digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Portion of a mural in Beijing depicting the 56 recognized ethnic groups of China.

Chinese people are the various individuals or groups of people associated with China, either by reason of ancestry or heredity, nationality, citizenship, place of residence, or other affiliations.

Ancestry or heredity[edit]

Further information: List of ethnic groups in China

A number of ethnic groups within the region of China, as well as people elsewhere with ancestry in the region, may be referred to as Chinese people.

Han Chinese, the largest ethnic group in China, are often referred to as "Chinese" or "ethnic Chinese" in English.[1] Han Chinese also form a majority or large minority in other countries, and may comprise as much as 19% of the global human population.[2]

Other ethnic groups in China include the Zhuang, Hui, Manchu, and Uyghurs, among many others. The People's Republic of China (PRC) officially recognizes 56 distinct ethnic groups, some of whom live in special administrative regions of the country. Taiwan officially recognizes 14 tribes of Taiwanese aborigines, who together with unrecognized tribes comprise about 2% of the country's population. The list of ethnic groups in China includes the major ethnic groups of China (PRC) and Taiwan.

During the Qing dynasty the term "Chinese people" (Chinese: 中國之人 Zhōngguó zhī rén; Manchu: Dulimbai gurun i niyalma) was used by the Qing government to refer to all subjects of the empire, including Han, Manchu, and Mongols.[3]

Zhonghua minzu (simplified Chinese: 中华民族; traditional Chinese: 中華民族; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínzú), the "Chinese nation", is a supra-ethnic concept which includes all 56 ethnic groups living in China that are officially recognized by the government of the People's Republic of China. It includes established ethnic groups who have lived within the borders of China since at least the Qing Dynasty (1644–1911).[4] This term replaced zhongguo renmin (Chinese: 中国人民), "Chinese people", the term used during the life of Mao Zedong.[5] The term zhonghua minzu was used by the Republic of China from 1911–1949 to refer to a subset of five ethnic groups in China.[6]

Nationality, citizenship, or residence[edit]

The Nationality law of the People's Republic of China regulates nationality within the PRC. A person obtains nationality either by birth when at least one parent is of Chinese nationality or by naturalization. All persons holding nationality of the People's Republic of China are citizens of the Republic.[7]

The Resident Identity Card is the official form of identification for residents of the People's Republic of China.

Within the People's Republic of China, a Hong Kong Special Administrative Region passport or Macao Special Administrative Region passport may be issued to Chinese citizens who are residents of Hong Kong or Macao, respectively.

The Nationality law of the Republic of China regulates nationality within the Republic of China (Taiwan). A person obtains nationality either by birth or by naturalization. A person with at least one parent who is a national of the Republic of China, or born in the ROC to stateless parents qualifies for nationality by birth.[8]

The relationship between Taiwanese nationality and Chinese nationality is disputed.[9]

The National Identification Card is an identity document issued to people who have household registration in Taiwan. The Resident Certificate is an identification card issued to residents of the Republic of China who do not hold a National Identification Card.

Overseas Chinese[edit]

Overseas Chinese refers to people of Chinese ethnicity or national heritage who live outside of the People's Republic of China or Taiwan as the result of the continuing diaspora. People with one or more Chinese ancestors may consider themselves overseas Chinese. Such people vary widely in terms of cultural assimilation. In some areas throughout the world ethnic enclaves known as Chinatowns are home to populations of Chinese ancestry.

In Southeast Asia, the Chinese usually call themselves 華人 (Huárén), which is distinguished from (中國人) (Zhōngguórén) or the citizens of the Peoples' Republic of China or the Republic of China. This is especially so in the Chinese communities of Southeast Asia.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Who are the Chinese people? (Chinese). Huayuqiao.org. Retrieved on 2013-04-26.
  2. ^ "World’s Most Typical Person: Han Chinese Man". China Real Time. Wall Street Journal. March 4, 2011. Retrieved 2014-07-23. 
  3. ^ Zhao (2006), pp. n 4, 7–10, and 12–14.
  4. ^ "Brief Introduction Chinese nationality". Chinatraveldepot.com. Retrieved 2014-07-23. 
  5. ^ Jenner, W.J.F. (2004). "Race and history in China". In Alan Lawrance. China Since 1919: Revolution and Reform: a Sourcebook. Psychology Press. pp. 252–255. ISBN 978-0-415-25141-9. 
  6. ^ Millward, James A. (2007). Eurasian Crossroads: A History of Xinjiang. Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-13924-3. 
  7. ^ "Constitution of the People's Republic of China (Article 33)". People's Daily Online. May 2, 1982. Retrieved 2014-07-23. 
  8. ^ "Nationality Act". Laws & Regulations Database of the Republic of China. 2006-01-27. Retrieved 2014-07-23. 
  9. ^ "Nationality Act". National Immigration Agency, immigration.gov.tw. 
  • Zhao, Gang (2013), The Qing Opening to the Ocean: Chinese Maritime Policies, 1684–1757, University of Hawaii Press, ISBN 978-0-8248-3643-6. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_people — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

59824 news items

Quartz

Quartz
Thu, 02 Jul 2015 02:57:42 -0700

Chinese people have less of an aversion to speaking loudly in public than other cultures, partly due to an appreciation for all things renao, or “loud and lively.” While Taiwan tends to keep renao confined to restaurants and parties, in mainland China ...

Yahoo News

Daily Sabah
Thu, 02 Jul 2015 14:45:00 -0700

Chinese people are growing taller as the country becomes richer but they are getting fatter even faster, the government and state media said. The proportion of Chinese over-18s who were overweight stood at 30.1 percent in 2012, up 7.3 percentage points ...

The Guardian

The Guardian
Thu, 02 Jul 2015 16:01:51 -0700

“The Chinese people of Hong Kong are essentially a fishing and maritime people,” Snoxell said. “I am sure you would share our view that it would be unwise to settle the people of Hong Kong in the vicinity until we had established our claims on the ...

CRIENGLISH.com

CRIENGLISH.com
Wed, 01 Jul 2015 15:41:15 -0700

"I think it is a fantastic opportunity for young Chinese people to travel to Australia and to experience Australia, to meet and share their life experiences with Australian people. We are a very welcoming country. We welcome people from around the world."

Global Voices Online

Global Voices Online
Fri, 26 Jun 2015 08:08:20 -0700

For most Chinese people, the typical URL for a Chinese web site is only slightlymore human-readable than a QR code.URLs use alphanumeric characters, and the Chinese language mostly does not. Pinyin—the phonetic system for transcribing Mandarin ...

Vox

Vox
Fri, 26 Jun 2015 09:00:49 -0700

Chinese people don't have a lot of experience with stock exchanges, and confidence in the markets was shaken by some so-called "fat finger" trading errors in 2013. But as the Chinese government began to take tentative steps to open up stock markets to ...

Stanford University News

Stanford University News
Thu, 02 Jul 2015 09:41:15 -0700

European Americans embrace positive feelings, while Chinese prefer a balance of feelings, Stanford research shows. European Americans want to maximize positive feelings and minimize negative ones more than Chinese people do, new Stanford research ...
 
dotRising
Wed, 01 Jul 2015 04:03:45 -0700

A new study from PwC found that 85% of Chinese consumers choose a digital channel as the first step for product research. Chinese consumers have quickly embraced the convenience, accessibility and transparency of digital shopping and expect a ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight