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Carlos Fermín Fitzcarrald (1862 – 9 July 1897)[1] was a Peruvian rubber baron of Peruvian-American ancestry. He grew up in the city of Iquitos.

Rubber baron[edit]

He became established as a rubber baron in the late 19th century. Determined to find a way to transport rubber out of the Madre de Dios region, he exploited native workers. He forced them under pain of death to dismantle and transport a ship over a mountain during the early 20th-century rubber boom in the Amazon Basin.[2]

He explored the Madre de Dios region of BAP Fitzcarrald in Lake Sandoval, Madre de Dios, Peru. He founded the City of Puerto Maldonado and explored the area that is now the Manu Biosphere Reserve. To achieve this, it was necessary to transport his steam ship piece by piece over the mountains to the Madre de Dios basin. [2]

Fitzcarrald discovered a short passage overland between the Mishagua River, a tributary of the Urubamba, and the Manu, a tributary of the Madre de Dios River. The latter leads into the Ucayali River. The Isthmus of Fitzcarrald was later named for him, as discovery of this route enabled transport of rubber from the Madre de Dios region. It was transferred to ships on the Manu, which could reach the Madre de Dios, the Ucayali River and thereby down the Amazon to markets and Atlantic ports for export.[2]

His exploits inspired director and writer Werner Herzog's film Fitzcarraldo (1982).[2] He died at age 35 when his ship Contamana sank in an accident.[2]


  • The Carlos Fermín Fitzcarrald Province was named after him.
  • Puerto Maldonado has a place to view the sunken remains of Fitzcarrald's steam ship, the Contamana, which is located in the Madre de Dios River.
  • The film Fitzcarraldo (1982) was inspired by his efforts, symbolizing the extremes generated during the rubber boom.


  1. ^ Sevillano, Alfonso Cueva (2004). Carlos Fermin Fitzcarrald. Diccionario histórico biográfico: peruanos ilustres (in Spanish) (A.F.A. Editores Importadores). p. 222. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Dan James Pantone, PhD., "The Myth of Fitzcarraldo", Iquitos News and Travel, 2004-2006

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlos_Fitzcarrald — Please support Wikipedia.
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18 news items

gato encerrado.net
Thu, 27 Nov 2014 08:57:12 -0800

La Corte Superior de Justicia de Madre de Dios emitió el pasado 10 de noviembre, una resolución en la que resuelve denunciar ante al Ministerio Público a varios funcionarios y otros involucrados en la remodelación del colegio Carlos Fitzcarrald, obra ...
Wall St. Cheat Sheet
Mon, 13 Jan 2014 06:43:58 -0800

When it comes to film production, the classic adage of “Anything that can go wrong will go wrong” — better known as Murphy's Law — is often the most crucial way to approach the project. That is because while most art forms consist of only a few ...

Medical Daily

Medical Daily
Thu, 22 Aug 2013 11:42:01 -0700

In 1894, the tribe retreated into the rainforest after an attack by the private army of Carlos Fitzcarrald, and since then, not many outsiders have seen them. In 2012, a local guide, who had acted as a translator and in-between for the Mashco-Piro and ...
Red Bull (International)
Sun, 01 May 2011 04:02:47 -0700

100 years earlier in Peru, rubber baron Carlos Fitzcarrald dreamed of building the world's finest opera house in the town of Iquitos. The fact that Iquitos is located in the middle of the Amazon Basin was an obvious stumbling block. But undeterred, he ...
Den Of Geek
Fri, 20 Jan 2012 00:24:33 -0800

One of the most famously (or infamously) difficult productions in film history, Fitzcarraldo was Werner Herzog's ambitious, slightly insane story of real-life rubber baron, Carlos Fitzcarrald. Shot in various parts of South America, one of the film's ...
New York Times
Thu, 18 Nov 2010 15:44:46 -0800

A fourth, with a U-boat lurking in the bushes, is titled “Fitzcarraldo,” evoking the grandiose determination of both the 19th-century Peruvian rubber baron Carlos Fitzcarrald, who transported a 30-ton steamboat over a mountainous isthmus for business ...
Washington Post
Fri, 20 Aug 2010 09:14:07 -0700

Its heyday a century ago brought rubber barons, none more colorful than Carlos Fitzcarrald, inspiration for Werner Herzog's film about an obsessed would-be rubber magnate who hauls a steamship overland to reach a rich strand of rubber trees. The end of ...

Tin tức 24h

Tin tức 24h
Mon, 27 Oct 2014 17:35:06 -0700

Sau cuộc thảm sát năm 1894 do các tay súng thuộc quân đội của Carlos Fitzcarrald, những người sống sót của bộ tộc phải rút vào những khu rừng rậm để sinh sống. Những năm gần đây, hoạt động khai thác gỗ và phát triển đô thị đã thu hẹp đáng kể diện ...

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