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Changma Kodha
Native to Bangladesh, India, Burma
Region Chittagong Hill Tracts, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura
Ethnicity Chakma, Daingnet
Native speakers
perhaps 200,000 in India and Bangladesh  (2002–2007)[1]
also in Burma
Chakma script
Language codes
ISO 639-3 ccp
Glottolog chak1266[2]

Chakma language (Changma Vaj or Changma Kodha) is an Indo-European language spoken by the Chackma and Daingnet people. Its better-known closest relatives are Bengali, Assamese, Chittagonian/Rohingya, Bishnupriya Manipuri, Tanchangya, and Sylheti. It is spoken by nearly 310,000 people in southeast Bangladesh near Chittagong City, and another 300,000 in India in Mizoram, Assam, and Tripura. It is written using the Chakma script, which is also called Ajhā pāṭh, sometimes romanized Ojhopath. Literacy in Chakma script is low.

It is neither officially recognized by the Bangladesh government nor by the Indian government, the only two countries where native Chakma people live.

Although there were no Chakma language radio or television stations as of 2011, the language has a presence in social media and on YouTube. The Hill Education Chakma Script website provides tutorials, videos, e-books, and Chakma language forums.[3]

In 2012, the Government of Tripura announced it would "introduce Chakma language in Chakma script in primary schools of Tripura. Imparting of education up to elementary stage in mother tongue is a national policy. To begin with Chakma language subjects in its own scripts will be introduced in 58 primary schools in Chakma concentrated areas."[4]

"In preparation for the January 2014 education season, the national curriculum and textbook board has already started printing books in six languages ... Chakma, Cogborok (Tripura community), Marma, Santal, Sadri (Orao community) and Achik."[5]

Medieval Chakma[edit]

The Chakma and Daingnet people now speak what may be considered divergent dialects of Bengali. However, this is due to language shift from a Tibeto-Burman language; that medieval language may have been related to Sak[6] or Chairel.[7]


Chakma script
  1. ^ Chakma at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Chakma". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ "Languages: Online Activism To Save Chakma Language". Rising Voices. 2011-11-29. Retrieved 2012-09-02. 
  4. ^ Hueiyen News Service / Newmai News Network (2012-08-31). "Chakma script to be introduced in Tripura". E-Pao! Headlines. Retrieved 2012-09-02. 
  5. ^ Chowdhury, K. R. (2013-05-21). "Native tongue offers ethnic children a good start". khabarsouthasia.com. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  6. ^ Beckwith, Christopher I.; Seminar, I.A.T.S. (2002). Medieval Tibeto-Burman languages. [1]. Brill. ISBN 9789004124240. 
  7. ^ Voegelin, Charles Frederick & Florence Marie Robinett Voegelin. 1977. Classification and Index of the World's Languages. New York: Elsevier. ISBN 0-444-00155-7
  • Cāṅmā, Cirajyoti and Maṅgal Cāṅgmā. 1982. Cāṅmār āg pudhi (Chakma primer). Rāṅamāṭi:Cāṅmābhāṣā Prakāśanā Pariṣad.
  • Khisa, Bhagadatta. 2001. Cāṅmā pattham pāt (Chakma primer.) Rāṅamāṭi: Tribal Cultural Institute(TCI).
  • Singā. 2004. Phagadāṅ

External links[edit]

Media related to Chakma language at Wikimedia Commons

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chakma_language — Please support Wikipedia.
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2674 videos foundNext > 

Friendly Chat with Chakmas of Nankya village in Arakan

I arrived at Chakma aka Daingnet village Nankya in Mrauk U township of Rakhine state in Myanmar on 25 January 2011. The village is about 6 miles from Mrauk U...

Song in Chakma Language

Rhythmic Song with a Tribal Language.

Chakma Romantic Song

Romantic video song into Chakma language, extracted from a modern Chakma telefilm entitled, "HOCHPANA" meanig LOVE. Chakmas are the most biggest group of Ind...

Good News CHAKMA: Bangladesh People/Language Movie Trailer

See http://wlmov.com/program/c81019 for the full Good News CHAKMA: Bangladesh Movie .......... This is: Good News CHAKMA: Bangladesh People/Language Movie Tr...

Words of Life CHAKMA: Assam People/Language Movie Trailer

This is: Words of Life CHAKMA: Assam People/Language Movie Trailer c03250 [c03250t] Other names for this language are: Chakma, Takam This language is spoken ...

Chakma Scripture

It is right time to learn easy chakma writing, reading and speaking by print out from the website of the Chakma Lega Publication, Australia. Just go Google S...


With our chakma language.

The Story of Jesus - Chakma / Takam / Chakama / Tsakma Language (Bangladesh, India)

The Story of the Life and Times of Jesus Christ (Son of God). According to the Gospel of Luke. (Bangladesh, India) Chakma / Takam / Chakama / Tsakma Language...

Pahari Gaan Of Chittagong - Tuned by Shugoto Chakma

Chittagong Hill Tract region uphold the very versatile tradition of Bangladeshi culture. The song is presented in Chakma Language in the location of Rangamat...

Chakma Changma Sangma

To learn Changma vaj, Sangma kodha cighy...

2674 videos foundNext > 

42 news items

Mission Network News

Mission Network News
Thu, 22 Jan 2015 21:05:39 -0800

You can help provide Bibles and hymnals in the Chakma language, and other evangelistic literature as well. – Another way to help is to contribute to the National Pastors fund with FMI. An upcoming conference still needs to be covered financially ...

The Daily Star

The Daily Star
Fri, 03 Oct 2014 01:48:45 -0700

Bangladesh Betar Rangamati Centre started to broadcast local news in Chakma language from Wednesday for the listeners of major ethnic community. Member of Parliament Firoza Begum Chinu formally inaugurated the broadcasting programme at Betar ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Thu, 14 Nov 2013 04:57:27 -0800

Rabindranath Tagore's Gitanjali has been translated into Chakma by prominent writer Timir Baran. The tribe is concentrated in a few northeastern States and the neighbouring Chittagong hill tracts of Bangladesh. “It has been a great honour for us to ...
Global Voices Online (blog)
Mon, 28 Nov 2011 23:16:18 -0800

One of the major indigenous languages in Bangladesh is the Chakma language, which is an Indo-European language spoken by approx. 310,000 people in southeast Bangladesh and another 300,000 in India in the Eastern most parts of India. It is written ...
Fri, 31 Aug 2012 21:31:22 -0700

Aizawl, August 31 2012: The Government of Tripura in its cabinet meeting chaired by Chief Minister Manik Sarkar recently, has made a historic decision to introduce Chakma language in Chakma script in primary schools of Tripura. Imparting of education ...
The Daily Star
Fri, 26 Dec 2014 10:14:43 -0800

I haven't used Bengali language in the film, instead I used Chakma language. You should also know that there were no professional actors involved in this production. All the acting was done by the members of the community, and their performance was ...

The Daily Star

The Daily Star
Sat, 06 Dec 2014 10:05:22 -0800

In the evening, the first ever Bangladeshi film made in Chakma language premiered. The film, titled “Mor Thengari” (“My Bicycle”) has been directed by Aung Rakhine. Chakma king Raja Debashish Roy; filmmaker Nurul Alam Atique, many film critics, ...


Tue, 13 Aug 2013 13:17:15 -0700

The government is yet to take concrete measures to preserve the country's endangered languages, especially those spoken by the indigenous people, and protect the rights of linguistic minorities. The problem persists despite the fact that there is a ...

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