digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

National emblem of Kyrgyzstan.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Kyrgyzstan
Constitution
Legislative

The current constitution of Kyrgyzstan was passed by referendum on June 27, 2010,[1] replacing the previous constitution. It introduced a strong parliament to the country, reducing the power of the historically strong president. The constitution is similar in many ways to the previous one.

Passage[edit]

The referendum passed with 90% of the votes and 70% voter turnout, despite 400,000 people, mostly ethnic Uzbeks, having fled ethnic violence in the south of the country who had still not returned. This replaced the older constitution.

The constitution replaced the old immediately upon publication of the voting results, although according to the document, limited sections do not come into force until later.

Despite fears of illegitimacy due to the recent violence, there were no major reports of violence or fraud during the election. International monitor organizations such as the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe approved of the vote. Prior to voting day the government dropped leaflets over Bishkek, urging citizens to remain peaceful and keep the future of their country in mind.[2]

Support for the constitution was strong throughout the country and among all major ethnic groups, despite a relatively low voter turnout in the south of the country and some fears that a parliamentary system would be weaker than a single strong president.[3]

Prior to the drafting of the document, input was received from the Venice Commission, who later said they were pleased with the result.[4][5]

President Dmitriy Medvedev of Russia stated concerns that it would lead to instability and volatility, giving rise to extremism.[4]

Impact[edit]

The constitution legislated a shift in the countries politics away from a presidential system and toward a parliamentary system, reducing the power of the president. The last two presidents of Kyrgyzstan under the old system, Askar Akayev and Kurmanbek Bakiyev, were ousted in revolutions.

Under the new constitution, the president serves a single six-year term and cannot be re-elected.[3] Although the president is weaker in the new system than previously, the presidency is not a figurehead position as in many parliamentary systems. The president has veto power and the ability to appoint heads of state bodies.

The constitution limits any single political party to 65 of the parliament's 120 seats as an unusual way to limit power concentration. In addition, political parties may not be founded on ethnic or religious grounds, and members of the police, armed forces, and judiciary are prohibited from joining parties.[4]

The document gives significant mention to human rights in Kyrgyzstan, particularly section two. It declares men and women to be equal and prohibits discrimination in article 16. The rights of prisoners are outlined is article 20, including a ban on the death penalty and torture.

Outline[edit]

The constitution is split into nine sections comprising 114 separate articles. The sections, which are structured similarly to the old constitution are:

  1. Foundations of constitutional order
  2. The rights and freedoms of man and citizen
  3. President of Kyrgyzstan
  4. Legislative authority of the Kyrgyz Republic
  5. Executive powers of the Kyrgyz Republic
  6. Judicial powers of the Kyrgyz Republic
  7. Other government agencies
  8. Local self-government
  9. How to make changes in this constitution

In addition, there is a last section which details the implementation of the constitution, including date of effect, nullification of the previous constitution, and creation of the interim government.

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "OSCE observers back Kyrgyzstan referendum" http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/10432243. BBC News. 28 Jun 2010. Retrieved 16 Jul 2010.
  2. ^ New Kyrgyz constitution approved. Al Jazeera. June 28th, 2010.
  3. ^ a b Kyrgyz voters endorse new constitution. Wall Street Journal. June 28, 2010.
  4. ^ a b c How strong is Kyrgyzstan's new Constitution? Radio Free Europe. July 2, 2010.
  5. ^ Venice Commission positively values new draft of Kyrgyz Constitution. The Free Library. June 7, 2010.
Sources
  • Full text in Kyrgyz on the government website here
  • Full text in Russian on the government website here

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitution_of_Kyrgyzstan — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1177 videos foundNext > 

Chapter 3. The new constitution of Kyrgyzstan

The Constitutional Assembly accepted almost all of the proposed amendments of local partners supported by Freedom House, including them in the final text of ...

Inside Story, A new constitution for Kyrgyzstan

Appearance on Al Jazeera, 2010.

Kyrgyzstan votes on new constitution

Voters in Kyrgyzstan cast their ballots for a new constitution which, if approved, could lead to Central Asia's first parliamentary democracy.

Kyrgyzstan set for referendum on constitution. (AlJazeeraEnglish)

AlJazeeraEnglish http://www.youtube.com/user/AlJazeeraEnglish#p/u/2/It0VFtW77Zs Security forces in Kyrgyzstan have raided ethnic Uzbek villages in the southe...

Kyrgyzstan Approves New Constitution

Rep. Pitts congratulates the people of Kyrgyzstan on holding a referendum to introduce a more representative government.

Kyrgyzstan approves new constitution - CCTV 100628

CCTV-9.

Kyrgyzstan's Democratic Experiment

On June 27, 2010 Kyrgyzstan adopted a new constitution via nationwide referendum. Introducing a new or revised governing charter was nothing new for the Cent...

'Ascetic vital to stop ethnic clashes, clear political mess in Kyrgyzstan'

Following months of political turmoil, Kyrgyzstan's interim government has set a date for parliamentary elections. The voting will take place on October 10th...

Kyrgyz constitution strongly supported by voters - CCTV 100629

http://english.cntv.cn/program/newsupdate/20100629/102514.shtml.

Troubled Kyrgyzstan holds poll despite warnings

A majority of the Kyrgyz electorate voted Sunday in a referendum on a new constitution, shrugging off warnings the poll was dangerously premature just two we...

1177 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "Constitution of Kyrgyzstan" right now.

Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Constitution of Kyrgyzstan

You can talk about Constitution of Kyrgyzstan with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!