digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















Holy Trinity Church
Holy Trinity Church
Flag of Bytom
Coat of arms of Bytom
Coat of arms
Bytom is located in Poland
Coordinates: 50°23′N 18°54′E / 50.383°N 18.900°E / 50.383; 18.900
Country Poland
Voivodeship POL województwo śląskie flag.svg Silesian
County city county
Established 12th century
Town rights 1254
 • Mayor Damian Bartyla
 • City 69.44 km2 (26.81 sq mi)
Highest elevation 330 m (1,080 ft)
Lowest elevation 249 m (817 ft)
Population (2009)
 • City 183,251[1]
 • Urban 2,746,000
 • Metro 4,620,624
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 41-900–41-936
Area code(s) +48 32
Car plates SY
Website http://www.um.bytom.pl

Bytom [ˈbɨtɔm] ( ) (German: Beuthen) is a city in Silesia in southern Poland, near Katowice. The central-western district of the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union – metropolis with the population of 2 million. Bytom is located in the Silesian Highlands, on the Bytomka river (tributary of the Kłodnica).

The city has belonged to the Silesian Voivodeship since its formation in 1999. Previously it was in Katowice Voivodeship. Bytom is one of the cities within the conurbation of the Katowice urban area (total population approximately 2.7 million) as well as within a greater Silesian metropolitan area populated by about 5,294,000 people.[2] The population of the city is 183,251 (June 2009).[1]


Bytom is located on the range "Bytomsko-Katowicki", in the Miechówicka Upland, which is in turn a central part of the Silesian Upland. The city straddles between north latitudes 50°19′ i 50°26′ and east longitudes 18°47′ i 18°58′. It reaches 346 m (1,135 ft) at the highest point, in wildlife reserve of Segiet, plunging to the lowest point 249 m (817 ft) above sea level, in a valley of river Bytomka, giving an average altitude of 280 to 290 m (919 to 951 ft) above sea level. The city itself is not placed exclusively in the Miechówicka Upland, where only central part of the town stands. The rest of the city reaches as far as valleys of Drama, Szarlejka and Brynica to the north, the river Bytomka to the south, while to the east borders the Tarnogórski Hill.


The bedrock of the Miechówicka Upland consists primarily of sandstones and slates. The rocks are punctuated with abundant natural resources of coal and iron ore from the Carboniferous period. In the north part of the upland, in the Bytom basin lays the broad range of the triassic rocks, from sandstones to limestones, with rich ore, zinc and lead reserves. The upper layer comprise clay, sand and gravel.


In the region surrounding Bytom and under city itself prevails soil 'bielicowe' and 'brunatnice' raised on

Coat of arms[edit]

One half of the coat of arms of Bytom depicts a miner mining coal, while the other half presents a yellow eagle on the blue field – the symbol of Upper Silesia.


Bytom is one of the oldest cities of Upper Silesia, originally recorded as Bitom in 1136. It received city rights from prince Władysław in 1254 with its first centrally located market square. The city of Bytom benefited economically from its location on a trade route linking Kraków with Silesia from east to west, and Hungary with Moravia and Greater Poland from north to south. The first Roman Catholic Church of the Virgin Mary was built in 1231. In 1259 Bytom was raided by the Mongols. The Duchy of Opole was split and in 1281 Bitom became a separate duchy, since 1289 under overlordship and administration of the Kingdom of Bohemia. Due to German settlers coming to the area, the city was Germanized. It came under control of the Habsburg Monarchy of Austria in 1526, which increased the influence of the German language. The city became part of the Kingdom of Prussia in 1742 during the Silesian Wars and part of the German Empire in 1871. In the 19th and the first part of the 20th centuries, the city rapidly grew and industrialized. Before 1939, the town, along with Gleiwitz (now Gliwice), was at the southeastern tip of German Silesia. During World War II, the Beuthen Jewish community was liquidated via the first ever Holocaust transport to be exterminated at Auschwitz-Birkenau.[citation needed]

In 1945 the city was transferred to Poland as a result of the Potsdam Conference. Its German population was largely expelled by the Polish and Soviet armies, and populated with repatriated Poles from the eastern provinces annexed by the Soviets. Some of the indigenous Silesian population remained.


