digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Cisitalia
Industry Automotive
Fate Bankrupt
Founded 1946
Defunct 1963
Headquarters Turin, Italy
Key people Piero Dusio, founder
Products Automobiles

Cisitalia is an Italian sports and racing car brand. The name "Cisitalia" derives from "Compagnia Industriale Sportiva Italia", a business conglomerate founded in Turin in 1946 and controlled by the wealthy industrialist and sportsman Piero Dusio. The Cisitalia 202 GT of 1946 is well known in the world as a "rolling sculpture".[1]

Cisitalia D46[edit]

Ilario Bandini driving with Cisitalia D46 in 1947.

Using Fiat parts as a base Dante Giacosa designed the D46 which made its successful debut in 1946. Giacosa had a vast knowledge of Fiat bits and pieces as he had designed the legendary 500 Fiat Topolino before WW II. The engine and suspension were directly derived from the small Fiat but extensively modified for racing. The engine received dry sump lubrication and further tweaks considerably increased the power output to 60-70 bhp. With a spaceframe chassis[2] and weighing under 400 kg (880 lb) the available power was more than enough for competitive performance. Dusio's dream of a one model series came to nothing, but instead his D46s started to dominate the voiturette series. Highly talented drivers like Tazio Nuvolari piloted the D46 to multiple successes against more advanced but older racing cars.

This successes led to a much more ambitious single seater project that would prove too much for the small company. Ferdinand Porsche was commissioned to design and construct a full Grand Prix car which led to the innovative but complex Cisitalia 360. With a mid engined layout and four wheel drive the Type 360 was far too expensive for Dusio to support and the attempt essentially killed any further racing cars.


Cisitalia 202[edit]

Cisitalia 202

Dusio commissioned several automobiles from Europe's leading designers. He provided Pinin Farina with the chassis, on which an aluminum body was handcrafted. When first presented to the public at the Villa d'Este Gold Cup show in Como, Italy, and at the 1947 Paris Motor Show, the two-seat 202GT was a resounding success. The 202 was an aesthetic and technical achievement that transformed postwar automobile body design.[citation needed] The Pinin Farina design was honored by New York's Museum of Modern Art in 1951. In the MOMA's first exhibit on automotive design, called "Eight Automobiles", the Cisitalia was displayed with seven other cars (1930 Mercedes-Benz SS tourer, 1939 Bentley saloon with coachwork by James Young, 1939 Talbot-Lago Figoni teardrop coupé, 1951 Willys Jeep, 1937 Cord 812 Custom Beverly Sedan, 1948 MG TC, and the 1941 Lincoln Continental coupe). It is still part of the MoMA permanent collection.[3] It was not, however, a commercial success; because it was coachbuilt, it was expensive, and only 170 were produced between 1947 and 1952. Most cars were coachbuilt by Pinin Farina with some by Vignale and Stabilimenti Farina.

Building on aerodynamic studies developed for racing cars, the Cisitalia offers one of the most accomplished examples of coachwork conceived as a single shell. The hood, body, fenders, and headlights are integral to the continuously flowing surface, rather than added on. Before the Cisitalia, the prevailing approach followed by automobile designers when defining a volume and shaping the shell was to treat each part of the body as a separate, distinct element—a box to house the passengers, another for the motor, and headlights as appendages. In the Cisitalia, there are no sharp edges. Swellings and depressions maintain the overall flow and unity, creating a sense of speed.

The 202 is featured in the 2011 video game L.A. Noire by Rockstar Games and Team Bondi as a secret car called the Cisitalia Coupe.

Cisitalia 202 MM[edit]

Since the 202 never made large scale production and all the cars were handmade, the small talented group at Cisitalia, including Carlo Abarth, Dante Giacosa and Giovanni Savonuzzi, made several variants of the 202. Of the more important versions, the SMM Nuvolari Spider was built and named after a class victory at the 1947 Mille Miglia. It is easily identified by its large rear fins, twin windscreens and usual Italian blood red paint scheme.

Partly due to expensive construction of the mid-engine, four wheel drive formula one car, designed by Ferdinand Porsche. In total, around 200 cars were made which made a large impact on the later marques, including Abarth's later range of cars.

Cisitalia 202 SMM[edit]

For the upcoming 1947 season, Giovanni Savonuzzi, who had designed most of the 202, sketched a coupe body for Cisitalia's competition car. The design was executed by Stabilimenti Farina upon both chassis #101 and #102. After two coupes had been finished, a spider version, Called the SMM for Spider Mille Miglia, was completed which would adorn all subsequent competition cars bearing the MM designation.

At the 1947 Mille Miglia, the Cistitalia spider really proved itself by leading most of the race in capable hands of Tazio Nuvolari. Despite having competition with engines three times larger, Nuvolari held back the competition until troubles ensued in the rain. In the end, the Cistitalia took second overall and first in class. For this epic effort, subsequent competition spiders were known as 202 SMM Nuvolaris.

Since the 202 SMM received much attention at the Mille Miglia, Stabilimenti Farina continued production of the design for several customers. In total around 20 cars were made very similar to Nuvolari's winning car.

