digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Sound change and alternation
Fortition
Dissimilation

In phonology and historical linguistics, cluster reduction is the simplification of consonant clusters in certain environments or over time.

In some dialects of English such as AAVE certain historical consonant clusters reduce to single consonants at the ends of words: friend rhymes with Ben, and cold is homophonous with coal. In both cases, a historical cluster of homorganic consonants loses a stop: /ˈfrɛn/, /ˈkoʊl/ However, in colder, where the consonant cluster falls between vowels, the /d/ remains: /ˈkoʊldɚ/. The similar word-final reduction of */mb/ to /m/ and */ŋɡ/ to /ŋ/ is complete in standard English (e.g. lamb, long), as it is in many other Germanic languages (e.g. Swedish lamm, lång).

Italian is well known to have undergone cluster reduction, where stop clusters have become geminates. For example, Victoria has become Vittoria. In other words, articulation but not length has reduced. A similar occurrence is observed in Portuguese as well, but gemination is absent. Cluster reduction also takes place in Catalan, and in a similar way as it happens in English. Certain consonant clusters placed at the end of a word are reduced: cent /sen/ instead of /sent/, although they recover the reduced consonant when the cluster falls between vowels: centenar /səntəˈna/. This phenomenon does not exist in Valencian, though: cent /sent/ and centenar /senteˈnaɾ/.

References[edit]

  • Crowley, Terry. (1997) An Introduction to Historical Linguistics. 3rd edition. Oxford University Press.



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cluster_reduction — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
71198 videos foundNext > 

https://youtube.com/devicesupport

Phonological processes: Cluster reduction and reduplication

via YouTube Capture.

Cluster Reduction

Accent Reduction - Clusters and Endings - Part 2 (Difficult Clusters)

Watch this video to learn tips on pronouncing difficult consonant clusters. Other videos in this series: Part 1: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yBiEp6VKTfw Part 3: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e...

Consonant Clusters | English Pronunciation Lesson

Practice saying and transforming consonant clusters in English, where 2 or 3 consonant sounds appear together in a word. (Native English speakers don't realize that they do this!) ORIGINAL...

Accent Reduction - Clusters and Endings - Part 1 (Introduction)

Learn how to pronounce clusters of sounds and endings of words.

S Consonant Clusters -- American English Pronunciation

SUBSCRIBE!: http://bit.ly/RE_sub, ESL: If you're a native Spanish or Portuguese speaker, there's a good chance you start 's-cluster' words with a vowel instead of the S sound. See the...

Kangen Water, Anti-oxidant, Free Radicals, Oxidation Reduction Potential, Micro-Cluster Water

Visit http://www.TryKangenNow.net or call Jason @ 646-620-6896 to learn more about our Affordable Financing Options. Get your Kangen Water Machine for zero down and as little as $45 per month....

Cluster Headache: Tension Headache, Natural Pain Relief Music, Migraine Treatment

Quality MP3 Available here: http://www.relaxmeonline.com/brainwave-entrainment/therapy/ This music has been embedded with isochronic tones (brainwave entrainment) for deep relaxation and ...

Accent Reduction - Clusters and Endings - Part 3 (L and R Clusters)

Improve your pronunciation! Learn tips on pronouncing consonant clusters containing "L" and "R."

71198 videos foundNext > 

2 news items

Anglophenia

Anglophenia
Fri, 12 Sep 2014 13:13:21 -0700

In Philly (as in New York) locals might be prone, for instance, to pronouncing the word “human” as “YOO-men”—the result of what linguists refer to as an hj-cluster reduction (in layman terms, h-dropping). Meanwhile, the word “water” bears a unique ...
 
ADVANCE for Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists (blog)
Tue, 15 Jun 2010 08:17:24 -0700

If a child continues to demonstrate such cluster reduction, he or she may have a phonological process disorder". In addition, ASHA provides the following information as a resource for those affected by a phonological disorder(s) and in need of ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight