|Municipality and Town|
Central bus station of Bujanovac
Location of the municipality of Bujanovac within Serbia
|• Mayor||Nagip Arifi|
|• Municipality||461 km2 (178 sq mi)|
|Population (2011 census)|
(estimated over 40,000)
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Area code||+381 17|
Bujanovac (Serbian Cyrillic: Бујановац, pronounced [bǔjanɔvats]; Albanian: Bujanoc) is a town and municipality in Pčinja District of southern Serbia, located at the South Morava basin. It is known for its source of mineral water, so it is also known as Bujanovačka banja.
The municipality was the battleground in an insurgency in 1999–2001, following the Kosovo War. It is located in the geographical area known as Preševo Valley. According to the 2002 census, the largest ethnic group in the town were Serbs, while the largest ethnic group in the municipality were Albanians. The current population of the town and municipality is unknown due to a boycott of the 2011 census by the local Albanian population. Officially, there are 18,067 inhabitants, but the estimations goes more than 40,000.
Kale-Krševica, located south of Ristovac, is an archaeological site of a 5th-century BC Ancient Greek city of Macedon), thought to be Damastion. The Thracian Triballi and Paeonian Agrianes dwelled in the region, with the Scordisci settling here after the Gallic invasion of the Balkans in 279 BC. The region was conquered by the Romans after 75 BC. It became part of the Roman propraetoral province Moesia in 29 BC (imperial from 27 BC). In 87 AD the region was re-organized into the Moesia Superior, which was a province of the Roman Empire.
Medieval Serbian era
Medieval Serbian state like the Kingdom of Serbia or the Serbian Empire included part of this region in the 12th century and most of it until the 14th century. Since the 15th century, the region was under Ottoman administration.
After the Berlin agreement, signed in 1878, there were some administrative changes in the Ottoman Empire. Bujanovac and its surroundings became part of the "Preševo area" of the Priština District and in 1905–1912 Bujanovac belonged to the 2nd category of borough covering 28 villages. After the Balkan Wars, the area belonged to Kumanovo District of the Kingdom of Serbia. After the establishment of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenians, in 1918, Bujanovac became part of Vranje Oblast, one of total 33, formed after the Vidovdan Constitution, in 1921. With administrative changes in 1929, it became part of Vardar Banovina, with the town of Skopje as capital. With the forming of Democratic Federal Yugoslavia, it was part of Socialist Republic of Serbia from 1943 to 1992. After World War II, in 1947, Bujanovac was established as one of 117 cantons of Central Serbia, under its own name.
Insurgency in Preševo Valley
Between 1999 and 2001, an ethnic Albanian paramilitary organization, a subgroup of the Kosovo-Albanian UÇK, known as the UÇPMB, sought the separation of the Preševo Valley from Yugoslavia with force, known in the Insurgency in the Preševo Valley. Though there were casualties and injuries on both sides, the events did not quite attract the same international media attention as what had been happening in Kosovo until 1999, and what was also happening south of the border in the Republic of Macedonia during 2001, known as Insurgency in the Republic of Macedonia. Thereafter, the situation has stabilized.
According to the 2002 census, the municipality of Bujanovac had a population of 43,302 people. The majority of the municipality population are Albanians, making more than 55% of total population. While the 2011 census was made, there was undercoverage of the census units owing to the boycott by most of the members of the Albanian ethnic community in the municipality of Bujanovac. Most of the municipality population live in rural areas, with only 27.74% living in the urban parts. The municipality of Bujanovac has 59 inhabited places. The ethnic composition of the municipality:
Aside from the town of Bujanovac, the municipality includes the following settlements:
- Donje Novo Selo
- Gornje Novo Selo
- Mali Trnovac
- Ravno Bučje
- Srpska Kuća
- Sveta Petka
- Veliki Trnovac
- "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
- "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- "STALNO STANOVNISTVO PO NARODNOSTI" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
- "UKUPNO STANOVNIŠTVO PO NARODNOSTI (1953)" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- "Knjiga III: Nacionalni sastav stanovništva FNR Jugoslavije (1961)" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- "Knjiga III: Nacionalni sastav stanovništva FNR Jugoslavije (1971)" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- "Nacionalni sastav stanovništva SFR Jugoslavije (1981)" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- "STANOVNIŠTVO PREMA NACIONALNOJ PRIPADNOSTI (1991)" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- "Popis stanovnistva, domacinstava i stanova u 2002" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- "Попис становништва, домаћинстава и станова 2011. у Републици Србији" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
|a.||^ At the time, today's municipality of Preševo was a part of Bujanovac.|
|b.||^ In the municipality of Bujanovac there was undercoverage of the census units owing to the boycott by most of the members of the Albanian ethnic community.|
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