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This article is about the town. For other uses, see Conwy County Borough and Conwy (disambiguation).
Conwy Castle and Bridges.jpg
Conwy Castle and the bridges
Conwy is located in Conwy
 Conwy shown within Conwy
Population 14,208 (2001)
OS grid reference SH775775
Community Conwy
Principal area Conwy
Ceremonial county Clwyd
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CONWY
Postcode district LL32/LL31
Dialling code 01492
Police North Wales
Fire North Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Aberconwy
Welsh Assembly Aberconwy
List of places

Coordinates: 53°17′N 3°50′W / 53.28°N 3.83°W / 53.28; -3.83

Conwy (Welsh pronunciation: [ˈkɔnʊɨ]; English Conway) is a walled market town and community in Conwy County Borough on the north coast of Wales. The town, which faces Deganwy across the River Conwy, formerly lay in Gwynedd and prior to that in Caernarfonshire. The community, which includes Deganwy and Llandudno Junction, had a population of 14,208 at the 2001 census,[1] and is a popular tourist destination. The Welsh language can still be heard in widespread, casual and official usage.

A view of the original walled town, viewed from one of the towers. Conwy Castle is visible to the right, with the suspension bridge barely visible.

Conwy Castle and the town walls were built, on the instruction of Edward I of England, between 1283 and 1289, as part of his conquest of the principality of Wales. Conwy was the original site of Aberconwy Abbey, founded by Llywelyn the Great. Edward and his troops took over the abbey site and moved the monks down the Conwy valley to a new site at Maenan, establishing Maenan Abbey. The parish church still retains some parts of the original abbey church in the east and west walls. English settlers were given incentives to move to the walled garrison town, which for decades the Welsh were forbidden from entering.

Across the estuary is Bodysgallen Hall, which incorporates a medieval watchtower that was later used as a signal place for Conwy Castle.

Conwy has other tourist attractions that help draw visitors to the town. Conwy Suspension Bridge, designed by Thomas Telford to replace the ferry, was completed in 1826 and spans the River Conwy next to the castle. Telford designed the bridge's supporting towers to match the castle's turrets. The bridge is now open to pedestrians only and, together with the toll-keeper's house, is in the care of the National Trust.

The Conwy Railway Bridge, a Tubular bridge, was built for the Chester and Holyhead Railway by Robert Stephenson in 1849. The bridge is still in use on the North Wales Coast Line, along with station, which is located within the town walls. In addition to a modern bridge serving the town, the A55 road passes under the river by a tunnel which was built between 1986 and 1991. The old mountain road to Dwygyfylchi and Penmaenmawr runs through the Sychnant Pass, at the foot of Conwy Mountain.

Conwy Town Walls

The National Trust also owns Aberconwy House, which is Conwy's only surviving 14th-century merchant's house, one of the first buildings built inside the walls of Conwy. Another fine house open to the public is Plas Mawr, an Elizabethan house built in 1576 by the Wynn family, which has been extensively refurbished to its original 16th-century appearance and is now in the care of Cadw.[2]

The church standing in Conwy, has been marked as the oldest building in Conwy and has stood in the walls of Conwy since the 14th century. However, the oldest structure is part of the town walls, at the southern end of the east side. Here one wall and the tower of Llewellyn the Great's Llys [court house] have been incorporated into the wall. Built on a rocky outcrop, with an aspidal tower, it is a classic, native, Welsh build and stands out from the rest of the town walls, due to the presence of 4 window openings. It dates from the early 13th century and is the most complete remnant of any of his Llys.

The smallest house in Britain.

The house named in the Guinness Book of Records as The Smallest House in Great Britain, with dimensions of 3.05 metres x 1.8 metres, can be found on the quay. It was in continuous occupation from the 16th century (and was even inhabited by a family at one point) until 1900 when the owner (a 6 ft fisherman – Robert Jones) was forced to move out on the grounds of hygiene. The rooms were too small for him to stand up in fully. The house is still owned by his descendants today, and you can go on a tour around it for a small charge.

Conwy Morfa, a marshy spit of land on the west side of the estuary, was probably the location where golf was first played on Welsh soil. It was also the place where Hugh Iorys Hughes developed, and later built, the floating Mulberry Harbour, used in Operation Overlord in World War II.


External links[edit]

Media related to Conwy (town) at Wikimedia Commons

A map of Conwy from 1947

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conwy — Please support Wikipedia.
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3662 news items

BBC News

BBC News
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 06:17:33 -0700

Conwy council has voted to open talks with Denbighshire council over a possible voluntary merger. Councillors at a special meeting said it was "an amber light" in the process after Denbighshire councillors made the same move last week. Local councils ...


Thu, 18 Sep 2014 11:36:28 -0700

Denbighshire councillors voted on September 9 to open talks on a voluntary merger with Conwy. Conwy's Deputy Leader Ronnie Hughes said such a merger would give the authority more control over its future than if it waited and was forced into it two ...
News North Wales
Fri, 19 Sep 2014 03:41:15 -0700

CONWY County Borough Council has agreed to open talks on a possible merger with Denbighshire. The authority voted in favour of “exploratory negotiations” with Denbighshire County Council on a voluntary merger ahead of Welsh Government's plans for ...
Rhyl Journal
Fri, 19 Sep 2014 05:56:15 -0700

MORE than £50,000 has been spent on Public Health Funerals in Conwy in the last five years. Recent information revealed the funerals, which are carried out when a person dies and there is no family, or they are unable to pay for their funeral, took £50 ...
Daily Post North Wales
Mon, 15 Sep 2014 04:06:48 -0700

Many turned up to purchase from stalls selling honey and hive products, beeswax candles, polish, honey soaps and more on Conwy's busy streets. It was also a chance for the public to meet beekeepers and learn about bees and honey. The event was held ...
News North Wales
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 07:15:00 -0700

Capel Tabernacl on Chapel Street in Conwy is the subject of a Heritage Lottery Fund bid and a CADW Historical Building grant with plans for a £600,000 renovation to “bring the chapel back to life” and offer several new community and events facilities.

BBC News

BBC News
Mon, 08 Sep 2014 23:37:28 -0700

Mohammed Mehmet, Denbighshire's chief executive, recommended a proposal to express an interest in the move which was backed by 32 votes. The Welsh government wants 12 local authorities instead of the current 22. Conwy council rejected talks on a ...
Daily Post North Wales
Thu, 11 Sep 2014 03:26:47 -0700

Gwledd Feast Conwy will be celebrating food, music and arts on the weekend of October 25-26, 2014. It will be taking place within the 13th century walls of Conwy with the castle and quay as the backdrop. There will be food stalls, chef demonstrations ...

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