A charter township is a form of local government in the U.S. state of Michigan. Townships in Michigan are organized governments. A charter township is a township that has been granted a charter, which allows it certain rights and responsibilities of home rule that are generally intermediary in scope between those of a city (a semi-autonomous jurisdiction in Michigan) and a village, which (unless it is a home-rule village) is subject to the authority of the township(s) in which it is located.
In 1947, the state legislature created a special charter township status, which grants additional powers and streamlined administration in order to provide greater protection against annexation of a township's land by cities and villages. As of April 2005, there were 131 charter townships in Michigan. A township with a population of 2,000 or more may incorporate as a charter township and become a municipal corporation, which possess all the powers of a non-charter township in addition to those specified by the Charter Township Act of 1947.
Legislative authority is exercised by a township board of seven members consisting of the supervisor, the township clerk, the township treasurer, and four trustees who are eligible to vote in elections and are residents of the township. All members of the board serve four-year terms. Unlike the boards for general law townships, which may have either five or seven members, a charter township must have seven members. If a general law township with a five-member board elects to become a charter township, two additional members are to be elected in the next general election.
Charter townships may appoint either a township superintendent or township manager, who can be assigned responsibilities for managing township functions (this is comparable to cities that utilize a city manager to oversee the day-to-day operations of the city). Otherwise, executive authority lies with the supervisor, and various committees.
A charter township may establish a variety of municipal services, such as a police force, fire department, assessors and also acquire property. It may also borrow money and issue bonds, with the approval of a majority of township voting in an election. Similarly, a charter township cannot levy taxes without the approval of a majority of the township population voting in an election. This is one significant difference from home-rule municipalities, in which the municipal authority can levy taxes without specific approval from voters.
A charter township is mostly exempt from annexation from contiguous cities or villages providing that the township meets certain requirements:
- Has state equalized valuation of at least $25,000,000
- Has a minimum population density of 150 people per square mile (58/km²)
- Provides fire protection service by contract or otherwise
- Is governed by a comprehensive zoning ordinance or master plan
- Provides solid waste disposal services to township residents, within or without the township, by contract, license, or municipal ownership
- Provides water or sewer services, or both, by contract or otherwise
- Provides police protection through contract with the sheriff in addition to normal sheriff patrol, through an intergovernmental contract, or through its own police department
Annexation and 425 Agreements 
Main article: 425 Agreement
A charter township may still be subject to annexation under certain conditions, such as for the purpose of eliminating isolated islands of township or by vote of a majority of the residents of a portion of township. Temporary land transfers, which can involve charter townships, have provision under Public Act 425 of 1984. Under this statute, a charter township, for example, can have land transferred to a city in exchange for revenue sharing of the transferred parcels. These agreements, known as 425 Agreements, can last up to 50 years, and the land can either be completely transferred to the city or returned to the township upon fulfillment of the agreement.
External links 
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Thu, 16 May 2013 08:30:13 -0700
Purpose. The purpose of this Ordinance is to amend the Charter Township of. Lyon Zoning Ordinance Map for the rezoning of approximately 92.24 acres of land which is known as the Grand/Sakwa property within the Orchards of Lyon Planned Development.
Mon, 13 May 2013 09:28:04 -0700
Notice is hereby given that the Lake Board for Forest Lake, Charter Township of Bloomfield, County of Oakland, will meet on Wednesday, May 22, 2013, Bloomfield Township Hall, 4200 Telegraph Road, 2:00 p.m., to review, to hear any objections to, and ...
Thu, 25 Apr 2013 03:56:18 -0700
Notice is hereby given to Plymouth Township residents that a special election will be held in the Charter Township of Plymouth, Wayne County, Michigan, on Tuesday, May 7, 2013 from 7:00 a.m. until 8:00 p.m. to vote on the following local school ...
Thu, 25 Apr 2013 03:58:46 -0700
School District, Charter Township of Redford, Wayne County, MI on Tuesday, May 7, 2013., between the hours of 7:00 a.m. and 8:00 p.m. prevailing Eastern Time. The purpose of this election is for registered voters in the South Redford School District to ...
Fri, 17 May 2013 13:42:46 -0700
There's a good reason that Canton Charter Township in Michigan is so aware of the activities of the Canton Public Library (CPL): in addition to circulating about 1.8 million items per year and holding about 1,086 programs attended by some 35,000 ...
Thu, 02 May 2013 09:04:54 -0700
Holland Charter Township's board of trustees meets this week to review project estimates and a proposed contract for improving Quincy Park, 4260 144th Ave. The 133-acre park has four Little League fields, two fields apiece for soccer and softball ...
Lansing State Journal
Fri, 17 May 2013 07:09:34 -0700
At the most recent May 14 Windsor Charter Township meeting, a packed room watched as board members peppered Keefe-Lewis with questions about certain invoices and voided checks for the month of April. The nearly four-hour meeting included some ...
The Saginaw News
The Saginaw News - MLive.com
Mon, 29 Apr 2013 06:07:34 -0700
BUENA VISTA TOWNSHIP, MI — The Buena Vista Township Board of Trustees will meet on Tuesday, April 30, to "discuss resolution and take action with respect to the conduct of the Buena Vista Charter Township Clerk," according to a meeting agenda.
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