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For the planned metro line in Copenhagen, see City Circle Line. For the tourist tram in Melbourne, see City Circle Tram.
City Circle
T2 Sydney logo.pngT3 Sydney.png
Mode Commuter Rail
Owner RailCorp
Operator(s) Sydney Trains
Connects Central, Town Hall, Wynyard, Circular Quay, St James, Museum
Stations 6
Fleet S , C, T, M & A sets
Line colour Green, Orange
Key dates
1926 Museum & St James opened
1932 Town Hall & Wynyard opened
1956 Circular Quay opened

The City Circle is a system of largely underground passenger railway lines located in the central business district of Sydney, Australia, that make up the heart of the Sydney passenger railway network. The lines are owned by RailCorp, a government agency of the state of New South Wales, and operated under Transport for NSW's Sydney Trains brand. Despite its name, the City Circle is of a horseshoe shape, with trains operating in a U-shaped pattern. The constituent stations of the Circle are (clockwise): Central, Town Hall, Wynyard, Circular Quay, St James, Museum and back to Central.

History and description[edit]

The original railway network for the Sydney CBD planned by John Bradfield. The City Circle is in grey. The yellow and blue lines as depicted were never constructed, although the Eastern Suburbs railway was built in the 1970s to a different alignment.
City Circle via Museum Service LCD Indicator at Central on platform 21.

The original concept for the City Railway was part of a report dated 1915 submitted to the government by John Bradfield upon his return from overseas study,[1] with work commencing the following year.

The City Circle was built in stages. The first stations to open were Museum and St. James, which opened in 1926 as part of the initial electrification of Sydney railways. Next was the "western limb" through Town Hall and Wynyard, which opened in 1932 in conjunction with the opening of the Sydney Harbour Bridge. This section contains four tunnels. Two connected to the Harbour Bridge, while the two City Circle tunnels terminated at Wynyard. In 1956 the dead ends at St. James and Wynyard were joined and the "missing link", Circular Quay – was opened. Central and Circular Quay are above-ground stations (Circular Quay is elevated, directly underneath the Cahill Expressway), while the remainder are below ground. Several unused railway tunnels also exist. The former tram tunnels at Wynyard, and other stub tunnels at St James are well known.

Services and operations[edit]

The CBD lines as built today

Current service patterns generally consist of trains from the South and Inner West lines operating around the City Circle in a clockwise manner via Town Hall station and proceed onto the Airport & East Hills, and Bankstown lines. This track is known as the "City Outer". Trains from the Airport & East Hills and Bankstown lines generally operate around the City Circle in an anti-clockwise manner via Museum station and proceed onto the South and Inner West lines (using the "City Inner" track). A set of flying junctions at Central enable this pattern to be varied.

Prior to the integration of the Eastern Suburbs line into the Illawarra Line in 1980, Illawarra line trains also operated around the City Circle.

Trains on the Western and Northern lines usually do not proceed around the City Circle but instead proceed across the Harbour Bridge to the North Shore line and vice versa. Due to weekend trackwork, trains from the City Circle will go to Blacktown, Hurstville or Hornsby via Strathfield.

In 2005, when CityRail completed its most recent estimate of station boardings, the City Circle accounted for 221,160 weekday entries and exits, equivalent to over 55 million annual trips.[2]

It operates a service every 3 to 5 minutes during peak hours, 6 minutes at other times and 8 to 10 minutes on weekends.



  1. ^ 50 Years – A Long Time Wylie, R.F. Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, June 1971 pp140-143
  2. ^ Region 9 Ministry of Transport Retrieved 2008-08-06

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/City_Circle — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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1165 news items

The Age

The Age
Thu, 12 Mar 2015 21:41:15 -0700

Melbourne's treasured W-Class trams could soon become a rarer sight on the city streets, if a proposal to slash the number of City Circle trams that operate is accepted by the state government. Public Transport Victoria and Yarra Trams have proposed to ...

Marine Log

Marine Log
Mon, 30 Mar 2015 17:11:15 -0700

MARCH 30, 2015 — In a keel laying ceremony held in celebration of the 70th anniversary year of New York City's Circle Line Sightseeing Yachts, Inc., Gladding-Hearn Shipbuilding, Duclos Corporation, recently began construction of the first of three new ...
Iowa City Press Citizen
Wed, 25 Mar 2015 20:11:15 -0700

City Circle Acting Company, of Coralville, will host auditions for "The Addams Family" from 2 to 6 p.m. March 28-29 at Community of Christ Church, at 2121 S. Ridge Drive, in Coralville. Teens currently in grades 7-12 are encouraged to go to citycircle ...

Pakistan Today

Pakistan Today
Tue, 24 Mar 2015 10:48:45 -0700

According to a police representative, Rawalpindi City Circle police conducted special search operations and netted 75 property owners, tenants and hotels managers during March while 61 cases were registered against the accused on violation of Punjab ...

SiliconANGLE (blog)

SiliconANGLE (blog)
Tue, 24 Mar 2015 07:32:30 -0700

smart city circle infrastructure skylight busy This week's Smart World Series features a device that monitors when your pet is about to give birth, a building management system that battles sleepiness at the office, why the Internet of Things doesn't ...
Sydney Morning Herald
Tue, 03 Mar 2015 21:38:06 -0800

The benefit of terminating Airport Line trains at Central is that it would create more space for other services to run around the City Circle. The government has already said it would remove Bankstown Line trains from the City Circle, which would ...

Sydney Morning Herald

Sydney Morning Herald
Fri, 21 Nov 2014 16:11:15 -0800

Sydney's city circle train stations are out of action as maintenance teams re-rail the tracks between Central and Redfern. Key stations including Central and Town Hall are closed. Buses are also replacing the inner west line to and from Ashfield ...


Thu, 26 Mar 2015 22:48:45 -0700

Various groups on Friday marked the first anniversary of the historic signing of the Comprehensive Agreement on the Bangsamoro (CAB) through a “Peace March” at the Quezon City Memorial Circle. CAB is a peace agreement between the Philippine ...

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