digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















Portion of a mural in Beijing depicting the 56 recognized ethnic groups of China

Chinese people are the various individuals or groups of people associated with China (or Greater China), either by reason of ancestry or heredity, ethnicity, nationality, citizenship, place of residence, or other affiliations.

Ancestry or heredity[edit]

Woman wearing yellow and green hanfu, a traditional dress of Han Chinese people

A number of ethnic groups within the region of China, as well as people elsewhere with ancestry in the region, may be referred to as Chinese people.

Han Chinese, the largest ethnic group in China, are often referred to as "Chinese" or "ethnic Chinese" in English.[1] Han Chinese also form a majority or large minority in other countries, and may comprise as much as 19% of the global human population.[2]

Other ethnic groups in China include the Zhuang, Hui, Manchu, and Uyghurs, among many others. The People's Republic of China (PRC) officially recognizes 56 distinct ethnic groups, some of whom live in special administrative regions of the country. Taiwan officially recognizes 14 tribes of Taiwanese aborigines, who together with unrecognized tribes comprise about 2% of the country's population. The list of ethnic groups in China includes the major ethnic groups of China (PRC) and Taiwan.

During the Qing dynasty the term "Chinese people" (Chinese: 中國之人 Zhōngguó zhī rén; Manchu: Dulimbai gurun i niyalma) was used by the Qing government to refer to all subjects of the empire, including Han, Manchu, and Mongols.[3]

Zhonghua minzu (simplified Chinese: 中华民族; traditional Chinese: 中華民族; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínzú), the "Chinese nation", is a supra-ethnic concept which includes all 56 ethnic groups living in China that are officially recognized by the government of the People's Republic of China. It includes established ethnic groups who have lived within the borders of China since at least the Qing Dynasty (1644–1911).[4] This term replaced zhongguo renmin (Chinese: 中国人民), "Chinese people", the term used during the life of Mao Zedong.[5] The term zhonghua minzu was used by the Republic of China from 1911–1949 to refer to a subset of five ethnic groups in China.[6]

Nationality, citizenship, or residence[edit]

The Nationality law of the People's Republic of China regulates nationality within the PRC. A person obtains nationality either by birth when at least one parent is of Chinese nationality or by naturalization. All persons holding nationality of the People's Republic of China are citizens of the Republic.[7]

The Resident Identity Card is the official form of identification for residents of the People's Republic of China.

Within the People's Republic of China, a Hong Kong Special Administrative Region passport or Macao Special Administrative Region passport may be issued to Chinese citizens who are residents of Hong Kong or Macao, respectively.

The Nationality law of the Republic of China regulates nationality within the Republic of China (Taiwan). A person obtains nationality either by birth or by naturalization. A person with at least one parent who is a national of the Republic of China, or born in the ROC to stateless parents qualifies for nationality by birth.[8]

The relationship between Taiwanese nationality and Chinese nationality is disputed.[9]

The National Identification Card is an identity document issued to people who have household registration in Taiwan. The Resident Certificate is an identification card issued to residents of the Republic of China who do not hold a National Identification Card.

Overseas Chinese[edit]

Overseas Chinese refers to people of Chinese ethnicity or national heritage who live outside of the People's Republic of China or Taiwan as the result of the continuing diaspora. People with one or more Chinese ancestors may consider themselves overseas Chinese. Such people vary widely in terms of cultural assimilation. In some areas throughout the world ethnic enclaves known as Chinatowns are home to populations of Chinese ancestry.

In Southeast Asia, the Chinese usually call themselves 華人 (Huárén), which is distinguished from (中國人) (Zhōngguórén) or the citizens of the Peoples' Republic of China or the Republic of China. This is especially so in the Chinese communities of Southeast Asia.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Who are the Chinese people? (Chinese). Huayuqiao.org. Retrieved on 2013-04-26.
  2. ^ "World’s Most Typical Person: Han Chinese Man". China Real Time. Wall Street Journal. March 4, 2011. Retrieved 2014-07-23. 
  3. ^ Zhao (2006), pp. n 4, 7–10, and 12–14.
  4. ^ "Brief Introduction Chinese nationality". Chinatraveldepot.com. Retrieved 2014-07-23. 
  5. ^ Jenner, W.J.F. (2004). "Race and history in China". In Alan Lawrance. China Since 1919: Revolution and Reform: a Sourcebook. Psychology Press. pp. 252–255. ISBN 978-0-415-25141-9. 
  6. ^ Millward, James A. (2007). Eurasian Crossroads: A History of Xinjiang. Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-13924-3. 
  7. ^ "Constitution of the People's Republic of China (Article 33)". People's Daily Online. May 2, 1982. Retrieved 2014-07-23. 
  8. ^ "Nationality Act". Laws & Regulations Database of the Republic of China. 2006-01-27. Retrieved 2014-07-23. 
  9. ^ "Nationality Act". National Immigration Agency, immigration.gov.tw. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_people — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

272680 news items


Fri, 12 Feb 2016 04:18:47 -0800

To celebrate, wealthy citizens of China are illegally buying teeny-tiny monkeys as pets. When we say teeny-tiny, we mean teeny-tiny. Rich Chinese people are paying up to 30,000 Yuan (around £3,000) for pygmy marmosets: the world's smallest primates.

South China Morning Post (subscription)

South China Morning Post (subscription)
Thu, 11 Feb 2016 21:18:29 -0800

Seven Chinese people died after they were struck by a van while they were walking by the side of emergency lane of an expressway, mainland media reports. The fatal accident happened at about 10am on Monday when the group of pedestrians, who lived in ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Fri, 12 Feb 2016 09:03:23 -0800

For many people in China, celebrating the new year by handing out red packets of money often referred to as hongbao, is part of the holiday tradition. Digital apps in the country have brought this custom into the 21st century, allowing its users to ...
Fri, 12 Feb 2016 04:11:15 -0800

Wealthy Chinese people are buying thumb-sized monkeys as pets. (Picture: Lynn Hilton/ANL/REX/Shutterstock). In case you missed it, this Monday marked the start of the Chinese New Year: The Year of the Monkey. To celebrate, wealthy citizens of China are ...


Mon, 08 Feb 2016 00:29:36 -0800

Though China officially operates on the international Gregorian calendar, the traditional lunisolar calendar maintains ceremonial significance, and so every year, around the new moon closest to the beginning of spring, Chinese people ring in the ...

The Guardian

The Guardian
Thu, 21 Jan 2016 23:12:42 -0800

But for most people who will see my film – people outside of China – I hope they will understand more deeply the sense of fear that so many Chinese people feel every day: fear that at any moment, their lives could come crashing down simply for dreaming ...

Cartoon Brew

Cartoon Brew
Fri, 22 Jan 2016 12:07:02 -0800

Katzenberg Has A Plan To Make Chinese People See 'Kung Fu Panda 3' Again…And Again…And Again. By Amid Amidi | 01/22/2016 3:06 pm | 35 · Share · Tweet; Email Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window); 35. Like Americans, Chinese ...


Mon, 08 Feb 2016 06:03:45 -0800

Leaders around the world sent out their best wishes to the Chinese people upon the arrival of the Chinese New Year, or Spring Festival, which falls on Feb. 8 this year. "I want to send my best wishes to everyone around the world celebrating Chinese New ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight