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Capsicum baccatum
Pimiento campanilla.jpg
Bishop's crown fruits
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Capsicum
Species: C. baccatum
Binomial name
Capsicum baccatum
L.
Synonyms[1][2]
  • Capsicum cerasiflorum Link
  • Capsicum chamaecerasus Nees
  • Capsicum ciliare Willd.
  • Capsicum conicum Vell.
  • Capsicum microcarpum Cav.
  • Capsicum pendulum Willd.
  • Capsicum praetermissum Heiser & P.G.Sm.
  • Capsicum pulchellum Salisb.
  • Capsicum umbilicatum Vell.

Capsicum baccatum is a species of chili pepper that includes the following cultivars:

Origins and distribution[edit]

The C. baccatum species, particularly the Ají amarillo chili, has its origins in ancient Peru. It is typically associated with Peruvian cuisine, and is considered part of its condiment trinity together with red onion and cilantro. Aji amarillo literally means yellow chili; however, the yellow color appears when cooked, as the mature pods are bright orange.

Cultivated baccatum (C. baccatum var. pendulum) is the domesticated pepper of choice of Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru and Chile[4]

Etymology: Aji is the Caribbean word for chili and/or peppers. The Spanish colonizers spread the term to much of South America.

Description[edit]

Pepper varieties in the C. baccatum species have white or cream colored flowers, and typically have a green or gold corolla. The flowers are either insect or self-pollinated. The fruit pods of the baccatum species have been cultivated into a wide variety of shapes and sizes, unlike other capsicum species, which tend to have a characteristic shape. The pods typically hang down, unlike a Capsicum frutescens plant, and can have a citrus or fruity flavor.

Culinary usage[edit]

Ají amarillo

Yellow ají is one of the ingredients of Peruvian cuisine and Bolivian cuisine. It is used as a condiment, especially in many dishes and sauces. In Peru the chilis are mostly used fresh, and in Bolivia dried and ground. Common dishes with aji "amarillo" are the Peruvian stew Aji de Gallina ("Hen Chili"), Huancaina sauce and the Bolivian Fricase Paceno, among others. In Ecuadorian cuisine, Aji amarillo, onion, and lemon juice (amongst others) are served in a separate bowl with many meals as an optional additive.

In Colombian cuisine and Ecuadorian cuisine, ají (sauce) is also a common condiment.

Use by Moche[edit]

Ají Amarillo Pepper. Moche Culture. Larco Museum Collection.

The Moche culture often represented fruits and vegetables in their art, including Ají amarillo peppers.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List". 
  2. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy". 
  3. ^ a b Dave DeWitt and Paul W. Bosland (2009). The Complete Pepper Book: A Gardener's Guide to Choosing, Growing, Preserving, and Cooking. Timber Press. ISBN 978-0881929201. 
  4. ^ "Genetic diversity in Capsicum baccatum is significantly influenced by its ecogeographical distribution". BMC Genetics 13 (68). 2012. doi:10.1186/1471-2156-13-68. 
  5. ^ Berrin, Katherine & Larco Museum. The Spirit of Ancient Peru:Treasures from the Museo Arqueológico Rafael Larco Herrera. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1997.

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capsicum_baccatum — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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41 news items

 
Targeted News Service (subscription)
Fri, 24 Apr 2015 06:30:00 -0700

The PRA, titled "Importation of Fresh Pepper Fruit--Capsicum annuum L., Capsicum baccatum L., Capsicum chinense Jacq., Capsicum frutescens L., and Capsicum pubescens Ruiz & Pav.--from Ecuador into the United States (January 2013)," evaluates the ...

Extra Tipp Krefeld

Extra Tipp Krefeld
Mon, 11 May 2015 02:15:39 -0700

Herzlich Willkommen im Kleinanzeigenmarkt des Extra Tipp Krefeld, dem Marktplatz für private und gewerbliche Kleinanzeigen.In der rechten Navigation können Sie gleich in den jeweiligen Markt abspringen. Sie wollen selbst eine Anzeige aufgeben, dann ...

Erdély.ma

Erdély.ma
Sun, 17 May 2015 11:22:30 -0700

A leggyakrabban használt és szinte csak Peruban termesztett erős paprikák az ají amarillo (Capsicum baccatum) és a rocoto (Capsicum pubescens). Az ajít leginkább paprikapaszta formájában használják fel, mint a pasta de ají amarillo vagy a pasta de ají ...

Gartentechnik.de

Gartentechnik.de
Thu, 14 May 2015 23:00:00 -0700

... eine enorme Schärfe, während ihre hellgrünen Blätter auch für empfindlichere Zungen geeignet sind. Für den regelmäßigen Einsatz eignen sich beispielsweise Pfefferbasilikum [Ocimum tenuiflorum] und Zitronenchili [Capsicum baccatum Lemon Drop].

Mother Earth News

Mother Earth News
Thu, 08 Jan 2015 10:00:00 -0800

If you are just beginning to explore the tomato world, an exceptional place to look for new tomato varieties is Seed Savers Exchange. This non-profit has an online catalog populated with a carefully selected group of top-performing tomatoes. By ...

Haaretz

Haaretz
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 03:06:49 -0700

“Chili, or chilli fruit – capsules of Capsicum baccatum frutescens, L., is grown in both Indies, and sold dried or preserved in vinegar. Placed in substance upon the tongue, it has an indescribably terrible effect, comparable to a mixture of the ...
 
OregonLive.com
Fri, 24 May 2013 13:40:19 -0700

I grow several kinds of citrus for their exquisite fragrances and flavors. The most useful is the lemon. I back it up with herbs that have a lemon scent and/or flavor. Lemony herbs have the advantage of being smaller than a citrus tree and don't ...
 
GABOT
Sun, 14 Dec 2014 22:11:15 -0800

Er ist ideal für einen entspannenden Tee oder zum Inhalieren bei Erkältungen. Die Gemüse-Raritäten erhalten mit dem Zitronen-Chili Capsicum baccatum 'Lemon Drop' eine spannende Bereicherung. Das Aroma der Früchte hat eine fruchtig-zitronige Note.
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