digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

For other uses, see Chant (disambiguation).

A chant (from French chanter[1]) is the rhythmic speaking or singing of words or sounds, often primarily on one or two main pitches called reciting tones. Chants may range from a simple melody involving a limited set of notes to highly complex musical structures, often including a great deal of repetition of musical subphrases, such as Great Responsories and Offertories of Gregorian chant. Chant may be considered speech, music, or a heightened or stylized form of speech. In the later Middle Ages some religious chant evolved into song (forming one of the roots of later Western music).[2]

The Latin text of Pange Lingua sung to its traditional melody, mode iii Gregorian chant.

Problems playing this file? See media help.

Chant as a spiritual practice[edit]

Chanting (e.g., mantra, sacred text, the name of God/Spirit, etc.) is a commonly used spiritual practice. Like prayer, chant may be a component of either personal or group practice. Diverse spiritual traditions consider chant a route to spiritual development.

Monks chanting, Drepung monastery, Tibet, 2013

Some examples include chant in African, Hawaiian, and Native American, and Australian Aboriginal cultures, Gregorian chant, Vedic chant, Qur'an reading, Islamic Dhikr, Baha'i chants, various Buddhist chants, various mantras, Jewish cantillation, and the chanting of psalms and prayers especially in Roman Catholic (see Gregorian chant or Taizé Community), Eastern Orthodox (see Byzantine chant or Znamenny chant, for examples), Lutheran, and Anglican churches (see Anglican Chant).

Chant practices vary. Tibetan Buddhist chant involves throat singing, where multiple pitches are produced by each performer. The concept of chanting mantras is of particular significance in many Hindu traditions and other closely related Dharmic Religions. India's bhakti devotional tradition centres on kirtan, which has a following in many countries and traditions such as Ananda Marga. The Hare Krishna movement is based especially on the chanting of Sanskrit Names of God in the Vaishnava tradition. Japanese Shigin (詩吟), or 'chanted poetry', mirrors Zen Buddhist principles and is sung from the Dan tien (or lower abdomen) — the locus of power in Eastern traditions.

Variants of chant[edit]

Chants are used in a variety of settings, such as from ritual to recreational. Supporters or players in sports contests may use some, such as football chants. Battle cries are a type of chant heard on ancient battlefields. Protesters will use chants that are used by many groups with only a few words changed to reflect their particular topic. Auctioneers use auction chants or bid calling to focus the buyers' attention on the bidding process and drive up the price of the item for sale.

Recently, aggressive forms of music such as hardcore punk and grindcore have begun to use chanting. Many times during a breakdown (the segment of the song where the time signature is half counted or significantly slowed in some way), the singer will recite a chant to get the entire audience involved and create a feeling of passion throughout the room causing the overall reaction to the music, including in the pits, to be more intense. Reggae and rap music, both of which are primarily spoken rather than sung, depend heavily on a highly rhythmic delivery with many elements of chant, particularly in the chorus sections.

Traditional chant in popular culture[edit]

Chant is a popular component of many film scores, such as The Lord of the Rings film trilogy by Howard Shore, Star Wars: Episode I: The Phantom Menace by John Williams, Ghost in the Shell by Kenji Kawai, and Man vs. Godzilla by Akira Ifukube, and video game scores such as the Halo series by Martin O'Donnell and Michael Salvatori.

While authentic traditional chant has occasionally figured into modern popular music in brief intros, interludes or atmospheric background usage, one of the earliest notable, fundamental uses of traditional chant in modern pop came from Enigma, who sampled Gregorian chants over trance beats for a successful series of albums and singles. Their 1990 debut single "Sadeness (Part I)" became one of the biggest dance and pop music hits of the year, topping charts around the world, while their song "Return to Innocence" uses a chant in the Taiwanese Aboriginal language Amis.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Online Etymology Dictionary
  2. ^ Stolba, K. Marie (1994). The Development of Western Music: A History, 2nd Ed. WCB, Iowa.

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chant — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1000000 videos foundNext > 

Over 1 Hour OF Gorgeous Gregorian Chant -Chillout Megamix

Please read description! This video is purely fan-made, if you (owners) want to REMOVED this video, PLEASE CONTACT US DIRECTLY. We will remove it. Subscribe!...

The Benedictine Monks of Santo Domingo de Silos in Spain Chanting

Canto Gregoriano- (Gregorian chant)by The Benedictine Monks of Santo Domingo de Silos of Spain ( http://grooveshark.com/#!/search/album?q=Benedictine+Monks+o...

GREGORIAN CHANT

I. LES CLOCHES DE SOLESMES II. KYRIE 9 (MODE 1) (from 2:08) III. GLORLA 9 (MODE 7) (from 4:31) IV. SANGTUS 9 (MODE 5) (from 8:06) V. AGNUS DEI 9 (MODE 5) (fr...