Trade is one of main pillars of the economy of Bytom. Being a city with long traditions of commercial trade, Bytom is well fulfilling its new postindustrial role. In the centre of Bytom, and mainly around Station Street and the Market Square, there is the largest concentration of registered shop owners operating in the county. In the spring of 2010, 60 metres from the Market Square – on a new square between the square of Kościuszko and Jainty, Piekarska and Dzieci Lwowskich streets – a new commercial and entertainment centre called "Agora" opened, built by the Scandinavian company Braaten&Pedersen. Once completed, it was to be purchased for 263 million zloty by the British company First Property Group. Moreover, three other new shopping centres and three hypermarkets operate in Bytom.

In 2007, Bytom and its neighbours created the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union, the largest urban centre in Poland.

Panorama Rynku Bytom.jpg
Panorama of the market square in Bytom

Public transport[edit]

A tram in Bytom

The tram routes are operated by Silesian Interurbans Tramwaje Śląskie S.A


Bytom is home of Polonia Bytom which has both a football and an ice hockey team (TMH Polonia Bytom). It's football section played in the Ekstraklasa most recently from 2007 to 2011, winning it twice in 1954 and in 1962. Bytom is also home to another former Polish champion Szombierki Bytom which won the title in 1980, and is one of the oldest clubs in Poland.


Bytom's cultural venues include:

Among Bytom's art galleries are: Galeria Sztuki Użytkowej Stalowe Anioły, Galeria "Rotunda" MBP, Galeria "Suplement", Galeria "Pod Czaplą", Galeria "Platforma", Galeria "Pod Szrtychem", Galeria Sztuki "Od Nowa 2", Galeria SPAP "Plastyka" – Galeria "Kolor", Galeria "Stowarzyszenia.Rewolucja.Art.Pl", and Galeria-herbaciarnia "Fanaberia".


  • Annual International Contemporary Dance Conference and Performance Festival
  • Theatromania – Theatre Festival
  • Bytom Literary Autumn
  • Festival of New Music


  • The list of Bytom universities includes:
  • Secondary schools:
    • I Liceum Ogólnokształcące im. Jana Smolenia
    • II Liceum Ogólnokształcące im. Stefana Żeromskiego
    • IV Liceum Ogólnokształcące im. Bolesława Chrobrego
    • 21 other secondary schools

The Confederation of Silesia[edit]

Bytom is a place where The Confederation of Silesia – Polish Bonapartists origins.


Bytom/Gliwice/Zabrze constituency[edit]

Members of 2001–2005 Parliament (Sejm) elected from Bytom/Gliwice/Zabrze constituency

  • Jan Chojnacki, SLD-UP
  • Stanisław Dulias, Samoobrona
  • Andrzej Gałażewski, PO
  • Ewa Janik, SLD-UP
  • Józef Kubica, SLD-UP
  • Wacław Martyniuk, SLD-UP
  • Wiesław Okoński, SLD-UP
  • Wojciech Szarama, PiS
  • Krystyna Szumilas, PO
  • Marek Widuch, SLD-UP

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ a b Central Statistical Office, Warsaw 2009, "Population. Size and Structure by Territorial Division, as of June 30, 2009" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  2. ^ European Spatial Planning Observation Network (ESPON) [1]

Nathan Kaufmann (1921–2010), Jewish educator and a pioneer in Israel

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°23′N 18°54′E / 50.383°N 18.900°E / 50.383; 18.900

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bytom — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
62323 videos foundNext > 

MZB RAP - Młody Zdolny Bytom (DLD Projekt 1)

Projekt o nazwie "Fortum dla Śląskich Dzieci" realizowane przez firme Fortum oraz Fundacji Pomocy Dzieciom Ulica. Warsztaty prowadzone przez członków „Fundac...

Pharrell Williams - Happy (BYTOM IS ALSO HAPPY!)

Bytom jest nie tylko najmilszym, ale również najszczęśliwszym miastem! Specjalne podziękowania dla: HaloBytom, SKARPA Centrum Sportu, Orkiestry Wojskowej w B...

Doping Kibiców Polonii Bytom - Najstarsze Derby Śląska - Bytom, 18.09.2010 godz. 19:15

Doping Kibiców Polonii Bytom podczas Najstarszych Derbów Śląska - Bytom, 18.09.2010 godz. 19:15.

