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short song that uses the chromatic scale in the beginning as well as in the distorted part at 0:35
Chromatic scale
Number of pitch classes 12
Chromatic scale drawn as a circle: each note is equidistant from its neighbors, separated by a semitone of the same size.

The chromatic scale is a musical scale with twelve pitches, each a semitone above or below another. On a modern piano or other equal-tempered instrument, all the semitones are the same size (100 cents). In other words, the notes of an equal-tempered chromatic scale are equally spaced. An equal-tempered chromatic scale is a nondiatonic scale having no tonic because of the symmetry of its equally spaced notes.[1]

Chromatic scale on C: full octave ascending and descending About this sound Play in equal temperament  or About this sound Play in Pythagorean tuning .

The most common conception of the chromatic scale before the 13th century was the Pythagorean chromatic scale. Due to a different tuning technique, the twelve semitones in this scale have two slightly different sizes. Thus, the scale is not perfectly symmetric. Many other tuning systems, developed in the ensuing centuries, share a similar asymmetry. Equally spaced pitches are provided only by equal temperament tuning systems, which are widely used in contemporary music.

The term chromatic derives from the Greek word chroma, meaning color. Chromatic notes are traditionally understood as harmonically inessential embellishments, shadings, or inflections of diatonic notes.


The chromatic scale may be notated in a variety of ways.

Ascending and descending:[1]

Chromatic scale ascending, notated only with sharps.
Chromatic scale descending, notated only with flats.
The harmonic chromatic scale starting on C.
The melodic chromatic scale starting on C.

The chromatic scale has no set spelling agreed upon by all. Its spelling is, however, often dependent upon major or minor key signatures and whether the scale is ascending or descending. The images above, therefore, are only examples of chromatic scale notations. As an abstract theoretical entity (that is, outside a particular musical context), the chromatic scale is usually notated such that no scale degree is used more than twice in succession (for instance G flat - G natural - G sharp).

Non-Western cultures[edit]

  • The ancient Chinese chromatic scale is called Shí-èr-lǜ. However, "it should not be imagined that this gamut ever functioned as a scale, and it is erroneous to refer to the 'Chinese chromatic scale', as some Western writers have done. The series of twelve notes known as the twelve were simply a series of fundamental notes from which scales could be constructed."[2]
  • The Indian solfège, i.e. sargam, makes up the twelve notes of the chromatic scale with respective sharps and flats.

Total chromatic[edit]

The total chromatic (or aggregate[3]) is the set of all twelve pitch classes. An array is a succession of aggregates.[3] See also: Tone row.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Benward & Saker (2003). Music: In Theory and Practice, Vol. I, p.47. Seventh Edition. ISBN 978-0-07-294262-0.
  2. ^ Needham, Joseph (1962/2004). Science and Civilization in China, Vol. IV: Physics and Physical Technology, p.170-171. ISBN 978-0-521-05802-5.
  3. ^ a b Whittall, Arnold. 2008. The Cambridge Introduction to Serialism, p.271. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-68200-8 (pbk).

External links[edit]

Recommended Reading[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chromatic_scale — Please support Wikipedia.
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342 news items

Washington Post
Fri, 28 Aug 2015 10:49:13 -0700

But unlike the diatonic, the chromatic also has a spring-loaded button, a small slide that shifts a note by half a step, something that allows a three-octave chromatic scale, which includes sharps and flats, to be played. It's simple to play. But ...


Wed, 05 Aug 2015 10:01:11 -0700

Asked to evaluate her own impact on younger singers — her more obvious heirs include Christina Aguilera, Beyonce, Ariana Grande and any “American Idol” hopeful who's ever tried to cram an entire chromatic scale into a single syllable — Carey has a ...


Tue, 04 Aug 2015 10:45:22 -0700

It's a witty, sharp gem, about the titular invisible beast: “The human eye is an imperfect instrument; its range is but a few octaves of the real 'chromatic scale.' I am not mad; there are colours that we cannot see. And, God help me! the Damned Thing ...
Trinidad News
Thu, 06 Aug 2015 22:15:00 -0700

Williams' genius, he said, led him to place the note arrangements in the best possible tuning positions, in the logical musical sequence spaced at intervals of fifths and arranged in such a way that each note ascends the chromatic scale and is one ...


Mon, 10 Aug 2015 07:26:15 -0700

Ultimately, the text of the Mass signifies only as a structural framework for Bach's exercise in “retrospective compilation,” just as the chromatic scale provides a framework for The Well-Tempered Clavier and a single fugue subject constitutes the ...

Premier Guitar

Premier Guitar
Wed, 29 May 2013 10:03:45 -0700

The chromatic scale is simple—it's all 12 notes that we use in Western music. In our quest to outline the chords we're playing over, we'll fudge this chromatic scale a little. We'll just outline the most important scale tones and leave a few passing ...

New York Times

New York Times
Tue, 21 Jul 2015 14:37:15 -0700

Instead of using the 12-note chromatic scale, he worked with a 43-note system, derived from overtones, and he created a small orchestra's worth of odd instruments to help him produce the sounds he envisioned. Many of his original instruments reside at ...

New York Times

New York Times
Sun, 26 Jul 2015 14:28:20 -0700

Some of the featured composers, like Mr. Carter, were partial to the 12-tone method — a system for atonal music invented by Schoenberg in the 1920s involving all 12 pitches of the chromatic scale. Charles Wuorinen has long been an adherent, although ...

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