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For other people named Clarence Brown, see Clarence Brown (disambiguation).
Clarence Brown
Clarence Brown 1921.jpg
Born Clarence Leon Brown
(1890-05-10)May 10, 1890
Clinton, Massachusetts
Died August 17, 1987(1987-08-17) (aged 97)
Santa Monica, California
Spouse(s) Paul Herndon Pratt (1 daughter)
Ona Wilson
Mona Maris
Alice Joyce
Marian Spies

Clarence Leon Brown (May 10, 1890 – August 17, 1987) was an American film director.

Early life[edit]

Born in Clinton, Massachusetts, to a cotton manufacturer, Brown moved to the South when he was 11. He attended Knoxville High School[1] and the University of Tennessee, both in Knoxville, Tennessee, graduating from the university at the age of 19 with two degrees in engineering. An early fascination in automobiles led Brown to a job with the Stevens-Duryea Company, then to his own Brown Motor Car Company in Alabama. He later abandoned the car dealership after developing an interest in motion pictures around 1913. He was hired by the Peerless Studio at Fort Lee, New Jersey, and became an assistant to the French-born director Maurice Tourneur.

Career[edit]

After serving in World War I, Brown was given his first co-directing credit (with Tourneur) for The Great Redeemer (1920). Later that year, he directed a major portion of The Last of the Mohicans after Tourneur was injured in a fall.

Brown moved to Universal in 1924, and then to MGM, where he stayed until the mid-1950s. At MGM he was one of the main directors of their female stars–he directed Joan Crawford six times and Greta Garbo seven.

He not only made the difficult transition from silent cinema to sound cinema, but thrived there, proving himself to be an "actor's director": listening to his actors, respecting their instincts, and often incorporating their suggestions into scenes. In doing so, Brown created believable, under-played, naturalistic dialogue scenes stripped of melodrama, pulsing with the honest rhythms of real-life conversation. He was nominated five times (see below) for the Academy Award as a director, and once as a producer, but never received an Oscar. However, he did win Best Foreign Film for Anna Karenina starring Garbo at the 1935 Venice International Film Festival.

Brown's films gained a total of 38 Academy Award nominations and earned nine Oscars. Brown himself received six Academy Award nominations and in 1949 won the British Academy Award for the film version of William Faulkner's Intruder in the Dust.

In 1957, Brown was awarded The George Eastman Award, given by George Eastman House for distinguished contribution to the art of film.

Brown retired a wealthy man due to his real estate investments, but refused to watch new movies, as he feared they might cause him to restart his career. In the 1970s, Brown became a much-sought guest lecturer on the film-festival circuit, thanks in part to his connection with Garbo.

The Clarence Brown Theater, on the campus of the University of Tennessee, is named in his honor. He is tied with Robert Altman and Alfred Hitchcock for the most Academy Award nominations for best director without a single win.

Filmography[edit]

NOTE: In 1929/1930, Brown received one Academy Award nomination for two films. According to the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, "As allowed by the award rules for this year, a single nomination could honor work in one or more films."

References[edit]

  • Brownlow, Kevin. "Clarence Brown" in The Parade's Gone By New York: Knopf, 1968
  • "The Hollywood Professionals, Vol. 6: Frank Capra, George Cukor, Clarence Brown" by Allen Estrin, AS Barnes, 1980
  • An Extraordinary Town, How one of America's smallest towns shaped the world - A Historical Marketing Book by A. J. Bastarache. Featuring a comprehensive section on Clarence Brown.
  • Young, Gwenda. 'Clarence Brown: From Knoxville to Hollywood and Back'. Journal of East Tennessee History', 2002. 73 :53-73

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clarence_Brown — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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1200 news items

 
UTDailyBeacon.com
Wed, 22 Apr 2015 23:56:15 -0700

“I don't think to this very day people in this community know who Clarence Brown was, other than that it's a theater on the campus of the University of Tennessee,” Tom Cervone, UT's Professional MBA managing director, said. “Until we start telling ...
 
Knoxville News Sentinel
Fri, 17 Apr 2015 14:56:15 -0700

Knoxville - As the Clarence Brown Theatre ends its 2014-15 season with the now playing "The Threepenny Opera," it announces an eclectic nine-play slate for 2015-16. The University of Tennessee theater's season runs September to May. The upcoming ...

KETV Omaha

KETV Omaha
Sun, 26 Apr 2015 18:58:40 -0700

OMAHA'S AUTO THEFT UNIT IS LOOKING FOR CLARENCE BROWN ON A FELONY WARNED FOR THEFT. BROWN WAS ALSO REPORTEDLY INVOLVED IN A PERSON WITH BELLEVUE POLICE. POLICE SENT ME THIS PICTURE OF BROWN SO YOU ...

UTDailyBeacon.com

UTDailyBeacon.com
Tue, 14 Apr 2015 23:56:15 -0700

... political extremism and human terrorism,” MacLean said. “All of these things we are dealing with today. It still makes a point and that's why we're doing it.” “Threepenny Opera” opens on the Clarence Brown Mainstage April 17 and runs through Sunday ...
 
Broadway World
Wed, 15 Apr 2015 21:31:50 -0700

Clarence Brown Theatre Closes 2014-15 Season with THE THREEPENNY OPERA, Now thru 5 A landmark in modern drama which inspired the hits "Cabaret" and "Chicago" and which includes one of the most popular songs of the century, "The Threepenny ...
 
Tennessee Today
Wed, 15 Apr 2015 08:22:30 -0700

Eight design students from UT's Clarence Brown Theatre received design awards in the competition that was part of the Southeastern Theatre Conference's annual convention held in Chattanooga last month. Students receiving design awards were: Maranda ...

Knoxville News Sentinel

Knoxville News Sentinel
Fri, 10 Apr 2015 11:56:15 -0700

Knoxville - If you thought 1950s and '60s crooner Bobby Darin was the originator of that snappy tune "Mack the Knife," get yourself over to the Clarence Brown Theatre. "Mack the Knife" is one of the songs in the theater's production of the time-honored ...
 
Knoxville daily sun
Sun, 26 Apr 2015 10:48:45 -0700

The Clarence Brown Theatre kick off its nine-play lineup for the 2015/2016 Season on September 9. The performances include a gut-busting spoof of a Hitchcock thriller, a Steinbeck classic, two holiday productions, the World Premiere of a ...
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