

The house named in the Guinness Book of Records as The Smallest House in Great Britain, with dimensions of 3.05 metres x 1.8 metres, can be found on the quay. It was in continuous occupation from the 16th century (and was even inhabited by a family at one point) until 1900 when the owner (a 6 ft fisherman – Robert Jones) was forced to move out on the grounds of hygiene. The rooms were too small for him to stand up in fully. The house is still owned by his descendants today, and you can go on a tour around it for a small charge.

Conwy Morfa, a marshy spit of land on the west side of the estuary, was probably the location where golf was first played on Welsh soil. It was also the place where Hugh Iorys Hughes developed, and later built, the floating Mulberry Harbour, used in Operation Overlord in World War II.


External links[edit]

Media related to Conwy (town) at Wikimedia Commons

A map of Conwy from 1947

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conwy — Please support Wikipedia.
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Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 01:10:14 -0800

A team of comprehensive schoolchildren who formed an equestrian team outshone some of the poshest schools in the world in an international event. Ysgol Dyffryn Conwy, in Llanrwst, came fourth in the horsemanship competition, beating the likes of top ...

North Wales Pioneer

North Wales Pioneer
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 01:53:52 -0800

A SOCIAL enterprise and council recycling service has created employment opportunities and diverted 386 tonnes of Conwy's household waste from landfill. Over the last year Crest Co-operative has collected unwanted furniture, electricals, clothing and ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 05:36:55 -0800

Two quick-thinking men put out a wheelie bin fire as it spread to a house. The Good Samaritans had heard “popping and banging” in Conwy at about 1am and rushed to help. Heat from the flames scorched a neighbour's house in Pool Lane but they ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Mon, 24 Nov 2014 04:32:56 -0800

The race, now in its sixth year, started and finished in front of the town's medieval castle. The route took runners to Llandudno and around the Great Orme before returning back to Conwy. Runners enjoyed perfect weather conditions with cool ...

News North Wales

News North Wales
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 06:03:45 -0800

COUNCIL bosses have had confirmation that Conwy County Borough Council is to expect one of the highest cuts in the country for government funding from next year. The final local government revenue and capital settlements for 2015 - 2016 were ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Fri, 05 Dec 2014 09:38:21 -0800

Shops are open late in Conwy over the festive period. Have a look what the opening times are for the shops keeping their doors open across the county. For Christmas markets in Conwy see our guide to where and when you can find them.

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Fri, 12 Dec 2014 23:02:03 -0800

This country house with its beautiful views and own separate eco house has been put on the market for £650,000. Set in the Conwy Valley, Tyn y Coed looks towards the Carneddau range of mountains with one of its peaks, Tal Y Fan, being closest. The five ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 05:11:46 -0800

The Met Office says there will be heavy and persistent rainfall in both Gwynedd and Conwy tomorrow with the potential for localised flooding. The heaviest rain is anticipated during the early hours of the morning with a second spell expected in the ...

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