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Camilla Hall
Camilla Hall with an umbrella.jpg
Camilla Hall as an adult
Born 24 March 1945[1]
St. Peter, Minnesota, U.S.
Died May 17, 1974(1974-05-17) (aged 29)
Los Angeles, U.S.
Other names Gabi
Alma mater Gustavus Adolphus College, University of Minnesota
Political movement
Symbionese Liberation Army

Camilla Christine Hall (March 24, 1945 - May 17, 1974) was an artist, college trained social worker, and an early member of the Symbionese Liberation Army. She is most well known for being one of the kidnappers of heiress Patricia Hearst.

Early life[edit]

Camilla Hall as a child.

On March 24, 1945, Camilla Christine Hall was born in Saint Peter, Minnesota.[2] Her parents, George and Lorena Hall worked at Gustavus Adolphus College in Saint Peter, Minnesota from 1938-1952. In addition, her father was a minister in the Augustana Evangelical Lutheran Church, Lutheran Church in America, and later the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America. Her mother, Lorena (Daeschner) Hall, helped found Gustavus Adolphus College's Art Department and served as the department head.[3] Camilla Hall was the only surviving child of four; two of her siblings died of a kidney disorder, Peter and Nan, and a third, Terry, of congenital heart disease.[4][5]

In 1952, the Hall family moved to what is now Tanzania in East Africa. George and Lorena Hall taught in schools and did mission work, while Camilla and Nan played with the native children.[6] In 1954, when Camilla was nine, the family moved back to Saint Peter, because of seven-year-old Nan's poor health. While Camilla Hall attended elementary school in Minnesota, the family moved to Montclair, New Jersey until Hall was to start high school.

After moving back to Minnesota, Hall went to Washburn High School in Minneapolis where she was involved in many activities. The 1963 Washburn Yearbook says, "Candy was a member of Blue Tri, Class Play, Poplars Staff, Quill Club, Forensics, Pep Club, and Hall of Fame"[3] Blue Tri club was an organization that encouraged Christian ideals and put together service projects.[6] In addition, Camilla Hall was voted class clown in High School.[3] In 1963, she graduated from Washburn High School.

College life[edit]

Then, Camilla Hall attended Gustavus Adolphus College in St. Peter, Minnesota. She transferred to the University of Minnesota after her freshman year at Gustavus.[6] Hall attended special lectures, exhibits, and concerts at the University. On June 10, 1967, Hall graduated with a humanities degree from the University of Minnesota.[3]

Post College[edit]

After college graduation, Hall moved to Duluth, Minnesota where she was a caseworker for St. Louis County, Minnesota.[6] Her distrust of the government showed in early 1968 when she was elected to carry the Eugene McCarthy banner, in support of the Eugene McCarthy Presidential Campaign, for her St. Louis County precinct.[6] Even though Hall enjoyed helping people in her work, she found it difficult to separate her feelings while being a caseworker.[6] For her job in Duluth, Minnesota, Hall used her musical and poetic talents in an advertising campaign.[7]

In June 1968, Hall returned to Minneapolis, Minnesota and worked as a caseworker for the Hennepin County, Minnesota welfare office in Minneapolis.[6] Co-workers and friends of Hall described her as witty, sympathetic, helpful, and compassionate.[6] Also, she had an outgoing personality and had a passion for literature. At the same time, Hall frequently talked with family and friends about philosophy and how she was disappointed with the state of welfare.[8] In 1968, Hall was 23 years old and carefully monitored the political situation in America, like the 1968 Democratic National Convention.[6] She was active in the peace movement and food boycotts, including the Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam.[6] Despite her active participation in urging social change and working as a caseworker, Hall's mother says Camilla became dissatisfied with her work.[6]

In California[edit]

Camilla Hall with her art.

In November 1969, Hall moved to Topanga, a northern suburb of Los Angeles, California.[6] In March, she moved into Los Angeles proper in west Los Angeles. According to Rachael Hanel, "She lived off her savings, interest income from a trust, money from her parents, and selling her simple, Rubenesque line drawings."[9] Even though Hall didn't express dissatisfaction as being an artist, she decided to move again.

Hall moved to Berkeley in February 1971. In May 1971, Hall moved into an apartment complex on Channing Way where she met Patricia Soltysik.[6] Previous to this relationship, Hall had not lived publicly in a lesbian relationship.[7] Patricia Soltysik was the object of Hall's love poem named "Mizmoon".[5]

In Berkeley, Hall continued being politically active. She was one of the activists who took over Berkeley park in the People's Park demonstration, summer 1972. In October 1972, Hall travelled to Europe and stayed with friends while she traveled for three months. Once she returned, she continued being politically active and was involved with the Symbionese Liberation Army.[6]

While a member of the radical terrorist organization knows as the SLA, Hall participated in numerous terrorist acts including the murder of school superintendent Marcus Foster, various bank robberies and most famously the kidnapping and torture of heiress Patricia Hearst.

LA Shootout[edit]

Camilla Hall takes part in the April 1974 Hibernia bank raid with other Symbionese Liberation Army members.

