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Carlos Fermín Fitzcarrald (1862 – 9 July 1897)[1] was a Peruvian rubber baron of Peruvian-American ancestry. He grew up in the city of Iquitos.

Rubber baron[edit]

He became established as a rubber baron in the late 19th century. Determined to find a way to transport rubber out of the Madre de Dios region, he exploited native workers. He forced them under pain of death to dismantle and transport a ship over a mountain during the turn-of-the-20th-century rubber boom in the Amazon Basin.[2]

He explored the Madre de Dios region of BAP Fitzcarrald in Lake Sandoval, Madre de Dios, Peru. He founded the City of Puerto Maldonado and explored the area that is now the Manu Biosphere Reserve. To achieve this, it was necessary to transport his steam ship piece by piece over the mountains to the Madre de Dios basin.[2]

Fitzcarrald discovered a short passage overland between the Mishagua River, a tributary of the Urubamba, and the Manu, a tributary of the Madre de Dios River. The former leads into the Ucayali River. The Isthmus of Fitzcarrald was later named for him, as discovery of this route enabled transport of rubber from the Madre de Dios region. It was transferred to ships on the Mishagua, which could reach the Urubamba, the Ucayali River and thereby down the Amazon to markets and Atlantic ports for export.[2]

He died at age 35 when his ship Contamana sank in an accident.[2]



  1. ^ Sevillano, Alfonso Cueva (2004). Carlos Fermin Fitzcarrald. Diccionario histórico biográfico: peruanos ilustres (in Spanish) (A.F.A. Editores Importadores). p. 222. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Dan James Pantone, PhD., "The Myth of Fitzcarraldo", Iquitos News and Travel, 2004-2006

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlos_Fitzcarrald — Please support Wikipedia.
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Wed, 06 Apr 2016 12:41:15 -0700

Wilder Carlos Fitzcarrald Bravo fue el alcalde de la Municipalidad Provincial de Carlos Fermin Fitzcarrald durante el periodo 2006-2010, y es investigado por el presunto delito de enriquecimiento ilícito por un monto de más de 1 millón y medio de soles.

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Chimbote en Línea.- La Fiscalía Provincial Especializada en Delitos de Corrupción de Funcionarios de Áncash logró la imposición de 9 meses de prisión preventiva contra el ex alcalde provincial de Carlos Fermín Fitzcarrald, Wilder Carlos Fitzcarrald ...

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Fri, 15 Apr 2016 13:26:15 -0700

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Tue, 19 Jan 2016 05:31:54 -0800

... Herzog had dozens of extras pull off the feat for real - the steam ship really did weigh around 300 tonnes, and the anguish you can see on the actors' faces is genuine (hilariously, the boat belonging to the real Carlos Fitzcarrald, on whom the ...

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Fri, 31 Jul 2015 06:07:58 -0700

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This is the third time that Mashco-Piro members have reached Monte Salvado in search of food this year. Hundreds of Mashco-Piro members were slaughtered by the army of Peruvian baron Carlos Fitzcarrald in 1894. The survivors retreated to remote areas ...

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