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Canadian Merchant Navy
Flag of Canada.svg
Statistics for the shipping industry of Canada
Total: 184 ships (1,000 gross register tons (GRT) or over)
Totalling: 2,129,243 GRT/2,716,340 metric tons deadweight (DWT)
Cargo ships
Bulk ships 66
Cargo ship 12
Combination bulk ships 1
Container ships 2
Roll-on / roll-off ships 6
Vehicle carrier 1
Tankers
Chemical tanker ships 14
Petroleum tanker ships 12
Passenger ships
General passenger ships 6
Combined passenger/cargo 64
Source: This article contains material from the CIA World Factbook which, as a US government publication, is in the public domain.

Canada, like several other Commonwealth nations, created its own Merchant Navy in a large-scale effort during World War II.

History[edit]

The 529-foot Canadian laker James Carruthers on Lake Huron in 1913.

Within hours of Canada's declaration of war on September 10, 1939, the Canadian government passed laws to create the Canadian Merchant Navy setting out rules and controls to provide a workforce for wartime shipping. The World War II Merchant Navy greatly expanded a similar effort in World War I known as the Canadian Mercantile Marine. The Canadian Merchant Navy played a major role in the Battle of the Atlantic bolstering the allies merchant fleet due to high losses in the British Merchant Navy. Eventually thousands of Canadians served aboard hundreds of Canadian Merchant Navy ships, notably the "Park Ships", the Canadian equivalent of the American "Liberty Ships". Rear Admiral Leonard W. Murray reported,

The Battle of the Atlantic was not won by any Navy or any Air Force, it was won by the courage, fortitude and determination of the British and Allied Merchant Navy.[1]

A school was established at St. Margaret's Bay, Nova Scotia to train sailors for the Canadian Merchant Navy, who became known as "Merchant Mariners." Manning Pools, or barracks, were built in major Canadian ports to house Merchant Mariners. The Merchant Navy was considered a fourth branch of the Canadian military alongside the Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Army, and the Royal Canadian Air Force, and suffered the highest casualty rate of the four.

After the war, Canadian Merchant Navy veterans were denied veterans benefits and official recognition for decades. This was not corrected until the 1990s and many individual cases remain unresolved. Similar to the CMM Veterans status, World War II United States Merchant Marine Veterans were also denied veterans benefits and status until 1988.

An important gesture in 2001 was the creation of Merchant Navy Remembrance Day by the Canadian Parliament which designated September 3 as a day to recognize the contributions and sacrifice of Canadian merchant mariners.[2]

Memorials[edit]

"Royal Canadian Naval Association Naval Memorial"(1995) by André Gauthier (sculptor) in Spencer Smith Park
Plaque in Halifax commemorating the contribution of the merchant marine during the World Wars
Engraving of SS Point Pleasant Park, Canadian Merchant Navy Monument, Sackville Landing, Halifax, Nova Scotia
  • "Royal Canadian Naval Association Naval Memorial (1995)" by André Gauthier (sculptor) was erected on the shore of Lake Ontario in Spencer Smith Park in Burlington, Ontario. The 6’4” high cast bronze statue depicts a WWII Canadian sailor in the position of attention saluting his lost shipmates. The model for the statue was a local Sea Cadet wearing Mike Vencel's naval service uniform.[3] On the black granite base, the names of Royal Canadian Navy and Canadian Merchant Navy ships sunk during WWII are engraved.[4]
  • A commemorative plaque in SS Point Pleasant Park, Halifax, Nova Scotia unveilled in 1967, "When the United Kingdom declared war on Germany in 1914, Canada and Newfoundland's participation was virtually unquestioned. With the onset of the Second World War in 1939 Canadians and Newfoundlanders once more rushed to enlist and were a major factor in the Allied victories in both conflicts. During two world wars the main duty of the Royal Canadian Navy was to escort convoys in the Atlantic and guard merchant vessels against the threat of attack by German submarines. In the Second World War, it also escorted ships in the Mediterranean and to Russia and supported the Allied landings in Sicilian, Italian and Normandy campaigns as well as in the Pacific. The Canadian Merchant Navy's duties included the transportation of troops and supplies to the Allied armies and food for the United Kingdom, extremely dangerous work which resulted in considerable losses."
  • at the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic in Halifax, Nova Scotia. "In memory of 2200 known Canadian Merchant Seamen and 91 Canadian vessels lost by enemy action and those who served in the cause of freedom - World War I 1914-1918; World War II 1939-1945; Korean Conflict 1950-1953"

Canadian Merchant Navy Memorials[edit]

Monuments to the Canadian Merchant Navy were erected in several Canadian cities:

Fleet[edit]

World War II[edit]

Canadian-Registered[edit]

Ships built in Canada and crewed by Canadian Sailors and named after Parks in Canada[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canadian_Merchant_Navy — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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40 news items

Philly.com

Philly.com
Wed, 12 Nov 2014 00:03:18 -0800

In 1941, when World War II erupted, Mr. Kenny joined the Canadian Merchant Navy. Two years later, the U.S. government purchased his ship and asked Mr. Kenny to fight under the U.S. flag. He agreed, serving in the Army Transportation Corps until April ...

TheChronicleHerald.ca

TheChronicleHerald.ca
Mon, 18 Aug 2014 16:43:08 -0700

He said the current Canadian merchant navy fleet is small, and the horrors experienced by the merchant navy during the Second World War don't mean anything to most current sailors because they've never had to worry about dealing with U-boats and ...
 
Canada NewsWire (press release)
Wed, 03 Sep 2014 09:26:35 -0700

In all, some 12,000 men and women served with the Canadian Merchant Navy. "Working with the Royal Canadian Navy and the Royal Canadian Air Force, our nation's merchant mariners guided convoys of ships as the Battle of the Atlantic approached ...
 
Canada NewsWire (press release)
Sun, 08 Sep 2013 08:22:30 -0700

OTTAWA, Sept. 8, 2013 /CNW/ - On behalf of the Honourable Julian Fantino, Minister of Veterans Affairs, Royal Galipeau, Member of Parliament for Ottawa—Orléans, joined Canadian Merchant Navy Veterans at the National War Memorial to remember the ...
 
Victoria News
Wed, 30 Apr 2014 05:00:00 -0700

If we didn't keep that lifeline going, we'd all be speaking German today," said Emberly, one of about 70 remaining members of Vancouver Island branch, Canadian Merchant Navy veterans. On Sunday, the veterans will once again converge at the corner of ...

CBC.ca

CBC.ca
Wed, 03 Sep 2014 08:54:02 -0700

Members of the Merchant Navy Veterans' Association gathered in Halifax Wednesday for the last time to honour those who supplied Allied forces in Europe during the Second World War. The group has been gathering annually since the government ...
 
The Northern Echo
Thu, 04 Sep 2014 10:04:12 -0700

Boat enthusiast, Barry Henderson, from Newton Aycliffe, first met Cyril Foster in the early 1990s, when he saw his name on a plaque chronicling the fate of Canadian Merchant navy vessels during the Second World War. Keen to discover more, he tracked ...

TheChronicleHerald.ca

TheChronicleHerald.ca
Fri, 05 Sep 2014 10:24:48 -0700

Every weekend we post a gallery showcasing some of our best pictures from the previous seven days. (We cheated a bit this week, with a bonus picture from our archives). We hope you enjoy our photos, which will include great moments in nature, fun ...
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