Canadian Merchant Navy
|Statistics for the shipping industry of Canada
|Total: 184 ships (1,000 gross register tons (GRT) or over)
|Totalling: 2,129,243 GRT/2,716,340 metric tons deadweight (DWT)
|Combination bulk ships
|Roll-on / roll-off ships
|Chemical tanker ships
|Petroleum tanker ships
|General passenger ships
|Foreign ownership and documentation
|Note: Of these, 15 are foreign-owned: France 1, Netherlands 1, Norway 4, United States 9. 223 Canadian vessels are registered in other countries: Australia 7, Bahamas 102, Barbados 13, Cambodia 2, Cyprus 2, Honduras 1, Hong Kong 70, Liberia 4, Malta 1, Marshall Islands 4, Norway 1, Panama 5, Spain 5, USA 1, Vanuatu 5. (2010)
|Source: This article contains material from the CIA World Factbook which, as a US government publication, is in the public domain.
Canada, like several other Commonwealth nations, created its own Merchant Navy in a large-scale effort during World War II.
The 529-foot Canadian laker James Carruthers
on Lake Huron
Within hours of Canada's declaration of war on September 10, 1939, the Canadian government passed laws to create the Canadian Merchant Navy setting out rules and controls to provide a workforce for wartime shipping. The World War II Merchant Navy greatly expanded a similar effort in World War I known as the Canadian Mercantile Marine. The Canadian Merchant Navy played a major role in the Battle of the Atlantic bolstering the allies merchant fleet due to high losses in the British Merchant Navy. Eventually thousands of Canadians served aboard hundreds of Canadian Merchant Navy ships, notably the "Park Ships", the Canadian equivalent of the American "Liberty Ships". Rear Admiral Leonard W. Murray reported,
The Battle of the Atlantic was not won by any Navy or any Air Force, it was won by the courage, fortitude and determination of the British and Allied Merchant Navy.
A school was established at St. Margaret's Bay, Nova Scotia to train sailors for the Canadian Merchant Navy, who became known as "Merchant Mariners." Manning Pools, or barracks, were built in major Canadian ports to house Merchant Mariners. The Merchant Navy was considered a fourth branch of the Canadian military alongside the Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Army, and the Royal Canadian Air Force, and suffered the highest casualty rate of the four.
After the war, Canadian Merchant Navy veterans were denied veterans benefits and official recognition for decades. This was not corrected until the 1990s and many individual cases remain unresolved. Similar to the CMM Veterans status, World War II United States Merchant Marine Veterans were also denied veterans benefits and status until 1988.
An important gesture in 2001 was the creation of Merchant Navy Remembrance Day by the Canadian Parliament which designated September 3 as a day to recognize the contributions and sacrifice of Canadian merchant mariners.
- "Royal Canadian Naval Association Naval Memorial (1995)" by André Gauthier (sculptor) was erected on the shore of Lake Ontario in Spencer Smith Park in Burlington, Ontario. The 6’4” high cast bronze statue depicts a WWII Canadian sailor in the position of attention saluting his lost shipmates. The model for the statue was a local Sea Cadet wearing Mike Vencel's naval service uniform. On the black granite base, the names of Royal Canadian Navy and Canadian Merchant Navy ships sunk during WWII are engraved.
- A commemorative plaque in SS Point Pleasant Park, Halifax, Nova Scotia unveilled in 1967, "When the United Kingdom declared war on Germany in 1914, Canada and Newfoundland's participation was virtually unquestioned. With the onset of the Second World War in 1939 Canadians and Newfoundlanders once more rushed to enlist and were a major factor in the Allied victories in both conflicts. During two world wars the main duty of the Royal Canadian Navy was to escort convoys in the Atlantic and guard merchant vessels against the threat of attack by German submarines. In the Second World War, it also escorted ships in the Mediterranean and to Russia and supported the Allied landings in Sicilian, Italian and Normandy campaigns as well as in the Pacific. The Canadian Merchant Navy's duties included the transportation of troops and supplies to the Allied armies and food for the United Kingdom, extremely dangerous work which resulted in considerable losses."
- at the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic in Halifax, Nova Scotia. "In memory of 2200 known Canadian Merchant Seamen and 91 Canadian vessels lost by enemy action and those who served in the cause of freedom - World War I 1914-1918; World War II 1939-1945; Korean Conflict 1950-1953"
Monuments to the Canadian Merchant Navy were erected in several Canadian cities:
World War II
- Beacon Hill
- Elk Island Park
- Erik Boye (HX-48)
- Magog (HX-52)
- Kenordoc (SC-3)
- St.Malo (HX-77)
- Trevisa (SC-7)
- Maplecourt (SC-20)
- Canadian Cruiser
- A.D. Huff
- J.B. White (HX-112)
- Vancouver Island
- USS Proteus (AC-9)
- USS Nereus (AC-10)
- Lady Hawkins
- Empress of Asia
- George L. Torian
- Robert W. Pomeroy
- James E. Newsom
- Lady Drake
- Mildred Pauline
- Mont Louis
- Frank B. Baird
- Liverpool Packet
- Mona Marie
- Lucille M.