Hall died in a shootout (May 17, 1974) with police in which five other SLA members were killed. As their hideout burned, Hall and fellow SLA member Nancy Ling Perry exited out of the back door. Police claimed that Perry came out firing a revolver while Hall fired an automatic pistol. Police shot them both immediately. Perry was shot twice; one shot hit her right lung, the other shot severing her spine. Hall was shot once in the forehead. Investigators working for Hall's parents claimed that Perry had come walking out of the house intending to surrender.[10]


  1. ^ "California Death Index, 1940-1997" [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2000. Original data: State of California. California Death Index, 1940-1997. Sacramento, CA, USA: State of California Department of Health Services, Center for Health Statistics. Retrieved from Ancestry.com (subscription) July 19, 2009
  2. ^ O'Brien, Susan. Research Files on Camilla Hall, 1967-1976. CAMC Collection 30. Gustavus Adolphus Archives, St. Peter, Minnesota.
  3. ^ a b c d Biographical Notes from Hall Family. Papers Concerning Camilla Hall and George F. and Lorena Hall, 1938-1995. CAMC Collection 13. Gustavus Adolphus College Archives, St. Peter, Minnesota. [1]
  4. ^ "Camilla Hall Ends Her Long Journey Home". People magazine, August 19, 1974, pp 14-15.
  5. ^ a b O'Brien, Susan. Research Files on Camilla Hall, 1967-1976. CAMC Collection 30. Gustavus Adolphus Archives, St. Peter, Minnesota. http://gustavus.edu/academics/library/archives/CAMC0030.php
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Camilla Hall's Place in the Symbionese Liberation Army by Rachel Hanel, Minnesota State University, Mankato, Minnesota 2004
  7. ^ a b "Camilla Hall's Place in the Symbionese Liberation Army" by Rachel Hanel, Minnesota State University, Mankato, Minnesota 2004
  8. ^ Hall Family. Papers Concerning Camilla Hall and George F. and Lorena Hall, 1938-1995. CAMC Collection 13. Gustavus Adolphus College Archives, St. Peter, Minnesota.
  9. ^ Page 55 in Camilla Hall's Place in the Symbionese Liberation Army by Rachel Hanel, Minnesota State University, Mankato, Minnesota 2004
  10. ^ Bryan, John. This Soldier Still at War. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1975. ISBN 0-15-190060-4.

External links[edit]

  • Camilla Additional information and photos of Camilla Hall
  • Archival finding aid for the collection Papers Concerning Camilla Hall and George F. and Lorena Hall, 1938-1995. CAMC Collection 13. Gustavus Adolphus College Archives, St. Peter, Minnesota. [2]

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49 news items

Financial Times
Sun, 20 Apr 2014 11:11:15 -0700

By Camilla Hall in New York. Big US banks including Bank of America Merrill Lynch and Citigroup are warning of declines in a key measure of profitability this quarter as low rates squeeze returns from loans and investments across the industry. The ...
Duluth News Tribune
Wed, 16 Apr 2014 20:41:49 -0700

Camilla Hall, a former caseworker for the St. Louis County Welfare Department, has been named with two other women in the alleged Symbionese Liberation Army holdup of a San Francisco bank. Hall left Duluth for the Twin Cities in 1968. Advertisement.
Financial Times
Tue, 15 Apr 2014 03:10:55 -0700

Graduates hunt for 'search fund' success. By Camilla Hall in New York. Replica of Centennial Bell in front of Baker Library at Harvard Business School ©Dreamstime. Baker Library at Harvard Business School. Over wine and canapés in the Meredith Room, ...
Financial Times
Fri, 18 Apr 2014 11:56:15 -0700

US banks post worst start to year for bond trading since 2008. By Tom Braithwaite and Camilla Hall in New York. US banks reported their worst start to the year in fixed-income trading since the financial crisis, raising new questions about whether Wall ...
Financial Times
Wed, 16 Apr 2014 04:29:08 -0700

By Camilla Hall and Kara Scannell in New York. Bank of America reported its first quarterly loss in almost three years as the bank set aside an extra $2.4bn to settle previously disclosed legal actions, including its talks with the Department of ...
Seeking Alpha
Wed, 16 Apr 2014 20:56:15 -0700

"Under Mr. Moynihan, BofA has focused on putting its large legal settlements behind it as it tries to remover litigation uncertainty for investors," writes Camilla Hall in the Financial Times. Mr. Moynihan inherited most of these "litigation" problems ...
Financial Times
Mon, 14 Apr 2014 11:18:01 -0700

By Camilla Hall in New York. A customer exits a Citigroup Inc. Banamex bank branch in Mexico City, Mexico, ©Bloomberg. Stock market investors rewarded Citigroup for beating analysts' first-quarter estimates on Monday, but the report contained a sting ...
Financial Times
Mon, 07 Apr 2014 06:22:24 -0700

By Tom Braithwaite and Camilla Hall in New York. Protestors hold signs as they hold a demonstration outside of the Wells Fargo Bank shareholders meeting ©Getty. Called to account: banks will be desperate to avoid a repeat of the so-called shareholder ...

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