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Charlotte White (b. July 13, 1782, d. ?) was the first unmarried American woman missionary sent to a foreign country. She was sponsored by the Baptist Board of Foreign Missions and arrived in British India in 1816.

Early life[edit]

Charlotte "Susanna" Hazen Atlee was born in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, the daughter of Judge William Augustus Atlee and Esther Bowes Sayre. She married Nathaniel Hazen White in 1803. He died in 1804 and the couple's one child died in 1805. Charlotte White joined the First Baptist Church in Haverhill, Massachusetts in 1807.[1]

Missionary to India[edit]

Charlotte White's application to become a missionary with the newly founded Baptist Board of Foreign Missions was controversial as many members of the Board believed that only ordained males should be appointed missionaries. Charlotte was accepted as a missionary in a restricted appointment as a helper and companion for the wife of George Henry Hough, a missionary printer being sent to India, and with her assurance that she would be sustained by her own resources.[2]

Charlotte remained only briefly with the Houghs on arrival in Calcutta, India, marrying a widower with three sons, Joshua Rowe, a missionary with the English Baptist Missionary Society,(BMS) shortly after her arrival in 1816. She transferred to the BMS and the couple managed missionary schools in Digah, near Patna, India and Charlotte wrote a Hindustani language spelling book for children. In 1823, a letter from Charlotte was published, without her permission, accusing four prominent missionaries at Serampore College of expropriating property belonging to the Baptist Missionary Society.[3]

Joshua and Charlotte Rowe had three children. Rowe died in 1823. Charlotte remained in India until 1826 before returning to the United States with her three children.[4]

Later life[edit]

White taught English, music, and drawing in an academy at Lowndesboro, Alabama in the 1830s.[5]


  1. ^ Barber, Edwin Atlee Genealogical Record of the Atlee Family Philadelphia: Wm. F. Fell & Co, 1884, pp. 80-81
  2. ^ Anderson, Gerald H. Biographical Dictionary of Christian Missions Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdman's Publishing Co., 1991, p. 727; Proceedings of the Baptist Convention for Missionary Purposes, Philadelphia, 1814, pp. 65, 112
  3. ^ The Reformer, Vol. 4, April 2, 1823, pp. 73-79
  4. ^ Brackney, William H The A to Z of Baptists Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2009, p. 605; Missionary Herald, 1827, p. 293
  5. ^ Anderson, p. 727

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349 news items

New York Times

New York Times
Fri, 06 Feb 2015 11:04:44 -0800

“It's called chutzpah,” said Charlotte White, describing how she, at age 100, could be bustling — with a walker, no less — around the elegant Hungarian Consulate on East 52nd Street one recent weeknight making final preparations for an evening billed ...
Fall River Herald News
Sun, 01 Mar 2015 14:30:00 -0800

WESTPORT -- A three-alarm fire in a commercial building at 238 Charlotte White Road caused no injuries but destroyed the building, which was unoccupied at the time. The fire broke out around noon and was extinguished within two hours by Westport ...

New York Times

New York Times
Sun, 22 Feb 2015 19:47:31 -0800

Johnson's survivors also include another son, Derrick Johnson; three daughters, Deborah Downey, Charlotte White and Valerie Johnson-Roberts; a sister, Charlotte White; and several grandchildren. John Roberts said that he, too, had been a boxer ...

The Williams record

The Williams record
Tue, 24 Feb 2015 23:07:30 -0800

At the publishing of Within Nietzsche's Labyrinth, White's daughter Charlotte White '08 and son Niko White '04 were three and seven years old, respectively. This explains the “C” on the top left corner of the book cover, the “3” that looks like an ...

Bangor Daily News

Bangor Daily News
Thu, 19 Feb 2015 13:33:45 -0800

“We are providing needed community services,” said Richard Brown, CEO of the Charlotte White Center in Dover-Foxcroft, which provides services to people with developmental disabilities. “To extract tax payments from our organizations would decrease the ...

Kennebec Journal & Morning Sentinel

Kennebec Journal & Morning Sentinel
Sat, 31 Jan 2015 13:59:07 -0800

Charlotte White Center provides community health and social services for adults, children and families affected by cognitive or developmental disabilities, behavioral or mental health challenges, domestic violence, or acquired brain injuries, according ...

Lake Wylie Pilot

Lake Wylie Pilot
Fri, 13 Feb 2015 14:28:37 -0800

White said he and Alex both had treatment at the Levine Center in Charlotte. White said he was diagnosed in August, and was in remission in early December. White said he was impressed with the support from the school. “It makes me feel better, that ...
McDuffie Progress
Thu, 19 Feb 2015 08:18:45 -0800

As Charlotte White president of the Warrenton Garden Club, introduced the Citizen of the Year, she described the recipient as one who wears many hats. “She is known for her compassion, her kindness and her caring for the citizens of Warren County and ...

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