Complete Formula One World Championship results[edit]

(key) (results in bold indicate pole position; results in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Chassis Engine Tyres Driver 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1952 Cisitalia D46 BPM  ? SUI 500 BEL FRA GBR GER NED ITA
Italy Piero Dusio DNQ
Source:[4]

Models[edit]

  • D46 Monoposto
  • D47 Monoposto
  • D48 Monoposto
  • 202SMM Spyder Nuvolari
  • 202SC
  • 202C Coupe
  • 202C Cabriolet
  • 202 Streamliner
  • 202 MM Razzo
  • 202 Giacossa
  • 202 Cassone
  • 204 Spyder Sport
  • 360 Grand Prix
  • 808XF
  • 202D Coupe and Spyder
  • 303 DF Spyder
  • 303 DF Coupe
  • 33DF Voloradente
  • DF85 Coupé
  • 750GT

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Colin Chapman Museum. "Aesthetic Analysis: Cistalia 202GT". Worlds Car Designers. Colin Chapman, Drexler. Retrieved 8 January 2013. 
  2. ^ Ludvigsen, Karl (2010). Colin Chapman: Inside the Innovator. Haynes Publishing. pp. 152–153. ISBN 1-84425-413-5. 
  3. ^ The Cisitalia 2002 at MoMA.
  4. ^ "Results from Formula1.com". 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cisitalia — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
2850 videos foundNext > 

Vintage: Cisitalia 202 | Drive it!

The Cisitalia 202 Gran Sport is to this day a pioneering example of a stylish automobile. Following up on the racing version, in 1947 the first road-going Ci...

Cisitalia 202 SMM Nuvolari Spider off to the Copper State 1000

CISITALIA D46 - Tazio Nuvolari

La storia di un'auto, lo stesso modello usato da Tazio Nuvolari sul circuito di Torino durante la Coppa Brezzi del 1946. Un'auto conservata che esce dal temp...

CISITALIA TEAM TAYANA vs SAVEIRO VITURRO EN SAN PEDRO 14-04-2013

Cisitalia presentado por Alberto Diaz Lima

Alberto Diaz Lima presenta Cisitalia.

CISITALIA 202 E OFFICIAL VIDEO IED TURIN

The Istituto Europeo di Design of Turin presents the CISITALIA 202 E, an enthralling style exercise based on the study of the glorious Cisitalia 202 of 1947,...

Historia de Cisitalia - Responde Sergio Lugo

Historia de Cisitalia - Responde Sergio Lugo, historiador de la marca. Conducción: Rubén Daray.

Motostalgia 1950 Cisitalia - Abarth 204A Spyder Sport Tazio Nuvolari Vintage Video

1950 Abarth Cisitalia 204A VF.

Cisitalia 202

Gorgeous Cisitalia 202 convertible. A coupe version is in the MOMA.

Arranque en frio Cisitalia Circelli

Primera puesta en marcha de la Cisitalia con inyeccion.

2850 videos foundNext > 

556 news items

 
BBC News
Tue, 26 Aug 2014 13:17:22 -0700

The Italian design house, responsible for such knee-knocking icons as the Ferrari 308, Alfa Romeo Spider and Cisitalia 202 (a car found in the permanent collection of New York's Museum of Modern Art) has created a semi-autonomous flying drone called ...
 
SYS-CON Media (press release)
Tue, 26 Aug 2014 08:00:00 -0700

LIBERTYVILLE, Ill., Aug. 26, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Proudly displayed on the famed eighteenth fairway of Pebble Beach Golf Links in Carmel, CA on Sunday, "The Countess" – as the Feather white 1958 BMW 503 Series II Cabriolet is affectionately named by ...

NDTVAuto.com

NDTVAuto.com
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 07:34:04 -0700

Abarth: Founded by Carlo Abarth in 1949, the company was initially manufactured high-performance exhaust pipes and raced Cisitalia cars before it became associated with Fiat in 1952. Following this, the company further diversified its interests into ...

Sports Car Digest

Sports Car Digest
Fri, 15 Aug 2014 20:59:31 -0700

... a 1953 Ferrari 375 America Vignale Coupe, a Ferrari 250 GT SWB California Spider, a Ferrari 365 California Spider, a 1938 Talbot-Lago T150 C SS, a 1997 Porsche 911 GT1, a 1947 Cisitalia 202 Gran Sport and not one, but two Jaguar XKSS models.

BILD

BILD
Mon, 11 Aug 2014 06:11:10 -0700

Antonio: „Dort kamen wir einem Cisitalia auf die Spur. Genauer gesagt: einen Cisitalia Abarth 204A aus dem Jahr 1950. Und zwar genau das Auto, das der berühmte Pilot Tazio Nuvolari (mehr als 90 Grand-Prix-Siege) in seinem allerletzten Rennen fuhr.
 
El País.com (España)
Tue, 12 Aug 2014 01:51:33 -0700

Tengo un Lamborghini Miura, un Aston Martin clásico, un Ferrari 225 de 1952 y un Cisitalia. Mañana voy a ver un Bugatti 35A. Desde el punto de vista del diseño es un producto seminal. Tiene 90 años pero sigue resultando exótico. ¡Es como de Julio Verne!
 
ilmamilio.it - L'informazione dei Castelli romani
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 01:15:00 -0700

Dopo due stagioni passa alla Juventus Cisitalia. Dopo aver poi disputato il campionato di guerra 1943-44 con il Varese (7 goal in 20 partite disputate) ed una permanenza all'Atalanta nel 1945-46, chiude la carriera con la sua maglia dell'Inter ...

24K Magazine

24K Magazine
Mon, 25 Aug 2014 12:18:45 -0700

Toni hizo otros coches con el empresario gaucho durante casi una década, incluyendo un Cisitalia. El prototipo era un coche en miniatura hechas de alambre. “Si tuviera que dibujar algo, tomaría el doble de tiempo para estar listo“, explica. Para él, no ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Cisitalia

You can talk about Cisitalia with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!