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Portion of a mural in Beijing depicting the 56 recognized ethnic groups of China.

Chinese people are the various individuals or groups of people associated with China, either by reason of ancestry or heredity, nationality, citizenship, place of residence, or other affiliations.

Ancestry or heredity[edit]

Further information: List of ethnic groups in China

A number of ethnic groups within the region of China, as well as people elsewhere with ancestry in the region, may be referred to as Chinese people.

Han Chinese, the largest ethnic group in China, are often referred to as "Chinese" or "ethnic Chinese" in English.[1] Han Chinese also form a majority or large minority in other countries, and may comprise as much as 19% of the global human population.[2]

Other ethnic groups in China include the Zhuang, Hui, Manchu, and Uyghurs, among many others. The People's Republic of China (PRC) officially recognizes 56 distinct ethnic groups, some of whom live in special administrative regions of the country. Taiwan officially recognizes 14 tribes of Taiwanese aborigines, who together with unrecognized tribes comprise about 2% of the country's population. The list of ethnic groups in China includes the major ethnic groups of China (PRC) and Taiwan.

Zhonghua minzu (simplified Chinese: 中华民族; traditional Chinese: 中華民族; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínzú), the "Chinese nation", is a supra-ethnic concept which includes all 56 ethnic groups living in China that are officially recognized by the government of the People's Republic of China. It includes established ethnic groups who have lived within the borders of China since at least the Qing Dynasty (1644–1911).[3] This term replaced zhongguo renmin (Chinese: 中国人民), "Chinese people", the term used during the life of Mao Zedong.[4] The term zhonghua minzu was used by the Republic of China from 1911–1949 to refer to a subset of five ethnic groups in China.[5]

Nationality, citizenship, or residence[edit]

The Nationality law of the People's Republic of China regulates nationality within the PRC. A person obtains nationality either by birth when at least one parent is of Chinese nationality or by naturalization. All persons holding nationality of the People's Republic of China are citizens of the Republic.[6]

The Resident Identity Card is the official form of identification for residents of the People's Republic of China.

Within the People's Republic of China, a Hong Kong Special Administrative Region passport or Macao Special Administrative Region passport may be issued to Chinese citizens who are residents of Hong Kong or Macao, respectively.

The Nationality law of the Republic of China regulates nationality within the Republic of China (Taiwan). A person obtains nationality either by birth or by naturalization. A person with at least one parent who is a national of the Republic of China, or born in the ROC to stateless parents qualifies for nationality by birth.[7]

The relationship between Taiwanese nationality and Chinese nationality is disputed.[8]

The National Identification Card is an identity document issued to people who have household registration in Taiwan. The Resident Certificate is an identification card issued to residents of the Republic of China who do not hold a National Identification Card.

Other uses[edit]

Overseas Chinese refers to people of Chinese ethnicity or national heritage who live outside of the People's Republic of China or Taiwan as the result of the continuing diaspora. People with one or more Chinese ancestors may consider themselves overseas Chinese. Such people vary widely in terms of cultural assimilation. In some areas throughout the world ethnic enclaves known as Chinatowns are home to populations of Chinese ancestry.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Who are the Chinese people? (Chinese). Huayuqiao.org. Retrieved on 2013-04-26.
  2. ^ "World’s Most Typical Person: Han Chinese Man". China Real Time. Wall Street Journal. March 4, 2011. Retrieved 2014-07-23. 
  3. ^ "Brief Introduction Chinese nationality". Chinatraveldepot.com. Retrieved 2014-07-23. 
  4. ^ Jenner, W.J.F. (2004). "Race and history in China". In Alan Lawrance. China Since 1919: Revolution and Reform: a Sourcebook. Psychology Press. pp. 252–255. ISBN 978-0-415-25141-9. 
  5. ^ Millward, James A. (2007). Eurasian Crossroads: A History of Xinjiang. Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-13924-3. 
  6. ^ "Constitution of the People's Republic of China (Article 33)". People's Daily Online. May 2, 1982. Retrieved 2014-07-23. 
  7. ^ "Nationality Act". Laws & Regulations Database of the Republic of China. 2006-01-27. Retrieved 2014-07-23. 
  8. ^ "Nationality Act". National Immigration Agency, immigration.gov.tw. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_people — Please support Wikipedia.
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132135 news items

New York Times

New York Times
Sat, 20 Dec 2014 17:39:24 -0800

For his part, General Wang, who is now a member of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, seems unfazed by a possible collapse. “China isn't a savior, so it cannot save the D.P.R.K. if it is really going to collapse,” he wrote in the ...

Vancouver Sun (blog)

Vancouver Sun (blog)
Sat, 20 Dec 2014 15:11:51 -0800

A third manifestation for many Chinese people centres on Christian devotion. Here is a look at how these three approaches play out among Chinese people in Metro Vancouver and around the world. * * *. When it's mentioned to teens Kung and Ma that some ...

The Guardian

The Guardian
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 07:29:19 -0800

Only 21% of Chinese people say society should accept homosexuality, according to a 2013 survey by the Pew Research Centre, up from 17% in 2007. Many gay Chinese people report being discriminated against at work, passed over for promotions or fired ...


Washington Post (blog)
Sun, 14 Dec 2014 08:31:10 -0800

Chinese authorities say the tourists could face severe punishment for badly damaging “the image of the Chinese people,” after a video and photographs of the incident were widely circulated on the Internet. It comes at a time when Chinese people are ...

International Business Times UK

Sky News
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 06:05:22 -0800

Nigel Farage has said he feels sorry for a UKIP candidate who was forced to step down after being recorded using derogatory terms about homosexuals and Chinese people. The politician described Kerry Smith, a parliamentary hopeful in one of UKIP's ...

Jerusalem Post

Jerusalem Post
Mon, 15 Dec 2014 02:04:59 -0800

BEIJING - About 300 Chinese people are fighting alongside the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, a Chinese state-run newspaper said on Monday, a rare tally that is likely to fuel worry in China that militants pose a threat to security. China has ...


Sat, 20 Dec 2014 17:30:00 -0800

With a little over 10 days of 2014 remaining, an annual vote has been held in China for people to nominate the key characters or words that best sum up the year. It's a window on how Chinese people perceive the events of the year gone by and an ...


Thu, 18 Dec 2014 05:34:26 -0800

The survey results also point out that 85 percent of Taiwanese people identify with "the Chinese Nation," and about 56 to 62 percent identify themselves as "Chinese People". The difference between "Chinese Nation" and "Chinese People" reached 25 ...

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