digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Coat of arms of Sri Lanka, showing a lion holding a sword in its right forepaw surrounded by a ring made from blue lotus petals which is placed on top of a grain vase sprouting rice grains to encircle it. A Dharmacakra is on the top while a sun and moon are at the bottom on each side of the vase.
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Sri Lanka

The Constitution of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka has been the constitution of the island nation of Sri Lanka since its original promulgation by the National State Assembly on 7 September 1978. It is Sri Lanka's second republican constitution, and its third constitution since the country's independence (as Ceylon) in 1948. As of September 2010 it has been formally amended 18 times.

History of the Constitution[edit]

When the United National Party (UNP) came to power in July 1977 with a five-sixths majority, the second amendment to the 1972 Constitution was passed on 4 October 1977 to establish an executive presidency, with J. R. Jayewardene (the then Prime Minister) becoming the first Executive President on 4 February 1978. Before the 1977 general election the UNP had sought a mandate from the people to adopt a new constitution. Accordingly a select committee was appointed to consider the revision of the existing Constitution.

The new Constitution, promulgated on 7 September 1978, provided for a unicameral parliament and an Executive President. The term of office of the president and the duration of parliament were both set at six years. The new Constitution also introduced a form of multi-member proportional representation for elections to parliament, which was to consist of 196 members (subsequently increased to 225 by the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution).

The Constitution provided for an independent judiciary and guaranteed fundamental rights, providing for any aggrieved person to invoke the Supreme Court for any violation of his or her fundamental rights. The Constitution also provided for a Parliamentary Commissioner for Administration (Ombudsman) who could investigate public grievances against government institutions and state officers and give redress. It also introduced anti-defection laws, and referendums on certain bills and on issues of national importance.

Provisions for amendment[edit]

Most provisions of the Constitution of Sri Lanka can be amended by a two-thirds majority in parliament. However, the amendment of certain basic features such as the clauses on language, religion, and reference to Sri Lanka as a unitary state require both a two-thirds majority and approval at a nation-wide referendum.

Amendments to date[edit]

Amendment Date Description
First Amendment 20 November 1978 Dealing with jurisdiction of the Court of Appeal
Second Amendment 26 February 1979 Dealing with resignations and expulsion of Members of the First Parliament
Third Amendment 27 August1982 To enable the President to seek re-election after 4years; vacation of office of President
Fourth Amendment 23 December 1982 Extension of term of first Parliament
Fifth Amendment 25 February 1983 To provide for by-election when a vacancy is not filled by the party
Sixth Amendment 8 August 1983 Prohibition against violation of territorial integrity
Seventh Amendment 4 October 1983 Dealing with Commissioners of the High Court and the creation of Kilinochchi District
Eighth Amendment 6 March 1984 Appointment of President's Counsel
Ninth Amendment 24 August 1984 Relating to public officers qualified to contest elections
Tenth Amendment 6 August 1986 To repeal section requiring two-thirds majority for Proclamation under Public Security Ordinance
Eleventh Amendment 6 May 1987 To provide for a Fiscal for the whole Island; also relating to sittings of the Court of Appeal
Twelfth Amendment (Not enacted)
Thirteenth Amendment 14 November 1987 To make Tamil an official language and English a link Language, and for the establishment of Provincial Councils
Fourteenth Amendment 24 May 1988 Extension of immunity of President; increase of number of Members to 225; validity of referendum; appointment of Delimitation Commission for the division of electoral districts into zones; proportional representation and the cut-off point to be 1/8 of the total polled; apportionment of the 29 National List Members
Fifteenth Amendment 17 December 1988 To repeal Article 96A to eliminate zones and to reduce the cut-off point to 1/20th
Sixteenth Amendment 17 December 1988 To make provision for Sinhala and Tamil to be Languages of Administration and Legislation
Seventeenth Amendment 3 October 2001 To make provisions for the Constitutional Council and Independent Commissions
Eighteenth Amendment 8 September 2010 To remove the sentence that mentioned the limit of the re-election of the President and to propose the appointment of a parliamentary council that decides the appointment of independent posts like commissioners of election, human rights, and Supreme Court judges

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitution_of_Sri_Lanka — Please support Wikipedia.
A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
11524 videos foundNext > 

SRI LANKA: The 18th Amendment of the Constitution of Sri Lanka

A simple way of understanding the 18th Amendment is to compare it to the situation in the United States of America. The president of the United States is ele...