DYM KNF - Polonia Bytom https://www.facebook.com/dymknfrap


Bytom dworzec 1956.wmv

Bytom w roku 1956. Dworzec PKP, tramwaj linii 11 (4N + 4ND) wyjeżdżający z ul. Powstańców Warszawskich na plac Wolskiego, wieża ciśnień w miejscu obecnego dw...

Bytom z lotu ptaka / Bytom from the air

Realizacja OPENgroup.

GKS&KSG(200) vs. Polonia Bytom(80) Hooligans Poland 2011

Bytom -Bobrek 1954

Bytom-Bobrek w 1954 roku, huta Bobrek, a na początku również kopalnia Makoszowy i niezidentyfikowane (póki co) zakłady. Ponadto tramwaj (wagon silnikowy) typ...

Historia Polonii Bytom

Historia bytomskiej Polonii - została wyemitowana na kanale Discovery Historia.

Najważniejsze sytuacje meczu Pniówek Pawłowice - Polonia Bytom

Nieuznany gol Polonii, przestrzelony karny dla Pniówka, niewykorzystane akcje Marcina Lachowskiego oraz wszystkie bramki w spotkaniu Pniówek Pawłowice - Polo...

62323 videos foundNext > 

131416 news items

Tue, 16 Dec 2014 00:26:15 -0800

Dec 16 (Reuters) - BYTOM SA : * Funds managed by ING Powszechne Towarzystwo Emerytalne SA, ING Otwarty Fundusz Emerytalny and ING Dobrowolny Fundusz, increase their stake in the company to 9.96 pct (or 7.1 mln shares) from 0.18 pct(or 125,000 ...

Wirtualna Polska

Wirtualna Polska
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 04:22:30 -0800

Bytom przyłączył się do programu KAWKA, którego celem jest zmniejszanie zanieczyszczeń powietrza. Dzięki dofinansowaniu zostaną zlikwidowane piece węglowe, a kamienice zostaną podłączone do nitki ciepłowniczej. To już kolejny proekologiczny krok ...
Tue, 25 Nov 2014 23:52:06 -0800

A gas explosion in an apartment block in the southern Polish city of Bytom has left eight people injured, including a child. Photo: PAP/Andrzej Grygiel. Katowice city officials told the Polish Press Agency (PAP) that the explosion occurred at around 10 ...
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 23:08:35 -0800

Wyremontowano niewykorzystywane dotąd pomieszczeń noclegowni tak, by każda osoba bezdomna szukająca schronienia przed zimnem mogła spędzić tu mroźne noce. Będzie też możliwość skorzystania z łaźni oraz wypicia gorącej herbaty. Ogrzewalnia ...

Portal Trybuny Górniczej

Portal Trybuny Górniczej
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 12:26:15 -0800

Obszaru Strategicznej Interwencji (OSI) o wartości ponad 100 mln euro. Teraz czeka na wsparcie ekspertów w ramach pilotażu OSI; liczy, że projekty ruszą jeszcze w 2015 r. Bytom w latach 2014-20 ma otrzymać ok. 100 mln euro z Unii Europejskiej jako tzw.

Wirtualna Polska

Wirtualna Polska
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 02:41:20 -0800

W tym roku na okres zimowy miasto Bytom uruchomiło ogrzewalnię - miejsce dla osób bezdomnych, w którym mogą schronić się przed mrozami. W ogrzewalni zmieści się nawet 40 osób, można w niej skorzystać z łaźni i napić się gorącej herbaty. Dotychczas ...
Gazeta Wyborcza
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 06:15:00 -0800

"Będziemy patrzeć oczywiście też na możliwości finansowe gminy, bo głównym podmiotem kontrolowanym jest tutaj gmina Bytom" - dodał Miklis. "Zbadamy też, czy wydatki na pensje urzędników, na pewne programy, które były finansowane ze środków ...

Dziennik Zachodni (subskrypcia)

Dziennik Zachodni (subskrypcia)
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 02:30:00 -0800

Policjanci z Bytomia i Wisły odnaleźli zaginioną 50-letnią bytomiankę. Kobieta byłą poszukiwana od kilku dni. Usiłowała popełnić samobójstwo. Policjanci uratowali ją w ostatniej chwili. Trafiła w ciężkim stanie do szpitala. Kobieta poszukiwana była od ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight