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Holy Trinity Church
Holy Trinity Church
Flag of Bytom
Coat of arms of Bytom
Coat of arms
Bytom is located in Poland
Coordinates: 50°23′N 18°54′E / 50.383°N 18.900°E / 50.383; 18.900
Country Poland
Voivodeship Silesian
County city county
Established 12th century
Town rights 1254
 • Mayor Damian Bartyla
 • City 69.44 km2 (26.81 sq mi)
Highest elevation 330 m (1,080 ft)
Lowest elevation 249 m (817 ft)
Population (2009)
 • City 183,251[1]
 • Urban 2,746,000
 • Metro 4,620,624
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 41-900–41-936
Area code(s) +48 32
Car plates SY
Website http://www.um.bytom.pl

Bytom [ˈbɨtɔm] (German: Beuthen) is a city in Silesia in southern Poland, near Katowice. The central-western district of the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union – metropolis with the population of 2 million. Bytom is located in the Silesian Highlands, on the Bytomka river (tributary of the Kłodnica).

The city has belonged to the Silesian Voivodeship since its formation in 1999. Previously it was in Katowice Voivodeship. Bytom is one of the cities within the conurbation of the Katowice urban area (total population approximately 2.7 million) as well as within a greater Silesian metropolitan area populated by about 5,294,000 people.[2] The population of the city is 183,251 (June 2009).[1]


Bytom is located on the range "Bytom-Katowice", in the Upland of Miechowice, which is in turn a central part of the Silesian Upland. The city straddles between north latitudes 50°19′ i 50°26′ and east longitudes 18°47′ i 18°58′. It reaches 346 m (1,135 ft) at the highest point, in wildlife reserve of Segiet, plunging to the lowest point 249 m (817 ft) above sea level, in a valley of river Bytomka, giving an average altitude of 280 to 290 m (919 to 951 ft) above sea level. The city itself is not placed exclusively in the Upland of Miechowice, where only central part of the town stands. The rest of the city reaches as far as valleys of Drama and Szarlejka to the north, Brynica to the north and east and the river Bytomka to the south.


The bedrock of the Upland of Miechowice consists primarily of sandstones and slates. The rocks are punctuated with abundant natural resources of coal and iron ore from the Carboniferous period. In the north part of the upland, in the Bytom basin lays the broad range of the triassic rocks, from sandstones to limestones, with rich ore, zinc and lead reserves. The upper layer comprise clay, sand and gravel.

Coat of arms[edit]

One half of the coat of arms of Bytom depicts a miner mining coal, while the other half presents a yellow eagle on the blue field – the symbol of Upper Silesia.


Bytom is one of the oldest cities of Upper Silesia, originally recorded as Bitom in 1136. It received city rights from prince Władysław in 1254 with its first centrally located market square. The city of Bytom benefited economically from its location on a trade route linking Kraków with Silesia from east to west, and Hungary with Moravia and Greater Poland from north to south. The first Roman Catholic Church of the Virgin Mary was built in 1231. In 1259 Bytom was raided by the Mongols. The Duchy of Opole was split and in 1281 Bitom became a separate duchy, since 1289 under overlordship and administration of the Kingdom of Bohemia. Due to German settlers coming to the area, the city was Germanized. It came under control of the Habsburg Monarchy of Austria in 1526, which increased the influence of the German language. The city became part of the Kingdom of Prussia in 1742 during the Silesian Wars and part of the German Empire in 1871. In the 19th and the first part of the 20th centuries, the city rapidly grew and industrialized. Before 1939, the town, along with Gleiwitz (now Gliwice), was at the southeastern tip of German Silesia. During World War II, the Beuthen Jewish community was liquidated via the first ever Holocaust transport to be exterminated at Auschwitz-Birkenau.[citation needed]

In 1945 the city was transferred to Poland as a result of the Potsdam Conference. Its German population was largely expelled by the Soviet Army, and populated with repatriated Poles from the eastern provinces annexed by the Soviets. Some of the indigenous Silesian population remained.


Trade is one of main pillars of the economy of Bytom. Being a city with long traditions of commercial trade, Bytom is well fulfilling its new postindustrial role. In the centre of Bytom, and mainly around Station Street and the Market Square, there is the largest concentration of registered shop owners operating in the county. In the spring of 2010, 60 metres from the Market Square – on a new square between the square of Kościuszko and Jainty, Piekarska and Dzieci Lwowskich streets – a new commercial and entertainment centre called "Agora" opened, built by the Scandinavian company Braaten&Pedersen. Once completed, it was to be purchased for 263 million zloty by the British company First Property Group. Moreover, three other new shopping centres and three hypermarkets operate in Bytom.

In 2007, Bytom and its neighbours created the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union, the largest urban centre in Poland.

Panorama Rynku Bytom.jpg
Panorama of the market square in Bytom

Public transport[edit]

A tram in Bytom

The tram routes are operated by Silesian Interurbans Tramwaje Śląskie S.A


Bytom is home of Polonia Bytom which has both a football and an ice hockey team (TMH Polonia Bytom). It's football section played in the Ekstraklasa most recently from 2007 to 2011, winning it twice in 1954 and in 1962. Bytom is also home to another former Polish champion Szombierki Bytom which won the title in 1980, and is one of the oldest clubs in Poland.


