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Camden
City
Wilcox County Courthouse in Camden, completed in 1857.
Wilcox County Courthouse in Camden, completed in 1857.
Location in Wilcox County and the state of Alabama
Location in Wilcox County and the state of Alabama
Coordinates: 31°59′56″N 87°17′45″W / 31.9988°N 87.2957°W / 31.9988; -87.2957Coordinates: 31°59′56″N 87°17′45″W / 31.9988°N 87.2957°W / 31.9988; -87.2957
Country United States
State Alabama
County Wilcox
Area
 • Total 4.2 sq mi (11 km2)
 • Land 4.2 sq mi (11 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 207 ft (63 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 2,257
 • Density 537.4/sq mi (205.2/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 36726
Area code(s) 334
FIPS code 01-11512
GNIS feature ID 0115426

Camden is a city[1] in Wilcox County, Alabama, United States.[2] The population was 2,257 at the 2000 census, at which time it was a town.

History[edit]

What is now Camden was established on property that was donated by Thomas Dunn in order to have a new town founded on the site. Dunn's Federal style house, built in 1825, is the oldest documented house in the town.[3] The first county seat was in the community of Canton Bend. It was moved to Barboursville, later renamed Camden, in 1833. It had been named Barboursville in honor of United States Congressman Philip Barbour of Virginia. Incorporated in 1841, Camden was renamed by local physician John D. Caldwell in honor of his hometown of Camden, South Carolina.[4]

The Camden Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church, completed in 1849.

The earliest documented industries in the town were a brickyard, sawmill, and window fabricator.[5] The Camden Phenix was the town's earliest known newspaper.[5] It also became the home of the red-brick Greek-Revival style Wilcox Female Seminary and Female Institute, built from 1845–50.[5] It has housed the Wilcox County Historical Society since 1976.[6] The red-brick Greek-Revival style Wilcox County Courthouse, also listed on the National Register, was completed in 1857. It replaced an earlier wood-frame structure.

During the American Civil War, many in the community joined the Confederate cause. The county courthouse was ransacked by Union forces in 1865, but advance warning allowed county officials to remove the county records to a safe place (legend claims that they were buried in a coffin) prior to their arrival.[5] Already devastated by the after effects of the Civil War, Camden suffered fires during 1869 and 1870 that destroyed about two-thirds of the town. The town finally began a slow recovery beginning during the 1880s, with the first bank incorporated in 1894.[5]

Camden benefited economically during the mid-20th century with the construction of a paper mill at Yellow Bluff and of the Millers Ferry Lock and Dam, a hydroelectric dam on the Alabama River near Millers Ferry that created the William "Bill" Dannelly Reservoir.[5]

Geography[edit]

Camden is located at 31°59′56″N 87°17′45″W / 31.99889°N 87.29583°W / 31.99889; -87.29583 (31.998851, -87.295743).[7] According to the United States Census Bureau, the town had an area of 4.2 square miles (11 km2), of which 4.2 square miles (11 km2) is land and 0.24% is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 590
1890 545 −7.6%
1900 478 −12.3%
1910 648 35.6%
1920 700 8.0%
1930 697 −0.4%
1940 909 30.4%
1950 931 2.4%
1960 1,121 20.4%
1970 1,742 55.4%
1980 2,406 38.1%
1990 2,414 0.3%
2000 2,257 −6.5%
2010 2,020 −10.5%
Est. 2014 1,933 [8] −4.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
2013 Estimate[10]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 2,257 people, 868 households, and 584 families residing in the town. The population density was 533.7 people per square mile (206.0/km2). There were 965 housing units at an average density of 228.2 per square mile (88.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 54.23% African American, 45.28% White, 0.09% Native American, 0.09% from other races, and 0.31% from two or more races. 0.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 868 households out of which 35.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.6% were married couples living together, 27.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the town the population was spread out with 29.1% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 18.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 78.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 71.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $25,750, and the median income for a family was $28,854. Males had a median income of $35,625 versus $20,735 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,272. About 31.4% of families and 33.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.3% of those under age 18 and 29.6% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2010, there were 2,020 people, 790 households, and 540 families residing in the town. The population density was 481.0 people per square mile (183.6/km2). There were 927 housing units at an average density of 220.7 per square mile (84.3/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 57.4% African American, 42.0% White, 0.1% Native American, 0.1% from other races, and 0.4% from two or more races. 0.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 790 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.1% were married couples living together, 26.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.6% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the town the population was spread out with 28.6% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 21.0% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.7 years. For every 100 females there were 78.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $21,563, and the median income for a family was $37,031. Males had a median income of $60,250 versus $23,380 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,978. About 27.0% of families and 31.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.6% of those under age 18 and 15.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Intercity bus service is provided by Greyhound Lines.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census change list
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Dunn-Fairley-Bonner-Field House at Camden, AL (built c. 1825)". Rural Southwest Alabama. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Camden". The Encyclopedia of Alabama. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Wilcox County". The Encyclopedia of Alabama. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Wilcox Female Institute". Encyclopedia of Alabama. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 6, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 3, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-08-18. 
  13. ^ John A. Agan (Webster Parish official historian). "The Impact of the Minden Male Academy". Minden Press-Herald in mindenmemories.org. Retrieved March 24, 2015. 
  14. ^ Camden, AL Greyhound Station Intercity bus service

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camden,_Alabama — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

167 news items

Demopolis Times

Demopolis Times
Mon, 01 Feb 2016 14:30:00 -0800

Parents of the groom are Mr. and Mrs. David Myron Lee of Orange Beach, Alabama and the late Mr. Mark Hollis Curl of Camden, Alabama. The groom is the grandson of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Mark Simmons, Jr. of Belzoni, Mississippi, and the late Mr. John ...

TIME

AL.com
Sun, 17 Aug 2014 00:06:18 -0700

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Wed, 07 Oct 2015 18:07:30 -0700

The wreck was on Alabama 28 near the 95 mile marker in Wilcox County, approximately eight miles northeast of Camden. Alabama State Troopers say a 2008 Buick Lucerne left the roadway at about 3:45 p.m. Sunday. The vehicle struck an embankment and ...

The Guardian

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Sat, 17 Oct 2015 05:29:05 -0700

Willie Moton, right, and his friend Breston Hughes. They both depend of meager social security checks to survive. Photograph: Matthew Teague. Matthew Teague in Camden, Alabama. @MatthewTeague. Saturday 17 October 2015 08.28 EDT Last modified ...

Montgomery Advertiser

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Sun, 04 Oct 2015 22:48:44 -0700

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Fri, 02 Oct 2015 10:46:41 -0700

Marion Furman, author of “Through a Woman's Eye: The Early 20th Century Photography of Alabama's Edith Morgan,” will discuss the black and white images taken by Camden, Alabama, native Morgan during an Oct. 11 event at Troy University's Dothan ...

whnt.com

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Tue, 18 Aug 2015 11:58:58 -0700

As we launched our boat from the shores of the Roland Cooper State Park near Camden, Alabama, the sun was setting over the calm water of the Dannelly Reservoir (also known as the Millers Ferry Reservoir) of the Alabama River. The sky was clear and the ...

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Thu, 15 Oct 2015 08:26:59 -0700

Sewell.jpg U.S. Rep. Terri Sewell talks to a crowd of about 200 in Camden Wednesday night.Adam Ganucheau | AL.com. CAMDEN, Ala. -- At a town hall event Wednesday night, U.S. Rep. Terri Sewell said the closures of state parks and driver's license ...
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