Constitution of Sri Lanka - Privileges vs Rights

THE CONSTITUTION OF THE DEMOCRATIC SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF SRI LANKA http://www.priu.gov.lk/Cons/1978Constitution/CONTENTS.html Chapter III - Fundamental Right...

Historical Constitution in Sri Lanka

පොදු ජන සාමුහිකත්වයට බලය හිමිවූ වත්මන් ආණ්ඩුක්‍රමයන්ට නොදෙවෙනි සිංහල රාජ වංශයේ ආණ්ඩුක්‍රම ව්‍යවස්ථාව. සමාජයේ පහල ස්ථරය දක්වාම බලය බෙදීයන ජනතා මූලික ක්‍රියාවල...

SRI LANKA: 18th Amendment to the Constitution -Sinhala.wmv

Should the constitution of Sri Lanka be re-drafted?

Should Sri Lanka's constitution be re-drafted? should the existing one be amended? if so why and how? Kurumanama opens its airwaves to the general public. Le...

Pro-LTTE MPs accused of violating the Sri Lanka constitution

Sri Lankan Government and opposition parliamentarians have accused Tamil National Alliance members of flouting the constitution. The protest came as TNA memb...

Burnt the Sri Lankan Constitution along with the effigy of Mahinda.flv

The demonstrators in London burnt the Sri Lankan Constitution along with the effigy of Mahinda Rajapaksa.

Constitutional Crisis in Sri Lanka

Basil Fernando, CEO of the Asian Human Rights Commission talks about the Constitutional crisis in Sri Lanka.

Sri Lanka Constitution -00- Contents in Brief

THE CONSTITUTION OF THE DEMOCRATIC SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF SRI LANKA http://www.priu.gov.lk/Cons/1978Constitution/CONTENTS.html CONTENTS Chapter I - The People...

SRI LANKA: 18th Amendment to the Constitution - Sri Lanka Guardian

About the Debate: Note from the Editorial The debate started after we published the article written by Dayan Jayathillake entitled "Hardly the death of democ...

11524 videos foundNext > 

36 news items

NDTV

Sri Lanka Guardian
Thu, 27 Mar 2014 06:00:11 -0700

Encourages the Government of Sri Lanka to ensure that all Provincial Councils, including the Northern Provincial Council, are able to operate effectively, in accordance with the 13th amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka;. 7. Welcomes the visit by ...
 
Sri Lanka Guardian
Tue, 18 Mar 2014 16:48:45 -0700

On OP 6 they did not want the 13th amendment to be referenced and suggested that the whole constitution of Sri Lanka be referenced. Chile wanted the word 'encourage' to replace 'calls upon'. To the contrary, Canada wanted the retention of the reference ...

The Hindu

Asian Tribune
Fri, 28 Mar 2014 16:26:15 -0700

Encourages the Government of Sri Lanka to ensure that all Provincial Councils, including the Northern Provincial Council, are able to operate effectively, in accordance with the 13th amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka;. 7. Welcomes the visit by ...

IBNLive

Sri Lanka Guardian
Mon, 07 Apr 2014 23:22:30 -0700

India has called on Colombo to make purposeful efforts to fulfill its commitments, including on the devolution of political authority through the full implementation of the 13th Amendment of the Constitution of Sri Lanka and build upon it. “In asking ...
 
FIDH
Tue, 25 Mar 2014 02:22:34 -0700

Praveen Mahesan, which seem to aim at further harassing and silencing the two human rights defenders, and recalls that freedom of expression is a fundamental right recognised by the Constitution of Sri Lanka and enshrined in the Universal Declaration ...

NIDAHASA News

NIDAHASA News
Mon, 24 Mar 2014 02:33:45 -0700

"Freedom of expression is a fundamental right recognized by the constitution of Sri Lanka and enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It can only be restricted under specific situations," FMM said in a statement. Meanwhile LankaeNews ...
 
Asian Human Rights Commission News
Thu, 17 Apr 2014 04:37:30 -0700

The victim and his family members seek justice and the protection of his rights as enshrined in the Constitution of Sri Lanka. SUGGESTED ACTION: Please send a letter to the authorities listed below expressing your concern about this case and requesting ...
 
Asian Human Rights Commission News
Thu, 17 Apr 2014 03:07:30 -0700

Victims and their family members seek justice and the protection of his rights as enshrined in the Constitution of Sri Lanka. SUGGESTED ACTION: Please send a letter to the authorities expressing your concern about this case and requesting an immediate ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Constitution of Sri Lanka

You can talk about Constitution of Sri Lanka with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!