digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Capsicum baccatum
Bishop's Crown fruits
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Capsicum
Species: C. baccatum
Binomial name
Capsicum baccatum
L.
Synonyms[1][2]
  • Capsicum cerasiflorum Link
  • Capsicum chamaecerasus Nees
  • Capsicum ciliare Willd.
  • Capsicum conicum Vell.
  • Capsicum microcarpum Cav.
  • Capsicum pendulum Willd.
  • Capsicum praetermissum Heiser & P.G.Sm.
  • Capsicum pulchellum Salisb.
  • Capsicum umbilicatum Vell.

Capsicum baccatum is a species of chili pepper that includes the following cultivars:

Origins and distribution[edit]

The C. baccatum species, particularly the Ají amarillo chili (Aji is the Caribbean word for chili and/or peppers that the Spanish colonizers extended to most of Central and South America), is typically associated with Peruvian cuisine, and is considered part of its condiment trinity together with red onion and garlic. Aji amarillo literally means yellow chili; however, the yellow color appears when cooked, as the mature pods are bright orange.

Today the Ají amarillo is mainly seen in South American markets and food stores around the world where Peruvian and Bolivian expatriates are numerous. The wild baccatum species (C. baccatum var. baccatum) is most common in Bolivia with outlier populations in Peru (rare) and Paraguay, northern Argentina, and southern Brazil.[4]

Description[edit]

Pepper varieties in the C. baccatum species have white or cream colored flowers, and typically have a green or gold corolla. The flowers are either insect or self-pollinated. The fruit pods of the baccatum species have been cultivated into a wide variety of shapes and sizes, unlike other capsicum species, which tend to have a characteristic shape. The pods typically hang down, unlike a Capsicum frutescens plant, and can have a citrus or fruity flavor.

Culinary usage[edit]

Ají amarillo

Yellow ají is one of the ingredients of Peruvian cuisine and Bolivian cuisine. It is used as a condiment, especially in many dishes and sauces. In Peru the chilis are mostly used fresh, and in Bolivia dried and ground. Common dishes with aji "amarillo" are the Peruvian stew Aji de Gallina ("Hen Chili"), Huancaina sauce and the Bolivian Fricase Paceno, among others. In Quito, Ecuador, Aji amarillo, onion, and lemon juice (amongst others) are served in a separate bowl with many meals as an optional additive.

In Colombian cuisine, ají (sauce) is also a common condiment.

Use by Moche[edit]

Ají Amarillo Pepper. Moche Culture. Larco Museum Collection.

The Moche culture often represented fruits and vegetables in their art, including Ají amarillo peppers.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List". 
  2. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy". 
  3. ^ a b Dave DeWitt and Paul W. Bosland (2009). The Complete Pepper Book: A Gardener's Guide to Choosing, Growing, Preserving, and Cooking. Timber Press. ISBN 978-0881929201. 
  4. ^ "History of Aji". JBSauce.com. 
  5. ^ Berrin, Katherine & Larco Museum. The Spirit of Ancient Peru:Treasures from the Museo Arqueológico Rafael Larco Herrera. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1997.

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capsicum_baccatum — Please support Wikipedia.
A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
385 videos foundNext > 

Chili "Bolivian Wild - Capsicum baccatum

Kurzvorstellung des Wildchilis.

Chilli Tests "Orange Dedo de moca" Capsicum Baccatum

From South America comes the Dedo de Moca, this is the Orange type, tried the red last season and wanted to try this to see if similar and as well looks fant...

Blondie (Capsicum Baccatum) Chilli Test

"Blondie" a Baccatum from Scandinavia. Tried these last year when was in Denmark, our mate Kenneth brought some over and we said would grow them in Australia...

Cumari verdadeira Capsicum baccatum )

cumari verdadeira pertence a espécie Capsicum baccatum A cumari verdadeira é muito apreciada aqui no Brasil, sua terra natal, principalmente na região sudest...

Chilli Tests "Pimenta Cambucci" Capsicum Baccatum

From Brazil comes the Cambucci, a Baccatum variety that Looks Similar to the Bishops Crown (another Baccatum) but isn't.. And today Aiden (7) my son joins in...

smaaktest ton pepper Criola Sella (capsicum baccatum)

smaaktest ton pepper Criola Sella (capsicum baccatum) bolivia www.123zaden.nl An Aji type, this medium sized 24in plants produces 2-3" fruits that ripen from...

Aji amarillo ( Capsicum Baccatum ) tres semanas desde su germinacion

Semillas seleccionadas desde el Peru para la siembra en un clima tropico.

aji amarillo primera semana desde su germinacion ( Capsicum Baccatum )

estas semillas fueron seleccionadas desde los campos de cultivo en la costa del Peru.

Bishop Brad reviews the Aji Amarillo pepper from Jim Duffy and Refining Fire Chiles

Bishop Brad reviews the Aji Amarillo pepper from Jim Duffy and Refining Fire Chiles. How does he feel about it? You'll have to watch to find out. You can pic...

FROM ENGLISH TO FRENCH = Capsicum baccatum

385 videos foundNext > 

1 news items

Lavorincasa.it

Lavorincasa.it
Tue, 18 Mar 2014 16:37:30 -0700

Poi abbiamo il Capsicum baccatum, che include il cosiddetto cappello del vescovo, e gli ají. Il Capsicum chinense, che include l'habanero, che è considerato come il peperoncino più piccante del mondo. Poi c'è il Capsicum frutescens, che include tra gli ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Capsicum baccatum

You can talk about Capsicum baccatum with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!