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Chaudière Bridge
Chaudiere Bridge 2013.jpg
Chaudière Bridge in 2013, viewed from southern side
Official name Chaudière Bridge (French: Pont de la Chaudière)
Coordinates 45°25′16″N 75°43′7″W / 45.42111°N 75.71861°W / 45.42111; -75.71861

Coordinates: 45°25′16″N 75°43′7″W / 45.42111°N 75.71861°W / 45.42111; -75.71861

The Chaudière Bridge (French: Pont de la Chaudière) crosses the Ottawa River about 1 km (0.6 mi) west of Parliament Hill, joining the communities of Gatineau, Quebec and Ottawa, Ontario, linking Rue Eddy in the Hull sector of Gatineau and Booth Street in Ottawa. The bridge is one portion of multiple spans called the Chaudiere Crossing, which still contain portions of the first bridge linking Ottawa with Hull dating back to the time of Colonel By in the 1820s.

The bridge passes through the E.B. Eddy complex adjacent to the Chaudière Falls, from which the bridge gets its name.

Union Bridge[edit]

The first bridge with its main wooden arch (1828)
The second version, a suspension bridge (1870)
The third version under construction, a steel truss bridge (1892)

The Chaudière Bridge's earliest predecessor, the 8 span "Union Bridge" was completed under Colonel By's direction in September 1828; the first bridge to link the two young towns. (Its first span, completed January 11, 1827, had been their second attempt at that site, for the first one had collapsed the previous November.)[1] While the main span was a wooden arch, masonry arches were also used for the smaller spans. Thomas McKay had been given contracts to construct two of its stone arches.[2] One of Thomas Burrowes' first assignments during the construction of the Rideau Canal was to help plan and construct the Union Bridge.[3] The bridge had been needed during the construction of the Rideau Canal because Colonel By's initial base of operations was initially in Wrightsville (Hull). The bridge received its name to "symbolize the joining of the Provinces of Upper Canada and Lower Canada".[2] The 212 foot wooden truss bridge which spanned the Chaudière Falls collapsed on May 18, 1836.[1] A ferry service was temporarily used until a new bridge was opened in 1843.

Over the years, the main span had to be replaced several times, however much of the original (1827–1828) spans remained in place. The changes that follow refer mostly to the replacement of the main span.

The Union Suspension Bridge, opened on September 17, 1843[1] (possibly September 17, 1844),[2] was a 242 foot iron bridge built by Alexander Christie, and designed by Samuel Keefer [1] until 1889 when it was again rebuilt using steel truss construction. The current steel bridge was built by the Dominion Bridge Company in 1919.

Deteriorated condition[edit]

View looking west of the bridge towards Chaudière Falls

Several of the masonry arches dating from 1828 are still in use, just to the north of the current steel bridge. On December 3, 2008, Public Works and Government Services Canada closed the bridge for vehicular and pedestrian traffic after an inspection revealed deterioration in the masonry arches. It was closed immediately in both directions “until further notice.”[4] The closure affected commuting across the Ottawa River, including OC Transpo bus routes 8, 88, and 105 which run across the bridge and stop in front of the government offices at Terrasses de la Chaudière. The bridge was partially re-opened one week later with weight restrictions and a reduced speed limit.[5]

The bridge work went under review by the federal government and a decision to repair the bridge spans was made. Consultants used computer-simulations to model the stress and the condition of the arches.[6] Ottawa historian John Taylor had proposed that the government use the opportunity to open up the area to views of the Falls.[7]

In May 2009 the bridge was reopened after repairs to the concrete spans.[8]

See also[edit]

Plaque on northern end of bridge

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Mika, Nick; Mika, Helma (1982), Bytown: The Early Days of Ottawa, Belleville, Ont: Mika Publishing Company, p. 60, ISBN 0-919303-60-9 
  2. ^ a b c . Haig, Robert (1975), Ottawa: City of the Big Ears, Ottawa: Haig and Haig Publishing Co. 
  3. ^ http://www.archives.gov.on.ca/english/on-line-exhibits/burrowes/burrowes-work.aspx
  4. ^ Drudi, Cassandra (December 4, 2008). "Chaudière bridge closed". Ottawa Citizen. p. C1. 
  5. ^ "Chaudière bridge partially re-opened to traffic". CTV Ottawa. December 10, 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-10. 
  6. ^ Adam, Mohammed (December 11, 2008). "Bridge decision to take 6 months; Government to either fix, raze Chaudiere span". Ottawa Citizen. p. C3. 
  7. ^ Adam, Mohammed (December 6, 2008). "Chaudiere a bridge across time; The first span across the Ottawa River straddles the area's industrial, economic and political history,' expert says". Ottawa Citizen. p. D1. 
  8. ^ "Chaudière Bridge reopens after structural repairs". CTV Ottawa. 6 May 2009. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chaudière_Bridge — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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32 news items

 
CBC.ca
Wed, 30 Apr 2014 03:25:06 -0700

The badly decomposed body of a man wearing construction clothing was found in the Ottawa River Tuesday at a hydro station near the Chaudière Bridge. A hydro employee saw the body and called police at 12:46 p.m. The Ottawa Police Service marine-dive ...

Ottawa Sun

Ottawa Sun
Sun, 17 Aug 2014 13:37:30 -0700

I think it is a crime, what we have allowed to happen at the Chaudiere Falls. It is difficult to even find the Chaudiere Falls nowadays. You have to access it off the Chaudiere Bridge, the most under-utilized of our inter-provincial bridges, a quick ...

Ottawa Citizen

Ottawa Sun
Tue, 22 Apr 2014 09:33:15 -0700

The proposal for a $1-billion mixed-use development spanning the Ottawa-Gatineau border now faces the scrutiny of municipal bureaucracy. Windmill Development Group chose Earth Day on Tuesday to submit its rezoning application to turn the old Domtar ...

Ottawa Citizen

Ottawa Citizen
Mon, 26 May 2014 14:47:27 -0700

Windmill's master plan integrates existing transit connections across Chaudière Bridge and adds transit stops at two locations along the corridor. One drawing also suggests there will be a shuttle service on the redeveloped lands, not to mention ...

Ottawa Sun

Ottawa Sun
Sun, 24 Aug 2014 16:48:45 -0700

Many of those bridges were built in the 19th century, like the Chaudiere Bridge, built in 1828 by Lt., Col. John By, one of the first things ever built in Ottawa. The Alexandra Bridge (better known as the Interprovincial Bridge) was built in 1898-1900 ...
 
580 CFRA Radio
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 15:07:30 -0700

It will begin in both Ottawa and Gatineau, resulting in rolling closures on Wellington in Ottawa, Booth in Ottawa, Laurier in Gatineau, the Portage Bridge and the Chaudiere Bridge between about 2PM and 4:30. The Alexandra Bridge will also be closed for ...

Ottawa Citizen

Ottawa Citizen
Tue, 07 Oct 2014 18:27:00 -0700

A wobbly wrought iron staircase, weed-encrusted rock formations, and the finest panorama of the Ottawa River you could want — such are what the NCC will work with to develop one of the national capital's “hidden treasures.” More than 100 people turned ...

Ottawa Citizen

Ottawa Citizen
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 09:18:06 -0700

The afternoon commute in downtown Ottawa and Gatineau was expected to be a mess when protesters took to the streets and bridges. Ottawa Police Services enacted rolling closures on the Portage Bridge, Alexandra Bridge and Chaudière Bridge during the ...
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