Bytom's cultural venues include:

Among Bytom's art galleries are: Galeria Sztuki Użytkowej Stalowe Anioły, Galeria "Rotunda" MBP, Galeria "Suplement", Galeria "Pod Czaplą", Galeria "Platforma", Galeria "Pod Szrtychem", Galeria Sztuki "Od Nowa 2", Galeria SPAP "Plastyka" – Galeria "Kolor", Galeria "Stowarzyszenia.Rewolucja.Art.Pl", and Galeria-herbaciarnia "Fanaberia".


  • Annual International Contemporary Dance Conference and Performance Festival
  • Theatromania – Theatre Festival
  • Bytom Literary Autumn
  • Festival of New Music


  • The list of Bytom universities includes:
  • Secondary schools:
    • I Liceum Ogólnokształcące im. Jana Smolenia
    • II Liceum Ogólnokształcące im. Stefana Żeromskiego
    • IV Liceum Ogólnokształcące im. Bolesława Chrobrego
    • 21 other secondary schools

Confederation of Silesia[edit]

Bytom is a place where Confederation of Silesia – Polish Bonapartists origins.[clarification needed]


Plac Akademicki - public square

Bytom/Gliwice/Zabrze constituency[edit]

Members of 2001–2005 Parliament (Sejm) elected from Bytom/Gliwice/Zabrze constituency

  • Jan Chojnacki, SLD-UP
  • Stanisław Dulias, Samoobrona
  • Andrzej Gałażewski, PO
  • Ewa Janik, SLD-UP
  • Józef Kubica, SLD-UP
  • Wacław Martyniuk, SLD-UP
  • Wiesław Okoński, SLD-UP
  • Wojciech Szarama, PiS
  • Krystyna Szumilas, PO
  • Marek Widuch, SLD-UP

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ a b Central Statistical Office, Warsaw 2009, "Population. Size and Structure by Territorial Division, as of June 30, 2009" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  2. ^ European Spatial Planning Observation Network (ESPON) [1]

Nathan Kaufmann (1921–2010), Jewish educator and a pioneer in Israel

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°23′N 18°54′E / 50.383°N 18.900°E / 50.383; 18.900

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bytom — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

64024 news items

WP SportoweFakty

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Mon, 30 Nov 2015 20:55:01 -0800

Tyle mniej więcej trwał jedyny remis w rywalizacji Polonii Bytom z MOSiR-em Cieszyn. Potem Jurczyński trafił trójkę ze szczytu, w następnej akcji Grzegorz Zadęcki dołożył drugą i cieszynianie nim zdążyli pomyśleć coś o jedwabnym warkoczu sędziny Czopor ...

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Sun, 29 Nov 2015 22:11:15 -0800

PRZEGLĄD PRASY. "Sport" informuje, że to Ireneusz Kościelniak zastąpi na trenerskiej ławce Polonii Bytom Jacka Trzeciaka. Ćwierkamy dla was o sporcie na Śląsku >> Trzeciak stracił pracę w klubie po sobotniej porażce z Wisłą Puławy (0:3). Był to ostatni ...
Tue, 10 Nov 2015 01:11:15 -0800

Bytom SA : * Said on Monday that it reported Q3 revenue was 32.3 million zlotys ($8.2 million) versus 26.7 million zlotys a year ago. * Q3 operating profit was 3.2 million zlotys versus 1.9 million zlotys year ago. * Q3 net profit was 2.9 million ...


Sat, 28 Nov 2015 05:56:55 -0800

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Sat, 28 Nov 2015 11:23:16 -0800

Bramkarz Andrzej Wiśniewski nie zdołał zapobiec porażce Polonii Bytom z Wisłą Puławy (JAN KOWALSKI). W ostatnim ligowym meczu w tym roku Polonia Bytom nie dała rady u siebie wiceliderowi z Puław. ŚLĄSK.SPORT.PL w mocno nieoficjalnej wersji.

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Sat, 28 Nov 2015 23:18:47 -0800

Trzy lata temu kościół parafii ewangelicko-augsburskiej zamknięto z powodu szkód górniczych. Kompania Węglowa wykonała częściowe remonty. Obiecują kontynuacje, ale kiedy to będzie? Z kategorii Bytom. Wybierz najpiękniej oświetlone na święta miasto ...

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Sun, 22 Nov 2015 15:59:25 -0800

Po 1989 roku Bytom znalazł się w trudnej sytuacji. Z powodu rabunkowego wydobycia węgla miasto coraz bardziej niszczało. Upadły kolejne zakłady pracy - pięć kopalń, dwie huty oraz wiele firm z nimi współpracujących. W efekcie tych przemian pracę ...

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Sat, 28 Nov 2015 00:10:43 -0800

Właściciel EC wyburzył komin chłodni. Społecznicy bytomscy apelują o ratowanie symbolu miasta. Urząd Marszałkowski obiecuje promocję zabytku. Z kategorii Bytom. Pałac Matki Ewy w Bytomiu Miechowicach w coraz gorszym stanie. Jest niebezpiecznie ...

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