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Cahill Expressway
New South Wales
Cahill Expressway from Art Gallery Road – CN.jpg
General information
Type Expressway
Length 2.2 km (1.4 mi)
Opened 1958
Route number(s)
Former
route number
  • Metroad 1
  • (early 1990s-2013)
Major junctions
NW end
  Sydney Harbour Tunnel (M1)
SE end
Location(s)
Major suburbs / towns Sydney
Highway system
Highways in Australia
National HighwayFreeways in Australia
Highways in New South Wales

The Cahill Expressway is an urban freeway in Sydney and was the first freeway constructed in Australia, opening to traffic in 1958.[1] It starts from the Eastern Distributor and Cross City Tunnel in Woolloomooloo, and runs through a series of sunken cuttings and tunnels between the Royal Botanical Gardens and The Domain. It then runs on an elevated section across the northern edge of the Sydney CBD at Circular Quay, and then across the Sydney Harbour Bridge to North Sydney. It connects there to the Warringah Freeway.

It is named after the then New South Wales Premier John Joseph Cahill, who also approved construction of the Sydney Opera House. While being a vital link in the Sydney road system, it is generally not well loved by Sydneysiders, who dislike its ugly appearance and its division of the city from its waterfront.

History[edit]

The Cahill Expressway under construction in 1955
The Cahill Expressway viewed from the Sydney Harbour Bridge
The Cahill Expressway viewed from the vicinity of Macquarie Street, Sydney

The expressway was first proposed in 1945 as part of an overall expressway plan for Sydney. Public opposition began when the proposal was first made public in 1948, with the Quay Planning Protest Committee being formed. Despite the opposition, construction on the elevated section of the expressway went ahead in 1955. Funding was provided by the Sydney Council and the NSW Government, and the elevated section was opened on 24 March 1958. Work on the sunken section commenced almost straight away after that, and the additional section was opened on 1 March 1962.[2]

In June 2013, the Expressway was temporarily renamed the Tim Cahill Expressway in honour of Socceroo Tim Cahill, ahead of the Socceroos' 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification match against Iraq.[3]

Vital link[edit]

The expressway forms a vital link between Sydney's eastern and northern suburbs, by connecting the Eastern Distributor to the Sydney Harbour Bridge and Sydney Harbour Tunnel. It allows travel directly from the airport to the northern suburbs without traffic signals, and reduces pressure on alternative cross-city routes such as Bridge St, Park St and Bathurst St. The traffic on the elevated section was also reduced by half following the opening of the Sydney Harbour tunnel in 1992.

The elevated section is a double deck, with the top deck carrying cars, and the lower deck railway lines and Circular Quay railway station. The station provides easy access to the Sydney Opera House and the Royal Botanical Gardens. The westbound lanes dip underneath the Harbour Bridge approach road, before forming a large spiral circling the Sydney Observatory to join to the Bridge in a confined space.

The expressway has a pedestrian walkway next to the traffic lanes, where great views of the Sydney Harbour Bridge and the CBD can be seen. It is accessible by stairs from Macquarie St, or an elevator near Circular Quay railway station. The walkway connects with the Sydney Harbour Bridge walkway. The NSW Roads and Traffic Authority offers tickets to view the New Year's Eve fireworks from the Cahill Expressway deck through a competition.[4]

Criticism[edit]

The Cahill Expressway was controversial from day one. Its elevated nature, proximity to the city and utilitarian appearance meant that when the design of the elevated section was first unveiled to the public, it was described as ridiculous, ugly, unsightly and a monstrosity. This was an early example of freeway revolt.

Sydney Morning Herald writer Elizabeth Farrelly describes the freeway as 'doggedly symmetrical, profoundly deadpan, severing the city from the water on a permanent basis'.[5] The sunken section of the expressway runs between the Royal Botanical Gardens and The Domain, key green spaces in Sydney. The Botanic Gardens Trust describes the expressway as destroying the spatial relationship between the two.[6]

Demolition of the expressway has been proposed in the past, most prominently by former Australian Prime Minister Paul Keating, who in 1994 offered federal funds in the amount of A$150 million toward such a project.[7] The then NSW Premier, John Fahey, rejected the proposal because of the cost and the resultant traffic problems. In 2005, the cost of demolition was estimated at more than A$1 billion, and the traffic problems resulting from the removal of the link would be severe, given the lack of alternative routes[citation needed].

Jeffrey Smart painting[edit]

One of Australian artist Jeffrey Smart's most famous works is Cahill Expressway (1962). The painting shows a stylised view of the Cahill Expressway tunnel and approach road, with a single man shown at the side of the image. The painting shows the alienation many feel when faced with the infrastructure of large freeways, especially when closely juxtaposed with pedestrian scale areas.[8]

Exits and interchanges[edit]

LGA Location km mi Destinations Notes
North Sydney North Sydney 0 0 Warringah Freeway (M1) Northern expressway terminus (southbound lanes)
0.5 0.3 Mount Street – no exit Southbound entry only
0.6 0.4 High Street – no exit Southbound entry only
Sydney Harbour 1.3–
2.5
0.8–
1.6
Sydney Harbour Bridge
Sydney Sydney 2.6 1.6 Western Distributor (A4) south / Bradfield Highway north – North Sydney, Newcastle, Sydney CBD Northern expressway terminus (northbound lanes); incomplete interchange: northbound exit to Bradfield Highway and southbound exit to Western Distributor only
3.3 2.1 Conservatorium Road – Sydney CBD Northbound entry and southbound exit
3.5 2.2 Sydney Harbour Tunnel (M1) – Newcastle, Brisbane Northbound exit and southbound entry; Route transition: M1 continues south along Cahill Expressway
3.9 2.4 Sir John Young Crescent – no exit Northbound entry only
4.1 2.5 Shakespeare Place – no exit Southbound entry only
4.2 2.6 Cowper Wharf Roadway – Sydney CBD, Woolloomooloo Southbound exit only
4.4 2.7 Eastern Distributor (M1) – Wollongong, Canberra Southern expressway terminus; continues south as Eastern Distributor
  •       Route transition

