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Carlos Fermín Fitzcarrald (1862 – 9 July 1897)[1] was a Peruvian rubber baron of Peruvian-American ancestry. He grew up in the city of Iquitos.

Rubber baron[edit]

He became established as a rubber baron in the late 19th century. Determined to find a way to transport rubber out of the Madre de Dios region, he exploited native workers. He forced them under pain of death to dismantle and transport a ship over a mountain during the turn-of-the-20th-century rubber boom in the Amazon Basin.[2]

He explored the Madre de Dios region of BAP Fitzcarrald in Lake Sandoval, Madre de Dios, Peru. He founded the City of Puerto Maldonado and explored the area that is now the Manu Biosphere Reserve. To achieve this, it was necessary to transport his steam ship piece by piece over the mountains to the Madre de Dios basin. [2]

Fitzcarrald discovered a short passage overland between the Mishagua River, a tributary of the Urubamba, and the Manu, a tributary of the Madre de Dios River. The latter leads into the Ucayali River. The Isthmus of Fitzcarrald was later named for him, as discovery of this route enabled transport of rubber from the Madre de Dios region. It was transferred to ships on the Manu, which could reach the Madre de Dios, the Ucayali River and thereby down the Amazon to markets and Atlantic ports for export.[2]

His exploits inspired director and writer Werner Herzog's film Fitzcarraldo (1982).[2] He died at age 35 when his ship Contamana sank in an accident.[2]

Legacy[edit]

  • The Carlos Fermín Fitzcarrald Province was named after him.
  • Puerto Maldonado has a place to view the sunken remains of Fitzcarrald's steam ship, the Contamana, which is located in the Madre de Dios River.
  • The film Fitzcarraldo (1982) was inspired by his efforts, symbolizing the extremes generated during the rubber boom.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sevillano, Alfonso Cueva (2004). Carlos Fermin Fitzcarrald. Diccionario histórico biográfico: peruanos ilustres (in Spanish) (A.F.A. Editores Importadores). p. 222. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Dan James Pantone, PhD., "The Myth of Fitzcarraldo", Iquitos News and Travel, 2004-2006



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlos_Fitzcarrald — Please support Wikipedia.
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XãLuận.com tin tức việt nam 24h cập nhật

XãLuận.com tin tức việt nam 24h cập nhật
Tue, 03 Mar 2015 15:30:47 -0800

Sau cuộc thảm sát năm 1894 do các tay súng thuộc quân đội của Carlos Fitzcarrald, những người sống sót của bộ tộc phải rút vào những khu rừng rậm để sinh sống. Những năm gần đây, hoạt động khai thác gỗ và phát triển đô thị đã thu hẹp đáng kể diện ...

LaRepública.pe

LaRepública.pe
Mon, 09 Feb 2015 05:52:30 -0800

De esta manera, las comunidades campesinas de las provincias de Asunción, Carlos Fitzcarrald y Huari podrán ser testigos vivenciales de que la conservación y el desarrollo sostenible pueden ir de la mano mediante el aprovechamiento y uso adecuado de ...

Le Temps (Abonnement)

Le Temps (Abonnement)
Fri, 13 Feb 2015 10:45:00 -0800

Au XIXe siècle, un Péruvien du nom de Carlos Fitzcarrald, baron du caoutchouc, exigea de son personnel indigène des efforts surhumains pour relier deux bassins du versant oriental des Andes, l'Ucayali et le Madre de Dios, qui, tous deux, alimentent ...

El Comercio

El Comercio
Mon, 09 Feb 2015 14:53:01 -0800

Además de Asunción, otras provincias que se acogerán al programa serán Carlos Fitzcarrald y Huari. El ganado retirado de Santa Cruz de Cochas-Patarcocha pastaba en la quebrada Patarcocha. Una vez fuera del área, la naturaleza hará lo suyo y se ...
 
LaRepública.pe
Mon, 23 Feb 2015 06:15:00 -0800

En Madre de Dios, Belaunde habría hecho negocios con el ex presidente regional, Luis Aguirre, ganando la licitación para el mejoramiento del colegio Carlos Fitzcarrald por S/. 23 millones. En Chiclayo (Lambayeque) está en la mira la ampliación del ...
 
International Business Times UK
Wed, 24 Dec 2014 03:59:04 -0800

This is the third time that Mashco-Piro members have reached Monte Salvado in search of food this year. Hundreds of Mashco-Piro members were slaughtered by the army of Peruvian baron Carlos Fitzcarrald in 1894. The survivors retreated to remote areas ...
 
Movie City News
Wed, 14 Jan 2015 20:04:51 -0800

... perhaps, the sheer audacity of Fitzcarraldo's dream. Klaus Kinski gives an unforgettable performance as the would-be rubber baron Brian Sweeney Fitzgerald, who was based on Peruvian Carlos Fitzcarrald. Herzog's mad vision and stormy relationship ...
 
Belfast Newsletter
Tue, 02 Dec 2014 22:56:15 -0800

Fitzgerald's callous exploitation of local labourers to manhandle the vessel through almost impossible terrain is a story based more or less factually on the exploits of Carlos Fitzcarrald during early 20th-century rubber boom in the Amazon Basin.
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