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Bytom
Holy Trinity Church
Holy Trinity Church
Flag of Bytom
Flag
Coat of arms of Bytom
Coat of arms
Bytom is located in Poland
Bytom
Bytom
Coordinates: 50°23′N 18°54′E / 50.383°N 18.900°E / 50.383; 18.900
Country  Poland
Voivodeship POL województwo śląskie flag.svg Silesian
County city county
Established 12th century
Town rights 1254
Government
 • Mayor Damian Bartyla
Area
 • City 69.44 km2 (26.81 sq mi)
Highest elevation 330 m (1,080 ft)
Lowest elevation 249 m (817 ft)
Population (2009)
 • City 183,251[1]
 • Urban 2,746,000
 • Metro 4,620,624
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 41-900 to 41-936
Area code(s) +48 32
Car plates SY
Website http://www.um.bytom.pl

Bytom [ˈbɨtɔm] ( ) (German: Beuthen) is a city in Silesia in southern Poland, near Katowice. The central-western district of the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union - metropolis with the population of 2 million. Bytom is located in the Silesian Highlands, on the Bytomka river (tributary of the Kłodnica).

The city has belonged to the Silesian Voivodeship since its formation in 1999. Previously it was in Katowice Voivodeship. Bytom is one of the cities within the conurbation of the Katowice urban area (total population approximately 2.7 million) as well as within a greater Silesian metropolitan area populated by about 5,294,000 people.[2] The population of the city is 183,251 (June 2009).[1] Bytom is home of Polonia Bytom, which played in the Ekstraklasa most recently from 2007 to 2011, winning it twice in 1954 and in 1962.

Geography[edit]

Bytom is located on the range "Bytomsko-Katowicki", in the Miechowicka Upland, which is in turn a central part of the Silesian Upland. The city straddles between north latitudes 50°19′ i 50°26′ and east longitudes 18°47′ i 18°58′. It reaches 346 m (1,135 ft) at the highest point, in wildlife reserve of Segiet, plunging to the lowest point 249 m (817 ft) above sea level, in a valley of river Bytomka, giving an average altitude of 280 to 290 m (919 to 951 ft) above sea level. The city itself is not placed exclusively in the Miechowicka Upland, where only central part of the town stands. The rest of the city reaches as far as valleys of Drama, Szarlejka and Brynica to the north, the river Bytomka to the south, while to the east borders the Tarnogórski Hill.

Geology[edit]

The bedrock of the Miechowicka Upland consists primarily of sandstones and slates. The rocks are punctuated with abundant natural resources of coal and iron ore from the Carboniferous period. In the north part of the upland, in the Bytom basin lays the broad range of the triassic rocks, from sandstones to limestones, with rich ore, zinc and lead reserves. The upper layer comprise clay, sand and gravel.

Soil[edit]

In the region surrounding Bytom and under city itself prevails soil 'bielicowe' and 'brunatnice' raised on

Coat of arms[edit]

One half of the coat of arms of Bytom depicts a miner mining coal, while the other half presents a yellow eagle on the blue field - the symbol of Upper Silesia.

History[edit]

Bytom is one of the oldest cities of Upper Silesia, having been known as Bitom in 1136 and received German city rights from prince Władysław in 1254 with its first centrally located market square and was written as Beuthen since 1440. The city benefitted economically from its location on a trade route linking Kraków with Silesia from east to west, and Hungary with Moravia and Greater Poland from north to south. The first Roman Catholic Church of the Virgin Mary was built in 1231. In 1259 Bytom was raided by the Mongols. The Duchy of Opole was split and in 1281 Bitom became a separate duchy, since 1289 under overlordship and administration by the Kingdom of Bohemia, a part of the Holy Roman Empire. Because of destruction by the Mongols German settlers came to repopulate and to rebuild. As part of the HRE it came under control of the Habsburg Monarchy of Austria in 1526. The city became part of the Kingdom of Prussia in 1742 during the Silesian Wars and part of the German Empire in 1871. In the 19th and the first part of the 20th centuries, the city rapidly grew and industrialized. Before 1939, Beuthen, along with Gleiwitz (now Gliwice), was at the southeastern tip of German Silesia. During World War II, the Beuthen Jewish community was liquidated via the first ever Holocaust transport to be exterminated at Auschwitz-Birkenau.[citation needed]

