digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















City Circle
Circular Quay Platform 2, Looking Eastbound.JPG
View across Circular Quay, the halfway point of the city circle line.
Termini Central
Stations 6
Services T2 Airport, Inner West & South Line
T3 Bankstown Line
Opened 20 January 1956 (1956-01-20)
Owner RailCorp
Operator(s) Sydney Trains
Depot(s) Eveleigh
Rolling stock S, K, C, M & A sets
Track length 6km
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
For the planned metro line in Copenhagen, see City Circle Line. For the tourist tram in Melbourne, see City Circle Tram.

The City Circle is a system of largely underground passenger railway lines located in the central business district of Sydney, Australia, that make up the heart of the Sydney passenger railway network. The lines are owned by RailCorp, a government agency of the state of New South Wales, and operated under Transport for NSW's Sydney Trains brand. Despite its name, the City Circle is of a horseshoe shape, with trains operating in a U-shaped pattern. The constituent stations of the Circle are (clockwise): Central, Town Hall, Wynyard, Circular Quay, St James, Museum and back to Central.

History and description[edit]

Museum station was built using the cut-and-cover technique
The original railway network for the Sydney CBD planned by John Bradfield, (left) and the network as it is today. The City Circle was built as planned and the Eastern Suburbs railway was built to a different alignment, though the Northern Beaches and Southern Suburbs line was never built.

The original concept for the City Railway was part of a report dated 1915 submitted to the government by John Bradfield upon his return from overseas study,[1] with work commencing the following year.

The City Circle was built in stages. The first stations to open were Museum and St. James, which opened in 1926 as part of the initial electrification of Sydney railways. Next was the "western limb" through Town Hall and Wynyard, which opened in 1932 in conjunction with the opening of the Sydney Harbour Bridge. This section contains four tunnels. Two connected to the Harbour Bridge, while the two City Circle tunnels terminated at Wynyard. In 1956 the dead ends at St. James and Wynyard were joined and the "missing link", Circular Quay – was opened. Central and Circular Quay are above-ground stations (Circular Quay is elevated, directly underneath the Cahill Expressway), while the remainder are below ground. Several unused railway tunnels also exist. The former tram tunnels at Wynyard, and other stub tunnels at St James are well known.

Services and operations[edit]

Current service patterns generally consist of trains from the South and Inner West lines operating around the City Circle in a clockwise manner via Town Hall station and proceed onto the Airport & East Hills, and Bankstown lines. This track is known as the "City Outer". Trains from the Airport & East Hills and Bankstown lines generally operate around the City Circle in an anti-clockwise manner via Museum station and proceed onto the South and Inner West lines (using the "City Inner" track). A set of flying junctions at Central enable this pattern to be varied.

Prior to the integration of the Eastern Suburbs line into the Illawarra Line in 1980, Illawarra line trains also operated around the City Circle.

Trains on the Western and Northern lines usually do not proceed around the City Circle but instead proceed across the Harbour Bridge to the North Shore line and vice versa. During weekend trackwork, trains from the City Circle may go to Penrith, Cronulla/Waterfall or Epping via Strathfield.

In 2005, when CityRail completed its most recent estimate of station boardings, the City Circle accounted for 221,160 weekday entries and exits, equivalent to over 55 million annual trips.[2]

It operates a service every 3 to 5 minutes during peak hours, 6 minutes at other times and 8 to 10 minutes on weekends.



  1. ^ 50 Years – A Long Time Wylie, R.F. Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, June 1971 pp140-143
  2. ^ Region 9 Ministry of Transport Retrieved 2008-08-06

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/City_Circle — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

2402 news items

Broadway World
Thu, 21 Jan 2016 07:44:48 -0800

City Circle Acting Company of Coralville will present Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street! February 12-14 at the Coralville Center for the Performing Arts. Performances are February 12 and 13 at 7:30 pm and February 14 at 2:00 pm. With music ...

Indianapolis Business Journal

Indianapolis Business Journal
Thu, 14 Jan 2016 04:49:30 -0800

This city would be thriving today had the Feds left the neighborhood schools intact. Unfortunately, the will of one man in 1973 changed the whole nucleus of the city. Circle Center is surrounded by poverty, how can it not expect to succumb to it as well.

Miami Herald

Miami Herald
Thu, 28 Jan 2016 16:00:00 -0800

However, part of the Curtiss Parkway bike path near the city's circle is inaccessible to riders on Saturdays as a farmer's market takes place there. The market is run by a for-profit corporation called Human Powered Enterprises that received $2,115.90 ...


Wed, 03 Feb 2016 06:37:30 -0800

He also graduated from the University of North Texas, the Yale School of Drama and a summer program in acting at New York City's Circle in The Square. Hamilton performed in more than 20 productions at the famed Guthrie Theater in Minneapolis, ...

Times Record News

Times Record News
Thu, 04 Feb 2016 06:48:45 -0800

Take advantage of the city's circle trail, get out and shoot some hoops with your kids or do a bit of preparatory yard work to get ahead of the upcoming early spring. And to be truly present, leave the smartphone inside. Just as the main character ...

Bristol Post

Bristol Post
Fri, 05 Feb 2016 07:33:45 -0800

We caught the train to Tweedbank on the recently opened Tweedmill line out of Waverley Station and met our City Circle coach and its driver, Stuart, at the end of the line. Stuart and his ilk are key players on any coach tour and he was superb. All ...

Manila Bulletin

Manila Bulletin
Thu, 04 Feb 2016 06:20:21 -0800

There's a street near the Mandaluyong City circle that's been perpetually under water, and I was confident going through it, knowing that the Everest had 800mm of water wading capability. Two features I would love to highlight are the Terrain ...

Statesman Journal

Statesman Journal
Thu, 22 Oct 2015 11:56:15 -0700

Police are investigating a report of an armed robbery at the Circle K convenience store in Mill City. Linn County Undersheriff Jim Yon said deputies responded to the incident early Thursday morning in the 200 block of Santiam Boulevard. The store's ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight