digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















This article is about the main campus of National Autonomous University of Mexico. For Ciudad Universitaria in Venezuela, see Ciudad Universitaria de Caracas. For the area in Madrid, see Complutense University of Madrid.
Ciudad Universitaria
UNAM Ciudad Universitaria.jpg
Ciudad Universitaria Campus
Parent institution UNAM
Location Ciudad Universitaria, Mexico
Official name: Central University City Campus of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM)
Type: Cultural
Criteria: i, ii, iv
Designated: 2007 (31st session)
Reference No. 1250
State Party: Mexico
Region: Latin America and the Caribbean

Ciudad Universitaria (University City), Mexico, is UNAM's main campus, located in Coyoacán borough in the southern part of Mexico City. Designed by architects Mario Pani and Enrique del Moral, it encloses the Olympic Stadium, about 40 faculties and institutes, the Cultural Center, an ecological reserve, the Central Library, and a few museums. It was built during the 1950s on an ancient solidified lava bed in Coyoacán called "El Pedregal" to replace the scattered buildings in downtown Mexico City where classes were given. It was completed in 1954 at a cost of approximately $25 million. At the time of its completion it was the largest single construction project in Mexico since the Aztecs.[1] It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2007.[2]

Although the University has other buildings in Mexico City (mostly for undergraduate studies and cultural purposes), in other Mexican states and in other countries (such as Canada and the United States), Ciudad Universitaria, known simply as "C.U.", is the prime symbol of the University.


The University Olympic Stadium (right), The Rectory Tower (left), in the background the volcanoes Iztaccíhuatl (left) and Popocatépetl (right).

Ciudad Universitaria is an open place popular on Sundays with families that wish to explore its patios, gardens and footpaths that cover most of its 1,000 hectares. It was built on a lava layer six to eight meters thick which was deposited by the Xitle volcano around 100 AD.[2]

Due to its topography and vegetation, there are very few straight roads or paths. Roads tend to be concentric circuits, with buildings located within them. Some can only be reached by a short, 5-10 minute walk. Volcanic rock was removed to make room for the buildings, and it was used to make pathways and outer walls. Buildings themselves are made with common materials, concrete and brick being most common, and usually have big windows and gardens, both inside and outside. Most buildings have only two to three floors.

Although different in style, gardens and volcanic rock are a common theme across all buildings with some notable exceptions: the Rectorate Tower and the Central Library. These tall, square-shaped buildings, standing a bit isolated from the rest, are adorned by murals made by famous Mexican muralists David Alfaro Siqueiros (Rectorate Tower) and Juan O'Gorman (Central Library).

This last mural, recognized as the largest mural in the world, covering all sides of the Library, based on Aztec and Spanish motifs and UNAM's coat of arms, makes the Central Library Ciudad Universitaria's most iconic building.

The Campus Central is the original campus built in 1943. Comprising 200 hectares, Insurgentes Avenue cuts across it.[2]

Sculptural space[edit]

Inside the ecological reserve stands the Sculptural Space. It is a big round natural solidified lava bed surrounded by many white triangular prisms that seem to radiate from its center, a bit like a sunflower. There are many big and colorful metallic sculptures made by contemporary artists surrounding this area, hence its name.

Education buildings[edit]

Vladimir Kaspé and J. Hanhausen designed the economics building, which opened in 1953.[3]


  • UNIVERSUM, the Science Museum. It houses interactive exhibits about science, geared to the general public.
  • University Museum for the Sciences and Arts (MUCA, Museo Universitario de Ciencias y Artes), holds contemporary art exhibits from Mexican artists and works of art property of the University.
  • University Museum of Contemporary Art (MUAC, Museo Universitario Arte Contemporáneo).

Sports facilities[edit]

The Mexico '68 Olympic Stadium was built in 1952 and was used to host the 1955 Pan-American Games and the 1968 Summer Olympic Games in Mexico City. It is located on the Campus Central portion of the city, and its stands were built with excavated lava rock. These stands contain reliefs designed by Diego Rivera.[2] It was also used in the 1986 Soccer World Cup. Now it holds football matches for Mexico's City university league, as well as being the home stadium for the university's team in the Mexican Football League, the "Pumas". It also has a race track, used for international invitation-only athletic competition in recent times due to the success of Mexican athlete Ana Guevara.

There are also football and soccer fields for training of student and children teams. Gyms for martial arts, boxing training and other sports are near the stadium, intended mostly for students.


C.U. is an important part of Mexico CIty's cultural life. The campus contains many spaces dedicated to cultural activities from Music, Theatre, Cinema, Visual Arts etc. Most faculties have exhibition spaces and auditoriums used for such purposes.

The University Cultural Centre (Centro Cultural Universitario) is a section of the campus containing the main auditoriums, theatres and cinemas. It also includes one of the most recent Contemporary Art Museums in Mexico, the Museo Universitario de Arte Contemporaneo.