In 1945 the city was transferred to Poland as a result of the Potsdam Conference. Its German population was largely expelled by the Polish and Soviet armies, and populated with repatriated Poles from the eastern provinces annexed by the Soviets. Some of the indigenous Silesian population remained.

In the postwar period the city did not experience significant investments. Bytom is now a typical Polish post-industrial city. The majority of its coal mines are now closed, while its steel mills are slowly fading. The city is struggling to transform its economic profile from industry to services. Bytom cooperates[clarification needed] with two cities with more or less the same problems: Recklinghausen in Germany, and Butte-Silver Bow, United States. The city has a considerable unemployment rate which is centered in the poorest part of the city, the Bobrek subdivision.

Economy[edit]

Trade is one of main pillars of the economy of Bytom. Being a city with long traditions of commercial trade, Bytom is well fulfilling its new postindustrial role. In the centre of Bytom, and mainly around Station Street and the Market Square, there is the largest concentration of registered shop owners operating in the county. In the spring of 2010, 60 metres from the Market Square - on a new square between the square of Kościuszko and Jainty, Piekarska and Dzieci Lwowskich streets - a new commercial and entertainment centre called "Agora" opened, built by the Scandinavian company Braaten&Pedersen. Once completed, it was to be purchased for 263 million zloty by the British company First Property Group. Moreover, three other new shopping centres and three hypermarkets operate in Bytom.

In 2007, Bytom and its neighbours created the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union, the largest urban centre in Poland.

Panorama Rynku Bytom.jpg
Panorama of the market square in Bytom

Public Transport[edit]

A tram in Bytom

The tram routes are operated by Silesian Interurbans Tramwaje Śląskie S.A

Culture[edit]

Bytom's cultural venues include:

Among Bytom's art galleries are: Galeria Sztuki Użytkowej Stalowe Anioły, Galeria "Rotunda" MBP, Galeria "Suplement", Galeria "Pod Czaplą", Galeria "Platforma", Galeria "Pod Szrtychem", Galeria Sztuki "Od Nowa 2", Galeria SPAP "Plastyka" - Galeria "Kolor", Galeria "Stowarzyszenia.Rewolucja.Art.Pl", and Galeria-herbaciarnia "Fanaberia".

Festivals

  • Annual International Contemporary Dance Conference and Performance Festival
  • Theatromania - Theatre Festival
  • Bytom Literary Autumn
  • Festival of New Music

Education[edit]

  • The list of Bytom universities includes:
  • Secondary schools:
    • I Liceum Ogólnokształcące im. Jana Smolenia
    • II Liceum Ogólnokształcące im. Stefana Żeromskiego
    • IV Liceum Ogólnokształcące im. Bolesława Chrobrego
    • 21 other secondary schools

The Confederation of Silesia[edit]

Bytom is a place where The Confederation of Silesia - Polish Bonapartists origins.

Politics[edit]

Bytom/Gliwice/Zabrze constituency[edit]

Members of 2001-2005 Parliament (Sejm) elected from Bytom/Gliwice/Zabrze constituency

  • Jan Chojnacki, SLD-UP
  • Stanisław Dulias, Samoobrona
  • Andrzej Gałażewski, PO
  • Ewa Janik, SLD-UP
  • Józef Kubica, SLD-UP
  • Wacław Martyniuk, SLD-UP
  • Wiesław Okoński, SLD-UP
  • Wojciech Szarama, PiS
  • Krystyna Szumilas, PO
  • Marek Widuch, SLD-UP