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "1998 Special Article - The State of New South Wales - Timeline of History". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2007-01-28. 
  2. ^ "How to Build a Street". Sydney Streets. City of Sydney. Retrieved 2007-01-28. 
  3. ^ The fast road to Brazil: Cahill's personal route to Rio by Thomas O'Brien (Sydney Morning Herald, 17 June 2013)
  4. ^ "New Year's Eve in your city". Today. Channel Nine. Retrieved 2007-01-28. 
  5. ^ "Opening up the Cahill Expressway won't be a dynamic change". The Sydney Morning Herald. 2002-12-03. Retrieved 2007-01-28. 
  6. ^ "History". Botanic Gardens Trust. NSW Department of Environment and Conservation. Retrieved 2007-01-28. 
  7. ^ "Cahill Expressway Demolition". Legislative Council Hansard (Extract). Parliament of New South Wales. 1994-09-15. Retrieved 2007-01-28. 
  8. ^ Corkery, Noel. "Re:Engineering The Landscape" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-08-15. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Cahill Expressway at Wikimedia Commons


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cahill_Expressway — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
480 videos foundNext > 

https://youtube.com/devicesupport

Cahill Expressway, Harbour Bridge, Watson Bay, Old South Head Road Motorcycling, Sydney Australia

1 Jan, 2013.

Cahill Expressway No Entry [Explicit Language]

Woman tries to cut across to go through to the No Entry Bus lane I dont know why I was shouting lol.

Sydney 2013 fireworks Cahill expressway

free tickets for the night, with the best view i could ever imagine..

CAHILL EXPRESSWAY ACCIDENT 2-2-12 - dashcam 2 car and a bus pile up 540PM SYDNEY

BEST VIEWED FULL SCREEN - The Rangerover hits the Beetle around 6.5 seconds in.... beetle gets knocked out of the lane, into the next lane both cars were pretty badly mangled, though both...

P Plater crashes car on Cahill Expressway in head on accident

A P Plater driving a Holden Vectra has collided head on with another motorist after driving in the wrong direction on the Cahill expressway & Sydney Harbour Tunnel on ramp. The accident occurred...

Victoria Road SR40 eastbound (Devlin St, Ryde to Cahill Expressway, Sydney)

Woolloomooloo to Cahill Expressway

1969 - A drive around Sydney, Australia

In 1969, my father, Thomas Bor, visited Australia and took the following footage on an 8mm film camera. The footage includes Bondi, Oxford Street, Macquarie Street, Circular Quay, Cahill Expressway...

2 Liftronic MRL Traction elevators at Circular Quay and Cahill Expressway, Sydney

Filmed on May 16, 2011 These are the featured elevators on Liftronic's website (liftronic.com.au). They are Liftronic UniTronic Type II Bottom Drive MRL Traction Brand: Liftronic Type: Bottom-dr...

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268 news items

The Australian

The Australian
Mon, 27 Apr 2015 07:03:45 -0700

The beach scene Tamarama was painted on composition board in 1954, eight years before Smart made what was to become his most famous picture, another Sydney scene, Cahill Expressway. The painting was bought by a collector from the Geoff Gray ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Sun, 12 Apr 2015 23:10:02 -0700

'In this country you always help someone with a flat... (this time) it just happened to be John Howard.' With nowhere urgent to be, the former PM chatted eagerly to Ms Waterford explaining they had been driving along the Cahill Expressway when they ...
 
NSW Police Online (press release)
Wed, 22 Apr 2015 17:11:15 -0700

... South Creek Road, Pittwater Road, Condamine Street, Burnt Bridge Creek Deviation, Manly Road, Spit Road, Military Road, Bradfield Highway, Cahill Expressway into Macquarie Street, Prince Albert Road, College Street, Park and Castlereagh Streets, ...

Sydney Morning Herald

Sydney Morning Herald
Fri, 10 Apr 2015 07:29:27 -0700

The new precinct would connect the city to Woolloomooloo. The old gallery will also be connected to a new wing, that will very likely stretch from the landbridge over the Cahill Expressway to the old naval reservoir to the east of Mrs Macquaries Road.

SmartCompany.com.au

SmartCompany.com.au
Mon, 20 Apr 2015 16:27:26 -0700

Having been swallowed up by China's Dalian Wanda Group for a thumping A$425 million, the tired Gold Fields House office block at Sydney's 1 Alfred Street (opposite the Cahill Expressway at Circular Quay) will be turned into luxury apartments with ...

Sydney Morning Herald

Sydney Morning Herald
Fri, 10 Apr 2015 07:38:12 -0700

So he dropped out of university and worked as a surveyor's assistant on the Cahill Expressway until he could move to the United States. In New York, Gittoes continued to study and learnt how to photograph and shoot 16mm film. His ties to the city ...
 
Business Insider Australia
Mon, 27 Oct 2014 22:06:04 -0700

The bad news is the ballot is only open to NSW residents and is restricted to one entry per household. The Cahill Expressway is a specially designated family area and entry is by ticket only. It's a non-smoking, alcohol and glass-free area, but there's ...

International Business Times UK

International Business Times UK
Sun, 08 Jun 2014 05:45:00 -0700

How they qualified: While it was expected that Australia would breeze through the qualification stages, shock draws against Oman and Japan and a 2-1 loss to Jordan left the side in need of results to go their way if they hoped to get on the plane to ...
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