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Chach Nama (Sindhi: چچ نامو‎), also known as the Fateh nama Sindh (Sindhi: فتح نامه سنڌ‎), and as Tarekh-e-Hind wa Sindh Arabic (تاريخ الهند والسند), is a book about the history of Sindh, chronicling the Chacha Dynasty's period, following the demise of the Rai Dynasty and the ascent of Chach of Alor to the throne, down to the Arab conquest by Muhammad bin Qasim in early 8th century AD.


Sindh in 700 AD, under the Brahmin dynasty.

The Chach Nama was written by Kàzí Ismáíl, who was appointed the first Kází of Alór by Muhammad Kásim after the conquest of the Sindh.

It was translated into Persian by Muhammad Ali bin Hamid bin Abu Bakr Kufi in 1216 CE[2] from an earlier Arabic text. At one time it was considered to be a romance until Mountstuart Elphinstone's observations of its historical veracity. The original work in Arabic is believed to have been composed by the Sakifí family, the kinsmen of Muhammad bin Qasim.


The Táríkh Maasúmí, and the Tuhfatulkirám are two other Muslim histories of the same period and on occasion give differing accounts of some details. Later Muslim chronicles like those by Nizam-ud din Ahmad, Nuru-l Hakk, Firishta, and the Mir Ma'sum draw their account of the Arab conquest from the Chach-Nama.

While Kufi is also seen as having employed some "Purple prose" he is regarded as having accurately translated the bulk of the Arabic material as well attributing the sources of information, whether they are from individuals or even "tradition".

As a historical narrative the account is seen as a valuable record of events such as the social, political and historical geography of the region at the time, while containing the natural bias of the Sakifi family as well as the inherent inaccuracies and embellishments of popular tradition.


  1. ^ HISTORY OF SIND. VOLUME II. (IN TWO PARTS.) Part II—Giving the reigns of the Kalhórahs and the Tálpurs down to the British Conquest. TRANSLATED FROM PERSIAN BOOKS BY MIRZA KALICHBEG FREDUNBEG, CHAPTER IV
  2. ^ Common Era year is an approximation of the Islamic calendar date 613 AH.

Further reading[edit]

  • The Chach-nama. English translation by Mirza Kalichbeg Fredunbeg. Delhi Reprint, 1979.
  • Chachnamah in Hindi चचनामाह - सिंध पर अरबो के हमले का वृतांत . Hindi translation by Harish Chandra Talreja. Udaipur Rajasthan, 2015.

External links[edit]

  • Elliot and Dowson, Chach-Nama The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians - The Muhammadan Period, Vol 1, Trubner London
  • Chach Nama, Persian Packhum website translation

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chach_Nama — Please support Wikipedia.
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5 news items

Deccan Chronicle

Deccan Chronicle
Tue, 14 Oct 2014 17:19:46 -0700

For example, Mohammed bin Qasim's conquest of Sindh in 711 AD and his cordial and friendly ties with the local Brahmins are recorded in Fath Nama-i-Sindh, popularly known as the Chach Nama. The original Arabic manuscript was lost without a trace, but ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Fri, 08 Feb 2013 10:47:35 -0800

All of this has been taken from one book called “Chach Nama”. What a scholarly article! Where is the research that you did on your own? or is it enough to read one book? Recommend3. bmniac. Feb 9, 2013 - 3:57PM. Reply. Quite interesting Please continue ...


Mon, 13 Feb 2012 23:35:35 -0800

Novelist Ghulam Nabi Mughal commending death commemoration at the government level said that Chach Nama, Jannat-i-Sindh and Tareekh-i-Tahiri were important books on the history of Sindh but in Chach Nama, Arab conquerors wrote the history as per ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Sat, 19 Mar 2011 22:37:23 -0700

Earlier, he had read excerpts from Kashful Mahjoob by Ali Hajveri and Chach Nama by Ali Kufki. He said the role of Muhammad bin Qasim's role in bringing Islam to the Indian sub-continent was glorified to support the Two Nation Theory. Ahmed said people ...
Kashmir Herald
Sun, 30 Jun 2002 17:00:00 -0700

Thus, in Multan, according to the Chach-Nama, "six thousand warriors were put to death, and all their relations and dependents were taken as slaves". This is why Rajput women committed mass suicide to save their honour in the face of the imminent entry ...

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