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Central Statistical Office, Warsaw 2009, "Population. Size and Structure by Territorial Division, as of June 30, 2009" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  2. ^ European Spatial Planning Observation Network (ESPON) [1]

Nathan Kaufmann(1921-2010), Jewish educator and a pioneer in Israel

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°23′N 18°54′E / 50.383°N 18.900°E / 50.383; 18.900


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bytom — Please support Wikipedia.
A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

14323 news items

 
Dziennik Zachodni (subskrypcia)
Thu, 17 Apr 2014 11:11:15 -0700

Bytom: Policjanci zatrzymali dilerkę i jej klienta. Data dodania: 2014-04-17 20:12:42 Ostatnia aktualizacja: 2014-04-17 20:12:42. Dziennik Zachodni. BS. Prześlij Drukuj. Mniejsza czcionka Większa czcionka Dodaj komentarz. Poleć znajomemu ten artykuł.
 
Gazeta Pomorska
Fri, 18 Apr 2014 07:11:00 -0700

Dla Polonii Bytom był to mecz pod hasłem "być albo nie być w play off". Goście poszli vabank i wygrali do zera. Olimpia/Unia spokojnie rozegrała zaległy mecz. Porażka nic nie zmieniła w jej sytuacji w pierwszej czwórce. Grudziądzanie wciąż zajmują 3.
 
Wyborcza.biz
Thu, 17 Apr 2014 09:52:30 -0700

Do końca kwietnia 2015 r. w miejscu dawnej kopalni Powstańców Śląskich w Bytomiu powstanie strefa aktywności inwestycyjnej. Miasto zrekultywuje tam poprzemysłowe grunty, doprowadzi drogi i potrzebne instalacje. O inwestycji poinformował w czwartek ...
 
Onet.pl
Thu, 17 Apr 2014 12:07:30 -0700

Tenisiści stołowi Carbo-Koks Polonia Bytom są blisko awansu do play-off superligi. W zaległym meczu 12. kolejki pokonali w czwartek na wyjeździe broniącą tytułu Olimpię-Unię Grudziądz 3:0. Jakub Kosowski Foto: Newspix. Punkty zdobyli: Jakub Kosowski ...
 
e-Teatr.pl
Wed, 16 Apr 2014 07:37:30 -0700

Błotnisty teren zamieni się w oświetlony deptak z kostki, która utworzy napis "2014 Bytom 760 lat". Wzdłuż alejki staną ławki, a lipy za kilka lat, gdy urosną, będą chronić przechodniów przed słońcem i deszczem - powiedział w środę Adam Grzesik z biura ...

Gazeta.pl

Gazeta.pl
Mon, 07 Apr 2014 10:35:15 -0700

To się bardzo nie spodobało mieszkańcom miasta, dlatego przygotowali specjalną akcję. - Po skandalicznych słowach Kory w programie Must be The Music na temat naszego miasta i jego mieszkańców, zamierzamy pokazać wokalistce, że Bytom nie jest taki ...
 
Dziennik Zachodni (subskrypcia)
Mon, 14 Apr 2014 00:12:16 -0700

Od poniedziałku musimy liczyć się ze zmianami w kursowaniu autobusów w bytomskich Miechowicach. Zamknięty został fragment ulicy Felińskiego, a autobusy jeżdżą objazdami. Od 14 do 18 kwietnia dla ruchu został zamknięty fragment ulicy Felińskiego w ...
 
Dziennik Zachodni (subskrypcia)
Fri, 11 Apr 2014 07:39:40 -0700

Przypomnijmy, Bytom jest jedynym miastem na Śląsku, który psie ekskrementy usuwa za pomocą specjalnych odkurzaczy. Pamiętajmy jednak, że obowiązku, który spoczywa na właścicielu psa nie można nakładać na miasto – mówi Tadeusz Ostrowski, ...
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