digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















Calaveras Reservoir[1]
Location Santa Clara / Alameda counties, California, US
Coordinates 37°28′43″N 121°49′21″W / 37.4785°N 121.8226°W / 37.4785; -121.8226Coordinates: 37°28′43″N 121°49′21″W / 37.4785°N 121.8226°W / 37.4785; -121.8226
Type Reservoir
Primary inflows Arroyo Hondo
Calaveras Creek
Catchment area 98.4 sq mi (255 km2)
Basin countries United States
Surface area 1,450 acres (590 ha)
Water volume 100,000 acre·ft (120,000,000 m3)
Surface elevation 781 feet (238 m)
References "Calaveras Reservoir". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. 

Calaveras Reservoir is located primarily in Santa Clara County, California, with a small portion and its dam in Alameda County, California. The reservoir has a capacity of 100,000 acre·ft (120,000,000 m3). In Spanish, Calaveras means "skulls."

Calaveras Reservoir is fed mainly by Arroyo Hondo and Calaveras Creek. Lying in the Calaveras Valley, the region is a geologically active area with the Calaveras Fault parallel to, and to the west of, the dam site. Roads adjacent to the reservoir include Calaveras Road and Marsh Road. The latter drew significant attention from a murder there in the early 1980s.

Poverty Ridge and Oak Ridge lie to the east of Calaveras Reservoir, Milpitas and Monument Peak lie to the west, Sunol lies to the far north, and Calaveras Creek and Los Buellis Hills lie to the south.

The Calaveras Valley is rich and diverse in wildlife. Some of the most common animals include deer, coyotes, squirrels, turkey vultures, red-winged blackbirds, yellow-billed magpies, red-tailed hawks, brewer's blackbirds, purple martins, barn swallows, bullock's orioles, and warblers. Since at least 2008 there has also been a regular nesting pair of bald eagles.[2]

Calaveras Reservoir in Spring 2006


In the 19th century, the Calaveras Valley which the reservoir now fills was primarily an agricultural region known for its production of hay, strawberries, and tomatoes. Because of San Francisco's increasing demand for drinking water at the turn of the 20th century, the farmers in the region were forced to sell their land to the Spring Valley Water Company, which in turn sold it to the San Francisco Water Company.

The first dam on the site, built in 1913 by the Spring Valley Water Company, rapidly changed the sensitive hydrology and natural environment of the Calaveras Valley. It suffered a partial collapse of the upstream slope in 1918 due to engineering flaws. Its replacement, the current Calaveras Dam, was at its completion in 1925 the largest earth-fill dam in the world. It is 245 feet high, with a length of 1200 feet at its crest.[3] The city and county of San Francisco owns and operates the dam and reservoir for municipal water supply.

Livestock along Calaveras Road, May 2006

The reservoir is reported to contain a very large population of largemouth bass, rainbow trout and other species. However, fishing is prohibited.

Today, the San Francisco Public Utilities Commission (SFPUC) owns 36,000 acres (150 km²) in the Alameda Creek Watershed. Some lands in the watershed are leased to livestock companies for cattle ranching to control vegetation and prevent fires. Most of the land is closed to the public because of concerns over drinking water safety and quality.

Dam replacement[edit]

Because the dam is located near a seismically active fault zone and was determined to be seismically vulnerable, in 2001 the California Department of Water Resources, Division of Safety of Dams (DSOD) has restricted the reservoir to approximately 30 percent of its original capacity (96,850 acre feet (119,460,000 m3)) until the deficiencies are corrected.

The San Francisco Public Utilities Commission is constructing a new dam of equal height downstream of the existing dam as part of the $4.3 billion Water System Improvement Program. The 7 year-long environmental impact study report was certified by the San Francisco City Planning Commission on January 27, 2011. Later that day, the $434 Million Calaveras Dam Replacement Project was given the green light by the SFPUC.[4] Excavation began in 2011 with construction on the actual dam expected to begin in 2016. The entire replacement should be complete in 2018.[5]

The replacement effort will include several measures to aid in the restoration of native fish populations. However, construction of a fish ladder to provide Steelhead trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) access to the waters above the dam was deemed infeasible because at 290 feet (88 m), it would be the tallest fish ladder in the country and cost $40 million. Steelhead trout have not had access to spawning streams above Calaveras Dam since 1925.[6] However, environmentalists won concessions from the SFPUC to assure adequate water releases from the new dam to improve summer flows as well as a smaller fish ladder around a diversion dam blocking access to upper Alameda Creek, which is regarded as prime trout habitat.[7]

Plane crash discovery[edit]

A drought swept California in the late 1980s and early 1990s, and water reservoirs throughout the state reported record low water levels. Maintenance work on Calaveras Reservoir, in conjunction with the drought, had lowered the water 100 feet (30 m) by January 1991. As the water dropped, the shiny aluminum of a wrecked plane poked through the mud of the reservoir.

