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Bayonne Golf Club

Constable Hook is a cape located on the north side of the outlet of Kill van Kull into Upper New York Bay in Bayonne, New Jersey. The cape has long been an importent site of marine transfer operations in the Port of New York and New Jersey. Just offshore, Robbins Reef Light serves to guide harbor traffic. Since the late 20th century, brownfields have been repurposed for recreational and commercial uses.

Historically the term Constable Hook may be used more broadly, as synonymous with Bergen Point such as when it defined the southern extent of Bergen Neck and of Bergen Township when established in 1693. On March 15, 1861, the New Jersey Legislature approved unification of Constable Hook along with Bergen Point, Centerville and Salterville into the Township of Bayonne. Three weeks later the Charter for the City of Bayonne was signed by Governor Charles S. Olden.[1]

History[edit]

Van Buskirk family[edit]

Constable Hook Cemetery.tiff

In 1646, the Dutch West India Company, under the leadership of Director-General William Kieft, gave a land grant to Jacob Jacobsen Roy who was a chief gunner or constable in Fort Amsterdam in New Amsterdam. the capital of New Netherland. The area, "Konstapel's Hoeck" in Dutch, takes its name from Roy's title. Roy, however, never cultivated or settled on the land.[2]

The first settler is believed to be Pieter Van Buskirk (Boskerck). Born around January 1, 1665, Van Buskirk built a stone house overlooking Upper New York Bay on Constable Hook at what became known as Van Buskirk's Point around the year 1700. Van Buskirk started a small family cemetery next to his house in 1736. His wife, Tryntje died on October 31 of that year and was buried in the cemetery. Pieter Van Buskirk died two years later on July 20, 1738 and was also buried in the cemetery.

In 1798, Van Buskirk descendent's sold a portion of Constable Hook to the Hazard Powder Co. that built a factory and dock. During the War of 1812, the Hazard Powder Co. factory produced gunpowder for the U.S. Navy and for fortifications in and around New York harbor.

In 1854 James J. Van Buskirk (1791–1856), wrote a will and mentioned 2 acres (8,100 m2) of his land situated at Constable Hook off East 22 Street was to be reserved for a cemetery. The cemetery was not opened until December 1854 and plots in the cemetery were sold soon after. The official name of the cemetery is not known, but it was often referred to in documents as "Hook Cemetery", "Bayonne Cemetery", "Constable Hook", and is known as the "Bayonne Constable Hook Cemetery". The remaining parts of the cemetery underwent a restoration project of the 1980s. It is surrounded by property owned by IMTT and is also maintained by the company.[3]

Port Johnston[edit]

The industrial Port Johnson area is located in the southwestern portion of Constable Hook.[4] In 1864, after building a railroad bridge over Newark Bay, the Central Railroad of New Jersey laid railroad tracks through Bayonne into Constable Hook. After the American Civil War, they built the Port Johnston Coal Docks, at the time the largest coal port in the world. Many Irish immigrants took jobs with the railroad living in Constable Hook. So many Irish had moved there that the residents of Bayonne referred to the area as "Irishtown." On July 26, 1877, the first full scale strike occurred in Bayonne at the Port Johnston Coal Docks when workers walked off the job. Port Johnston was the site of a prisoner-of-war camp for Italian soldiers during WW2.[5]

Standard Oil/IMTT[edit]

Oil tanks on Hook Road

In 1872, John D. Rockefeller's Standard Oil bought land on Constable Hook. Three years later, Prentice Oil Company was also established at Constable Hook. This company was later sold to a subsidiary of the Pennsylvania Railroad called Empire Transportation Company, a competitor of Standard Oil. Other oil companies like Tidewater and Ocean Oil also built refineries on Constable Hook. The oil companies attracted Hungarian, Czech and Slovakian immigrants from Eastern Europe.[6]

The Van Buskirk farmhouse was demolished in 1906 by the Standard Oil Company, which owned the land and were expanding their refinery. Standard Oil has now refurbished the cemetery.[7] On July 4, 1900, a fire broke out in the Standard Oil refinery. It started when lightning caused a number of the large oil tanks to explode. Flaming oil spread out into New York Bay. It took three days to extinguish the fire that in the end caused $2.5 million in damages yet only nine injuries.

