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This article is about the delicacy. For other uses, see Chicken foot (disambiguation).
Chicken feet
Chicken feet.jpg
Chicken feet and other chicken parts for sale on a roadside cart in Haikou, Hainan, China.
Alternative names feng zhao, ji jiao, ji zhao, Ceker
Place of origin China, Korea, Indonesia, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines, Trinidad and Tobago, Jamaica, Russia, Ukraine, Romania, Moldova, South Africa, West Africa, Central Africa, Peru and Mexico,
Main ingredients Chicken feet
Food energy
(per serving)
0.073 kcal (0 kJ)
Cookbook: Chicken feet  Media: Chicken feet
Chicken feet
Traditional Chinese 鳳爪
Simplified Chinese 凤爪
Hanyu Pinyin fèngzhǎo
Cantonese Jyutping fung6 zaau2
Literal meaning Fenghuang claws
Phoenix talons (claws)

Chicken feet are a part of the chicken that is cooked in China, Indonesia, Korea, Thailand, Laos, Malaysia, Trinidad and Tobago, Ukraine, Russia, Romania, Moldova, Jamaica, South Africa, Peru, Mexico, Philippines and Vietnam. Most of the edible tissue on the feet consists of skin and tendons, with no muscle. This gives the feet a distinct texture different from the rest of the chicken's meat. Their many small bones make them difficult to eat for some[who?]; these are often picked before serving. Being mostly skin, chicken feet are very gelatinous.

Chinese cuisine[edit]

Chicken feet from a dim sum restaurant in the Netherlands

Chicken feet are used in several regional Chinese cuisines; they can be served as a beer snack, cold dish, soup or main dish. They are interchangeably called Fèng zhuǎ (鳯爪, phoenix claws), Jī zhuǎ (鷄爪, chicken claws), and Jī jiǎo (雞脚, chicken feet).

In Guangdong and Hong Kong,[1] they are typically deep fried and steamed first to make them puffy before being stewed and simmered in a sauce flavoured with black fermented beans, bean paste, and sugar;[2] or in abalone sauce.

In mainland China, popular snack bars specializing in marinated food such as yabozi (duck's necks) also sell lu ji zhua (鹵雞爪, marinated chicken feet), which are simmered with soy sauce, Sichuanese peppercorn, clove, garlic, star anise, cinnamon and chili flakes. Today, packaged chicken feet are sold in most grocery stores and supermarkets in China as a snack, often seasoned with rice vinegar and chili. Another popular recipe is bai yun feng zhao (白雲鳯爪), which is marinated in a sauce of rice vinegar, rice wine flavored with sugar, salt, and minced ginger for an extended period of time and served as a cold dish. In southern China, they also cook chicken feet with raw peanuts to make a thin soup.

Salt-baked chicken feet sold in China, vacuum-packed and ready to eat

The huge demand in China raises the price of chicken feet, which are often used as fodder in other countries. As of June 2011, 1 kg of raw chicken feet costs around 12 to 16 yuan in China, compared to 11–12 yuan for 1 kg of frozen chicken breast. In 2000, Hong Kong, once the largest entrepôt for shipping chicken feet from over 30 countries, traded a total of 420,000 tons of chicken feet at the value of US$230 million.[3] Two years after China joined the WTO in 2001, China has approved the direct import of American chicken feet, and since then, China has been the major destination of chicken feet from around the globe.[3]

Aside from chicken feet, duck feet are also popular.[4] Duck feet with mustard, which is often served with vinegar, fresh green pepper and crushed garlic, is a popular salad/appetizer.

Indonesian cuisine[edit]

In Indonesian cuisine, chicken feet are known as ceker, and it is a common popular delicacy in Indonesia, especially in Java. The most common way to serve chicken feet in Indonesia is in spicy traditional soup called soto, nevertheless, the Chinese style dimsum chicken feet is also available in some Chinese restaurants in the country. Soto ceker is chicken foot served in rather clear yellowish spicy soto broth soup, which uses spices including ground shallot, garlic, galangal, ginger, candlenut, bruised lemongrass, daun salam (Indonesian bayleaf) and turmeric that add the yellowish colour, served with cabbage, celery, rice noodles, and garnished to taste with sambal, lime and soy.[5]

Soto ceker, Indonesian chicken feet soup.

Soto ceker is one of the popular street food in Jakarta, Bali, and most of major cities in Java. In street side warung or humble restaurants, soto ceker is usually offered as a variation of popular soto ayam (chicken soto), which employ the identical soup base with chicken soto. A popular soto ceker stall such as Soto Ceker Pak Ali in Gandaria street, South Jakarta, can use up to 40 kilograms of chicken feet every day, although the stall is only open from 4 p.m. to 11 p.m., and can reap Rp 5 million (US$360) in sales each day.[6]

Another popular way to prepare chicken feet is serving it in simple soup (sop or sup) called sop ceker, which mainly contains chicken broth, chicken feet, vegetables especially potato and carrot, shallot, garlic and black pepper. The deep fried peeled chicken feet, which has been separated from its bones, might be served as a crispy snack treat as kripik ceker (chicken feet crackers).

Chicken feet kripik (cracker).

In Indonesia, the soft peeled boneless chicken feet are a popular choice for baby food — given to babies between 6-12 months old. It often served as nasi tim: steamed rice with boneless chicken feet, mashed liver and vegetable broth.[7] Chicken feet which consists of tendons, skin and cartilage, is rich in gelatinous collagen, and is traditionally believed to be beneficial for infants' skin, nails, joints and bone development.[8]

Malaysian cuisine[edit]

Chicken feet are also known as ceker in Malaysia and are traditionally popular mostly among Malays of Javanese, Chinese and Siamese descent. Many traditional Malay restaurants in the state of Johor offer chicken feet that are cooked together with Malay-style curry and eaten with roti canai. In the state of Selangor, chicken feet are either boiled in soup until the bones are soft with vegetables and spices or deep fried in palm oil. Chicken feet are also eaten by Malaysian Chinese in traditional Chinese cooking style.

Thai cuisine[edit]

Khanom chin kaeng khiao wan kai is Thai green chicken curry served over rice noodles. This particular version is made with chicken feet.

In Thai cuisine, the chicken feet are usually served as a version of chicken green curry (khanom chin).

Korean cuisine[edit]

Chicken feet (닭발) are basted in a hot red pepper sauce and then grilled. They are often eaten as a second course and served with alcohol.

Philippine cuisine[edit]

In the Philippines, chicken feet are marinated in a mixture of calamansi, spices and brown sugar before being grilled. A popular staple in Philippine street food, chicken feet are commonly known as "adidas" (named after the athletic shoe brand Adidas).Chicken feet is also an ingredient in Philippine adobo.[9]

Jamaican cuisine[edit]

In Jamaican cuisine, chicken feet are mainly used to make chicken foot soup.[10] The soup contains yams, potatoes, green/yellow banana, dumplings and special spices in addition to the chicken feet, and is slow cooked for a minimum of two hours. Chicken feet are also curried or stewed and served as a main part of a meal.

Mexican cuisine[edit]

Chicken feet are a popular ingredient across Mexico, particularly in stews and soups. They are often steamed to become part of a main dish with rice, vegetables and most likely another part of the chicken, such as the breast or thighs. The feet can be seasoned with mole sauce. On occasion, they are breaded and fried.

Many people will also take the chicken feet in hand as a snack and chew the soft outer skin. The inner bone structure is left uneaten.

Trinidadian cuisine[edit]

In Trinidad, the chicken feet are cleaned, seasoned, boiled in seasoned water, and left to soak with cucumbers, onions, peppers and green seasoning until cool. It is eaten as a party dish called chicken foot souse.

Eastern European cuisine[edit]

Moldovan chicken racitura. In this serving, chicken legs were removed after boiling.

In Russia, Ukraine, Romania, and Moldova, chicken feet are cleaned, seasoned, and boiled, often with vegetables, and then cooled, to make an aspic called kholodets in Russian and Ukrainian, and piftie or răcitură in Romanian. The legs are not always eaten, however the chicken is cooked with its legs, as they contain a high amount of gelatin.

