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Coordinates: 53°17′N 3°50′W / 53.28°N 3.83°W / 53.28; -3.83

Conwy
Conwy Castle and Bridges.jpg
Conwy Castle and the bridges
Conwy is located in Conwy
Conwy
Conwy
 Conwy shown within Conwy
Population 14,208 (2001)
OS grid reference SH775775
Community Conwy
Principal area Conwy
Ceremonial county Clwyd
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CONWY
Postcode district LL32/LL31
Dialling code 01492
Police North Wales
Fire North Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Aberconwy
Welsh Assembly Aberconwy
List of places
UK
Wales
Conwy

Conwy (Welsh pronunciation: [ˈkɔnʊɨ]; formerly known in English as Conway) is a walled market town and community in Conwy County Borough on the north coast of Wales. The town, which faces Deganwy across the River Conwy, formerly lay in Gwynedd and prior to that in Caernarfonshire. The community, which includes Deganwy and Llandudno Junction, had a population of 14,208 at the 2001 census,[1] and is a popular tourist destination. The Welsh language can still be heard in widespread, casual and official usage.

A view of the original walled town, viewed from one of the towers. Conwy Castle is visible to the right, with the suspension bridge barely visible.

Conwy Castle and the town walls were built, on the instruction of Edward I of England, between 1283 and 1289, as part of his conquest of the principality of Wales. Conwy was the original site of Aberconwy Abbey, founded by Llywelyn the Great. Edward and his troops took over the abbey site and moved the monks down the Conwy valley to a new site at Maenan, establishing Maenan Abbey. The parish church still retains some parts of the original abbey church in the east and west walls. English settlers were given incentives to move to the walled garrison town, which for decades the Welsh were forbidden from entering.

Across the estuary is Bodysgallen Hall, which incorporates a medieval watchtower that was later used as a signal place for Conwy Castle.

Conwy has other tourist attractions that help draw visitors to the town. Conwy Suspension Bridge, designed by Thomas Telford to replace the ferry, was completed in 1826 and spans the River Conwy next to the castle. Telford designed the bridge's supporting towers to match the castle's turrets. The bridge is now open to pedestrians only and, together with the toll-keeper's house, is in the care of the National Trust.

The Conwy Railway Bridge, a Tubular bridge, was built for the Chester and Holyhead Railway by Robert Stephenson in 1849. The bridge is still in use on the North Wales Coast Line, along with station, which is located within the town walls. In addition to a modern bridge serving the town, the A55 road passes under the river by a tunnel which was built between 1986 and 1991. The old mountain road to Dwygyfylchi and Penmaenmawr runs through the Sychnant Pass, at the foot of Conwy Mountain.

Conwy Town Walls

The National Trust also owns Aberconwy House, which is Conwy's only surviving 14th-century merchant's house, one of the first buildings built inside the walls of Conwy. Another fine house open to the public is Plas Mawr, an Elizabethan house built in 1576 by the Wynn family, which has been extensively refurbished to its original 16th-century appearance and is now in the care of Cadw.[2]

The church standing in Conwy, has been marked as the oldest building in Conwy and has stood in the walls of Conwy since the 14th century. However, the oldest structure is part of the town walls, at the southern end of the east side. Here one wall and the tower of Llewellyn the Great's Llys [court house] have been incorporated into the wall. Built on a rocky outcrop, with an aspidal tower, it is a classic, native, Welsh build and stands out from the rest of the town walls, due to the presence of 4 window openings. It dates from the early 13th century and is the most complete remnant of any of his Llys.

The smallest house in Britain.

The house named in the Guinness Book of Records as The Smallest House in Great Britain, with dimensions of 3.05 metres x 1.8 metres, can be found on the quay. It was in continuous occupation from the 16th century (and was even inhabited by a family at one point) until 1900 when the owner a (6 ft fisherman – Robert Jones) was forced to move out on the grounds of hygiene. The rooms were too small for him to stand up in fully. The house is still owned by his descendants today, and you can go on a tour around it for a small charge.

Conwy Morfa, a marshy spit of land on the west side of the estuary, was probably the location where golf was first played on Welsh soil. It was also the place where Hugh Iorys Hughes developed, and later built, the floating Mulberry Harbour, used in Operation Overlord in World War II.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Conwy (town) at Wikimedia Commons

A map of Conwy from 1947

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conwy — Please support Wikipedia.
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News North Wales
Tue, 22 Apr 2014 03:41:15 -0700

Conwy Council placed an advert in the Estates Gazette for a new business to occupy 100 square meters of space in the watersports centre on the promenade, with applications to be returned by June 12. The multi-million pound building is currently ...
 
News North Wales
Wed, 23 Apr 2014 04:15:00 -0700

With Caersws needing to beat Rhydymwyn by an eight-goal margin in their final game of the season next weekend, Conwy will be hopeful they have done enough to improve on last season's third place finish. Healing broke the deadlock when he picked up ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Mon, 21 Apr 2014 08:11:15 -0700

Peter Williams, from Chester said: “While looking unsuccessfully for hawfinch in the grounds of the historic church at Caerhun in the Conwy Valley, I spotted this white stork, a rare visitor, close to the river. “I stayed a while before being disturbed ...
 
Daily Post North Wales
Tue, 15 Apr 2014 11:04:49 -0700

Dare-devil visitors will get the chance to be the first in Wales to try out a spectacular new type of watersport set to make a big splash in Conwy. The company that brought flyboarding – already tried by Hollywood stars like Leonardo DeCaprio, Tom ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Mon, 31 Mar 2014 10:57:54 -0700

Angry protesters have today demonstrated against a proposal to close Conwy Civic Hall and move Conwy library inside it elsewhere. Organisers of two festivals which used the Civic Hall also waved placards as passing motorists honked their horns in ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Tue, 08 Apr 2014 05:48:38 -0700

A mum-of-three who scooped £1 million in the EuroMillions Millionaire Raffle only discovered she had won when she found her ticket in her handbag five weeks after the draw. Carol Jones, 66, of Conwy, had forgotten about her ticket which was at the ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Tue, 01 Apr 2014 10:12:47 -0700

This has seen his Traditional Welsh Sausage Company expand at the factory site in Conwy Morfa adding new lines to production and increasing staff from 45 to 60 in the past three years. Now his renowned Edwards shop in the heart of Conwy is undergoing ...
 
meatinfo.co.uk
Mon, 14 Apr 2014 01:48:45 -0700

The specialist butcher's and deli is celebrating 30 years of trading in Conwy and will celebrate with its reopening on 15 April 2014. Combining European food ideas with quality Welsh ingredients, around 100 new products are included in the new store ...
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