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For the planned metro line in Copenhagen, see City Circle Line. For the tourist tram in Melbourne, see City Circle Tram.
City Circle
T2 Sydney logo.pngT3 Sydney.png
Mode Commuter Rail
Owner RailCorp
Operator(s) Sydney Trains
Connects Central, Town Hall, Wynyard, Circular Quay, St James, Museum
Stations 6
Fleet S , C, T, M & A sets
Line colour Green, Orange
Key dates
1926 Museum & St James opened
1932 Town Hall & Wynyard opened
1956 Circular Quay opened

The City Circle is a system of largely underground passenger railway lines located in the central business district of Sydney, Australia, that make up the heart of the Sydney passenger railway network. The lines are owned by RailCorp, a government agency of the state of New South Wales, and operated under Transport for NSW's Sydney Trains brand. Despite its name, the City Circle is of a horseshoe shape, with trains operating in a U-shaped pattern. The constituent stations of the Circle are (clockwise): Central, Town Hall, Wynyard, Circular Quay, St James, Museum and back to Central.

History and description[edit]

The original railway network for the Sydney CBD planned by John Bradfield. The City Circle is in grey. The yellow and blue lines as depicted were never constructed, although the Eastern Suburbs railway was built in the 1970s to a different alignment.
City Circle via Museum Service LCD Indicator at Central on platform 21.

The original concept for the City Railway was part of a report dated 1915 submitted to the government by John Bradfield upon his return from overseas study,[1] with work commencing the following year.

The City Circle was built in stages. The first stations to open were Museum and St. James, which opened in 1926 as part of the initial electrification of Sydney railways. Next was the "western limb" through Town Hall and Wynyard, which opened in 1932 in conjunction with the opening of the Sydney Harbour Bridge. This section contains four tunnels. Two connected to the Harbour Bridge, while the two City Circle tunnels terminated at Wynyard. In 1956 the dead ends at St. James and Wynyard were joined and the "missing link", Circular Quay – was opened. Central and Circular Quay are above-ground stations (Circular Quay is elevated, directly underneath the Cahill Expressway), while the remainder are below ground. Several unused railway tunnels also exist. The former tram tunnels at Wynyard, and other stub tunnels at St James are well known.

Services and operations[edit]

The CBD lines as built today

Current service patterns generally consist of trains from the South and Inner West lines operating around the City Circle in a clockwise manner via Town Hall station and proceed onto the Airport & East Hills, and Bankstown lines. This track is known as the "City Outer". Trains from the Airport & East Hills and Bankstown lines generally operate around the City Circle in an anti-clockwise manner via Museum station and proceed onto the South and Inner West lines (using the "City Inner" track). A set of flying junctions at Central enable this pattern to be varied.

Prior to the integration of the Eastern Suburbs line into the Illawarra Line in 1980, Illawarra line trains also operated around the City Circle.

Trains on the Western and Northern lines usually do not proceed around the City Circle but instead proceed across the Harbour Bridge to the North Shore line and vice versa. Due to weekend trackwork, trains from the City Circle will go to Blacktown, Hurstville or Hornsby via Strathfield.

In 2005, when CityRail completed its most recent estimate of station boardings, the City Circle accounted for 221,160 weekday entries and exits, equivalent to over 55 million annual trips.[2]

It operates a service every 3 to 5 minutes during peak hours, 6 minutes at other times and 8 to 10 minutes on weekends.



  1. ^ 50 Years – A Long Time Wylie, R.F. Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, June 1971 pp140-143
  2. ^ Region 9 Ministry of Transport Retrieved 2008-08-06

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/City_Circle — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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1130 news items

Sydney Morning Herald

Sydney Morning Herald
Fri, 21 Nov 2014 16:13:16 -0800

Sydney's city circle train stations are out of action as maintenance teams re-rail the tracks between Central and Redfern. Key stations including Central and Town Hall are closed. Buses are also replacing the inner west line to and from Ashfield ...

Iowa City Press Citizen

Iowa City Press Citizen
Sat, 29 Nov 2014 20:02:33 -0800

City Circle Acting Company's Festival of Trees came home Saturday to the Coralville Center for the Performing Arts. The festival, previously held at the Coralville Marriott Hotel and Conference Center, was a fundraiser for the performing arts center ...
Broadway World
Mon, 08 Dec 2014 10:00:00 -0800

City Circle Acting Company of Coralville and Hills Bank will present the Broadway hit musical A Year with Frog and Toad for six performances December 12-21 at the Coralville Center for the Performing Arts. Adapted from the beloved books by Arnold Lobel ...

Iowa City Press Citizen

Iowa City Press Citizen
Sat, 29 Nov 2014 14:32:28 -0800

Melissa MacLagan of Coralville, Amara's mom, said they came to the City Circle Acting Company breakfast fundraiser, which took place at the Coralville Center for the Performing Arts, in search of a fun experience for Amara and a start to the holidays.


Sun, 14 Dec 2014 15:50:08 -0800

A Sydney Transport spokeswoman earlier told news.com.au trains were affected between Central and Bondi on the eastern suburbs and Illawarra line. MORE: Live updates Martin Place siege. “Trains are still running on the city circle but that might change ...
Thu, 11 Dec 2014 19:56:15 -0800

Daniels Sharpsmart Inc. leased 4,815 square feet at The Byrd Center at 5772 Charles City Circle. Cheryle Toy and Read Goode handled lease negotiations. Bethel Residential Homes LLC leased 1,341 square feet at 1108 E. Main St. Brett McNamee and ...


Sun, 14 Dec 2014 17:45:13 -0800

All stations on the City Circle remain open including St James station beneath Hyde Park. "[It was] business as usual and that's the way it should be. I was in the office all day - we were in lock down," one commuter, who declined to give his name, said.
Broadway World
Wed, 19 Nov 2014 09:48:45 -0800

City Circle Acting Company of Coralville will host the 2014 Johnson County Festival of Trees on Saturday, November 29 beginning at 6:30pm at the Coralville Center for the Performing Arts, 1301 5th Street, Coralville. This annual event features live and ...

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