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Congenital muscular dystrophy
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 G71.2
ICD-9 359.0
OMIM 607855 254090 236670 253280 253800 604801 606612 608840 602771 613204
eMedicine neuro/549

Congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD) is muscular dystrophy that is present at birth. CMD includes a number of autosomal recessive[1] diseases of muscle weakness and possible joint deformities, present at birth and slowly progressing. Life expectancies for affected individuals vary, although some forms of CMD do not affect life span at all.


Treatment is supportive.[2]

Physical and occupational therapy, surgery, wheelchairs and other assistive technology may be helpful.

Currently there is no cure.


All such known dystrophies are genetically recessive and result from mutations in a variety of different genes, including those encoding the laminin-α2 chain, fukutin-related protein, LARGE and fukutin, amongst others. Based on genetic mutation, a classification for CMDs had been proposed in 2004 by Muntoni and Voit.[3]

Name Abbreviation Group OMIM Gene and locus
Laminin-α2–deficient CMD MDC1A basal membrane/extracellular matrix 607855 LAMA2 at 6q22-q23
Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy UCMDs 1, 2 and 3 basal membrane/extracellular matrix 254090 COL6A1 at 2q37, COL6A2 at 21q22.3, COL6A3 at 21q22.3
Walker-Warburg syndrome WWS glycosylation of dystroglycan 236670 POMT1 at 9q34.1 and POMT2 at 14q24.3
Muscle-eye-brain disease MEB glycosylation of dystroglycan 253280 POMGNT1 at 1p34-p33
Fukuyama CMD FCMD glycosylation of dystroglycan 253800 FKTN at 9q31
CMD plus secondary laminin deficiency 1 MDC1B glycosylation of dystroglycan 604801  ? at 1q42
CMD plus secondary laminin deficiency 2 MDC1C glycosylation of dystroglycan 606612 FKRP at 19q13.3
CMD with mental retardation and pachygyria MDC1D glycosylation of dystroglycan 608840 LARGE at 22q12.3-q13.1
Rigid spine with muscular dystrophy Type 1 RSMD1 other 602771 SEPN1 at 1p36-p35
613204 ITGA7 at 12q13

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Reed UC (March 2009). "Congenital muscular dystrophy. Part I: a review of phenotypical and diagnostic aspects". Arq Neuropsiquiatr 67 (1): 144–68. doi:10.1590/s0004-282x2009000100038. PMID 19330236. 
  2. ^ Collins J, Bönnemann CG (March 2010). "Congenital muscular dystrophies: toward molecular therapeutic interventions". Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep 10 (2): 83–91. doi:10.1007/s11910-010-0092-8. PMID 20425232. 
  3. ^ Muntoni F, Voit T (2004). "The congenital muscular dystrophies in 2004: a century of exciting progress". Neuromuscul. Disord. 14 (10): 635–49. doi:10.1016/j.nmd.2004.06.009. PMID 15351421. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Congenital_muscular_dystrophy — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
4933 videos foundNext > 

Overview of Congenital Muscular Dystrophy by Dr. Jim Collins

Ally Bruener Muscular Dystrophy Doc

This is my first mini-documentary. Ally Bruener explains how she juggles life while having a congenital muscle disease.

Jack has congenital muscular dystrophy

Jack has congenital muscular dystrophy (dystroglycanopathy subtype). Here is a video recap put together by his mother, Ann, for his 10th birthday.

Stronger than Congenital Muscular Dystrophy

Jake is Stronger than Congenital Muscular Dystrophy.

Congenital Muscular Dystrophy

Sarah McCain and Cathy Hackett.

Get Connected: Congenital Muscular Dystrophy

Do you or somebody you know have Congenital Muscular Dystrophy? If so, visit our website at www.curecmd.org Learn more about how we can help you, get connect...

Sophie fighting Muscular Dystrophy.

A slide show about 7 year old Sophie who suffers fro a life limiting condition called " Congenital Muscular Dystrophy".

Stem Cell Therapy Treatment for Congenital Muscular Dystrophy by Dr Alok Sharma, Mumbai, India.

Improvement seen in just 5 day after Stem Cell Therapy Treatment for Congenital Muscular Dystrophy by Dr Alok Sharma, Mumbai, India. After Stem Cell Therapy ...


Sarah talks about having Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy (collagen VI myopathy) from England.

HYDROPNEMOTHORAX - Severe Congenital Muscular Dystrophy

Chronic Dissease Examiners (Abnormal Putrefaction And Infections)

4933 videos foundNext > 

6 news items


Sat, 06 Sep 2014 16:15:00 -0700

A five-year-old girl was among the 300 Edmontonians raising awareness – and money – in support of those living with muscular dystrophy at a special walk on Saturday. Emily Wirth was born with congenital muscular dystrophy, a degenerative neuromuscular ...

The Korea Times US

The Korea Times US
Fri, 19 Sep 2014 12:00:09 -0700

Ullrich is a form of Congenital Muscular Dystrophy, or CMD, in which muscles do not repair and grow because they break down faster than they should. It currently has no cure and no treatment. “Although [Sophie] never complains about her condition, you ...


Sat, 13 Sep 2014 17:22:30 -0700

Congenital Muscular Dystrophy affects the muscles in the body — all of the muscles — mostly the larger upper extremities of the body,” said Jennifer Gaalswyk, mother of Make-A-Wish kids. “So they've never been able to walk, roll over, or sit up on ...
Clacton and Frinton Gazette
Sun, 14 Sep 2014 01:03:45 -0700

But now he has been diagnosed with congenital muscular dystrophy – though tests are still being carried out to find out exactly which type of the disease he has. Dad Robbie said: “We know that it is going to get worse. It's a condition without a ...
Nottingham Post
Fri, 05 Sep 2014 22:03:45 -0700

The Reds star dropped in with wife Jessica. And waiting with great excitement to meet them was lifelong Forest fan Josh Hall, of Beeston. Josh, 23, suffers from congenital muscular dystrophy, which leaves him with weakened muscles and affects his ...
Wicked Local Braintree
Thu, 14 Aug 2014 07:04:12 -0700

Like many teenagers, Karelle Reid, 16, of Braintree loves rock bands. However, she has both mitochondrial disease and congenital muscular dystrophy, a disease that recently killed her mother's cousin. Although she has been able to walk for most of her ...

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