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Caucasian bee
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Suborder: Apocrita
Family: Apidae
Subfamily: Apinae
Tribe: Apini
Genus: Apis
Species: A. mellifera
Subspecies: A. m. caucasia
Trinomial name
Apis mellifera caucasia
Pollmann, 1889

The Caucasian honey bee (Apis mellifera caucasia, commonly misspelled caucasica) is a sub-species of the Western honey bee.

Origin[edit]

The Caucasian honey bee originates from the high valleys of the Central Caucasus. Georgia is the “central homeland” for the species, although the bees also can be found in eastern Turkey, Armenia and Azerbaijan.[1]

Anatomy and Appearance[edit]

  • Shape and Size: similar to A. m. carnica
  • Chitin Color: dark with brown spots at times
  • Hair Color: lead-grey
  • Tongue Length: up to 7.2 mm

Behavior[edit]

beneficial for beekeeping[edit]

  • gentle and calm on the comb
  • ardent brood production - raising strong colonies
  • colonies reach full strength in mid-summer, which is good for areas where the highest nectar flow is in mid-summer
  • very great user of propolis
  • in its native area a better honey producer than the European dark bee

not beneficial for beekeeping[edit]

  • colonies do not reach full strength until mid-summer, which is an undesirable trait for areas with the highest nectar flow in the spring.
  • the great use of propolis may be seen as undesirable as it makes hive management more difficult. Frames and hive boxes are glued together more substantially.
  • over wintering in northern climates not good due to susceptibility to nosema
  • inclined to drifting and robbing

Sources[edit]

The Hive and the honeybee, Chapter 11 Races of bees by Prof. Friedrich Ruttner, published by Dadant 1975



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caucasian_honey_bee — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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3 news items

ABC News

ABC News
Sat, 15 Jun 2013 03:26:00 -0700

One of the species of bee she collected, the Caucasian honey bee, lives in Georgia (as in, former Soviet republic). In addition to being tolerant of the cold weather in the area, it also known for creating a substance called propolis. "It's kind of ...

Phoenix New Times (blog)

Phoenix New Times (blog)
Wed, 03 Jul 2013 06:02:01 -0700

On the other hand, the Caucasian honey bee from the country of Georgia produces a sticky, gummy substance called propolis that's beneficial to bee health. Breeding with this species could bees that would better protect their hives from disease. Of ...

DigitalJournal.com

DigitalJournal.com
Sun, 09 Jun 2013 13:38:25 -0700

The Italian honey bee is suited to a warmer climate, making it ideal for beekeepers in the southern U.S. For beekeepers in colder climates, WSU researchers are testing the Carniolan honey bee, native to the Alps, and the Caucasian honey bee from the ...
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