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Carlos Fermín Fitzcarrald (1862 – 9 July 1897)[1] was a Peruvian rubber baron of Peruvian-American ancestry. He grew up in the city of Iquitos.

Rubber baron[edit]

He became established as a rubber baron in the late 19th century. Determined to find a way to transport rubber out of the Madre de Dios region, he exploited native workers. He forced them under pain of death to dismantle and transport a ship over a mountain during the turn-of-the-20th-century rubber boom in the Amazon Basin.[2]

He explored the Madre de Dios region of BAP Fitzcarrald in Lake Sandoval, Madre de Dios, Peru. He founded the City of Puerto Maldonado and explored the area that is now the Manu Biosphere Reserve. To achieve this, it was necessary to transport his steam ship piece by piece over the mountains to the Madre de Dios basin.[2]

Fitzcarrald discovered a short passage overland between the Mishagua River, a tributary of the Urubamba, and the Manu, a tributary of the Madre de Dios River. The latter leads into the Ucayali River. The Isthmus of Fitzcarrald was later named for him, as discovery of this route enabled transport of rubber from the Madre de Dios region. It was transferred to ships on the Manu, which could reach the Madre de Dios, the Ucayali River and thereby down the Amazon to markets and Atlantic ports for export.[2]

He died at age 35 when his ship Contamana sank in an accident.[2]



  1. ^ Sevillano, Alfonso Cueva (2004). Carlos Fermin Fitzcarrald. Diccionario histórico biográfico: peruanos ilustres (in Spanish) (A.F.A. Editores Importadores). p. 222. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Dan James Pantone, PhD., "The Myth of Fitzcarraldo", Iquitos News and Travel, 2004-2006

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlos_Fitzcarrald — Please support Wikipedia.
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38 news items

Diario Correo
Wed, 30 Sep 2015 11:22:30 -0700

Los departamentos alertados por el Senamhi son: Áncash: Aija, Antonio Raymondi, Asunción, Bolognesi, Carhuaz, Carlos Fitzcarrald, Corongo, Huaraz, Huari, Huaylas, Mariscal Luzuriaga, Ocros, Pallasca, Pomabamba, Recuay, Santa, Sihuas y Yungay; ...

Den of Geek!

Den of Geek!
Fri, 31 Jul 2015 06:07:30 -0700

One of the most famously (or infamously) difficult productions in film history, Fitzcarraldo was Werner Herzog's ambitious, slightly insane story of real-life rubber baron Carlos Fitzcarrald. Shot in various parts of South America, one of the film's ...

The Cheat Sheet

The Cheat Sheet
Thu, 30 Apr 2015 18:20:19 -0700

When it comes to film production, the classic adage of “Anything that can go wrong will go wrong” — better known as Murphy's Law — is often the most crucial way to approach the project. That is because while most art forms consist of only a few ...
International Business Times UK
Wed, 24 Dec 2014 03:48:45 -0800

This is the third time that Mashco-Piro members have reached Monte Salvado in search of food this year. Hundreds of Mashco-Piro members were slaughtered by the army of Peruvian baron Carlos Fitzcarrald in 1894. The survivors retreated to remote areas ...

América Televisión

América Televisión
Sun, 19 Jul 2015 20:38:12 -0700

Durante ese periodo de tiempo, Antalsis formó el consorcio que obtuvo la buena pro del colegio Carlos Fitzcarrald en Madre de Dios por cerca de 23 millones de soles. Según el contenido de la manifestación, durante su asistencia a la comisión Belaúnde ...

Medical Daily

Medical Daily
Thu, 22 Aug 2013 11:42:01 -0700

In 1894, the tribe retreated into the rainforest after an attack by the private army of Carlos Fitzcarrald, and since then, not many outsiders have seen them. In 2012, a local guide, who had acted as a translator and in-between for the Mashco-Piro and ...

Diario Depor

Diario Depor
Thu, 09 Jul 2015 17:49:39 -0700

Bolognesi: Representativo Huallanca (Huallanca) y Deportivo América (Chasquitambo). Carhuaz: Defensor River Santa y Once Hermanos de Punyán (ambos de Carhuaz). Carlos Fitzcarrald: Deportivo Ramón Castilla y El Sol de Villa Sur (Shayhua) (ambos ...
Washington Post
Fri, 20 Aug 2010 09:14:07 -0700

Its heyday a century ago brought rubber barons, none more colorful than Carlos Fitzcarrald, inspiration for Werner Herzog's film about an obsessed would-be rubber magnate who hauls a steamship overland to reach a rich strand of rubber trees. The end of ...

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