Canadian Forces Base Clinton, CFB Clinton for short, was a Canadian Forces Base located near Clinton, Ontario. It initially opened in July 1941 as RAF Station Clinton under the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan as a training unit for radar operators during a period when radar was a top secret device. UK, Canadian, US and other servicemen were trained at Clinton, with practical flights being carried out at nearby RCAF Station Centralia. Clinton remained the primary radar training site for Canadian Forces personnel through the Cold War era, with continued expansions throughout the 1950s and 60s. As part of a centralization effort, CFB Clinton was closed in 1971, with the site abandoned by 1972. A number of buildings remain on the site, including a large "golf ball" radome.
RAF radar training school
Radar training school
From its start, the station hosted the No. 31 Range and Direction Finding (RDF) School (RDF was the British cover name for radar). In July 1943, No. 31 RDF was decommissioned and No. 5 Radio School was created in its place by the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF), with the station becoming RCAF Station Clinton. In June 1944 the BCATP began to scale back and No. 5 Radio School was transferred to the RCAF's Home War Operations Training command.
Unlike many RCAF stations across Canada, RCAF Station Clinton was not mothballed at the end of the Second World War and in November 1945 became home to the No. 1 Radar and Communications School (No. 1 R&CS), which it co-hosted with nearby RCAF Station Centralia.
During the Cold War, RCAF Station Clinton hosted other units, including No. 12 Examination Unit, No. 1 Air Radio Officer School, School of Food Services, and the Aerospace Engineering (AERE) Officer School.
The February 1, 1968 merger of the RCAF with the Royal Canadian Navy and Canadian Army to form the Canadian Forces saw RCAF Station Clinton change its name to Canadian Forces Base Clinton or CFB Clinton.
The merger saw the Canadian Forces rationalize and consolidate many of its facilities to avoid duplication and CFB Clinton was closed by 1971 with its remaining units distributed to other facilities.
The murder of Lynn Harper
On June 9, 1959, a 12-year-old girl who lived in the private married quarters on the base disappeared after accepting a ride on the bicycle of 14-year-old classmate Steven Truscott. After a search which included hundreds of members of the RCAF from the station, her body was discovered a short distance from the station. Truscott was arrested, denied many of the civilized considerations not yet enshrined in law as 'rights' (such as full disclosure of the evidence against him) and convicted of Capital Murder. He was not convicted of rape yet this was always presented as a motive. His sentence was to be death by hanging but this was commuted to life in prison.
This death sentence is often credited for bringing an end to the death penalty in Canada. In addition Truscott never exhibited any pathological behaviors that would be used by criminal profilers to include him in a pool of suspects. He was eventually exonerated when his conviction was overturned after 45 years.
- Steven Hayter; "History of the Creation of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan", Commonwealth Air Training Plan Museum
- Watson, Raymond C., Jr. (2009); Radar Origins Worldwide, Trafford, p. 50, ISBN 978-1-4269-2110-0
- Hatch, F. J. (1983).The Aerodrome of Democracy: Canada and the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan, 1939-1945. Ottawa: Directorate of History, Department of National Defence. ISBN 0660114437
- Bruce Forsyth; "A Short History of Abandined and Downsized Canadian Military Bases," http://www.militarybruce.com/history/base-history.html Retrieved 2012-02-22
- Fred Kaufman; "Kaufman Report: Executive Summary"; Canadian Department of Justice, 2004. http://canada.justice.gc.ca/en/ps/ccr/kaufman/index.html.
- "Court Of Appeal Finally Clears Steven Truscott". City News. August 2007; http://www.citynews.ca/news/news_14138.aspx.
- Bruce Forsyth's Canadian Military History Page
- Maccaulay, Horace R. The Military Base at Clinton, Ontario. Ottawa: Horace R. Maccaulay, 2005.Print.
- Whilsmith, Gwyneth J., ed. Tuckersmith Memories 1935-1985. Exeter, Ontario: Corporation of the Township of Tuckersmith, 1985. 274-79. Print.