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Capsicum baccatum
Pimiento campanilla.jpg
Bishop's crown fruits
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Capsicum
Species: C. baccatum
Binomial name
Capsicum baccatum
  • Capsicum cerasiflorum Link
  • Capsicum chamaecerasus Nees
  • Capsicum ciliare Willd.
  • Capsicum conicum Vell.
  • Capsicum microcarpum Cav.
  • Capsicum pendulum Willd.
  • Capsicum praetermissum Heiser & P.G.Sm.
  • Capsicum pulchellum Salisb.
  • Capsicum umbilicatum Vell.

Capsicum baccatum is a species of chili pepper that includes the following cultivars:

Origins and distribution[edit]

The C. baccatum species, particularly the Ají amarillo chili, has its origins in ancient Peru. It is typically associated with Peruvian cuisine, and is considered part of its condiment trinity together with red onion and cilantro. Aji amarillo literally means yellow chili; however, the yellow color appears when cooked, as the mature pods are bright orange.

The wild baccatum species (C. baccatum var. pendulum) is the domesticated pepper of choice of Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru and Chile[4]

Etymology: Aji is the Caribbean word for chili and/or peppers. The Spanish colonizers spread the term to much of South America.


Pepper varieties in the C. baccatum species have white or cream colored flowers, and typically have a green or gold corolla. The flowers are either insect or self-pollinated. The fruit pods of the baccatum species have been cultivated into a wide variety of shapes and sizes, unlike other capsicum species, which tend to have a characteristic shape. The pods typically hang down, unlike a Capsicum frutescens plant, and can have a citrus or fruity flavor.

Culinary usage[edit]

Ají amarillo

Yellow ají is one of the ingredients of Peruvian cuisine and Bolivian cuisine. It is used as a condiment, especially in many dishes and sauces. In Peru the chilis are mostly used fresh, and in Bolivia dried and ground. Common dishes with aji "amarillo" are the Peruvian stew Aji de Gallina ("Hen Chili"), Huancaina sauce and the Bolivian Fricase Paceno, among others. In Ecuadorian cuisine, Aji amarillo, onion, and lemon juice (amongst others) are served in a separate bowl with many meals as an optional additive.

In Colombian cuisine and Ecuadorian cuisine, ají (sauce) is also a common condiment.

Use by Moche[edit]

Ají Amarillo Pepper. Moche Culture. Larco Museum Collection.

The Moche culture often represented fruits and vegetables in their art, including Ají amarillo peppers.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "The Plant List". 
  2. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy". 
  3. ^ a b Dave DeWitt and Paul W. Bosland (2009). The Complete Pepper Book: A Gardener's Guide to Choosing, Growing, Preserving, and Cooking. Timber Press. ISBN 978-0881929201. 
  4. ^ "Genetic diversity in Capsicum baccatum is significantly influenced by its ecogeographical distribution". BMC Genetics 13 (68). 2012. doi:10.1186/1471-2156-13-68. 
  5. ^ Berrin, Katherine & Larco Museum. The Spirit of Ancient Peru:Treasures from the Museo Arqueológico Rafael Larco Herrera. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1997.

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capsicum_baccatum — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
480 videos foundNext > 

Pimiento chile campana (capsicum baccatum) cuidados 2014.

Consejos para cultivar el chile campana (capsicum baccatum)

Chili "Bolivian Wild - Capsicum baccatum

Kurzvorstellung des Wildchilis.

Brazilian Starfish (capsicum Baccatum) Chilli Test

The Brazilian Starfish chilli a Capsium Baccatum variety, is from Brazil, forget where got but looking forward to these as been told they have an amazing fla...

Cumari verdadeira Capsicum baccatum )

cumari verdadeira pertence a espécie Capsicum baccatum A cumari verdadeira é muito apreciada aqui no Brasil, sua terra natal, principalmente na região sudest...

Chilli Tests "Orange Dedo de moca" Capsicum Baccatum

From South America comes the Dedo de Moca, this is the Orange type, tried the red last season and wanted to try this to see if similar and as well looks fant...

Chilli Tests "Pimenta Cambucci" Capsicum Baccatum

From Brazil comes the Cambucci, a Baccatum variety that Looks Similar to the Bishops Crown (another Baccatum) but isn't.. And today Aiden (7) my son joins in...

Blondie (Capsicum Baccatum) Chilli Test

"Blondie" a Baccatum from Scandinavia. Tried these last year when was in Denmark, our mate Kenneth brought some over and we said would grow them in Australia...

smaaktest ton pepper Criola Sella (capsicum baccatum)

smaaktest ton pepper Criola Sella (capsicum baccatum) bolivia www.123zaden.nl An Aji type, this medium sized 24in plants produces 2-3" fruits that ripen from...

aji amarillo primera semana desde su germinacion ( Capsicum Baccatum )

estas semillas fueron seleccionadas desde los campos de cultivo en la costa del Peru.

FROM ENGLISH TO FRENCH = Capsicum baccatum

480 videos foundNext > 

38 news items


Thu, 21 Aug 2014 03:06:49 -0700

“Chili, or chilli fruit – capsules of Capsicum baccatum frutescens, L., is grown in both Indies, and sold dried or preserved in vinegar. Placed in substance upon the tongue, it has an indescribably terrible effect, comparable to a mixture of the ...

Mother Earth News

Mother Earth News
Thu, 03 Apr 2014 13:48:45 -0700

Young blossoms on a tree The first thing you need to do to succeed in fruit gardening is to narrow down what you are going to attempt. Start small. What should you grow when you are starting out? The trick is to ask the right questions. We have learned ...

Mother Earth News

Mother Earth News
Wed, 19 Mar 2014 16:26:15 -0700

Hi, fruit gardeners. I'm Sam Benowitz. I've operated Raintree Nursery for 40 years — though often it seems like 50. My partner in blogging is Tara Bittler, who is much younger than me. She is a talented writer, editor and web designer, but she is also ...
PR Web (press release)
Tue, 07 Oct 2014 00:04:56 -0700

“Mad Dog has married tequila and the result is a potion so powerful that it can't be sold in a bottle bigger than 1 oz. Ghost Peppers are steeped in 80-proof salted tequila to create small, handcrafted batches of Mad Dog 357 Ghost Pepper Extract ...
Fri, 24 May 2013 13:40:19 -0700

I grow several kinds of citrus for their exquisite fragrances and flavors. The most useful is the lemon. I back it up with herbs that have a lemon scent and/or flavor. Lemony herbs have the advantage of being smaller than a citrus tree and don't ...


Fri, 31 Oct 2014 13:57:40 -0700

“Más de 8.000 variedades se conocen y están divididas principalmente en cinco especies: el Capsicum Annuum encierra la mayoría conocidos como pimientos; Capsicum Baccatum es el amarillo peruano; Capsicum Chinense es el 'panca' en el Perú y el ...

Impacto Latin News

Impacto Latin News
Wed, 10 Dec 2014 14:41:15 -0800

El chile o Ají Amarillo está tan intrínsecamente asociado a la gastronomía peruana su variedad más conocida es el Capsicum baccatum que se caracteriza por el sabor ahumado afrutado muy particular. De sabor picante suave, con matices dulces, ...

Dire (Abbonamento)

Dire (Abbonamento)
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 06:34:00 -0700

ROMA - E' bello, è gustoso, fa bene e stuzzica: è il peperoncino, o meglio i peperoncini, le bacche delle piante della famiglia delle solanacee usate nella tradizione culinaria italiana ma originarie del Sudamerica e diffuse in molte paesi del mondo.

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