The Centre also includes:

  • Sala Nezahualcoyotl. Used for orchestral and dance performances.
  • Teatro Juan Ruiz de Alarcón. Major theatre. Both classical and contemporary works.
  • Foro Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz. Camera theatre. Mainly contemporary plays.
  • Centro Universitario de Teatro (CUT). A smaller theatre (about 100 seats) attached to the theatre school.
  • Sala José Revueltas and Sala Julio Bracho. Both cinema theatres screen an ecletic selection of Mexican and international films.
  • Sala Miguel Covarrubias. A small theatre for dancing.
  • Radio UNAM. XEUN 96.1 MHz and 860 kHz in Mexico City; XEYU, short wave 9600 kHz in the 31-meter international band. Musical, cultural, informative and recreational programming.

World Heritage Site[edit]

Designation as a World Heritage Site began as a visit in 2005 to the campus by Francesco Bandarin who was the Director of the World Heritage Center at the time he recommended it. It was eventually recognized an ingenious example of urban architectural design. It is also noted for it integration of modern architecture, Mexican traditions and artwork, including those by David Alfaro Siqueiros, José Chávez Morado and Francisco Eppens.[2]


There are eleven main bus routes in Ciudad Universitaria provided by the university itself, through its Internal Transport System. Routes 1 through 5 have their base on the west side of the University, near the metro exit (Metro Universidad. Three other routes (6,7,8) have their base on parking number 1 of the Olympic stadium. They are free and run from Monday to Friday, from 06:20 until 22:30 hrs. Cars are allowed inside the campus, and there are also taxis taking passengers in groups, following the official bus routes. Some of these routes have long and short versions, a few first and last stops are the same but the long version takes a different route to less visited zones. Additionally, there is a temporary route to take new students to the registration center.

There are three main points of entry to University City, two from the metro (Metro Universidad and Metro Copilco stations), and Avenida Insurgentes, running north to south, splitting University City in half. This important avenue is useful to reach other parts of the city, and is near the Olympic Stadium and Cultural Zone.

Lately, a program called "C.U. Limpia" (Clean C.U.) offers 58 bicycle stations around University City, these stations contain 200 bicycles each, all of them new, that can be rented by students and returned to any of the other stations around. These have become very popular with students and teachers trying to promote a less polluting mode of transportation.


Entrance of a fire station over Ciudad Universitaria

Despite its size and the lack of entry controls, University City is really a very safe place. There is an internal surveillance group, "Auxilio UNAM" (UNAM Help). They patrol the campus all day, especially on vacation days and weekends. They have no firearms, but have hummers, motorcycles and golf carts. For historical and legal reasons to do with university autonomy, law enforcement officers do not enter University City unless specifically requested by the University authorities. Crimes do happen, but are sporadic and usually occur late at night, when most people (both students and employees) have already left. There is also an emergency medical station and a fire station inside campus.


There are university owned cafeterias around the campus, but they are "franchised" to cooperatives, with the exception of the cafeteria at the Faculty of Sciences (called Café Ciencias) which is run solely by students. These cafeterias are permanent, one floor buildings and very similar to each other. There are also small, permanent shops on the side of some non-schooling buildings, where a full-size cafeteria would be impractical. Some of these shops offer photocopies and office supplies instead of food.

Some semi-permanent shops, selling mostly candies and packaged food, are around the campus. These are built and dismantled every day but are very stable, lasting years in the same place. A few sell University memorabilia, mostly related to the soccer team. Around the campus, but mostly between the Central Library and the Faculty of Philosophy and Literature, one can find people selling crafts as well as music, films and books, some used, some new, but most of them pirated or bootlegged.

Around the metro stations close to the University there are many food shops, but also bookstores, photocopying, photographic studios and the like. Near the northern station, Copilco, just outside University City, there are many printing shops running for some blocks, where students get their theses bound.

Near Metro Universidad station, on the fringe of University City, there is the "Tienda UNAM" or UNAM Store. It is big supermarket that offers furniture, clothing, food and beverages, vegetables, electronic and computing equipment, toys and many other things at competitive prices. It is run by the University itself. Meant for university employees and their families, it is open to the general public.

Image gallery[edit]


  1. ^ "Mexico Builds A Glamour Campus." Popular Mechancs, May 1954, pp. 113-117.
  2. ^ a b c d e Tavares Lopez, Edgar (February 2008). "Ciudad Universitaria". México Desconocido 372: 90–92. 
  3. ^ Turner, Jane. Encyclopedia of Latin American and Caribbean art (Grove encyclopedias of the arts of the Americas, Grove Library of World Art). Grove's Dictionaries, 2000. ISBN 1884446043, 9781884446047. p. 382 (Another view) "Other examples of his educational architecture, notable for their formal austerity, include the Liceo Franco-Mexicano (1950) and the Facultad de Econ- omia (1953; with J. Hanhausen), Ciudad Universitaria, both in Mexico City."

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ciudad_Universitaria — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
58359 videos foundNext > 

Ciudad Universitaria UNAM HD

Patrimonio de la humanidad Plan maestro: Mario Pani, Enrique del Moral y Domingo García Edificios: Armando Franco Rovira, Ernesto Gómez Gallardo Argüelles, A...

Ciudad Universitaria Patrimonio Cultural de la Humanidad - UNAM

Erigida sobre un suelo volcánico, la Ciudad Universitaria de México, se ubica al sur de la capital del país, lugar agreste e inhóspito conocido como El Pedre...

UNAM Construcción de Ciudad Universitaria

Los planes de construir una Ciudad Universitaria se remontan a 1929, cuando dos estudiantes de arquitectura presentan como tesis, un proyecto de Ciudad Unive...

Camara Oculta Ciudad Universitaria La Sombra UNAM

Ejemplo de cambio de normas.

Un recorrido por Ciudad Universitaria

Quién no ha vivido un recorrido por Ciudad Universitaria? sea en coche, PUMABUS, bicicleta, a pie o en "taxi colectivo", cualquiera que haya sido la manera ...

Harlem Shake Ciudad Universitaria (Oficial)

Gracias a los mas de 1000 compañeros que asistieron, sin ustedes no habría sido posible. Gracias también a la Dirección General de Atención a la Comunidad Un...

La Historia de Ciudad Universitaria 1/3

Subido por la Dirección General de Personal (DGPE) para el Curso "Bienvenido a la UNAM"

La Ciudad Universitaria de Caracas como Patrimonio Cultural Mundial

Documental que procura desglosar el fenómeno histórico y social (nacional y mundial) que trajo consigo la construcción de la Ciudad Universitaria de Caracas....

pesca en costanera norte (ciudad universitaria)

Bogotá Ciudad Universitaria

58359 videos foundNext > 

4402 news items

Últimas Noticias

Últimas Noticias
Tue, 29 Jul 2014 06:41:15 -0700

Mayerlin Perdomo.- Hace aproximadamente tres meses, el servicio de aseo en la Universidad Central de Venezuela (UCV) se ha visto afectado, por lo que a lo largo de todo el recinto pueden observarse grandes cúmulos de basura y restos de maleza.


Sun, 27 Jul 2014 12:06:36 -0700

Las Chivas del Guadalajara vencieron a los Pumas de Universidad después de 10 años de no conseguir un triunfo en el Pedregal. México.- Chivas rayadas de Guadalajara logró su primer triunfo del torneo al vencer a Pumas de la UNAM 1-0 en encuentro ...


Sat, 26 Jul 2014 10:57:25 -0700

GUADALAJARA, JALISCO (26/JUL/2014).- Hace 10 años que Chivas no logra un triunfo en Ciudad Universitaria y este domingo tendrán la oportunidad de impedir que siga creciendo este dato, cuando enfrenten a los Pumas, equipo que viene de ganar en ...

Te Interesa

Sun, 13 Jul 2014 00:30:00 -0700

Madrid, 13 jul (EFE).- La línea especial de la Empresa Municipal de Transportes de Madrid (EMT) que enlaza Moncloa con Ciudad Universitaria ampliará desde mañana su recorrido hasta Metropolitano y funcionará de lunes a sábado hasta el próximo día ...
Fri, 25 Jul 2014 19:26:15 -0700

ESTA segunda fecha del futbol mexicano trae consigo uno de los duelos entre dos equipos llamados “grandes”: Pumas recibirá este domingo a Chivas en la mítica cancha del Olímpico Universitario. Imponente desde una de las avenidas principales de la ...

El Día

El Día
Thu, 17 Jul 2014 23:00:00 -0700

La capital cruceña concentra la mayor población universitaria del país y por este motivo los rectores y autoridades ediles plantean que la urbe sea declarada "Ciudad Universitaria", lo que permitirá por ejemplo adecuar la infraestructura pública a las ...
Sat, 26 Jul 2014 19:48:45 -0700

JAIR Pereira, defensa de Chivas, confía en el planteamiento del estratega rojiblanco, Carlos Bustos, para hacer frente al rival de este día, Pumas. Más allá de jugar en un horario, que los jugadores del Rebaño ya conocen, Pereira dejó claro que el ...
Andalucía Información
Tue, 22 Jul 2014 08:02:05 -0700

Los cursos de verano organizados por la Universidad San Pablo-CEU, Salus Infirmorum de Cádiz y el Colegio de Enfermería, con el patrocinio del Ayuntamiento de San Fernando, fueron inaugurados este miércoles con el Hospital de San Carlos como tema ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Ciudad Universitaria

You can talk about Ciudad Universitaria with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!