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The treaty between Kingdom of Siam and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland commonly known as the Burney Treaty was signed at Bangkok on 20 June 1826 by Henry Burney, an agent of British East India Company, for the United Kingdom and King Rama III for Siam. It followed an earlier treaty of 24 February 1826, in which Siam became an ally of Britain against the Kingdom of Ava (Burma), with which Britain was at war. A Siamese army was actually raised and equipped, but took no serious part in the war due to ill-feeling and suspicion arising from the Siamese invasion of Kedah in 1821.

In 1822, John Crawfurd undertook a mission to the court of King Rama II to determine Siam's position on the Malay states.[1] The treaty acknowledged Siamese claims over the four northern Malay states of Kedah, Kelantan, Perlis and Terengganu—the future Unfederated Malay States. The treaty further guaranteed British possession of Penang and their rights to trade in Kelantan and Terengganu without Siamese interference. The four Malay states were not represented in the treaty negotiation. In 1909 the parties of the agreement signed a new treaty that superseded that of 1826 and transferred the four Malay states from Siamese to British control.[2][3]

As the Burney Treaty did not adequately address commerce, that aspect was elaborated in the Bowring Treaty, signed by King Mongkut (Rama IV) on 18 April 1855, that liberalized trade rules and regulations.


  1. ^ Stern, Duncan (May 14–20, 2004). "Dr. John Crawfurd and the Mission to Thailand, 1822" (COLUMN). A Slice of Thai History. Pattaya Mail. Retrieved August 11, 2011. This in turn helped Captain Henry Burney conclude a treaty of commerce with Thailand in June 1826. 
  2. ^ Duncan Stern (May 14–20, 2004). "Dr. John Crawfurd and the Mission to Thailand, 1822". Pattaya Mail (Pattaya: Pattaya Mail Publishing Co) XII (20). Retrieved August 11, 2011. This in turn helped Captain Henry Burney conclude a treaty of commerce with Thailand in June 1826. 
  3. ^ Wood, William A. R. (2001-10-01). A history of Siam (Paperback ed.). Lightning Source Inc. ISBN 1931541108. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burney_Treaty — Please support Wikipedia.
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3 news items

Bangkok Post

Bangkok Post
Wed, 11 Mar 2015 17:30:58 -0700

The historical part of the exhibition then depicts the two main treaties between the two countries: the Burney Treaty in 1826, which was a formal treaty on issues relating to borders, and the Bowring Treaty 160 years ago, which set up the framework and ...
Fri, 08 Feb 2013 12:49:35 -0800

Not wishing to get embroiled in a major conflict over the largely overlook Malayan states the British reached an agreement in 1909, the Burney Treaty, to divide the Northern Malayan kingdoms between Siam and British Malaya. Numerous Malays, a Muslim ...
The Nation
Tue, 19 Mar 2013 10:24:26 -0700

The briny area of Ban Laem once served as the country's wholesale market for seafood and was a prosperous trading port until the 1826 when the Burney Treaty put an end to Thailand's multi-sea portal trading arrangement that resulted in the capital's ...

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