digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















Holy Trinity Church
Holy Trinity Church
Flag of Bytom
Coat of arms of Bytom
Coat of arms
Bytom is located in Poland
Coordinates: 50°23′N 18°54′E / 50.383°N 18.900°E / 50.383; 18.900
Country Poland
Voivodeship POL województwo śląskie flag.svg Silesian
County city county
Established 12th century
Town rights 1254
 • Mayor Damian Bartyla
 • City 69.44 km2 (26.81 sq mi)
Highest elevation 330 m (1,080 ft)
Lowest elevation 249 m (817 ft)
Population (2009)
 • City 183,251[1]
 • Urban 2,746,000
 • Metro 4,620,624
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 41-900–41-936
Area code(s) +48 32
Car plates SY
Website http://www.um.bytom.pl

Bytom [ˈbɨtɔm] (German: Beuthen) is a city in Silesia in southern Poland, near Katowice. The central-western district of the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union – metropolis with the population of 2 million. Bytom is located in the Silesian Highlands, on the Bytomka river (tributary of the Kłodnica).

The city has belonged to the Silesian Voivodeship since its formation in 1999. Previously it was in Katowice Voivodeship. Bytom is one of the cities within the conurbation of the Katowice urban area (total population approximately 2.7 million) as well as within a greater Silesian metropolitan area populated by about 5,294,000 people.[2] The population of the city is 183,251 (June 2009).[1]


Bytom is located on the range "Bytomsko-Katowicki", in the Miechówicka Upland, which is in turn a central part of the Silesian Upland. The city straddles between north latitudes 50°19′ i 50°26′ and east longitudes 18°47′ i 18°58′. It reaches 346 m (1,135 ft) at the highest point, in wildlife reserve of Segiet, plunging to the lowest point 249 m (817 ft) above sea level, in a valley of river Bytomka, giving an average altitude of 280 to 290 m (919 to 951 ft) above sea level. The city itself is not placed exclusively in the Miechówicka Upland, where only central part of the town stands. The rest of the city reaches as far as valleys of Drama, Szarlejka and Brynica to the north, the river Bytomka to the south, while to the east borders the Tarnogórski Hill.


The bedrock of the Miechówicka Upland consists primarily of sandstones and slates. The rocks are punctuated with abundant natural resources of coal and iron ore from the Carboniferous period. In the north part of the upland, in the Bytom basin lays the broad range of the triassic rocks, from sandstones to limestones, with rich ore, zinc and lead reserves. The upper layer comprise clay, sand and gravel.


In the region surrounding Bytom and under city itself prevails soil 'bielicowe' and 'brunatnice' raised on

Coat of arms[edit]

One half of the coat of arms of Bytom depicts a miner mining coal, while the other half presents a yellow eagle on the blue field – the symbol of Upper Silesia.


Bytom is one of the oldest cities of Upper Silesia, originally recorded as Bitom in 1136. It received city rights from prince Władysław in 1254 with its first centrally located market square. The city of Bytom benefited economically from its location on a trade route linking Kraków with Silesia from east to west, and Hungary with Moravia and Greater Poland from north to south. The first Roman Catholic Church of the Virgin Mary was built in 1231. In 1259 Bytom was raided by the Mongols. The Duchy of Opole was split and in 1281 Bitom became a separate duchy, since 1289 under overlordship and administration of the Kingdom of Bohemia. Due to German settlers coming to the area, the city was Germanized. It came under control of the Habsburg Monarchy of Austria in 1526, which increased the influence of the German language. The city became part of the Kingdom of Prussia in 1742 during the Silesian Wars and part of the German Empire in 1871. In the 19th and the first part of the 20th centuries, the city rapidly grew and industrialized. Before 1939, the town, along with Gleiwitz (now Gliwice), was at the southeastern tip of German Silesia. During World War II, the Beuthen Jewish community was liquidated via the first ever Holocaust transport to be exterminated at Auschwitz-Birkenau.[citation needed]

In 1945 the city was transferred to Poland as a result of the Potsdam Conference. Its German population was largely expelled by the Polish and Soviet armies, and populated with repatriated Poles from the eastern provinces annexed by the Soviets. Some of the indigenous Silesian population remained.


