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Coconut jam
Coconut jam.jpg
A Pandan flavour coconut jam
Alternative names Srikaya, kaya
Type Spread
Place of origin Malaysia and Indonesia
Main ingredients Coconut, sugar, eggs
Cookbook: Coconut jam  Media: Coconut jam

Kaya, Serikaya or Srikaya (Malay: kaya; Indonesian: seri kaya; Tagalog: matamís sa báo, matamís na báo, or kalamay-hatì; Hokkien: 咖吔 ka-ia) is a food spread, a fruit curd made from a base of coconut milk, eggs and sugar. It is wildly popular in Southeast Asia, mainly in Palembang city in Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore. The word kaya means rich in the Malay language and hence represents the texture of this popular food. It could possibly be an adaptation of the Indian word 'khoya' or 'kova' which is an Indian milk custard used as a base for sweet desserts. In ancient times, the Southern Indians traded extensively with the Malay archipelago peoples. The Indian traders contributed a fair amount to the cuisine, faith and language of the people they traded with. The kaya has a custard like texture like khoya.

Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei and Singapore[edit]

A close-up of Kaya showing texture.

Kaya,[1] also called Srikaya or coconut egg jam, is a sweet creamy coconut spread made from coconut milk (also known as santan), duck or chicken eggs which are flavored by pandan leaf and sweetened with sugar. The colour varies depending on the colour of the egg yolks, the amount of pandan and extent of caramelisation of the sugar. As a popular local spread, kaya is typically spread on toast to make kaya toast and eaten in the morning[2] but is enjoyed throughout the day. Kaya can be found in most kopitiam and night markets.

Different varieties available include nyonya kaya, which is a lighter green colour, and Hainanese kaya, which is a darker brown and uses caramelised sugar, and is often further sweetened with honey.

Kaya is used as a topping for several desserts including pulut taitai or pulut tekan, a dessert of sweet glutinous rice coloured blue with butterfly pea flowers (bunga telang), and pulut seri muka, a similar dessert but coloured green with pandan leaves. It is also used with glutinous rice to make kuih seri kaya.

Philippines[edit]

Philippine coconut jam is made from coconut cream (the first and second press of grated coconut meat) and cane sugar extract or molasses (treacle). It is often eaten on toast or pandesal and is used to make kalamay.

Thailand[edit]

Main article: Coconut custard

Kaya is called Sangkhaya (Thai: สังขยา, pronounced [sǎŋkʰàjǎː]) in Thai. There are two major different types of kaya eaten in Thailand. One type is more liquid than the other. The less thick kaya is similar to what is eaten in Malaysia or Singapore. People either spread it on steamed or toasted bread or dip the bread into kaya. This kind of kaya is commonly sold at street vendors or has recently brought into tea or coffee shops. This type of kaya is normally called "Khanom pang sangkhaya", literally translated as "bread and kaya".

Another type is a concoction that has a less sticky and more custard-like texture. It is sometimes called "coconut custard" in English and is used to make sangkhaya fakthong (สังขยาฟักทอง,  [sǎŋkʰàjǎː fáktʰɔ̄ːŋ]; sangkhaya maryu in Lao), sangkhaya pumpkin or custard pumpkin, khao niao sangkhaya (ข้าวเหนียวสังขยา,  [kʰâːw nǐaw sǎŋkʰàjǎː]), glutinous rice with sangkhaya, and sangkhaya maphrao (สังขยามะพร้าว,  [sǎŋkʰàjǎː māpʰráːw]), sangkhaya served in a coconut.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Julie Wong (3 August 2014). "Kaya: A rich spread". The Star. Retrieved 16 April 2015. 
  2. ^ Michael Aquino. "Roti Kaya - a Favorite Kopitiam Breakfast throughout Malaysia and Singapore". About Travel. Retrieved 16 April 2015. 

External links[edit]



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