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This article is a list of constitutional courts. For information about constitutional courts in general, see Constitution
Austrian Constitutional Court (Verfassungsgerichtshof VfGH), the oldest constitutional Court in the world, resided in the building of the former Böhmische Hofkanzlei (English: Czech Chancellery), Judenplatz 11 in Vienna until 2012
Hall for plenary sessions of the Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic in the building of the former Moravian Parliament in Brno

A constitutional court is a high court that deals primarily with constitutional law. Its main authority is to rule on whether or not laws that are challenged are in fact unconstitutional, i.e. whether or not they conflict with constitutionally established rights and freedoms.

The list in this article is of countries that have a separate constitutional court. Many countries do not have separate constitutional courts, but instead delegate constitutional judicial authority to their supreme court. Nonetheless, such courts are sometimes also called "constitutional courts"; for example, some have called the Supreme Court of the United States "the world's oldest constitutional court" because it was the first court in the world to invalidate a law as unconstitutional (Marbury v. Madison), even though it is not a separate constitutional court.

The Constitutional Court (at the time by the name only) was the Austrian one. It had taken up its duties a year earlier in 1919 but it gained power to revise laws of the federal states only after the new Constitution was adopted later on October 10, 1920.[1] Czechoslovakia was the first country to adopt a Constitution which provided for review of the constitutionality of acts of parliament by a special court, on 2 February 1920, but it was not until November 1921 that the court first convened. Before that, only the U.S., Norway,[2] Canada and Australia had adopted the concept of judicial review through their supreme courts.

Constitutional court of Russia.

List[edit]

Countries with separate constitutional courts include:

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Constitutional Court of Austria - History
  2. ^ Smith, Eivind (ed.) (1995). Constitutional justice under old constitutions, p. xv (Introduction, p. xi - xviii), ISBN 90-411-0042-3

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitutional_court — Please support Wikipedia.
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South African Broadcasting Corporation

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Thu, 28 Aug 2014 04:37:30 -0700

Constitutional Court hears 'down syndrome' case. Thursday 28 August 2014 12:43. SABC. The child's mother said that had the foetal assessment centre properly informed her of the risks of down syndrome, she would have terminated the pregnancy.(SABC) ...

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Wed, 27 Aug 2014 08:22:30 -0700

JOHANNESBURG - The Constitutional Court has made its first major ruling on how land restitution claimants must be compensated. The court on Tuesday rejected an appeal by a family who wanted their compensation based on an investment-related ...

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Sat, 30 Aug 2014 15:41:15 -0700

Family members of dozens of police officers who have been arrested so far as part of a widening government-backed campaign against the police force, as well as legal experts, are hopeful that the Constitutional Court will not turn a deaf ear to voices ...

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Thu, 21 Aug 2014 05:59:14 -0700

JAKARTA—. After more than a month of uncertainty, Indonesia's Constitutional Court has upheld the official election results, clearing the way for Jakarta Governor Joko Widodo to take over as Indonesia's next head of state. Kate Lamb reports from Jakarta.

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Mon, 11 Aug 2014 10:59:40 -0700

On December 6, 2011, the Constitutional Court held that the municipality had unlawfully evicted and relocated the occupiers of Bapsfontein Informal Settlement. The court ordered the municipality to find land in the Bapsfontein area for the applicants ...

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