Trade is one of main pillars of the economy of Bytom. Being a city with long traditions of commercial trade, Bytom is well fulfilling its new postindustrial role. In the centre of Bytom, and mainly around Station Street and the Market Square, there is the largest concentration of registered shop owners operating in the county. In the spring of 2010, 60 metres from the Market Square – on a new square between the square of Kościuszko and Jainty, Piekarska and Dzieci Lwowskich streets – a new commercial and entertainment centre called "Agora" opened, built by the Scandinavian company Braaten&Pedersen. Once completed, it was to be purchased for 263 million zloty by the British company First Property Group. Moreover, three other new shopping centres and three hypermarkets operate in Bytom.

In 2007, Bytom and its neighbours created the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union, the largest urban centre in Poland.

Panorama Rynku Bytom.jpg
Panorama of the market square in Bytom

Public transport[edit]

A tram in Bytom

The tram routes are operated by Silesian Interurbans Tramwaje Śląskie S.A


Bytom is home of Polonia Bytom which has both a football and an ice hockey team (TMH Polonia Bytom). It's football section played in the Ekstraklasa most recently from 2007 to 2011, winning it twice in 1954 and in 1962. Bytom is also home to another former Polish champion Szombierki Bytom which won the title in 1980, and is one of the oldest clubs in Poland.


Bytom's cultural venues include:

Among Bytom's art galleries are: Galeria Sztuki Użytkowej Stalowe Anioły, Galeria "Rotunda" MBP, Galeria "Suplement", Galeria "Pod Czaplą", Galeria "Platforma", Galeria "Pod Szrtychem", Galeria Sztuki "Od Nowa 2", Galeria SPAP "Plastyka" – Galeria "Kolor", Galeria "Stowarzyszenia.Rewolucja.Art.Pl", and Galeria-herbaciarnia "Fanaberia".


  • Annual International Contemporary Dance Conference and Performance Festival
  • Theatromania – Theatre Festival
  • Bytom Literary Autumn
  • Festival of New Music


  • The list of Bytom universities includes:
  • Secondary schools:
    • I Liceum Ogólnokształcące im. Jana Smolenia
    • II Liceum Ogólnokształcące im. Stefana Żeromskiego
    • IV Liceum Ogólnokształcące im. Bolesława Chrobrego
    • 21 other secondary schools

The Confederation of Silesia[edit]

Bytom is a place where The Confederation of Silesia – Polish Bonapartists origins.


Main Police Station and Japanese garden at Powstańców Warszawskich street

Bytom/Gliwice/Zabrze constituency[edit]

Members of 2001–2005 Parliament (Sejm) elected from Bytom/Gliwice/Zabrze constituency

  • Jan Chojnacki, SLD-UP
  • Stanisław Dulias, Samoobrona
  • Andrzej Gałażewski, PO
  • Ewa Janik, SLD-UP
  • Józef Kubica, SLD-UP
  • Wacław Martyniuk, SLD-UP
  • Wiesław Okoński, SLD-UP
  • Wojciech Szarama, PiS
  • Krystyna Szumilas, PO
  • Marek Widuch, SLD-UP

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ a b Central Statistical Office, Warsaw 2009, "Population. Size and Structure by Territorial Division, as of June 30, 2009" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  2. ^ European Spatial Planning Observation Network (ESPON) [1]

Nathan Kaufmann (1921–2010), Jewish educator and a pioneer in Israel

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°23′N 18°54′E / 50.383°N 18.900°E / 50.383; 18.900

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bytom — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
70030 videos foundNext > 

Bytom z lotu ptaka / Bytom from the air

Realizacja OPENgroup.

Pharrell Williams - Happy (BYTOM IS ALSO HAPPY!)

Bytom jest nie tylko najmilszym, ale również najszczęśliwszym miastem! Specjalne podziękowania dla: HaloBytom, SKARPA Centrum Sportu, Orkiestry Wojskowej w B...

MZB RAP - Młody Zdolny Bytom (DLD Projekt 1)

Projekt o nazwie "Fortum dla Śląskich Dzieci" realizowane przez firme Fortum oraz Fundacji Pomocy Dzieciom Ulica. Warsztaty prowadzone przez członków „Fundac...

DYM KNF - Polonia Bytom https://www.facebook.com/dymknfrap


Bytom Karb Tragedia ludzi

Bytom Karb Tragedia ludzi mieszkających w tej dzielnicy.

