digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















Portion of a mural in Beijing depicting the 56 recognized ethnic groups of China.

Chinese people are the various individuals or groups of people associated with China, either by reason of ancestry or heredity, nationality, citizenship, place of residence, or other affiliations.

Ancestry or heredity[edit]

Further information: List of ethnic groups in China

A number of ethnic groups within the region of China, as well as people elsewhere with ancestry in the region, may be referred to as Chinese people.

Han Chinese, the largest ethnic group in China, are often referred to as "Chinese" or "ethnic Chinese" in English.[1] Han Chinese also form a majority or large minority in other countries, and may comprise as much as 19% of the global human population.[2]

Other ethnic groups in China include the Zhuang, Hui, Manchu, and Uyghurs, among many others. The People's Republic of China (PRC) officially recognizes 56 distinct ethnic groups, some of whom live in special administrative regions of the country. Taiwan officially recognizes 14 tribes of Taiwanese aborigines, who together with unrecognized tribes comprise about 2% of the country's population. The list of ethnic groups in China includes the major ethnic groups of China (PRC) and Taiwan.

During the Qing dynasty the term "Chinese people" (Chinese: 中國之人 Zhōngguó zhī rén; Manchu: Dulimbai gurun i niyalma) was used by the Qing government to refer to all subjects of the empire, including Han, Manchu, and Mongols.[3]

Zhonghua minzu (simplified Chinese: 中华民族; traditional Chinese: 中華民族; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínzú), the "Chinese nation", is a supra-ethnic concept which includes all 56 ethnic groups living in China that are officially recognized by the government of the People's Republic of China. It includes established ethnic groups who have lived within the borders of China since at least the Qing Dynasty (1644–1911).[4] This term replaced zhongguo renmin (Chinese: 中国人民), "Chinese people", the term used during the life of Mao Zedong.[5] The term zhonghua minzu was used by the Republic of China from 1911–1949 to refer to a subset of five ethnic groups in China.[6]

Nationality, citizenship, or residence[edit]

The Nationality law of the People's Republic of China regulates nationality within the PRC. A person obtains nationality either by birth when at least one parent is of Chinese nationality or by naturalization. All persons holding nationality of the People's Republic of China are citizens of the Republic.[7]

The Resident Identity Card is the official form of identification for residents of the People's Republic of China.

Within the People's Republic of China, a Hong Kong Special Administrative Region passport or Macao Special Administrative Region passport may be issued to Chinese citizens who are residents of Hong Kong or Macao, respectively.

The Nationality law of the Republic of China regulates nationality within the Republic of China (Taiwan). A person obtains nationality either by birth or by naturalization. A person with at least one parent who is a national of the Republic of China, or born in the ROC to stateless parents qualifies for nationality by birth.[8]

The relationship between Taiwanese nationality and Chinese nationality is disputed.[9]

The National Identification Card is an identity document issued to people who have household registration in Taiwan. The Resident Certificate is an identification card issued to residents of the Republic of China who do not hold a National Identification Card.

Overseas Chinese[edit]

Overseas Chinese refers to people of Chinese ethnicity or national heritage who live outside of the People's Republic of China or Taiwan as the result of the continuing diaspora. People with one or more Chinese ancestors may consider themselves overseas Chinese. Such people vary widely in terms of cultural assimilation. In some areas throughout the world ethnic enclaves known as Chinatowns are home to populations of Chinese ancestry.

In Southeast Asia, the Chinese usually call themselves 華人 (Huárén), which is distinguished from (中國人) (Zhōngguórén) or the citizens of the Peoples' Republic of China or the Republic of China. This is especially so in the Chinese communities of Southeast Asia.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Who are the Chinese people? (Chinese). Huayuqiao.org. Retrieved on 2013-04-26.
  2. ^ "World’s Most Typical Person: Han Chinese Man". China Real Time. Wall Street Journal. March 4, 2011. Retrieved 2014-07-23. 
  3. ^ Zhao (2006), pp. n 4, 7–10, and 12–14.
  4. ^ "Brief Introduction Chinese nationality". Chinatraveldepot.com. Retrieved 2014-07-23. 
  5. ^ Jenner, W.J.F. (2004). "Race and history in China". In Alan Lawrance. China Since 1919: Revolution and Reform: a Sourcebook. Psychology Press. pp. 252–255. ISBN 978-0-415-25141-9. 
  6. ^ Millward, James A. (2007). Eurasian Crossroads: A History of Xinjiang. Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-13924-3. 
  7. ^ "Constitution of the People's Republic of China (Article 33)". People's Daily Online. May 2, 1982. Retrieved 2014-07-23. 
  8. ^ "Nationality Act". Laws & Regulations Database of the Republic of China. 2006-01-27. Retrieved 2014-07-23. 
  9. ^ "Nationality Act". National Immigration Agency, immigration.gov.tw. 
  • Zhao, Gang (2013), The Qing Opening to the Ocean: Chinese Maritime Policies, 1684–1757, University of Hawaii Press, ISBN 978-0-8248-3643-6. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_people — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1000000 videos foundNext > 

What do Chinese people think of America? 中国人怎么看美国?

