digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Chick culling is the process of killing newly hatched poultry for which the industry has no use. Due to modern selective breeding, laying hen strains differ from meat production strains. As male birds of the laying strain do not lay eggs and are not suitable for meat production, they are generally killed soon after they hatch[1] and shortly after being sexed. Methods of culling include cervical dislocation, asphyxiation by carbon dioxide and maceration using a high speed grinder.[2]

History[edit]

Prior to the development of modern broiler meat breeds, most male chickens (cockerels) were slaughtered for meat, whereas females (pullets) would be kept for egg production. However, once the industry bred separate meat and egg-producing hybids, there was no reason to keep males of the egg-producing hybrid. As a consequence, the males of egg-laying chickens are euthanised as soon as possible after hatching and sexing to reduce losses incurred by the breeder. Special techniques have been developed to accurately determine the sex of chicks at as young an age as possible.

It has been reported that in India for example, more than 180 million male chicks per year are culled. The egg industry in India is growing at the rate of 8-12% yearly, and is the third largest egg producer.[3]

Chicks are also culled in the production of foie gras. After hatching, the ducklings are sexed. Males put on more weight than females, so the females are euthanised, sometimes in an industrial macerator. Up to 40 million female ducks may be killed in this way. The remains of female ducklings are later used in cat food, fertilisers and in the pharmaceutical industry.[4]

Methods[edit]

Several methods can be used to kill chicks:

Maceration ensures the chick is killed within 1 sec if performed effectively and competently. This method is considered more humane than gassing the chicks with high concentrations of carbon dioxide. Gassing results in gasping and head shaking, and can take up to two minutes for the chick to die.[6]

US recommended methods[edit]

The American Veterinary Medical Association recommends cervical dislocation, maceration, and asphyxiation by carbon dioxide as the better options.[7]

The 2005-2006 American Veterinary Medical Association Executive Board proposed a policy change, which was recommended by the Animal Welfare Committee on disposal of unwanted chicks, poults, and pipped eggs. The policy states "Unwanted chicks, poults, and pipped eggs should be killed by an acceptable humane method, such as use of a commercially designed macerator that results in instantaneous death. Smothering unwanted chicks or poults in bags or containers is not acceptable. Pips, unwanted chicks, or poults should be killed prior to disposal. A pipped egg, or pip, is one where the chick or poult has not been successful in escaping the egg shell during the hatching process."[8]

Controversy[edit]

Animal welfare advocates maintain that many of the current practices surrounding chicken slaughtering are unethical and pointless.[9]

Alternatives[edit]

A Unilever spokesperson has been quoted as saying "We have also committed to providing funding and expertise for research and introduction of alternative methods such as in-ovo gender identification (sexing) of eggs. This new technology offers the potential to eliminate the hatching and culling of male chicks."[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chick_culling — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
17598 videos foundNext > 

Chick Culling Video

i wrote this description because it made me.

The fate of almost all male chicks in organic, free range, barn and caged egg farm systems

Organic, free range, barn or caged eggs, none have any commercial use for adult males. Please Tweet or post a link to this video on your Facebook wall.

WATCH: Baby Chicks Ground Up Alive at Maple Leaf Hatchery

New hidden-camera video taken by a Mercy For Animals Canada investigator exposes horrific cruelty to baby chicks at a Maple Leaf chicken hatchery. Workers ...

ChickMurder.mov

Do you enjoy a tasty omelet or some nicely scrambled eggs for breakfast? Perhaps you should think of what happens to the unfortunate male baby chicks of ...

Culling the Flock, Killing off the extra roosters for food by Norseman

www.survivalhardwarellc.com this is a video of Norseman culling the flock by killing off the extra roosters that we have. They will be used for food of course as ...

Chick Culling By Maceration [WARNING GRAPHIC CONTENT ]

BEFORE YOU TRY TO FLAG THIS READ THE FOLLOWING: This video is an informative way of showing what happens to male chickens once their gender is ...

culling chick (anak ayam yang buruk rupa)

ciri ciri anak ayam yang harus di culling. pantat basah abnormal. kaki kering, red hock, isi caecum kosong tanda stress di bulu dll.

Culling film.AVI

50% of born chicks (the males) are brutally culled.

Undercover Investigation at Hy-Line Hatchery

Thrown, dropped, mutilated, and ground-up alive. This is the disturbing reality faced by hundreds of thousands of chicks each day at the world's largest ...

How to humanely butcher a chicken Part one

In this short video I will show you step by step how to humanely kill and pluck a chicken.

17598 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "Chick culling" right now.

Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight