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Coat of arms of Botswana.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Botswana

The present Constitution of Botswana commenced on September 30, 1966.

Background[edit]

Before colonial rule was established in Botswana, a traditional constitution - a body of laws known as molao - was used by tribal chiefs, or diKgosi, of the BaTswana people. During the early years of the Bechuanaland Protectorate, some non-Batswana also came to be ruled by these laws. Protectorate administrators kept elements, though not all, of this traditional constitution; much of it has lapsed today.[1][2]

In 1959, a Constitutional Committee of the Joint Advisory Council drew up the Protectorate's first formal constitution, which came into operation in 1960. In 1963 consultations began for a second constitution which would confer self-government. The 1965 general election was held under this constitution, which was modelled on the Westminster system of parliamentary democracy: there was a unicameral legislature; a prime minister and cabinet of five ministers responsible to the legislature; and a purely consultative Ntlo ya Dikgosi.[1]

When Botswana achieved full independence on 30 September 1966, the prime minister was replaced by a president elected by the legislature (renamed the National Assembly, and given executive powers.[1]

A series of later amendments to the Constitution have increased the number of elected members of the National Assembly, and the size of the Ntlo ya Dikgosi. Other constitutional changes were made in 1994 and 1997.[1]

Structure[edit]

The constitution is divided into 9 chapters, each detailing certain areas such as individual rights and the delegation of executive powers.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Morton, Fred; Ramsay, Jeff; Mgadla, Part Themba (2008). "Constitution". Historical Dictionary of Botswana. African Historical Dictionaries 108 (4th ed.). Metuchen, New Jersey: Scarecrow Press. pp. 78–80. ISBN 978-0-8108-5467-3. 
  2. ^ Schapera, Isaac. Handbook of Tswana Law and Custom. 

External links[edit]



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitution_of_Botswana — Please support Wikipedia.
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AllAfrica.com
Fri, 11 Jul 2014 10:03:45 -0700

MISA Botswana National Director Buyani Zongwani said they are ready to demonstrate how section 44 of the Corruption and Economic Crime Act contravenes section 12(1) of the Constitution of Botswana, which guarantees citizens freedom of expression.
 
StarAfrica.com
Tue, 15 Jul 2014 02:22:30 -0700

“BONELA believes that these freedoms are fundamentally recognized and established in the Constitution of Botswana. BONELA is certainly going to appeal to the Minister of Labour and Home Affairs,” she said. Sisonke executive director Tosh Legoreng said ...

The Bostwana Gazette

The Bostwana Gazette
Thu, 10 Jul 2014 03:18:45 -0700

... the germane issues yearning for determination centers around media freedom particularly the incongruities and inconsistencies, if any between Section 44 of Corruption and Economic Crime Act and Section 12 of the Constitution of Botswana, dealing ...
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