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Chaudière Bridge
Chaudiere Bridge 2013.jpg
Chaudière Bridge in 2013, viewed from southern side
Coordinates 45°25′16″N 75°43′7″W / 45.42111°N 75.71861°W / 45.42111; -75.71861
Official name Chaudière Bridge (French: Pont de la Chaudière)

Coordinates: 45°25′16″N 75°43′7″W / 45.42111°N 75.71861°W / 45.42111; -75.71861

The Chaudière Bridge (French: Pont de la Chaudière) crosses the Ottawa River about 1 km (0.6 mi) west of Parliament Hill, joining the communities of Gatineau, Quebec and Ottawa, Ontario, linking Rue Eddy in the Hull sector of Gatineau and Booth Street in Ottawa. The bridge is one portion of multiple spans called the Chaudiere Crossing, which still contain portions of the first bridge linking Ottawa with Hull dating back to the time of Colonel By in the 1820s.

The bridge passes through the E.B. Eddy complex adjacent to the Chaudière Falls, from which the bridge gets its name.

Union Bridge[edit]

The first bridge with its main wooden arch (1828)
The second version, a suspension bridge (1870)
The third version under construction, a steel truss bridge (1892)

The Chaudière Bridge's earliest predecessor, the 8 span "Union Bridge" was completed under Colonel By's direction in September 1828; the first bridge to link the two young towns. (Its first span, completed January 11, 1827, had been their second attempt at that site, for the first one had collapsed the previous November.)[1] While the main span was a wooden arch, masonry arches were also used for the smaller spans. Thomas McKay had been given contracts to construct two of its stone arches.[2] One of Thomas Burrowes' first assignments during the construction of the Rideau Canal was to help plan and construct the Union Bridge.[3] The bridge had been needed during the construction of the Rideau Canal because Colonel By's initial base of operations was initially in Wrightsville (Hull). The bridge received its name to "symbolize the joining of the Provinces of Upper Canada and Lower Canada".[2] The 212 foot wooden truss bridge which spanned the Chaudière Falls collapsed on May 18, 1836.[1] A ferry service was temporarily used until a new bridge was opened in 1843.

Over the years, the main span had to be replaced several times, however much of the original (1827–1828) spans remained in place. The changes that follow refer mostly to the replacement of the main span.

The Union Suspension Bridge, opened on September 17, 1843[1] (possibly September 17, 1844),[2] was a 242-foot iron bridge built by Alexander Christie, and designed by Samuel Keefer [1] until 1889 when it was again rebuilt using steel truss construction. The current steel bridge was built by the Dominion Bridge Company in 1919.

Deteriorated condition[edit]

View looking west of the bridge towards Chaudière Falls

Several of the masonry arches dating from 1828 are still in use, just to the north of the current steel bridge. On December 3, 2008, Public Works and Government Services Canada closed the bridge for vehicular and pedestrian traffic after an inspection revealed deterioration in the masonry arches. It was closed immediately in both directions “until further notice.”[4] The closure affected commuting across the Ottawa River, including OC Transpo bus routes 8, 88, and 105 which run across the bridge and stop in front of the government offices at Terrasses de la Chaudière. The bridge was partially re-opened one week later with weight restrictions and a reduced speed limit.[5]

The bridge work went under review by the federal government and a decision to repair the bridge spans was made. Consultants used computer-simulations to model the stress and the condition of the arches.[6] Ottawa historian John Taylor had proposed that the government use the opportunity to open up the area to views of the Falls.[7]

In May 2009 the bridge was reopened after repairs to the concrete spans.[8]

See also[edit]

Plaque on northern end of bridge

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Mika, Nick; Mika, Helma (1982), Bytown: The Early Days of Ottawa, Belleville, Ont: Mika Publishing Company, p. 60, ISBN 0-919303-60-9 
  2. ^ a b c . Haig, Robert (1975), Ottawa: City of the Big Ears, Ottawa: Haig and Haig Publishing Co. 
  3. ^ http://www.archives.gov.on.ca/english/on-line-exhibits/burrowes/burrowes-work.aspx
  4. ^ Drudi, Cassandra (December 4, 2008). "Chaudière bridge closed". Ottawa Citizen. p. C1. 
  5. ^ "Chaudière bridge partially re-opened to traffic". CTV Ottawa. December 10, 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-10. 
  6. ^ Adam, Mohammed (December 11, 2008). "Bridge decision to take 6 months; Government to either fix, raze Chaudiere span". Ottawa Citizen. p. C3. 
  7. ^ Adam, Mohammed (December 6, 2008). "Chaudiere a bridge across time; The first span across the Ottawa River straddles the area's industrial, economic and political history,' expert says". Ottawa Citizen. p. D1. 
  8. ^ "Chaudière Bridge reopens after structural repairs". CTV Ottawa. 6 May 2009. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chaudière_Bridge — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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59 news items

Ottawa Citizen

Ottawa Citizen
Fri, 29 Apr 2016 07:26:15 -0700

They include a picture of an industrial area around the Chaudiere Bridge, the paper mill at Thurso, Que. and a gathering storm over Farrelton, Que. Some of the 88 works are expected to be exhibited when the gallery opens its new building in 2017. All ...

CBC.ca

CBC.ca
Wed, 30 Apr 2014 03:25:06 -0700

The badly decomposed body of a man wearing construction clothing was found in the Ottawa River Tuesday at a hydro station near the Chaudière Bridge. A hydro employee saw the body and called police at 12:46 p.m. The Ottawa Police Service marine-dive ...

Ottawa Citizen

Ottawa Citizen
Tue, 19 Jan 2016 14:14:58 -0800

External factors — a dump of snow, a traffic jam on Scott Street, a back-up on Chaudière bridge — could still foul things up someday, Scrimgeour cautioned. But so far, so good. Half of the section of the Transitway that is being converted to light ...
 
Ottawa Sun
Tue, 24 Feb 2015 08:26:15 -0800

Some of the derelict buildings on Chaudiere Island. Wednesday July 18,2012. (ERROL MCGIHON/THE OTTAWA SUN/QMI AGENCY). The Chaudiere Bridge (foreground) over the Ottawa River. Ottawa Sun file photo. Chaudiere Falls in Ottawa shown on ...

Ottawa Citizen

Ottawa Citizen
Fri, 29 May 2015 05:01:04 -0700

The first condo building released is six storeys and simply called O. Its modern design is predominantly cement board panels and features a 'signature brow' looking out to the Ottawa River. The north side will house ground-floor retail, while the south ...

Ottawa Citizen

Ottawa Citizen
Fri, 18 Sep 2015 14:02:24 -0700

They would drive on the Chaudière Bridge to get to Zibi and have to travel with other traffic — in a particularly busy spot during rush hour. Kirk said the buses would likely have attendants on board with a wireless “kill switch” during the trial ...

CBC.ca

CBC.ca
Sat, 19 Sep 2015 10:15:00 -0700

Drivers and cyclists will have to find alternate routes this weekend as a number of city streets close down for the Canada Army Run and the Terry Fox run. See below for a list of the major routes closed around Ottawa this weekend. Unless otherwise ...

Ottawa Citizen

Ottawa Citizen
Fri, 21 Aug 2015 19:37:30 -0700

On Friday, however, a diverse crowd of more than 1,000 adventurous music fans found its way to the strip of asphalt tucked between two decrepit buildings, just off the Chaudière Bridge over the Ottawa River. Outdoors was the main-stage area while a ...
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