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short song that uses the chromatic scale in the beginning as well as in the distorted part at 0:35
Chromatic scale
Number of pitch classes 12
Chromatic scale drawn as a circle: each note is equidistant from its neighbors, separated by a semitone of the same size.

The chromatic scale is a musical scale with twelve pitches, each a semitone above or below another. On a modern piano or other equal-tempered instrument, all the semitones are the same size (100 cents). In other words, the notes of an equal-tempered chromatic scale are equally spaced. An equal-tempered chromatic scale is a nondiatonic scale having no tonic because of the symmetry of its equally spaced notes.[1]

Chromatic scale on C: full octave ascending and descending About this sound Play in equal temperament  or About this sound Play in Pythagorean tuning .

The most common conception of the chromatic scale before the 13th century was the Pythagorean chromatic scale. Due to a different tuning technique, the twelve semitones in this scale have two slightly different sizes. Thus, the scale is not perfectly symmetric. Many other tuning systems, developed in the ensuing centuries, share a similar asymmetry. Equally spaced pitches are provided only by equal temperament tuning systems, which are widely used in contemporary music.

The term chromatic derives from the Greek word chroma, meaning color. Chromatic notes are traditionally understood as harmonically inessential embellishments, shadings, or inflections of diatonic notes.


The chromatic scale may be notated in a variety of ways.

Ascending and descending:[1]

Chromatic scale ascending, notated only with sharps.
Chromatic scale descending, notated only with flats.
The harmonic chromatic scale starting on C.
The melodic chromatic scale starting on C.

The chromatic scale has no set spelling agreed upon by all. Its spelling is, however, often dependent upon major or minor key signatures and whether the scale is ascending or descending. The images above, therefore, are only examples of chromatic scale notations. As an abstract theoretical entity (that is, outside a particular musical context), the chromatic scale is usually notated such that no scale degree is used more than twice in succession (for instance G flat - G natural - G sharp).

Non-Western cultures[edit]

  • The ancient Chinese chromatic scale is called Shí-èr-lǜ. However, "it should not be imagined that this gamut ever functioned as a scale, and it is erroneous to refer to the 'Chinese chromatic scale', as some Western writers have done. The series of twelve notes known as the twelve were simply a series of fundamental notes from which scales could be constructed."[2]
  • The Indian solfège, i.e. sargam, makes up the twelve notes of the chromatic scale with respective sharps and flats.

Total chromatic[edit]

The total chromatic (or aggregate[3]) is the set of all twelve pitch classes. An array is a succession of aggregates.[3] See also: Tone row.


In just intonation the chromatic scale is tuned:

C C# Db D D# Eb E F F# Gb G G# Ab A A# Bb B C
1 25/24 16/15 9/8 75/64 6/5 5/4 4/3 25/18 36/25 3/2 25/16 8/5 5/3 125/72 9/5 15/8 2

In Pythagorean tuning the chromatic scale is:

C Db C# D Eb D# E F Gb F# G Ab G# A Bb A# B C
1 256/243 2187/2048 9/8 32/27 19683/16384 81/64 4/3 729/512 1024/729 3/2 128/81 6561/4096 27/16 59049/32768 16/9 243/128 2

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Benward & Saker (2003). Music: In Theory and Practice, Vol. I, p.47. Seventh Edition. ISBN 978-0-07-294262-0.
  2. ^ Needham, Joseph (1962/2004). Science and Civilization in China, Vol. IV: Physics and Physical Technology, p.170-171. ISBN 978-0-521-05802-5.
  3. ^ a b Whittall, Arnold. 2008. The Cambridge Introduction to Serialism, p.271. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-68200-8 (pbk).

External links[edit]

Recommended Reading[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chromatic_scale — Please support Wikipedia.
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381 news items

Ponca City News
Fri, 27 Nov 2015 13:56:15 -0800

Area band directors will make their choices based on an audition that includes 5 major scales, the chromatic scale, a prepared piece and an excerpt performed at sight. The band members who qualified for this audition are from West Middle School – 7th ...

Oregon Music News

Oregon Music News
Fri, 27 Nov 2015 08:18:45 -0800

Other laser harps, what they usually do is trigger a cheesy sounding synthesizer or drum machine to play single notes or chords in a chromatic scale. The result is that these other laser harps sound pretty awful when played by non-musicians, which is ...

Columbus Alive

Columbus Alive
Wed, 18 Nov 2015 18:08:15 -0800

This is a representation of the relationships of the 12 tones in the chromatic scale in Western music theory. Not overly concerned about music theory? Suffice it to say, if you're digging on some cool tune, the Circle of Fifths probably had something ...

New York Times

New York Times
Sat, 14 Nov 2015 14:59:40 -0800

The technique, also known as serialism, entails using all 12 notes of the Western chromatic scale in rigidly equal proportion throughout a composition. Many of Stravinsky's celebrated later compositions are written in this style. Among them are the ...

Sonic State

Sonic State
Thu, 26 Nov 2015 01:00:09 -0800

Kurv gives access to a full palette of chords, the chromatic scale, and the ability to link with recording software. A spokesperson told us why they developed the Kurv, "Learning the guitar is not easy. It can be a frustrating process, especially in ...

The Guardian

The Guardian
Mon, 16 Nov 2015 09:26:02 -0800

(The approach gets its name from the use of a so-called tone row that includes all 12 pitches in the chromatic scale.) Argue suggests that 12-tone music itself came to be the subject of a minor conspiracy theory among composers who felt that the modern ...

Premier Guitar

Premier Guitar
Sat, 21 Nov 2015 03:03:45 -0800

Play a scale up and down at a slow or moderate tempo. I like the chromatic scale because it doesn't take any thought for the left hand, and the idea here is to focus on the right hand. Try moving your pick back and forth from the end of the fretboard ...
Bend Bulletin
Tue, 17 Nov 2015 00:03:45 -0800

The technique, also known as serialism, entails using all 12 notes of the Western chromatic scale in rigidly equal proportion throughout a composition. Many of Stravinsky's celebrated later compositions are written in this style. Among them are the ...

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