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Chakma
Daingnet
Changma Kodha
Native to Bangladesh, India, Burma
Region Chittagong Hill Tracts, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura
Ethnicity Chakma, Daingnet
Native speakers
330,000 in Bengal  (2007)[1]
also in Burma
Chakma script
Language codes
ISO 639-3 ccp
Glottolog chak1266[2]

Chakma language (Changma Vaj or Changma Kodha) is an Indo-European language spoken by the Chackma and Daingnet people. Its better-known closest relatives are Bengali, Assamese, Chittagonian/Rohingya, Bishnupriya Manipuri, Tanchangya, and Sylheti. It is spoken by nearly 310,000 people in southeast Bangladesh near Chittagong City, and another 300,000 in India in Mizoram, Assam, and Tripura. It is written using the Chakma script, which is also called Ajhā pāṭh, sometimes romanized Ojhopath. Literacy in Chakma script is low.

It is neither officially recognized by the Bangladesh government nor by the Indian government, the only two countries where native Chakma people live.

Although there were no Chakma language radio or television stations as of 2011, the language has a presence in social media and on YouTube. The Hill Education Chakma Script website provides tutorials, videos, e-books, and Chakma language forums.[3]

In 2012, the Government of Tripura announced it would "introduce Chakma language in Chakma script in primary schools of Tripura. Imparting of education up to elementary stage in mother tongue is a national policy. To begin with Chakma language subjects in its own scripts will be introduced in 58 primary schools in Chakma concentrated areas."[4]

"In preparation for the January 2014 education season, the national curriculum and textbook board has already started printing books in six languages ... Chakma, Cogborok (Tripura community), Marma, Santal, Sadri (Orao community) and Achik."[5]

Medieval Chakma[edit]

The Chakma and Daingnet people now speak what may be considered divergent dialects of Bengali. However, this is due to language shift from a Tibeto-Burman language; that medieval language may have been related to Sak[6] or Chairel.[7]

Script[edit]

Chakma script

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chakma at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Chakma". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ "Languages: Online Activism To Save Chakma Language". Rising Voices. 2011-11-29. Retrieved 2012-09-02. 
  4. ^ Hueiyen News Service / Newmai News Network (2012-08-31). "Chakma script to be introduced in Tripura". E-Pao! Headlines. Retrieved 2012-09-02. 
  5. ^ Chowdhury, K. R. (2013-05-21). "Native tongue offers ethnic children a good start". khabarsouthasia.com. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  6. ^ Beckwith, Christopher I.; Seminar, I.A.T.S. (2002). Medieval Tibeto-Burman languages. [1]. Brill. ISBN 9789004124240. 
  7. ^ Voegelin, Charles Frederick & Florence Marie Robinett Voegelin. 1977. Classification and Index of the World's Languages. New York: Elsevier. ISBN 0-444-00155-7
  • Cāṅmā, Cirajyoti and Maṅgal Cāṅgmā. 1982. Cāṅmār āg pudhi (Chakma primer). Rāṅamāṭi:Cāṅmābhāṣā Prakāśanā Pariṣad.
  • Khisa, Bhagadatta. 2001. Cāṅmā pattham pāt (Chakma primer.) Rāṅamāṭi: Tribal Cultural Institute(TCI).
  • Singā. 2004. Phagadāṅ

External links[edit]

Media related to Chakma language at Wikimedia Commons


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chakma_language — Please support Wikipedia.
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21 news items

The Daily Star

The Daily Star
Fri, 03 Oct 2014 06:32:59 -0700

Bangladesh Betar Rangamati Centre started to broadcast local news in Chakma language from Wednesday for the listeners of major ethnic community. Member of Parliament Firoza Begum Chinu formally inaugurated the broadcasting programme at Betar ...

Mission Network News

Mission Network News
Thu, 22 Jan 2015 21:05:39 -0800

You can help provide Bibles and hymnals in the Chakma language, and other evangelistic literature as well. – Another way to help is to contribute to the National Pastors fund with FMI. An upcoming conference still needs to be covered financially ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Thu, 14 Nov 2013 04:57:27 -0800

Rabindranath Tagore's Gitanjali has been translated into Chakma by prominent writer Timir Baran. The tribe is concentrated in a few northeastern States and the neighbouring Chittagong hill tracts of Bangladesh. “It has been a great honour for us to ...
 
Global Voices Online (blog)
Mon, 28 Nov 2011 23:16:18 -0800

One of the major indigenous languages in Bangladesh is the Chakma language, which is an Indo-European language spoken by approx. 310,000 people in southeast Bangladesh and another 300,000 in India in the Eastern most parts of India. It is written ...

The Daily Star

The Daily Star
Wed, 01 Apr 2015 05:10:20 -0700

According to Aung Rakhaine, it is the first short film in the Chakma language in Bangladesh. He also talked about the present situation of Bangladeshi films. He observed that this was both a time of opportunity and risk for Bangladeshi films because ...
 
Times of India
Sat, 31 Jan 2015 16:33:45 -0800

In 2013, retired school teacher Timir Baran Chakma of Sabroom in South Tripura had translated Tagore's Gitanjali in Chakma language. Article continues. Stay updated on the go with Times of India News App. Click here to download it for your device.
 
E-Pao.net
Fri, 31 Aug 2012 21:31:22 -0700

Aizawl, August 31 2012: The Government of Tripura in its cabinet meeting chaired by Chief Minister Manik Sarkar recently, has made a historic decision to introduce Chakma language in Chakma script in primary schools of Tripura. Imparting of education ...
 
The Daily Star
Fri, 26 Dec 2014 10:15:05 -0800

I haven't used Bengali language in the film, instead I used Chakma language. You should also know that there were no professional actors involved in this production. All the acting was done by the members of the community, and their performance was ...
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