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The chief risk officer (CRO) or chief risk management officer (CRMO) of a corporation is the executive accountable for enabling the efficient and effective governance of significant risks, and related opportunities, to a business and its various segments. Risks are commonly categorized as strategic, reputational, operational, financial, or compliance-related. CRO's are accountable to the Executive Committee and The Board for enabling the business to balance risk and reward. In more complex organizations, they are generally responsible for coordinating the organization's Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) approach.
A main priority for the CRO is to ensure that the organisation is in full compliance with applicable regulations (chief compliance officer). They may also deal with topics regarding insurance, internal auditing, corporate investigations, fraud, and information security. CRO's typically have post-graduate education and 20+ years of business experience, with actuarial, accounting, economics, and legal backgrounds common.
- Banham, Russ (September 2000). "Top Cops of Risk". CFO Magazine. Retrieved 28 June 2010.
- The rise and rise of the chief risk officer (article by Sheila Allen, May 12, 2005)
- Skills: Chief Risk Officer (John S. Webster, Computerworld, April 17, 2006)
- The Chief Risk Officer: What Does It look Like and How Do You Get There? (article by C.R. Lee and P. Shimpi,Risk Management Magazine)
The Rise of the CRO in Executive Middle East Magazine, http://www.executive-magazine.com/getarticle.php?article=14802
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