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Portion of a mural in Beijing depicting the 56 recognized ethnic groups of China.

Chinese people are the various individuals or groups of people associated with China, either by reason of ancestry or heredity, nationality, citizenship, place of residence, or other affiliations.

Ancestry or heredity[edit]

Further information: List of ethnic groups in China

A number of ethnic groups within the region of China, as well as people elsewhere with ancestry in the region, may be referred to as Chinese people.

Han Chinese, the largest ethnic group in China, are often referred to as "Chinese" or "ethnic Chinese" in English.[1] Han Chinese also form a majority or large minority in other countries, and may comprise as much as 19% of the global human population.[2]

Other ethnic groups in China include the Zhuang, Hui, Manchu, and Uyghurs, among many others. The People's Republic of China (PRC) officially recognizes 56 distinct ethnic groups, some of whom live in special administrative regions of the country. Taiwan officially recognizes 14 tribes of Taiwanese aborigines, who together with unrecognized tribes comprise about 2% of the island's population. The list of ethnic groups in China includes the major ethnic groups of China (PRC) and Taiwan.

Zhonghua minzu (simplified Chinese: 中华民族; traditional Chinese: 中華民族; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínzú), the "Chinese nation", is a supra-ethnic concept which includes all 56 ethnic groups living in China that are officially recognized by the government of the People's Republic of China. It includes established ethnic groups who have lived within the borders of China since at least the Qing Dynasty (1644–1911).[3] This term replaced zhongguo renmin (Chinese: 中国人民), "Chinese people", the term used during the life of Mao Zedong.[4] The term zhonghua minzu was used by the Republic of China from 1911–1949 to refer to a subset of five ethnic groups in China.[5]

Nationality, citizenship, or residence[edit]

The Nationality law of the People's Republic of China regulates nationality within the PRC. A person obtains nationality either by birth when at least one parent is of Chinese nationality or by naturalization. All persons holding nationality of the People's Republic of China are citizens of the Republic.[6]

The Resident Identity Card is the official form of identification for residents of the People's Republic of China.

Within the People's Republic of China, a Hong Kong Special Administrative Region passport or Macao Special Administrative Region passport may be issued to Chinese citizens who are residents of Hong Kong or Macao, respectively.

The Nationality law of the Republic of China regulates nationality within the Republic of China (Taiwan). A person obtains nationality either by birth or by naturalization. A person with at least one parent who is a national of the Republic of China, or born in the ROC to stateless parents qualifies for nationality by birth.[7]

The relationship between Taiwanese nationality and Chinese nationality is disputed.[8]

The National Identification Card is an identity document issued to people who have household registration in the Taiwan Area. The Resident Certificate is an identification card issued to residents of the Republic of China who do not hold a National Identification Card.

Other uses[edit]

Overseas Chinese refers to people of Chinese ethnicity or national heritage who live outside of the People's Republic of China or Taiwan as the result of the continuing diaspora. People with one or more Chinese ancestors may consider themselves overseas Chinese. Such people vary widely in terms of cultural assimilation. In some areas throughout the world ethnic enclaves known as Chinatowns are home to populations of Chinese ancestry.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Who are the Chinese people? (Chinese). Huayuqiao.org. Retrieved on 2013-04-26.
  2. ^ "World’s Most Typical Person: Han Chinese Man". China Real Time. Wall Street Journal. March 4, 2011. Retrieved 2014-07-23. 
  3. ^ "Brief Introduction Chinese nationality". Chinatraveldepot.com. Retrieved 2014-07-23. 
  4. ^ Jenner, W.J.F. (2004). "Race and history in China". In Alan Lawrance. China Since 1919: Revolution and Reform: a Sourcebook. Psychology Press. pp. 252–255. ISBN 978-0-415-25141-9. 
  5. ^ Millward, James A. (2007). Eurasian Crossroads: A History of Xinjiang. Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-13924-3. 
  6. ^ "Constitution of the People's Republic of China (Article 33)". People's Daily Online. May 2, 1982. Retrieved 2014-07-23. 
  7. ^ "Nationality Act". Laws & Regulations Database of the Republic of China. 2006-01-27. Retrieved 2014-07-23. 
  8. ^ "Nationality Act". National Immigration Agency, immigration.gov.tw. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_people — Please support Wikipedia.
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8307 news items

 
Montgomery Herald
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 03:07:30 -0700

Often, Chinese people pick an English name as a play of words based on their original given Chinese name. The Atlantic offers a few examples from the Cantonese-speaking city of Hong Kong: " Many English names mimic the sound of Chinese given names.

CNBC

CNBC
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 16:06:17 -0700

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Fri, 17 Oct 2014 11:22:30 -0700

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New Tang Dynasty Television
Fri, 17 Oct 2014 17:11:15 -0700

China has been called a divine land since ancient times, and Chinese traditional culture has been called divine. Although the Chinese Communist Party destroyed traditional culture during the 10 year cultural revolution, many Chinese people still wish ...
 
BuzzFeed
Mon, 20 Oct 2014 01:01:52 -0700

I don't want to make fun of Chinese people or the Chinese language, it's just a funny way for me to remember the names of countries as I learn the language. Chinese people don't really think of America as Beautiful Country or the UK as Brave Country ...

RocketNews24

RocketNews24
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 03:30:00 -0700

Chinese people wanting to buy Japanese diapers in large quantities is a good thing isn't it? I mean, aw shucks, I guess Kao is just going to have to produce and sell more units or try to get some of that juicy mark up in China themselves thanks to the ...
 
LifeNews.com
Wed, 15 Oct 2014 16:09:57 -0700

... dissident Chen Guangcheng spoke against China's population control program on a panel at the Heritage Foundation last Thursday. Speaking through a translator, Guangcheng called the one-child policy a “horrible crime against the Chinese people.”.

The Japan Times

The Japan Times
Sat, 18 Oct 2014 21:53:02 -0700

SANTA ANA, CALIFORNIA – When the mysterious people of China's Sanxingdui packed up and moved away 3,000 years ago, they left behind no written language and no indication of who they were, where they were going or why. What they did leave was a ...
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