Near the wrecked plane, on January 5, 1991, two skeletons were found. Using old medical and dental records, as well as the serial number on the plane's engine (a 4-cylinder, 75 horsepower (56 kW) Continental), the remains were positively identified by the county sheriff office as being that Clifford Gillman and Robert Louviere, missing since June 16, 1963. The bodies were removed but the wreckage is still present in the middle of the reservoir.[8]

See also[edit]


  • Loomis, Patricia. Milpitas: A Century of Little Cornfields

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calaveras_Reservoir — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1377 videos foundNext > 

Calaveras Dam Replacement Project construction, March 2012

Water System Improvement Program - Calaveras Dam Replacement Project construction March 2012.

Calaveras Reservoir

Calaveras Reservoir is a lake located primarily in Santa Clara County, California with a small portion and its dam in Alameda County, California. The reservo...

Flying south over Milpitas, view of Calaveras Reservoir - 2

Flying south over Milpitas, view of Calaveras Reservoir East of San Jose - 2 Aerial view of a Flight route from San Jose to San Diego California - 2 See Rout...

Calaveras Reservoir

This video is about Calaveras Reservoir.

Travel USA - Calaveras Reservoir

Calaveras reservoir(38): First Ride Spring 4/17/10

Calaveras Reservoir Eagle Nest

video of the Calaveras Reservoir eagle nest with both chicks visible.

Travel USA - Calaveras Reservoir

Calaveras reservoir(36): First Ride Spring 4/17/10

Calaveras reservoir(39): First Ride Spring 4/17/10

1377 videos foundNext > 

48 news items

Tue, 02 Dec 2014 16:09:44 -0800

We have a view of the Calaveras Reservoir and from below we have the dam and all the act of construction.” The area where Walker does his digging is pastoral and dry. Today, it's inhabited mostly by construction workers operating dump trucks and ...

Nature World News

Nature World News
Mon, 07 Jul 2014 10:11:59 -0700

Construction workers building a 220-foot-high dam at Calaveras Reservoir have unearthed a prehistoric treasure trove, revealing what Silicon Valley might have looked like some 20 million years ago. (Photo : Wikimedia Commons). Construction workers ...

San Jose Mercury News

San Jose Mercury News
Wed, 03 Dec 2014 15:09:30 -0800

These were the stories that were making headlines in the pages of the Milpitas Post this first week of December 50, 40, 30, 20 and 10 years ago. 1964 Only 25 percent of the 18,650 acres east of Milpitas, reaching as far back as Calaveras Reservoir ...
Thu, 25 Apr 2013 17:22:30 -0700

The Calaveras Reservoir dam, east of Milpitas, is a massive earthen structure built across Calaveras Creek in 1925. These traditional dam designs are generally robust—the Crystal Springs Reservoir on the Peninsula has one that easily weathered the ...
San Jose Mercury News media center
Sun, 06 Jul 2014 15:27:20 -0700

More than 500 fossil specimens have been inventoried from the Calaveras Dam construction site and most are believed to be about 20 million years old. Some of the the marine fossils found at the reservoir, on the the border of Alameda and Santa Clara ...
Fri, 03 Oct 2014 13:34:19 -0700

Rail Road Flat, CA — Firefighters and Columbia Air Attack are heading to a vegetation fire near the Calaveras Reservoir. Cal Fire reports the flames were spotted on the 1400 block of Top Dollar Road southeast of Rail Road Flat. There is no word on ...
Mon, 07 Jul 2014 19:31:50 -0700

A big construction project at the Calaveras Reservoir in the East Bay dug up more than 10 million tons of dirt and now scientists are marveling at what they've found. For those used to looking at pipes and pumping stations, a fossilized whale skeleton ...

Tech Times

Tech Times
Wed, 09 Jul 2014 07:43:22 -0700

Workers at the construction site of a new dam stumbled upon a treasure trove of fossils in the Calaveras Reservoir. (Photo : Christian Ey). The Calaveras Reservoir east of Milpitas, California, is set to become home to a new dam project. But workers ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight