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Coin orientation (or coin alignment or variations of these) is a feature of coins struck by some nations. In these nations, most coins, including all modern coins, have their reverse turned, or aligned, in a specified way relative to the obverse. There are essentially two options, referred to as coin orientation and medallic orientation.

For a medal to display properly, even if it flips over, when it is tagged to a uniform, the reverse needs to be aligned so that the top of the reverse shares the same position as the top of the obverse. This alignment is called medallic orientation. The opposite situation is seen in some coins, e.g. coins of the United States - but not those of the United Kingdom. In this case, the coin must be flipped about its horizontal axis in order to see the other side the correct way up. In other words, the image on one face of the coin is upside-down relative to the other. For this reason, 'coin orientation' is used in the United States to express the opposite of 'medal orientation'.

Coins with coin orientation include United States coinage, South Korean coinage, Thai coinage and pre-Euro French coinage.

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Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coin_orientation — Please support Wikipedia.
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2 news items

CoinWeek (blog)

CoinWeek (blog)
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 14:45:00 -0700

Silver – 170; Copper – 280; Copper, reeded-edge coin orientation – 10; Gold-Plate – 98; Select Gold-Plate – 6 (edge numbered and given to the cruise attendees); Brass – 6 (edge numbered and given to the cruise attendees); Gold – 8 (edge numbered).
 
NumisMaster.com
Mon, 03 Mar 2014 09:15:00 -0800

The so-called “original issue” of Gobrecht dollars, struck in late 1836, has coin orientation, and the eagle appears to be flying upward rather than being in level flight. Additional coins minted for circulation in 1837 and 1839 have different die ...
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