- Princess Marguerite
- Donald Stewart
- Lord Strathcona
- John A. Holloway
- Bic Island (HX-212)
- Rose Castle
- Chr. J. Kampmann (TAG-18)
- Jasper Park
- Albert C. Field
- SS Point Pleasant Park
- Taber Park (FS-1753)
- Avondale Park
- Watkins F. Nisbet
- R.J. Cullen
- Bic Island
- Lady Nelson
- Nipawin Park (SH-194)
- Silver Star Park
- Green Hill Park
- Kootenay Park
- Salt Lake Park
- Westbank Park
- Donald Roach
- Kyle Lapierre
- Lake Chelan
- Elk Island
- Hillcrest Park
- Lady Rodney
- Sunset Park
Ships built in Canada and crewed by Canadian Sailors and named after Parks in Canada
- 10,000 ton Dry Cargo: 117
- 4,700 ton Dry Cargo: 32
- 10,000 ton Tankers: 13
- 3,600 ton Tankers: 6
- 2,000 ton Tanker: 1
- 10,000 ton Dry Cargo Fort Ships built for Britain: 97
- 10,000 ton Stores Issuing Ships for Britain: 12
- Total ships built in Canada 1942 to 1945: 278
Heres to the Canadian Merchant Navy .wmv
a look at photos and facts of what happined to the Canadian Merchant Navy which most Canadians don't know.
Canadian Merchant Navy 1939-45 A Sailors Thanks
Dedicated to the canadian merchant navy veterans 1939-45 and how the long it took the Canadian goverment to recognize them as war veterans, some 47 years. Also the disrespect the Canadian...
Hornby Merchant Navy Class 35005 Canadian Pacific
My first Merchant Navy Class Locomotive pulling a pullman special Model specifications Release Year: 2000 Livery: BR express Passenger blue Motor: 5 pole skew wound loco Drive.
Merchant Navy 35005 'Canadian Pacific' 1999
Bulleid Pacific 35005 'Canadian Pacific' at Barrow Hill open day in 1999, seen leaving the roundhouse two days later and then passing the museum on a railtour later that year. Barrow Hill volunteer...
Hornby R2171 Rebuilt Merchant Navy Class Canadian Pacific H33266
Steam Train "Clan Line" 35028 Merchant Navy Class.
Filmed at Westcott Crossing Nr Dorking, Surrey.UK on 4th April 2014, and No.35028 "Clan Line" Merchant Navy class, 4-6-2 Locomotive was pulling 11 Pullman Coaches. SR Merchant Navy Class...
Graham Farish Merchant Navy Class DCC Conversion
Test run of Merchant Navy Class No 35005. Canadian Pacific. Interesting one, digi-hat required, good slow running despite the older chassis type. Some weight had to be added to the tender however...
How Will You Remember Them? (HD) - Remembrance Day Canada 2014
Canadianmatt3 - Facebook https://www.facebook.com/canadianmatt3 Remembrance Day / Jour du souvenir Canadian Forces 2014 - How Will You Remember Them Video made by: Matthew Worth ...
Coastal Navigation with a Merchant Naval Ship.wmv
Filmed aboard the multi-purpose heavy lift ship, MV Fanja, whilst navigating through the Juan de Fuca straits and onwards to the city and port of Vancouver, Canada.
The Kingston Whig-Standard
Sun, 12 Apr 2015 21:52:30 -0700
Engineer John Kinnear, 4th Engineer, Canadian Merchant Navy, March 28. For more Second World War stories and reprints of Whig-Standard front pages, starting with the June 6, 1944, edition to commemorate the 70th anniversary of D-Day, go to ...
Canada NewsWire (press release)
Wed, 03 Sep 2014 09:18:45 -0700
In all, some 12,000 men and women served with the Canadian Merchant Navy. "Working with the Royal Canadian Navy and the Royal Canadian Air Force, our nation's merchant mariners guided convoys of ships as the Battle of the Atlantic approached ...
Mon, 18 Aug 2014 16:26:15 -0700
Membership in the local branch of the Canadian Merchant Navy Veterans Association has dropped to 12, with an average age of 91. That makes it harder for people to get out and represent themselves and their fellow mariners, said Wagner. The 90-year-old ...
Canada NewsWire (press release)
Sun, 08 Sep 2013 08:29:32 -0700
OTTAWA, Sept. 8, 2013 /CNW/ - On behalf of the Honourable Julian Fantino, Minister of Veterans Affairs, Royal Galipeau, Member of Parliament for Ottawa—Orléans, joined Canadian Merchant Navy Veterans at the National War Memorial to remember the ...
Wed, 03 Sep 2014 08:54:02 -0700
Members of the Merchant Navy Veterans' Association gathered in Halifax Wednesday for the last time to honour those who supplied Allied forces in Europe during the Second World War. The group has been gathering annually since the government ...
Wed, 30 Apr 2014 05:00:00 -0700
If we didn't keep that lifeline going, we'd all be speaking German today," said Emberly, one of about 70 remaining members of Vancouver Island branch, Canadian Merchant Navy veterans. On Sunday, the veterans will once again converge at the corner of ...
Wed, 12 Nov 2014 00:03:18 -0800
In 1941, when World War II erupted, Mr. Kenny joined the Canadian Merchant Navy. Two years later, the U.S. government purchased his ship and asked Mr. Kenny to fight under the U.S. flag. He agreed, serving in the Army Transportation Corps until April ...
Winnipeg Free Press
Winnipeg Free Press
Fri, 02 Jan 2015 23:22:42 -0800
He was a law enforcement legend in the North End. He served in the Second World War with the Canadian Merchant Navy and joined the Winnipeg Police Department in 1947. Assigned to community policing in the North End, where he spent most of his ...
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