South African cuisine[edit]

In South Africa, chicken feet are mainly eaten in townships in all nine provinces, where they are known as "walkie talkies" (together with the head, intestine, hearts and giblets), "runaways" and "chicken dust", respectively.[11] The feet are submerged in hot water, so the outer layer of the skin can be removed by peeling it off, and then covered in seasonings and grilled. The name "chicken dust" derives from the dust chickens create when scratching the ground with their feet.


  1. ^ Christopher DeWolf, Izzy Ozawa, Tiffany Lam, Virginia Lau, and Zoe Li (13 July 2010). "40 Hong Kong foods we can't live without". CNN Go. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  2. ^ Shimabukuro, Betty. "Dive In, Feet First", Honolulu Star-Bulletin, 11 November 1998.
  3. ^ a b 中国入世 香港「鸡脚港」失守, China Review News, 21 November 2005.
  4. ^ "Hong Kong Dim Sum Dishes", Global Gourmet, January 2007.
  5. ^ "Soto Ceker Kuta Is a Local Legend". Qraved. January 21, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Gandaria street food satisfies palates of all". The Jakarta Post (Jakarta). 7 November 2015. 
  7. ^ "Maternal, Infant and Young Child Nutrition Formative Research in Sidoarjo, May 2013, Summary of Findings" (PDF). Gain and Ministry of Health Indonesia. p. 4. 
  8. ^ "10 Manfaat Ceker Ayam Bagi Kesehatan" (in Indonesian). 
  9. ^ "My Adidas", Burnt Lumpia, 6 August 2008.
  10. ^ http://jamaicandinners.com/jamaican-food/recipes/jamaican-soups.html
  11. ^ Chicken Feet Take Off In Soweto, Johannesburg News Agency, 31 May 2004.

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chicken_feet — Please support Wikipedia.
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10865 news items

The Straits Times

The Straits Times
Fri, 05 Feb 2016 13:00:00 -0800

Ms Sher Yen Wee sent in a photograph of chicken feet she had purchased from FairPrice and asked: "Can you find out what are these nodules that are found on all the chicken feet? They are more or less in the same area, too. All the chicken feet in the ...

South China Morning Post (subscription)

South China Morning Post (subscription)
Mon, 01 Feb 2016 22:41:01 -0800

A woman in Shanghai dubbed the “chicken feet lady” after she was filmed eating the popular snack and spitting out the bones on the floor of a busy subway carriage has been seen eating a bowl of spicy noodles on the train. An internet user spotted the ...

Foreign Policy

Foreign Policy
Thu, 07 Jan 2016 07:05:36 -0800

This week, Chinese police caught a group of chicken feet smugglers who had avoided inspection by traveling through a nature reserve in Yunnan province, on the border with Laos and Burma. They had roughly 20 tons of illicit meat in tow. Chicken feet are ...


Sun, 17 Jan 2016 12:50:27 -0800

We enjoy seeing the sights of this amazing city and we also try eating some chicken feet. Spoiler: they were awful. When we first arrived in Singapore our luggage was lost. We were then dropped off at the wrong hotel. Obviously we weren't in the best ...

South China Morning Post (subscription)

South China Morning Post (subscription)
Fri, 05 Feb 2016 19:56:15 -0800

asks Argentina striker Sergio Aguero as he nibbles gingerly at some duck's tongue, while goalkeeper Joe Hart reacts with horror on realising he's been eating chicken feet. The video is part of a major promotion by the club – which is now part-owned by ...


Fri, 22 Jan 2016 13:56:15 -0800

“As recently as five to 10 years ago, we bought chicken feet from grocers in Chinatown markets and had our residents practice techniques of tendon repair by suturing chicken flexor tendons,” said Bae. The tendons in chicken feet are not easy to access ...
The Star Online
Fri, 08 Jan 2016 15:36:17 -0800

According to online publication Foreign Policy, Chinese police, early in the new year, caught a group of chicken feet smugglers who had avoided inspection by travelling through a nature reserve in Yunnan province, on the border with Laos and Myanmar.

Fox News

Fox News
Thu, 04 Feb 2016 02:18:45 -0800

Cacophonous, behemoth in size and frenzied with the chaos of careening carts, dim sum restaurants are crazy-busy — especially on the weekends. This is when disciples of dumplings and champions of chicken feet descend in droves to feast on a variety of ...

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