During the Bayonne refinery strikes of 1915–1916 workers at the Standard Oil Company of New Jersey went on strike over wages and union organization]]. Bayonne police battled the strikers causing the death of one striker. A week later, on July 22, a riot broke out as gunfire would take the lives of four more men, one as young as 19, and injuring many others, one as young as twelve. A second strike would occur the following year. On October 10, a riot broke out that left three policeman and several strikes injured. As the riots continued in the streets, police and strikers traded gunfire and one woman was killed. The strike ended on October 19 as the strikers returned to work and Standard Oil agreed to give everyone a raise.[6]

The 600 acres (240 ha) facilities of IMTT are located at the southeastern portion of the hook.[8]

Present day[edit]

South Cove Commons mall

Most of eastern Constable Hook was the 20th century Bayonne city dump, and now belongs to the Bayonne Golf Club, including a recreated lighthouse on the highest hill on the cape, serving as its clubhouse.[9] The north end has South Cove Commons, a late 20th-century shopping mall on North Hook Road, and a public shoreside nature walk east of there, affording views of tidal mudflats, the former Military Ocean Terminal at Bayonne, and New York Harbor. The Hudson River Waterfront Walkway runs slog the northern shore of the cape. The Bayonne Energy Center opened in 2012.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bayonne Historical Society, accessed December 15, 2007.
  2. ^ Joan F. Doherty, Hudson County The Left Bank, ISBN 0-89781-172-0 (Windsor Publications, Inc., 1986)
  3. ^ Graveinfo.com, accessed September 06, 2008.
  4. ^ "Historic Sites Survey Reconnaissance Level". City of Bayonne. July 27, 2000. Retrieved 2015-02-12. 
  5. ^ http://www.colorantshistory.org/ItalianPOWCamp.html
  6. ^ a b Kathleen M. Middleton, Images of America - Bayonne, ISBN 0-7524-0069-X (Arcadia Publishing Corp., 1995)
  7. ^ The Bayonne Times, June 1, 1969
  8. ^ "New York Harbor / New Jersey". IMTT. Retrieved 2015-02-14. 
  9. ^ http://newyork.construction.com/features/archive/2005/0510_feature2-d.asp

40°39′28″N 74°05′58″W / 40.65778°N 74.09944°W / 40.65778; -74.09944Coordinates: 40°39′28″N 74°05′58″W / 40.65778°N 74.09944°W / 40.65778; -74.09944


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constable_Hook — Please support Wikipedia.
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21 news items

The Jersey Journal - NJ.com

The Jersey Journal - NJ.com
Wed, 05 Nov 2014 09:20:49 -0800

The same month a large outbreak of smallpox began in the Constable Hook section of Bayonne and the city put in place a quarantine of the entire section of the city. The quarantine prevented anyone but public health workers from entering the entire area.

The Jersey Journal - NJ.com

The Jersey Journal - NJ.com
Thu, 23 May 2013 00:02:15 -0700

Veterans, including Martin Wilk, 84, left, and Jack Condon, 78, with the Bayonne Memorial Day Parade Committee, place flags on graves and hold a memorial service at the Bayonne Constable Hook Cemetery inside the IMTT on Wednesday, May 22, 2013.

ESPN

ESPN
Mon, 15 Jul 2013 10:50:07 -0700

Flat calm and late sun bright on the water and the big container boats, 15 stories high, slide by the outfield on the Constable Hook Reach into the bay. Past the new Manhattan skyline, down the Narrows, under the Verrazano and beyond Gravesend into the ...
 
ESPN
Thu, 20 Dec 2012 09:15:29 -0800

On the Upper Bay everything looked as it had, the sky was blue and the big boats came up the channel past Constable Hook and went out from Bayonne in the chop and the dazzle and the Statue of Liberty looked straight out to the world over all that water.
 
The Jersey Journal - NJ.com
Fri, 14 Sep 2012 00:16:07 -0700

“People would work six days a week at Constable Hook . . . So Sundays were the day when the workers and their families came to the park at the 40th Street entrance, and enjoyed its tranquil passive sections, the greenery and Newark Bay waterfront.”.
 
The Jersey Journal - NJ.com
Thu, 24 May 2012 00:12:58 -0700

BAYONNE — Officials say it's almost time to fire up the Bayonne Energy Center, the natural gas-fueled power plant being built on Constable Hook. The power plant, a joint venture between Hess Corporation and an affiliate of ArcLight Capital Partners ...
 
The Jersey Journal - NJ.com
Sun, 04 Dec 2011 10:34:12 -0800

As part of the renovations in progress, work crews are adding fresh paint, wall paneling and recessed lighting to hallways and entranceways, and replacing hallway tiles at Back Bay Gardens, the Kill Van Kull Gardens Annex, and Constable Hook Village, ...
 
SILive.com
Tue, 12 Jul 2011 03:22:10 -0700

"Drilling and underwater blasting is necessary to fracture bedrock in one area between Constable Hook, Bayonne, N.J., and St. George," the statement added. "The Army Corps anticipates that drilling and blasting will not adversely affect the surrounding ...
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