digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















Sound change and alternation

In phonology and historical linguistics, cluster reduction is the simplification of consonant clusters in certain environments or over time.

In some dialects of English such as AAVE certain historical consonant clusters reduce to single consonants at the ends of words: friend rhymes with Ben, and cold is homophonous with coal. In both cases, a historical cluster of homorganic consonants loses a stop: /ˈfrɛn/, /ˈkoʊl/ However, in colder, where the consonant cluster falls between vowels, the /d/ remains: /ˈkoʊldɚ/. The similar word-final reduction of */mb/ to /m/ and */ŋɡ/ to /ŋ/ is complete in standard English (e.g. lamb, long), as it is in many other Germanic languages (e.g. Swedish lamm, lång).

Italian is well known to have undergone cluster reduction, where stop clusters have become geminates. For example, Victoria has become Vittoria. In other words, articulation but not length has reduced. A similar occurrence is observed in Portuguese as well, but gemination is absent. Cluster reduction also takes place in Catalan, and in a similar way as it happens in English. Certain consonant clusters placed at the end of a word are reduced: cent /sen/ instead of /sent/, although they recover the reduced consonant when the cluster falls between vowels: centenar /səntəˈna/. This phenomenon does not exist in Valencian, though: cent /sent/ and centenar /senteˈnaɾ/.


  • Crowley, Terry. (1997) An Introduction to Historical Linguistics. 3rd edition. Oxford University Press.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cluster_reduction — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
109341 videos foundNext > 

Cluster Reduction

Phonological processes: Cluster reduction and reduplication

via YouTube Capture.

Accent Reduction - Clusters and Endings - Part 1 (Introduction)

Learn how to pronounce clusters of sounds and endings of words.

Accent Reduction - Clusters and Endings - Part 2 (Difficult Clusters)

Watch this video to learn tips on pronouncing difficult consonant clusters. Other videos in this series: Part 1: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yBiEp6VKTfw P...

Kangen Water, Anti-oxidant, Free Radicals, Oxidation Reduction Potential, Micro-Cluster Water

Visit http://www.TryKangenNow.net or call Jason @ 646-620-6896 to learn more about our Affordable Financing Options. Get your Kangen Water Machine for zero d...

Elocution Lesson: Accent reduction: English Pronunciation of consonant clusters

Francesca teaches this Japanese speaker how to pronounce consonant clusters, such as 'street', 'slipped', 'replied'.

Accent Reduction - Clusters and Endings - Part 3 (L and R Clusters)

Improve your pronunciation! Learn tips on pronouncing consonant clusters containing "L" and "R."

Crop thinning in cool climate vineyards

Crop reduction is a common practice in cool climate viticulture where seasonal weather restricts heavy crop levels. This video summarizes the procedures for ...

Cluster Headache: Tension Headache, Natural Pain Relief Music, Migraine Treatment

Quality MP3 Available here: http://www.relaxmeonline.com/brainwave-entrainment/therapy/ This music has been embedded with isochronic tones (brainwave entrain...

3.2 Principal Component Analysis (PCA) | 3 Dimensionality Reduction | Pattern Recognition Class 2012

The Pattern Recognition Class 2012 by Prof. Fred Hamprecht. It took place at the HCI / University of Heidelberg during the summer term of 2012. Website: http...

109341 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "Cluster reduction" right now.


Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!