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Chakma
Daingnet
Changma Kodha
Native to Bangladesh, India, Burma
Region Chittagong Hill Tracts, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura
Ethnicity Chakma, Daingnet
Native speakers
perhaps 200,000 in India and Bangladesh  (2002–2007)[1]
also in Burma
Chakma script
Language codes
ISO 639-3 ccp

Chakma language (Changma Vaj or Changma Kodha) is an Indo-European language spoken by the Chackma and Daingnet people. Its better-known closest relatives are Bengali, Assamese, Chittagonian/Rohingya, Bishnupriya Manipuri, Tanchangya, and Sylheti. It is spoken by nearly 310,000 people in southeast Bangladesh near Chittagong City, and another 300,000 in India in Mizoram, Assam, and Tripura. It is written using the Chakma script, which is also called Ajhā pāṭh, sometimes romanized Ojhopath. Literacy in Chakma script is low.

It is neither officially recognized by the Bangladesh government nor by the Indian government, the only two countries where native Chakma people live.

Although there were no Chakma language radio or television stations as of 2011, the language has a presence in social media and on YouTube. The Hill Education Chakma Script website provides tutorials, videos, e-books, and Chakma language forums.[2]

In 2012, the Government of Tripura announced it would "introduce Chakma language in Chakma script in primary schools of Tripura. Imparting of education up to elementary stage in mother tongue is a national policy. To begin with Chakma language subjects in its own scripts will be introduced in 58 primary schools in Chakma concentrated areas."[3]

"In preparation for the January 2014 education season, the national curriculum and textbook board has already started printing books in six languages ... Chakma, Cogborok (Tripura community), Marma, Santal, Sadri (Orao community) and Achik (Mandi community)."[4]

Medieval Chakma[edit]

The Chakma and Daingnet people now speak what may be considered divergent dialects of Bengali. However, this is due to language shift from a Tibeto-Burman language; that medieval language may have been related to Sak[5] or Chairel.[6]

References[edit]

Chakma script
  1. ^ Chakma at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ "Languages: Online Activism To Save Chakma Language". Rising Voices. 2011-11-29. Retrieved 2012-09-02. 
  3. ^ Hueiyen News Service / Newmai News Network (2012-08-31). "Chakma script to be introduced in Tripura". E-Pao! Headlines. Retrieved 2012-09-02. 
  4. ^ Chowdhury, K. R. (2013-05-21). "Native tongue offers ethnic children a good start". khabarsouthasia.com. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  5. ^ Beckwith, Christopher I.; Seminar, I.A.T.S. (2002). Medieval Tibeto-Burman languages. [1]. Brill. ISBN 9789004124240. 
  6. ^ Voegelin, Charles Frederick & Florence Marie Robinett Voegelin. 1977. Classification and Index of the World's Languages. New York: Elsevier. ISBN 0-444-00155-7
  • Cāṅmā, Cirajyoti and Maṅgal Cāṅgmā. 1982. Cāṅmār āg pudhi (Chakma primer). Rāṅamāṭi:Cāṅmābhāṣā Prakāśanā Pariṣad.
  • Khisa, Bhagadatta. 2001. Cāṅmā pattham pāt (Chakma primer.) Rāṅamāṭi: Tribal Cultural Institute(TCI).
  • Singā. 2004. Phagadāṅ

External links[edit]

Media related to Chakma language at Wikimedia Commons


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chakma_language — Please support Wikipedia.
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11010 videos foundNext > 

Song in Chakma Language

Rhythmic Song with a Tribal Language.

Friendly Chat with Chakmas of Nankya village in Arakan

I arrived at Chakma aka Daingnet village Nankya in Mrauk U township of Rakhine state in Myanmar on 25 January 2011. The village is about 6 miles from Mrauk U...

Good News CHAKMA: Bangladesh People/Language Movie Trailer

See http://wlmov.com/program/c81019 for the full Good News CHAKMA: Bangladesh Movie .......... This is: Good News CHAKMA: Bangladesh People/Language Movie Tr...

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Complete Chakma Music Video Song from Arunachal

Arunachal Arunachal Dool Amar Arunachal-Complete music video from Arunachal.

Chakma Romantic Song

Romantic video song into Chakma language, extracted from a modern Chakma telefilm entitled, "HOCHPANA" meanig LOVE. Chakmas are the most biggest group of Ind...

Chakma Man From Arakan

I interviewed this Chakma man at Rangoon temple. According to him majority of the Chakmas in Arakan are farmers. Dhudi & salum are the favourite dress of the...

Chakma Boy From Rakhine

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The Story of Jesus - Chakma / Takam / Chakama / Tsakma Language (Bangladesh, India)

The Story of the Life and Times of Jesus Christ (Son of God). According to the Gospel of Luke. (Bangladesh, India) Chakma / Takam / Chakama / Tsakma Language...

Words of Life CHAKMA: Assam People/Language Movie Trailer

This is: Words of Life CHAKMA: Assam People/Language Movie Trailer c03250 [c03250t] Other names for this language are: Chakma, Takam This language is spoken ...

11010 videos foundNext > 

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