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City Circle
Circular Quay Platform 2, Looking Eastbound.JPG
View across Circular Quay, the halfway point of the city circle line.
Termini Central
Stations 6
Services T2 Airport, Inner West & South Line
T3 Bankstown Line
Opening 20 January 1956 (1956-01-20)
Owner RailCorp
Operator(s) Sydney Trains
Depot(s) Eveleigh
Rolling stock C, M & A sets
Track length 6km
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
For the planned metro line in Copenhagen, see City Circle Line. For the tourist tram in Melbourne, see City Circle Tram.

The City Circle is a system of largely underground passenger railway lines located in the central business district of Sydney, Australia, that make up the heart of the Sydney passenger railway network. The lines are owned by RailCorp, a government agency of the state of New South Wales, and operated under Transport for NSW's Sydney Trains brand. Despite its name, the City Circle is of a horseshoe shape, with trains operating in a U-shaped pattern. The constituent stations of the Circle are (clockwise): Central, Town Hall, Wynyard, Circular Quay, St James, Museum and back to Central.

History and description[edit]

The original railway network for the Sydney CBD planned by John Bradfield, (left) and the network as it is today. The City Circle was built as planned and the Eastern Suburbs railway was built to a different alignment, though the Northern Beaches and Southern Suburbs line was never built.

The original concept for the City Railway was part of a report dated 1915 submitted to the government by John Bradfield upon his return from overseas study,[1] with work commencing the following year.

The City Circle was built in stages. The first stations to open were Museum and St. James, which opened in 1926 as part of the initial electrification of Sydney railways. Next was the "western limb" through Town Hall and Wynyard, which opened in 1932 in conjunction with the opening of the Sydney Harbour Bridge. This section contains four tunnels. Two connected to the Harbour Bridge, while the two City Circle tunnels terminated at Wynyard. In 1956 the dead ends at St. James and Wynyard were joined and the "missing link", Circular Quay – was opened. Central and Circular Quay are above-ground stations (Circular Quay is elevated, directly underneath the Cahill Expressway), while the remainder are below ground. Several unused railway tunnels also exist. The former tram tunnels at Wynyard, and other stub tunnels at St James are well known.

Services and operations[edit]

Current service patterns generally consist of trains from the South and Inner West lines operating around the City Circle in a clockwise manner via Town Hall station and proceed onto the Airport & East Hills, and Bankstown lines. This track is known as the "City Outer". Trains from the Airport & East Hills and Bankstown lines generally operate around the City Circle in an anti-clockwise manner via Museum station and proceed onto the South and Inner West lines (using the "City Inner" track). A set of flying junctions at Central enable this pattern to be varied.

Prior to the integration of the Eastern Suburbs line into the Illawarra Line in 1980, Illawarra line trains also operated around the City Circle.

Trains on the Western and Northern lines usually do not proceed around the City Circle but instead proceed across the Harbour Bridge to the North Shore line and vice versa. During weekend trackwork, trains from the City Circle may go to Penrith, Cronulla/Waterfall or Epping via Strathfield.

In 2005, when CityRail completed its most recent estimate of station boardings, the City Circle accounted for 221,160 weekday entries and exits, equivalent to over 55 million annual trips.[2]

It operates a service every 3 to 5 minutes during peak hours, 6 minutes at other times and 8 to 10 minutes on weekends.



  1. ^ 50 Years – A Long Time Wylie, R.F. Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, June 1971 pp140-143
  2. ^ Region 9 Ministry of Transport Retrieved 2008-08-06

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/City_Circle — Please support Wikipedia.
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1260 news items

Iowa City Press Citizen

Iowa City Press Citizen
Wed, 29 Apr 2015 17:56:00 -0700

A Stage on the Page discussion will happen at 10 a.m. today at 1401 Fifth St. in Coralville. City Circle Acting Company, of Coralville, will speak about their current production, “Into the Woods,” by Stephen Sondheim and James Lapine. The public is ...
Transport Engineer
Fri, 08 May 2015 01:37:30 -0700

"I had the opportunity to evaluate the new Euro 6 13-litre Scania with the tri-axle Irizar i6 body last season and it performed superbly," comments City Circle UK managing director Neil Pegg. "I have been so impressed with the performance of the ...

Times of India

Times of India
Sat, 23 May 2015 11:33:45 -0700

Meet the Shahs, who - after a tiring week-long work schedule - look for that perfect food therapy by arranging the Sunday brunch at home. While Sunday brunch has become the in thing in the city's circle of culinary aficionados, for many Amdavadis ...

The News on Sunday

The News on Sunday
Sat, 23 May 2015 15:22:27 -0700

The DRC at Gulbahar is presently receiving cases from the entire City Circle of Peshawar Police (having 10 police stations). The second DRC was set up in the Gulberg Police Station to deal with the issues of another ten police stations of the Cantt Circle.


Thu, 21 May 2015 20:00:00 -0700

The best train stations for accessing Vivid are the City Circle stations, Martin Place, Chatswood, Milsons Point and Redfern. On Saturday nights, trains stopping at Circular Quay Station between 6pm and 10pm will pick up passengers only. If you are ...

UI The Daily Iowan

UI The Daily Iowan
Thu, 23 Apr 2015 00:37:29 -0700

City Circle Acting Company's production of Into the Woods will play at the Coralville Center for the Performing Arts, 1301 Fifth St., Friday through May 3. The musical, written by Stephen Sondheim, who was behind Sweeney Todd and West Side Story ...

The Daily Telegraph

The Daily Telegraph
Tue, 19 May 2015 07:18:57 -0700

Thus was born the City Circle underground rail. The city grew, the motor car became popular, and trams became increasingly anachronistic. Fast forward to 1949, when Labor premier James McGirr commissioned a report by three British transport experts ...

Indianapolis Star

Indianapolis Star
Thu, 30 Apr 2015 04:03:45 -0700

"Indianapolis" was an opening round category on the popular game show Wednesday. Answers, the game's form of a question, ranged from the city's "circle city" moniker to Crown Hill Cemetery. 3. Glenda Ritz's power as schools superintendent is — for now.

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