Bytom, kłótnia na zadupiu

A ty mie możesz tu pocałować!!

GKS&KSG(200) vs. Polonia Bytom(80) Hooligans Poland 2011

Doping Kibiców Polonii Bytom - Najstarsze Derby Śląska - Bytom, 18.09.2010 godz. 19:15

Doping Kibiców Polonii Bytom podczas Najstarszych Derbów Śląska - Bytom, 18.09.2010 godz. 19:15.

Bytom is Happy

Happy for XX- lecie Warsztatów Terapii Zajęciowej Polskiego Stowarzyszenia Na Rzecz Osób z Upośledzeniem Umysłowym Koło w Bytomiu.

Bytom 1903 - Rynek

scenariusz i reżyseria Dariusz Kuczera, Sylwester Koral zdjęcia Dariusz Kuczera montaż Dariusz Kuczera obrobka zdjęć Witold Chojnacki dźwięk nSound Paweł Naf...

70030 videos foundNext > 

91849 news items

Wed, 04 Feb 2015 01:22:30 -0800

Feb 4 (Reuters) - Bytom SA : * January sales 8.9 million zlotys ($2.5 million), up 43 percent year on year. * January gross margin 4.53 million zlotys, up 40 percent year on year Source text for Eikon: Further company coverage: ($1 = 3.6339 zlotys ...

Dziennik Zachodni (subskrypcia)

Dziennik Zachodni (subskrypcia)
Sat, 28 Feb 2015 04:22:30 -0800

Pomagał zwierzętom, a teraz wspólnie ze znajomymi przygotowuje i rozdaje posiłki bezdomnym w ramach akcji "Food Not Bombs Bytom" - spotkacie go co niedzielę na ulicy Dworcowej. Pozostałe dni spędza w Łodzi, ostro trenując do gali MMA, która ...
Dziennik Zachodni (subskrypcia)
Thu, 26 Feb 2015 12:06:09 -0800

To były najbardziej niezwykłe urodziny pani Grażyny - "Smerfetki" z Bytomia. Dzięki akcji na Facebooku, wielu bytomian zmieniło nastawienie do roześmianej, oryginalnej kobiety o ufności dziecka, którą prawie codziennie można spotkać w Bytomiu. Dowód- ...


Fri, 20 Feb 2015 16:29:46 -0800

Bytom - uważany za królestwo lombardów, sklepów monopolowych i lumpeksów - powoli pozbywa się brzydkiego wizerunku. Firmy inwestują, kamienice pięknieją, rośnie energia społeczna. Kolejne oczyszczane z warstw sadzy budynki utwierdzają w ...


Fri, 27 Feb 2015 07:17:35 -0800

Ale też Pizza Hut, 4F, Bytom... pko. 27.02.2015 , aktualizacja: 27.02.2015 16:19. A A A Drukuj. Tarasy Zamkowe Lublin (Tarasy Zamkowe). Tarasy Zamkowe Lublin - miniatura · Zobacz zdjęcia (6). Do otwarcia Tarasów Zamkowych zostało już kilka dni.


Sat, 28 Feb 2015 00:15:00 -0800

Bytom. Z tydzień pierwsze urodziny Teatru Rozbark. 7 i 8 marca 2015 r., Teatr ROZBARK będzie świętował pierwszy rok obecności na kulturalnej mapie Śląska. Z tej okazji serdecznie zapraszamy wszystkich Widzów - tych obecnych i tych przyszłych - do ...


Mon, 23 Feb 2015 21:48:45 -0800

PRZEGLĄD PRASY. - Spokojnie bym sobie poradził w pierwszej lidze - mówi w rozmowie ze "Sportem" Michał Zieliński z trzecioligowej Polonii Bytom. Napastnik Michał Zieliński jeszcze 2,5 roku temu grał w Ekstraklasie, do niedawna w pierwszoligowym ...
Dziennik Zachodni (subskrypcia)
Mon, 23 Feb 2015 00:55:11 -0800

Jakie warunki do inwestowania w mieście stwarza Bytom? Co może zaoferować przedsiębiorcom? Odpowiedzi na te i wiele innych pytań będzie można poznać podczas spotkania biznesowego pt. „Bytom - nowy wymiar inwestycji". Spotkanie odbędzie się 2 ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight