Carl Johan Trygg, formally Carl Johan Thrygg, also knowns as C. J. Trygg, woodcarver, (1887 – 1954) was one of the recognized masters of twentieth century woodcarving, most famous for Scandinavian flat-plane style of woodcarving. Between C. J. Trygg and his sons they carved over 10,000 figures. Many of his carvings were sold to tourists for approximately $10.00 USD. Adjusted for inflation what cost $10.00 in 1929 would cost $108.05 in 2005.
Carl Johan Trygg was born in 1887 in Skagershult, Närke, Örebro county, Sweden. He was one of nine children of S. Sgt Carl Oskar Thrygg. At the age of 12 he left his home to make a living on his own. He worked as a clockmaker, a shoemaker, he also worked in a laundry, and a logging mill. He began carving wooden figures of various common people in the Scandinavian flat-plane style of woodcarving.
He married Maria Axelina Andersson in 1909. A year later she gave birth to their son Carl Olaf Trygg. In 1915 at the age of 28, he had a show of his carvings in Stockholm, Sweden. It was after the success at this show he began wood carving as a full-time career.
Migrating to Canada
|Given name: Carl Johan|
|Date of arrival: 1928/03/03 (YYYY/MM/DD)|
|Port of arrival: Halifax, Nova Scotia|
|Ship: DROTTNINGHOLM, Swedish American|
|Reference: RG76 - IMMIGRATION, series C-1-b|
|Volume: 1928 volume 3|
|Microfilm reel: T-14812|
Carl Johan, at the age of 40, immigrated to Canada. He arrived in Halifax, Nova Scotia Canada on March 3, 1928. Later that year (October 7, 1928) his Wife Maria (43), his sons Carl Olof (17) and Nils Johan(13), and an unknown relative, possibly his daughter, Kally Maria Trygg (8) arrived in Halifax. Carl Johan and his family eventually settled in Montreal, Canada and there they continued to carve.
Carl Johan's three sons, Nils, Lars and Carl Olaf were also woodcarvers. Another relative, Ellen Trygg also carved figures in the flat plane style. Her pieces are few and far between but the hobo motif is the theme of known pieces. Together they carved thousands of figures in the Scandinavian flat-plane style of woodcarving. Between C. J. Trygg and his sons they carved over 10,000 figures. Many of his carvings were sold to tourists for approximately $10.00 USD. Adjusted for inflation what cost $10.00 in 1929 would cost $108.05 in 2005.
Trygg was a craftsman in tune to the tourist trade. Trygg generally carved solo figures from basswood or pine, and mounted them on a base. He had a stylized execution with clean cuts, working from a single piece of wood. A highlight of Trygg’s carvings is his use of vibrant paint. He often painted his character’s clothing in plaid.
Return to Sweden
Carl Johan Trygg and Carl Olof Trygg eventually returned to Sweden, where they continued their careers. Carl Johan died there 1954-02-12 in Glimminge, Västra Karup, Sweden and Carl Olof, was producing figures well into the 1980s and he died in 1993-03-01 in Halmstad, Sweden.
Examples of carvings
Trygg family of woodcarvers
Trygg family wood carvings are still sought after today as collectibles. There are over 10,000 carved figures that were manufactured by the members of the Trygg family. Prices range from $50 to $500 depending upon the age, size, and condition of the piece.
Identifying Trygg woodcarvings
Trygg woodcarvings can be identified by the signatures and dates on the bases.
Signatures commonly found are:
- Trygg carved on base. — Carl Johan Trygg (Generally)
- C.J. Trygg — Carl Johan Trygg
- C.O. Trygg — Carl Olaf Trygg
- L. Trygg — Lars Trygg
- N. E. Trygg — Nils Trygg
- Hand Carved by Trygg — Carl Johan Trygg or Carl Olaf, Lars, or Nils
- Carved by Trygg Jr. — Carl Olaf, Lars, or Nils
Most of the carvings are dated and include the location carved. For example you may find a carving with "C.O. Trygg 1961 Sweden" meaning it was carved by Carl Olaf Trygg in 1961 while he was living in Sweden.
- ^ Carl Johan Trygg was born Carl Johan Thrygg. It is unknown why Carl Johan dropped the "h" from his family name.
- ^ "Library and Archives Canada". Immigration Records (1925-1935). Retrieved November 16, 2005.
- Refsal, Harley (2003). "Trygg Family: Prolific Carvers". Wood Carving Illustrated Fall (24): 61–65.
- Refsal, Harley (1992). Woodcarving in the Scandinavian Style. Sterling Publishing Co., Inc., New York, New York. p. 128. ISBN 0-8069-8633-6.
- "Little Shavers Wood Carving Supply". A Brief History of North American Caricature Carving. Retrieved October 2005.
- "Wood Carving Illustrated". Editor's World (Roger Schroeder). Retrieved January 2003.
- "Wood Carving Illustrated". Editor's World (Roger Schroeder). Retrieved February 2003.
- "Library and Archives Canada". Immigration Records (1925-1935). Retrieved November 2005.