Le chant des templiers -Chants of The Knights Templar (FULL HD)

Le chant des templiers -By:Ensemble Organum "THE Chant of The Knights Templars" Buy here:http://www.amazon.com/Le-Chant-Templiers-Marcel-Peres/dp/B000H7ZZYC ...

►Gregorian - Masters Of Chant Live At Kreuzenstein Castle 2007

http://www.youtube.com/user/dEEpiNyouRRmiNd1 https://www.facebook.com/sUiCidEsSoCiaL http://www.youtube.com/user/haLLuciNatioNs6 ▻♪♫٩(͡๏̯͡๏)۶.

Gregorian Chant: Monastic Choir of the Abbey of St. Pierre de Solesmes, 1930

One LP of a two LP collection issued in the early 1960s on the RCA Victor Red Seal Collector's Issue label, catalogue number LCT-6011. Images of the slipcase...

OM CHANTING MEDITATION: VERY POWERFUL

Buy it Now Link Below: https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/power-om-soulful-meditation/id638183147 http://www.cdbaby.com/AlbumDetails.aspx?AlbumID=nipunaggarwa...

Gregorian Chants from Assisi - Medieval Lauds

Gregorianische Gesange aus Assisi, Gregorian Chants from Assisi - Laudes Antiquae Medieval Lauds, In Cena Domini de Missa Solemni Vespertina - Coro della Cap...

comment apprendre à chanter juste / corriger les faussetés - Tuto chant

http://www.coaching-voix.com https://www.facebook.com/pages/NicolasDupuisMusic/100204796775070?ref=hl les nouvelles vocalises : http://www.youtube.com/watch?...

Tony Cruz uses 'The Wolf of Wall Street' chest-beating chant as walk-up music

St. Louis Cardinals catcher Tony Cruz used the chest-beating chant from the movie "The Wolf of Wall Street" as his walk-up music for his ninth inning at-bat during Monday night's game against...

1000000 videos foundNext > 

24950 news items

 
Comcast SportsNet Chicago
Sun, 27 Jul 2014 15:53:04 -0700

By the time his turn came around again, fans started a low roar, accompanied by pounding on the metal bleachers, all accompanying a first-of-its-kind rhythmic chant: “Mega-punt! Mega-punt! Mega-Punt!” right up to the moment of O'Donnell's effort. When ...
 
International Middle East Media Center
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 15:30:00 -0700

VIDEO -- Israelis Chant: “There's No School Tomorrow, There's No Children Left in Gaza! Oleh!” author Tuesday July 29, 2014 02:52 author by International Solidarity Movement Report post. Israelis in Tel Aviv, on 26.7.2014, the 19th day of Israel's ...

GoMo News

GoMo News
Sun, 27 Jul 2014 12:30:00 -0700

This weekend GoMo News should really have been in Charlton Park, England attending the WOMAD world music festival. But it just didn't happen. Luckily the House of Marley decided to come to our rescue and cheer us up by loaning us the Chant – a ...

ChicagoBears.com

Comcast SportsNet Chicago
Sun, 27 Jul 2014 12:07:30 -0700

By the time his turn came around again, fans started a low roar, accompanied by pounding on the metal bleachers, all accompanying a first-of-its-kind rhythmic chant: “Meg-a-Punt! Meg-a-Punt! Meg-a-Punt!” right up to the moment of O'Donnell's effort.

CBS Local

FOXSports.com
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 07:58:34 -0700

Check out the scene in St. Louis when Cruz paces to the plate with a downward gaze as the public address plays the chest-beating money chant from "Wolf of Wall Street." You know, the restaurant scene where Matthew McConaughey's character tries to ...

Sportskeeda

Sportskeeda
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 00:44:42 -0700

I don't want to sugarcoat anything - it's a well-known fan-chant - but I don't want to offend anyone with the cusswords; it's particularly important to me to express this. I'm on very good terms with the Dortmund-Players, especially with Kevin ...

WZTV

Washington Post (blog)
Tue, 01 Jul 2014 09:21:42 -0700

If you've watched a U.S. soccer game during this World Cup, chances are you've heard the chant coming from the sizable contingent of American supporters in Brazil, or from the hordes that have packed bars around the country: “I believe that we will win!”.

Inside Spanish Football

We Ain't Got No History
Fri, 25 Jul 2014 01:39:19 -0700

This isn't really a transfer rumor. Actually, it's most definitely not a transfer rumor and it's not even something less than a transfer rumor. It's less than even less than a transfer rumor. But, oh my goodness you guys, I want to believe. There's a ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Chant

You can talk about Chant with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!