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The Constitution of Zimbabwe is officially the supreme law of Zimbabwe. The independence constitution of 1980 was the result of the 1979 Lancaster House Agreement and is sometimes called the Lancaster Constitution.[1] A proposed constitution, drafted by a constitutional convention, was defeated by a constitutional referendum during 2000.

In practise, after 2008, the 2008 power-sharing deal provided the structure for much of the government. The three political parties in Zimbabwe, ZANU-PF, MDC-T and MDC-N negotiated a new proposed constitution after a constitutional outreach program.[2] The new constitution was approved in the referendum of 16 March 2013.[3][4] The parliament approved it on 9 May 2013. Some of the new constitution's clauses do not take effect for 10 years.[5]


  1. ^ Radio VOP. "Zimbabwe's Lancaster Constitution No Longer An Option". The Zimbabwean. Retrieved 18 February 2011. 
  2. ^ Thornycroft, Peta. "Zimbabwe's Constitutional Outreach Program Ends". Voice of America. 
  3. ^ Zimbabwe approves new constitution. BBC. 19 March 2013 [1]
  4. ^ Dzinesa, Gwinyayi. Zimbabwe: The Battle for Credible Polls in Zimbabwe Intensifies. Institute for Security Studies, distributed by AllAfrica Global Media (allAfrica.com) 17 April 2013. [2]
  5. ^ Allison, Simon. Even Zimbabwe's constitution waits for Mugabe to pass the baton, or pass away: With crucial clauses not taking effect for 10 years, document recognises that nothing will change with the president around. Daily Maverick, part of the Guardian Africa Network (guardian.co.uk) Tuesday 26 March 2013 [3]

Further reading[edit]

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42 news items

The Herald
Tue, 22 Jul 2014 15:18:45 -0700

"This honourable court failed to adopt a proper approach in trying to assess the proportionality of Section 31 of the Code to Section 20(1) of the Constitution of Zimbabwe, thereby wrongly making a finding that the impugned provision is overboard ...
Fri, 18 Jul 2014 13:26:15 -0700

Since the adoption of the new constitution of Zimbabwe more than a year ago, media rights experts say that there is still no urgency in aligning the country's legislative framework with the supreme charter. As a consequence, laws that were crafted ...

Nehanda Radio

Nehanda Radio
Sun, 13 Jul 2014 18:02:50 -0700

Section 171 (1) (a) of the Constitution of Zimbabwe grants the High Court jurisdiction over all civil and criminal matters throughout Zimbabwe. Section 23 of the High Court Act (Chapter 7:06) further provides that “subject to this Act and any other law ...
Wed, 09 Jul 2014 12:41:15 -0700

"Seeking to deprive such a disabled person of his only source of livelihood clearly infringes on the constitutional guarantees provided under section 83 of the Constitution of Zimbabwe. "One of the questions is whether seeking the accused's eviction ...
Tue, 24 Jun 2014 21:52:30 -0700

Section 50 (3) of the new Constitution of Zimbabwe reads: "Any person, who is not brought to court within the 48-hour period referred to in Subsection (2), must be released immediately unless their detention has earlier been extended by a competent ...
The Herald
Mon, 21 Jul 2014 15:07:30 -0700

... his lawyer, Mr Charles Chikore of C Mutshahuni Chikore and Partners, argued that the suspension and subsequent dismissal were premised on Section 114 (3) and (4) of the Urban Councils Act, which is at variance with the new Constitution of Zimbabwe.


Thu, 26 Jun 2014 11:58:42 -0700

The rights and provisions given to women and the girl child by the new constitution of Zimbabwe should be put into practice and not remain as a mere document if Zimbabwe is to make headway in dealing with gender imbalances between men and women in ...
Tue, 22 Jul 2014 13:03:45 -0700

The current MDC constitution was crafted before the new constitution of Zimbabwe was crafted. It is crucially important to align some of the provisions of the MDC constitution to some provisions of the national constitution. One of these key provisions ...

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