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This article is about the town. For other uses, see Conwy County Borough and Conwy (disambiguation).
Conwy Castle and Bridges.jpg
Conwy Castle and the bridges
Conwy is located in Conwy
 Conwy shown within Conwy
Population 14,208 (2001)
OS grid reference SH775775
Community Conwy
Principal area Conwy
Ceremonial county Clwyd
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CONWY
Postcode district LL32/LL31
Dialling code 01492
Police North Wales
Fire North Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Aberconwy
Welsh Assembly Aberconwy
List of places

Coordinates: 53°17′N 3°50′W / 53.28°N 3.83°W / 53.28; -3.83

Conwy (Welsh pronunciation: [ˈkɔnʊɨ]; English Conway) is a walled market town and community in Conwy County Borough on the north coast of Wales. The town, which faces Deganwy across the River Conwy, formerly lay in Gwynedd and prior to that in Caernarfonshire. The community, which includes Deganwy and Llandudno Junction, had a population of 14,208 at the 2001 census,[1] and is a popular tourist destination. The Welsh language can still be heard in widespread, casual and official usage.

A view of the original walled town, viewed from one of the towers. Conwy Castle is visible to the right, with the suspension bridge barely visible.

Conwy Castle and the town walls were built, on the instruction of Edward I of England, between 1283 and 1289, as part of his conquest of the principality of Wales. Conwy was the original site of Aberconwy Abbey, founded by Llywelyn the Great. Edward and his troops took over the abbey site and moved the monks down the Conwy valley to a new site at Maenan, establishing Maenan Abbey. The parish church still retains some parts of the original abbey church in the east and west walls. English settlers were given incentives to move to the walled garrison town, which for decades the Welsh were forbidden from entering.

Across the estuary is Bodysgallen Hall, which incorporates a medieval watchtower that was later used as a signal place for Conwy Castle.

Conwy has other tourist attractions that help draw visitors to the town. Conwy Suspension Bridge, designed by Thomas Telford to replace the ferry, was completed in 1826 and spans the River Conwy next to the castle. Telford designed the bridge's supporting towers to match the castle's turrets. The bridge is now open to pedestrians only and, together with the toll-keeper's house, is in the care of the National Trust.

The Conwy Railway Bridge, a Tubular bridge, was built for the Chester and Holyhead Railway by Robert Stephenson in 1849. The bridge is still in use on the North Wales Coast Line, along with station, which is located within the town walls. In addition to a modern bridge serving the town, the A55 road passes under the river by a tunnel which was built between 1986 and 1991. The old mountain road to Dwygyfylchi and Penmaenmawr runs through the Sychnant Pass, at the foot of Conwy Mountain.

Conwy Town Walls

The National Trust also owns Aberconwy House, which is Conwy's only surviving 14th-century merchant's house, one of the first buildings built inside the walls of Conwy. Another fine house open to the public is Plas Mawr, an Elizabethan house built in 1576 by the Wynn family, which has been extensively refurbished to its original 16th-century appearance and is now in the care of Cadw.[2]

The church standing in Conwy, has been marked as the oldest building in Conwy and has stood in the walls of Conwy since the 14th century. However, the oldest structure is part of the town walls, at the southern end of the east side. Here one wall and the tower of Llewellyn the Great's Llys [court house] have been incorporated into the wall. Built on a rocky outcrop, with an aspidal tower, it is a classic, native, Welsh build and stands out from the rest of the town walls, due to the presence of 4 window openings. It dates from the early 13th century and is the most complete remnant of any of his Llys.

The smallest house in Britain.

The house named in the Guinness Book of Records as The Smallest House in Great Britain, with dimensions of 3.05 metres x 1.8 metres, can be found on the quay. It was in continuous occupation from the 16th century (and was even inhabited by a family at one point) until 1900 when the owner (a 6 ft fisherman – Robert Jones) was forced to move out on the grounds of hygiene. The rooms were too small for him to stand up in fully. The house is still owned by his descendants today, and you can go on a tour around it for a small charge.

Conwy Morfa, a marshy spit of land on the west side of the estuary, was probably the location where golf was first played on Welsh soil. It was also the place where Hugh Iorys Hughes developed, and later built, the floating Mulberry Harbour, used in Operation Overlord in World War II.


External links[edit]

Media related to Conwy (town) at Wikimedia Commons

A map of Conwy from 1947

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conwy — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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238843 news items

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Mon, 02 Mar 2015 03:45:38 -0800

Benefit claimants in Conwy have been overpaid more than £160,000 in eight months, investigators have found. A report prepared for the council's audit committee reveals that Conwy's benefit investigation team found the council overpaid housing benefit ...

North Wales Pioneer

North Wales Pioneer
Fri, 27 Feb 2015 03:37:30 -0800

Cadnant Planning, working on behalf of developers York Design and Construction, have been working closely with heritage group Cadw to ensure that the “integrity of Conwy Castle” remains intact after Conwy County Council raised fears it would spoil ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Thu, 26 Feb 2015 07:13:33 -0800

The increase, which is Conwy's second consecutive 5% council tax rise, will see annual bills for a Band D property rise by £48.22, although the council says Conwy will probably still have the second lowest bills in North Wales. All Conwy's Conservative ...

North Wales Pioneer

North Wales Pioneer
Fri, 27 Feb 2015 03:03:45 -0800

Conwy County Council decided to go ahead with the rise at a cabinet meeting on Thursday, February 26 and it will take effect from April 1. The increase means Band D households in the county would now pay £1,013 as the council looks to find ways to make ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Fri, 27 Feb 2015 02:02:00 -0800

Agent Cadnant Planning, working on behalf of owners York Design and Construction, secured development permission from Conwy council. The site, which lies in the shadow of the historic castle, went up for auction in Manchester yesterday with Pugh ...

North Wales Pioneer

North Wales Pioneer
Mon, 02 Mar 2015 05:52:30 -0800

A DEPLETED Conwy Borough overcame injuries and suspensions to claim a valuable 0-0 draw with Caersws in the Huws Gray Alliance. Another positive result extends the Tangerines' unbeaten record to three games, and they will look to increase this ...

North Wales Pioneer

North Wales Pioneer
Mon, 02 Mar 2015 03:37:30 -0800

RELEGATION threatened Glan Conwy's poor run of form continued as they suffered a 3-1 home defeat to Llanberis in Lock Stock Welsh Alliance Division One. The result leaves them in 11th position, with their opponents on the day now just one point behind ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Mon, 23 Feb 2015 02:27:15 -0800

Graphic designer Annie Atkins, from Dolwyddelan in Conwy, was responsible for much of the design in The Grand Budapest Hotel, which won four Oscars at last night's ceremony in Hollywood. The Wes Anderson film, which was nominated for nine awards ...

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