Vox Pop: What do you think of America? First thought when you think of America? What do you think of President Obama? What makes you feel uncomfortable ...

Things Chinese People Say

"5000 years of history!" MAMAHUHU: Skits, sketches and bits made in China. Follow us on Facebook @TMD Also available on YouKu ...

Chinese People Try Panda Express For The First Time

(Not) Made in China. Check out more awesome videos at BuzzFeedVideo! http://bit.ly/YTbuzzfeedvideo MUSIC China On The Move Licensed via Warner ...

Chinese People Aren't Cool

Chinese People Aren't Cool? ---------- Let's connect! Twitter - http://twitter.com/jeffreyfever Instagram - http://instagram.com/jeffreyfever Facebook ...

Things Chinese People Are Tired Of Hearing

You know what China should do... MAMAHUHU: Skits, sketches and bits made in China. Follow us on Facebook @TMD Also available on YouKu ...

Stereotypes Chinese People Have About Each Other

Chinese people are the victim of many stereotypes but they also have a lot of stereotypes themselves against others. Even against other Chinese, here are some ...

Chinese People Eat String Cheese For The First Time

Brother Orange had never eaten string cheese before. We decided to change that. Learn who Brother Orange is here: bzfd.it/brotherorange Check out more ...

What Chinese People REALLY Think About Foreigners

Me and a friend of mine went out on the streets in China and asked random Chinese people about their opinions on foreigners and the West! And these are their ...

Katt Williams Chinese People

Katt Williams Chinese people & Oprah.

Chinese rudeness: Chinese people eating and peeing on newly opened metro

Kunming Rail Transit started operating from last Wednesday. The new metro system really makes people feel like home with passengers peeing, sleeping and ...

1000000 videos foundNext > 

217005 news items

Center for Research on Globalization

Center for Research on Globalization
Fri, 20 Nov 2015 10:33:45 -0800

On August 24, 2015, Chinese Ambassador Wang Min introduced an extraordinary exhibit of photos at United Nations Headquarters, entitled: “Remembering for Peace, a Commemoration of the Anniversary of the Victory of the Chinese People's War of ...


Tue, 24 Nov 2015 04:45:00 -0800

More than 58 million Chinese people currently live by themselves, a larger amount than the number of one-person homes in the United States, Britain and France combined, according to research by China Youth Online. Solo dwellers represent 14 percent of ...


Wed, 11 Nov 2015 08:15:15 -0800

People in a Beijing nightclub on the day the end of the one-child policy was announced, not particularly thinking about the one child policy. All photos by author. As the doctor at the Central Opera House in the 1980s, Mrs. Lin was in charge of family ...

The Guardian

The Guardian
Wed, 25 Nov 2015 21:55:23 -0800

In 2013, during commemorations of 120 years since Mao's birth, Xi Jinping vowed to “hold high the banner of Mao Zedong Thought forever”. “Mao is a great figure who changed the face of the nation and led the Chinese people to a new destiny,” he said.


Wed, 25 Nov 2015 17:44:54 -0800

I think that's because most Chinese people want to have a marriage that is evenly matched in terms of property, education, or cultural background. That's especially true in Shanghai, which, despite being a very international city, is often criticized ...

Huffington Post

Huffington Post
Fri, 30 Oct 2015 07:15:44 -0700

In addition to the new policy's impact on health, child welfare, and the broader economy, this new shift will offer the Chinese people a life-long gift that will transform their families and society in profound ways. Children born any time after the ...

Tech Insider (blog)

Tech Insider (blog)
Sun, 01 Nov 2015 07:03:29 -0800

china elderly old China Photos/Getty Images63-year-old Feng Guangxiang sings a work song in Chongqing, China. Despite being heavily censored, China's internet appears to be reshaping how people see the world. Specifically, it's making old Chinese less ...

New York Times

New York Times
Sat, 28 Nov 2015 07:21:40 -0800

Chinese people like newer areas,” said Charlie Yue, who moved from Beijing to the Dallas area in the late 1990s as a student. He bought a new house in Frisco five years ago and now runs a real estate investment firm, snapping up homes that linger on ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight