The City Circle is a system of largely underground passenger railway lines located in the central business district of Sydney, Australia, that make up the heart of the Sydney passenger railway network. The lines are owned by RailCorp, a government agency of the state of New South Wales, and operated under Transport for NSW's Sydney Trains brand. Despite its name, the City Circle is of a horseshoe shape, with trains operating in a U-shaped pattern. The constituent stations of the Circle are (clockwise): Central, Town Hall, Wynyard, Circular Quay, St James, Museum and back to Central.
History and description
The original railway network for the Sydney CBD planned by John Bradfield
, (left) and the network as it is today. The City Circle was built as planned and the Eastern Suburbs railway
was built to a different alignment, though the Northern Beaches and Southern Suburbs line was never built.
The original concept for the City Railway was part of a report dated 1915 submitted to the government by John Bradfield upon his return from overseas study, with work commencing the following year.
The City Circle was built in stages. The first stations to open were Museum and St. James, which opened in 1926 as part of the initial electrification of Sydney railways. Next was the "western limb" through Town Hall and Wynyard, which opened in 1932 in conjunction with the opening of the Sydney Harbour Bridge. This section contains four tunnels. Two connected to the Harbour Bridge, while the two City Circle tunnels terminated at Wynyard. In 1956 the dead ends at St. James and Wynyard were joined and the "missing link", Circular Quay – was opened. Central and Circular Quay are above-ground stations (Circular Quay is elevated, directly underneath the Cahill Expressway), while the remainder are below ground. Several unused railway tunnels also exist. The former tram tunnels at Wynyard, and other stub tunnels at St James are well known.
Services and operations
Current service patterns generally consist of trains from the South and Inner West lines operating around the City Circle in a clockwise manner via Town Hall station and proceed onto the Airport & East Hills, and Bankstown lines. This track is known as the "City Outer". Trains from the Airport & East Hills and Bankstown lines generally operate around the City Circle in an anti-clockwise manner via Museum station and proceed onto the South and Inner West lines (using the "City Inner" track). A set of flying junctions at Central enable this pattern to be varied.
Prior to the integration of the Eastern Suburbs line into the Illawarra Line in 1980, Illawarra line trains also operated around the City Circle.
Trains on the Western and Northern lines usually do not proceed around the City Circle but instead proceed across the Harbour Bridge to the North Shore line and vice versa. Due to weekend trackwork, trains from the City Circle will go to Blacktown, Hurstville or Hornsby via Strathfield.
In 2005, when CityRail completed its most recent estimate of station boardings, the City Circle accounted for 221,160 weekday entries and exits, equivalent to over 55 million annual trips.
It operates a service every 3 to 5 minutes during peak hours, 6 minutes at other times and 8 to 10 minutes on weekends.
Platform 18 and 19 at Central station
Town Hall – platform 4 (Illawarra line platform)
Wynyard station entrance, Department of Railways building, York Street
City Circle Realtime
Here's one that many have asked for... It's a realtime City Circle trip - with sound. I was waiting to do it in an old Silver Set, so you'd get as much "mechanical" sound as possible. I'll...
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UI The Daily Iowan
UI The Daily Iowan
Thu, 23 Apr 2015 00:37:29 -0700
City Circle Acting Company's production of Into the Woods will play at the Coralville Center for the Performing Arts, 1301 Fifth St., Friday through May 3. The musical, written by Stephen Sondheim, who was behind Sweeney Todd and West Side Story ...
Thu, 23 Apr 2015 21:30:00 -0700
City Circle Acting Company Presents INTO THE WOODS, Now thru 5/3 Venture back Into the Woods as City Circle Acting Company of Coralville presents the Tony Award-winning musical classic by Stephen Sondheim and James Lapine, tonight, April 24-May ...
Tue, 07 Apr 2015 17:29:32 -0700
City Circle Acting Company to Present INTO THE WOODS, 4/24-5/ Venture back Into the Woods as City Circle Acting Company of Coralville presents the Tony Award-winning musical classic by Stephen Sondheim and James Lapine, April 24-May 3 at the ...
Wed, 01 Apr 2015 17:11:15 -0700
Docklands retailers have been given a reprieve after a proposal to reduce the City Circle tram service was shelved. Concerns were raised after The Age last month reported Public Transport Victoria and Yarra Trams were proposing to run the City Circle ...
Sydney Morning Herald
Sydney Morning Herald
Fri, 24 Apr 2015 06:41:15 -0700
... Andrew Constance, said additional buses and trains had recently been added to service the Green Square area and the proposed $7 billion Sydney Rapid Transit system would eventually boost capacity on the airport line as it will no longer share city ...
Sun, 26 Apr 2015 02:33:45 -0700
Wearing their full rescue gears and carrying their disaster response equipment, the different teams started their march from Quezon City Circle at 5 am and reached Liwasang Bonifacio in Manila by 9 am. “What we want to test here actually are the ...
Mon, 30 Mar 2015 17:20:00 -0700
MARCH 30, 2015 — In a keel laying ceremony held in celebration of the 70th anniversary year of New York City's Circle Line Sightseeing Yachts, Inc., Gladding-Hearn Shipbuilding, Duclos Corporation, recently began construction of the first of three new ...
Sat, 25 Apr 2015 17:56:15 -0700
... Rs250 million electricity bill. As a result, it also cut the power supply to the tube wells. On a protest by the citizens, it temporally restored the electricity of the TMA city circle, while the electricity connections of two water supply tube ...
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