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Changma Kodha
Native to Bangladesh, India, Burma
Region Chittagong Hill Tracts, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura
Ethnicity Chakma, Daingnet
Native speakers
330,000 in Bengal (2007)[1]
also in Burma
Chakma script
Language codes
ISO 639-3 ccp
Glottolog chak1266[2]

Chakma language (Changma Vaj or Changma Kodha) is an Indo-European language spoken by the Chakma and Daingnet people. Its better-known closest relatives are Bengali, Assamese, Chittagonian/Rohingya, Bishnupriya Manipuri, Tanchangya, and Sylheti. It is spoken by nearly 310,000 people in southeast Bangladesh near Chittagong City, and another 300,000 in India in Mizoram, Assam, and Tripura. It is written using the Chakma script, which is also called Ajhā pāṭh, sometimes romanized Ojhopath. Literacy in Chakma script is low.

It is officially recognized by neither the Bangladesh government nor the Indian government, the only two countries where native Chakma people live.

Although there were no Chakma language radio or television stations as of 2011, the language has a presence in social media and on YouTube. The Hill Education Chakma Script website provides tutorials, videos, e-books, and Chakma language forums.[3]

In 2012, the Government of Tripura announced it would "introduce Chakma language in Chakma script in primary schools of Tripura. Imparting of education up to elementary stage in mother tongue is a national policy. To begin with Chakma language subjects in its own scripts will be introduced in 58 primary schools in Chakma concentrated areas."[4]

"In preparation for the January 2014 education season, the national curriculum and textbook board has already started printing books in six languages ... Chakma, Cogborok (Tripura community), Marma, Santal, Sadri (Orao community) and Achik."[5]

Mor Thengari was Bangladesh's first Chakma-language movie. However, it was banned in Bangladesh.[6]

Medieval Chakma[edit]

The Chakma and Daingnet people now speak what may be considered divergent dialects of Bengali. However, this is due to language shift from a Tibeto-Burman language; that medieval language may have been related to Sak[7] or Chairel.[8]


Chakma script


  1. ^ Chakma at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Chakma". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ "Languages: Online Activism To Save Chakma Language". Rising Voices. 2011-11-29. Retrieved 2012-09-02. 
  4. ^ Hueiyen News Service / Newmai News Network (2012-08-31). "Chakma script to be introduced in Tripura". E-Pao! Headlines. Retrieved 2012-09-02. 
  5. ^ Chowdhury, K. R. (2013-05-21). "Native tongue offers ethnic children a good start". khabarsouthasia.com. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  6. ^ https://globalvoices.org/2015/12/11/bangladeshs-censor-board-blocks-the-countrys-first-chakma-language-film/
  7. ^ Beckwith, Christopher I. (2002). Medieval Tibeto-Burman Languages. Brill. ISBN 978-90-04-12424-0. 
  8. ^ Voegelin, Charles Frederick & Florence Marie Robinett Voegelin. 1977. Classification and Index of the World's Languages. New York: Elsevier. ISBN 0-444-00155-7
  • Cāṅmā, Cirajyoti and Maṅgal Cāṅgmā. 1982. Cāṅmār āg pudhi (Chakma primer). Rāṅamāṭi:Cāṅmābhāṣā Prakāśanā Pariṣad.
  • Khisa, Bhagadatta. 2001. Cāṅmā pattham pāt (Chakma primer.) Rāṅamāṭi: Tribal Cultural Institute(TCI).
  • Singā. 2004. Phagadāṅ

External links[edit]

Media related to Chakma language at Wikimedia Commons

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chakma_language — Please support Wikipedia.
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3583 videos foundNext > 

Song in Chakma Language

Rhythmic Song with a Tribal Language.

Chakma Changma Sangma

To learn Changma vaj, Sangma kodha cighy...

Chakma language Top # 10 Facts

Chakma language Top # 10 Facts.

Chakma Regogious Song

Sang through Chakma Language.

Chakma Romantic Song

Romantic video song into Chakma language, extracted from a modern Chakma telefilm entitled, "HOCHPANA" meanig LOVE. Chakmas are the most biggest ...

Chakma Community in FRANCE

Short description of this video clip has given in Chakma language while explaining the picturesque view of the lake which is located at Creteil in France.

Good News CHAKMA: Bangladesh People/Language Movie Trailer

See http://wlmov.com/program/c81019 for the full Good News CHAKMA: Bangladesh Movie .......... This is: Good News CHAKMA: Bangladesh People/Language ...

Chakma songs - Biju Pekko (full album)

This video is about Full album of "BIJU PEKKO" Which is recently released in CHT Bangladesh. This is the Latest gift for the Fans those who really love CSONGS ...

New chakma video song 2015 | Gom lakke de | Sajib Chakma | Jamil

First new chakma video song covered by Jamil and sajib chakma . This chakma video song 2015 have a some history of love those are scripting in chakma ...


3583 videos foundNext > 

29 news items

Global Voices Online

Global Voices Online
Fri, 11 Dec 2015 08:39:59 -0800

'Mor Thengari' ('My Bicycle') is the first feature film made entirely in Chakma, an indigenous language spoken by the Chakma ethnic minority in Bangladesh. Directed by Aung Rakhine, the film centers around indigenous people, particularly the Chakma ...

Dhaka Tribune

Dhaka Tribune
Thu, 04 Feb 2016 12:15:00 -0800

The running Khagrachhari Hill District Council Chairman Kongjori Chowdhury said Chakma language was being used at Chakma villages, Kokborok language being used at Tripura villages and Marma language at Marma villages. In the process, the children ...

The Daily Star

The Daily Star
Fri, 03 Oct 2014 01:48:45 -0700

Bangladesh Betar Rangamati Centre started to broadcast local news in Chakma language from Wednesday for the listeners of major ethnic community. Member of Parliament Firoza Begum Chinu formally inaugurated the broadcasting programme at Betar ...

The Daily Star

The Daily Star
Wed, 01 Apr 2015 05:10:20 -0700

According to Aung Rakhaine, it is the first short film in the Chakma language in Bangladesh. He also talked about the present situation of Bangladeshi films. He observed that this was both a time of opportunity and risk for Bangladeshi films because ...


Wed, 09 Dec 2015 00:48:45 -0800

Recently, a young filmmaker from an indigenous ethnic community made a film in the Chakma language. The film has been screened at the Tallinn Black Nights film festival, but the government has denied censorship to the film on the basis that it is made ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Thu, 14 Nov 2013 04:57:27 -0800

Rabindranath Tagore's Gitanjali has been translated into Chakma by prominent writer Timir Baran. The tribe is concentrated in a few northeastern States and the neighbouring Chittagong hill tracts of Bangladesh. “It has been a great honour for us to ...

Mission Network News

Mission Network News
Thu, 22 Jan 2015 21:05:39 -0800

You can help provide Bibles and hymnals in the Chakma language, and other evangelistic literature as well. – Another way to help is to contribute to the National Pastors fund with FMI. An upcoming conference still needs to be covered financially ...

The Daily Star

The Daily Star
Mon, 16 Nov 2015 10:11:15 -0800

As part of its commitment to promote Bangladeshi culture, The Daily Star regularly arranges musical programmes featuring many artistes of repute. To bring a refreshing change to its regular musical programmes, the newspaper recently held a soiree ...

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