digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Coat of arms of Cuba.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Cuba

Since attaining its independence from Spain, Cuba has had four constitutions. The current constitution was drafted in 1976 and has since been amended.

1901 Constitution[edit]

The 1901 Constitution was Cuba's first as an independent state. It contained the Platt Amendment, which allowed the United States to intervene in Cuba's affairs to protect its independence.[1]

1934 Constitution[edit]

Cuba's second constitution came into effect in 1934. This document was intended to be a provisional constitution.

1940 Constitution[edit]

In 1940, during the de facto presidency of Federico Laredo Brú, a constitution was created. It provided for land reform, public education, minimum wage and other progressive ideas. Some of its provisions were not implemented in practice. Following a coup d'etat by Fulgencio Batista in 1952, parts of this constitution were suspended.

Prior to the triumph of the Cuban Revolution, Fidel Castro and the other revolutionaries, through several documents, such as "History will absolve me" (1952), the "Manifiesto de la Sierra",[2][3] etc. claimed that their chief goal was to reinstate the Constitution of 1940, a promise which was never honored after their victory.

The last surviving signer of the 1940 Constitution, Emilio Ochoa, died in Miami, Florida, on 27 June 2007.[4]

1976 Constitution[edit]

After 16 years of extra-constitutional rule (1959–1975), used to consolidate its power, the revolutionary government of Cuba sought to institutionalize the revolution. The Socialist Constitution of 1976 was adopted by referendum on February 15, in which it was approved by 97.7% of voters.[5] The document came into effect on February 24, 1976.

Original provisions[edit]

This constitution called for a centralized control of the market, and committed the State to providing its citizens with access to free education and health care. The state had the power to regulate the activities of religious institutions on the island, and the private ownership of media companies was forbidden.

Later amendments[edit]

In the late 1980s, as the Eastern Bloc collapsed, the laws of Cuba changed again to respond to the new conditions of the Special Period. The constitutional amendments of 1992 granted foreign corporations a limited right to own property on the island if they took part in joint ventures with the government. It also provided for non-discrimination based on religious belief (i.e., allowing persons with religious belief to join the Communist Party of Cuba).

Poster urging citizens to vote to make the socialist system permanent and irrevocable by amending the constitution

In 2002, the Cuban Constitution was again amended to stipulate that its socialistic system was permanent and irrevocable.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, p195 ISBN 978-0-19-928357-6
  2. ^ http://www.cedema.org/ver.php?id=3413
  3. ^ Revista Bohemia (Havana), July 28, 1957, pp. 69, 96-99
  4. ^ "Emilio Ochoa, signer of Cuba's 1940 constitution, dies at 99". Associated Press (International Herald Tribune). 2007-06-27. Retrieved 2008-04-19. 
  5. ^ Nohlen, p197
  6. ^ Nohlen, p199

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitution_of_Cuba — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
106375 videos foundNext > 

Cuban economic apartheid: Rural women point to constitution of Cuba

The 1976 Cuban constitution allows the right of a person or organization to present initial-draft laws to be discussed publicly in parliament. The Federación...

1976 Constitution of Cuba History Project

~1976 Constitution of Cuba~

Constitution hall Sound check with Cuba Gooding Sr.

This video was uploaded from an Android phone.

Living and Breathing: The British Constitution

When we are told that a Constitution is living and breathing, what sort of comparison do we engage in to confirm or refute that the notion is accurate or not...

Cuba: The Land and the People 1950 Coronet 11min

more at http://news.quickfound.net/intl/cuba_news.html "This film is a general travelogue about Cuba." Public domain film from the National Archives, slightl...

Viaje al pasado a la Isla de Cuba en este documental del año 1947

El video tiene una calidad óptima ,después de ver el vídeo COMPARAR con la situación actual económica y social que creó la Tiranía de los Castros y su pandil...

[Full documentary] CUBA: Defending Socialism, Resisting Imperialism [2010]

See: http://www.ratb.org.uk/our-documentary Full-length documentary produced by RATB in 2010 explaining the role of socialist Cuba in the world and the moder...

Cuba Gets Ready for the Electoral Process

Cuba is preparing for developing its electoral process as established in the Constitution of the Republic and the electoral law. Transparency distinguishes t...

Tunisia celebrates new Constitution

NEWS IN ENGLISH FROM Afghanistan,Albania,Algeria,Andorra,Angola,Anguilla,Antigua,Barbuda,Argentina,Armenia,Aruba,Australia,Austria,Azerbaijan,Bahama,Bahrain,...

106375 videos foundNext > 

2 news items

Havana Times

Havana Times
Wed, 06 Aug 2014 08:52:00 -0700

HAVANA TIMES — The first and main problem, the original sin of the “reform process” and its “guidelines” approved at the 6th Congress of the Cuban Communist Party (PCC), is its failure to define the type of society it seeks to create and the aims and ...
 
Radio Cadena Agramonet
Thu, 07 Aug 2014 14:45:00 -0700

Similarly, young writers and trova singer-songwriters will trade art and experiences with local people in rural communities and towns of this province, including the city of Guáimaro where the first Constitution of Cuba was approved in the 19th century ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Constitution of Cuba

You can talk about Constitution of Cuba with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!