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For the planned metro line in Copenhagen, see City Circle Line. For the tourist tram in Melbourne, see City Circle Tram.
City Circle
T2 Sydney logo.pngT3 Sydney.png
Mode Commuter Rail
Owner RailCorp
Operator(s) Sydney Trains
Connects Central, Town Hall, Wynyard, Circular Quay, St James, Museum
Stations 6
Fleet S , C, T, M & A sets
Line colour Green, Orange
Key dates
1926 Museum & St James opened
1932 Town Hall & Wynyard opened
1956 Circular Quay opened

The City Circle is a system of largely underground passenger railway lines located in the central business district of Sydney, Australia, that make up the heart of the Sydney passenger railway network. The lines are owned by RailCorp, a government agency of the state of New South Wales, and operated under Transport for NSW's Sydney Trains brand. Despite its name, the City Circle is of a horseshoe shape, with trains operating in a U-shaped pattern. The constituent stations of the Circle are (clockwise): Central, Town Hall, Wynyard, Circular Quay, St James, Museum and back to Central.

History and description[edit]

The original railway network for the Sydney CBD planned by John Bradfield. The City Circle is in grey. The yellow and blue lines as depicted were never constructed, although the Eastern Suburbs railway was built in the 1970s to a different alignment.
City Circle via Museum Service LCD Indicator at Central on platform 21.

The original concept for the City Railway was part of a report dated 1915 submitted to the government by John Bradfield upon his return from overseas study,[1] with work commencing the following year.

The City Circle was built in stages. The first stations to open were Museum and St. James, which opened in 1926 as part of the initial electrification of Sydney railways. Next was the "western limb" through Town Hall and Wynyard, which opened in 1932 in conjunction with the opening of the Sydney Harbour Bridge. This section contains four tunnels. Two connected to the Harbour Bridge, while the two City Circle tunnels terminated at Wynyard. In 1956 the dead ends at St. James and Wynyard were joined and the "missing link", Circular Quay – was opened. Central and Circular Quay are above-ground stations (Circular Quay is elevated, directly underneath the Cahill Expressway), while the remainder are below ground. Several unused railway tunnels also exist. The former tram tunnels at Wynyard, and other stub tunnels at St James are well known.

Services and operations[edit]

The CBD lines as built today

Current service patterns generally consist of trains from the South and Inner West lines operating around the City Circle in a clockwise manner via Town Hall station and proceed onto the Airport & East Hills, and Bankstown lines. This track is known as the "City Outer". Trains from the Airport & East Hills and Bankstown lines generally operate around the City Circle in an anti-clockwise manner via Museum station and proceed onto the South and Inner West lines (using the "City Inner" track). A set of flying junctions at Central enable this pattern to be varied.

Prior to the integration of the Eastern Suburbs line into the Illawarra Line in 1980, Illawarra line trains also operated around the City Circle.

Trains on the Western and Northern lines usually do not proceed around the City Circle but instead proceed across the Harbour Bridge to the North Shore line and vice versa. Due to weekend trackwork, trains from the City Circle will go to Blacktown, Hurstville or Hornsby via Strathfield.

In 2005, when CityRail completed its most recent estimate of station boardings, the City Circle accounted for 221,160 weekday entries and exits, equivalent to over 55 million annual trips.[2]

It operates a service every 3 to 5 minutes during peak hours, 6 minutes at other times and 8 to 10 minutes on weekends.



  1. ^ 50 Years – A Long Time Wylie, R.F. Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, June 1971 pp140-143
  2. ^ Region 9 Ministry of Transport Retrieved 2008-08-06

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/City_Circle — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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255 news items

Broadway World
Fri, 19 Sep 2014 21:30:00 -0700

City Circle Acting Company of Coralville presents the 2014 New Play Festival tonight, September 20 at 7pm. City Circle will also remount Sue Gilbert's one-woman play about pioneer midwife Annie MacFarlane on Thursday, September 18 at 7:30pm and ...

East London Advertiser

East London Advertiser
Wed, 17 Sep 2014 00:45:47 -0700

TRAVEL: Services hit on Hammersmith & City, Circle and Metropolitan lines. London Underground. Mike Brooke Wednesday, September 17, 2014 8:42 AM. Morning Rush Hour travel on the London Underground has been disrupted for commuters in east ...
Iowa City Press Citizen
Wed, 17 Sep 2014 18:30:34 -0700

The plays present a wide variety of tone, styles and subject matter. Some contain adult themes and language. City Circle also will remount Sue Gilbert's one-woman play about pioneer midwife Annie MacFarlane at 7:30 p.m. Thursday and at 2 p.m. Saturday.

blogTO (blog)

blogTO (blog)
Tue, 16 Sep 2014 10:54:02 -0700

The second, $4-billion phase of the Copenhagen Metro will add two new lines: an underground city circle and a new line to the northeastern part of the city, both of which are due to open in 2019 (as it currently stands.) The cost of the second phase ...

The Independent

The Independent
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 00:41:15 -0700

Yahya Birt, Executive Committee, Public Policy and Community Debate, City Circle, London, @ybirt. Dr Mamadou Bocoum, Director, Interfaith Through The Arts (ITTA), London. Maulana Syed Fida Bokhari, Imam, Manchester. Imam Tayeb Mustapha Cham, ...

Calcutta Telegraph

Calcutta Telegraph
Tue, 16 Sep 2014 15:30:00 -0700

Before this, we personally went to meet the PMC officials of Patna City circle but they did not respond positively. We don't know where to go. We are facing a huge problem,” said Keshav Bhushan, a biology teacher at Raghunath Hindu Uchcha Vidyalaya.
Times of India
Thu, 11 Sep 2014 11:34:35 -0700

At least 145 street lights have to be installed in the Kankarbagh circle and 150 in Patna City circle. The junior engineers under different power substations will help in installation work at the identified spots. This task has to be completed by ...
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 03:56:39 -0700

Be Phenomenal leased 8,390 square feet at 5604 Charles City Circle in Richmond. Scott Keeton and Jacob Servinsky represented the landlord. Crystal Clear Water Treatment leased 4,400 square feet at 5739 S. Laburnum Ave. in Richmond. Scott Keeton ...

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