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Congenital muscular dystrophy
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 G71.2
ICD-9 359.0
OMIM 607855 254090 236670 253280 253800 604801 606612 608840 602771 613204
eMedicine neuro/549

Congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD) is muscular dystrophy that is present at birth. CMD includes a number of autosomal recessive[1] diseases of muscle weakness and possible joint deformities, present at birth and slowly progressing. Life expectancies for affected individuals vary, although some forms of CMD do not affect life span at all.


Treatment is supportive.[2]

Physical and occupational therapy, surgery, wheelchairs and other assistive technology may be helpful.

Currently there is no cure.


All such known dystrophies are genetically recessive and result from mutations in a variety of different genes, including those encoding the laminin-α2 chain, fukutin-related protein, LARGE and fukutin, amongst others. Based on genetic mutation, a classification for CMDs had been proposed in 2004 by Muntoni and Voit.[3]

Name Abbreviation Group OMIM Gene and locus
Laminin-α2–deficient CMD MDC1A basal membrane/extracellular matrix 607855 LAMA2 at 6q22-q23
Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy UCMDs 1, 2 and 3 basal membrane/extracellular matrix 254090 COL6A1 at 2q37, COL6A2 at 21q22.3, COL6A3 at 21q22.3
Walker-Warburg syndrome WWS glycosylation of dystroglycan 236670 POMT1 at 9q34.1 and POMT2 at 14q24.3
Muscle-eye-brain disease MEB glycosylation of dystroglycan 253280 POMGNT1 at 1p34-p33
Fukuyama CMD FCMD glycosylation of dystroglycan 253800 FKTN at 9q31
CMD plus secondary laminin deficiency 1 MDC1B glycosylation of dystroglycan 604801  ? at 1q42
CMD plus secondary laminin deficiency 2 MDC1C glycosylation of dystroglycan 606612 FKRP at 19q13.3
CMD with mental retardation and pachygyria MDC1D glycosylation of dystroglycan 608840 LARGE at 22q12.3-q13.1
Rigid spine with muscular dystrophy Type 1 RSMD1 other 602771 SEPN1 at 1p36-p35
613204 ITGA7 at 12q13

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Reed UC (March 2009). "Congenital muscular dystrophy. Part I: a review of phenotypical and diagnostic aspects". Arq Neuropsiquiatr 67 (1): 144–68. doi:10.1590/s0004-282x2009000100038. PMID 19330236. 
  2. ^ Collins J, Bönnemann CG (March 2010). "Congenital muscular dystrophies: toward molecular therapeutic interventions". Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep 10 (2): 83–91. doi:10.1007/s11910-010-0092-8. PMID 20425232. 
  3. ^ Muntoni F, Voit T (2004). "The congenital muscular dystrophies in 2004: a century of exciting progress". Neuromuscul. Disord. 14 (10): 635–49. doi:10.1016/j.nmd.2004.06.009. PMID 15351421. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Congenital_muscular_dystrophy — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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164 news items

UPENN Almanac
Tue, 03 Mar 2015 05:07:30 -0800

Team Cure CMD (Congenital Muscular Dystrophy): Pam Van Ry, University of Nevada School of Medicine; postdoctoral fellowship to study galectin-1 protein therapy for the treatment for laminin alpha2 related congenital muscular dystrophy. Team FH ...

Lancaster Eagle Gazette

Lancaster Eagle Gazette
Tue, 24 Feb 2015 16:00:00 -0800

The Adams family — Clifford; his wife, Sheila; sons, Isaac, 12, and Dakota, 4; and daughter, Brianna, 11 — has been facing difficult times recently. Isaac has been struggling with congenital muscular dystrophy for a while and at the end of last year ...

The Daily Pennsylvanian

The Daily Pennsylvanian
Wed, 04 Feb 2015 20:57:38 -0800

Many students have seen College sophomore Luke Hoban zoom around campus in his wheelchair, but may not know that he lives with Congenital Muscular Dystrophy. Despite his disease, he has few problems getting around campus, except for a few ...

Stoke Sentinel

Stoke Sentinel
Wed, 25 Feb 2015 03:52:51 -0800

Dylan, from Longton, was diagnosed with ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy, a progressive muscle-wasting disease, when he was three. The opportunity to join Burton-based St George's gave him a new lease of life and now he plays for their team in the ...
Wed, 16 Jul 2014 23:49:43 -0700

(Thomson Reuters ONE via COMTEX) -- Santhera Pharmaceuticals Holding AG / Santhera Repositions Omigapil in Congenital Muscular Dystrophy and Initiates Clinical Development Program with Public-Private Partners . Processed and transmitted by ...
Mon, 14 Apr 2014 08:00:08 -0700

They were under the assumption that Ali had Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy — a severe form that would likely cause her to lose muscle strength and respiratory function. However, after further testing Leah and Corey learned that Ali actually has ...
Thu, 23 Jan 2014 05:58:02 -0800

According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy is usually severe, and Ali will eventually have to use a wheelchair once her muscles can no longer support her weight. It's also possible that her respiratory ...
AAP Grand Rounds (registration)
Fri, 31 Dec 2010 08:05:46 -0800

Researchers from Italy conducted a study to estimate the prevalence of cognitive impairment (CI) among Italian children with congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD). Patients with CMD who were followed at one of the major pediatric neuromuscular centers in ...

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