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Official seal of Buguias
Location in the province of Benguet
Location in the province of Benguet
Buguias is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°43′23″N 120°49′41″E / 16.72306°N 120.82806°E / 16.72306; 120.82806Coordinates: 16°43′23″N 120°49′41″E / 16.72306°N 120.82806°E / 16.72306; 120.82806
Country  Philippines
Region Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)
Province Benguet
District Lone district of Benguet
Founded February 9, 1942
Barangays 14
 • Mayor Melchor Daguines Diclas
 • Total 175.88 km2 (67.91 sq mi)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 39,271
 • Density 220/km2 (580/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2607
Dialing code 74
Income class 3rd class

Buguias is a third class municipality in the province of Benguet, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 39,271 people.[2]



According to folklore, Buguias got its name from the word "bugas" (or "begas") which means "rice".[3][4]

Another version of its origin would be an Igorot settlement during the pre-Spanish time called "Bogey-yas", which was modernized and spelled as "Buguias" by Spanish authorities.[5]

Spanish period[edit]

The arrival of Spanish colonizers in Buguias were primarily due to the construction of Spanish trails leading to the mountain region. Buguias and Loo were two separate rancherias during the Spanish Regime.[4]

American period[edit]

During the American rule, Buguias was established as one of the 19 townships of the province of Benguet, upon the issuance of Act No. 48 by the Philippine Commission on November 22, 1900.[5][6][7]

On November 23, 1900, the township of Loo was abolished and integrated into the township of Buguias with the issuance of Act No. 49.[3][8]

On August 13, 1908, Benguet was established as a sub-province of the newly-created Mountain Province with the enactment of Act No. 1876. As a result, six townships of Benguet were abolished, but Buguias remained a constituent town of Benguet sub-province.[7]

Post-war Era[edit]

On June 25, 1963, then-President Diosdado Macapagal issued Executive Order No. 42 converting eight (8) of the thirteen (13) towns (designated as municipal districts) of Benguet sub-province into regular municipalities. Buguias was among them.[9]

On June 18, 1966, the sub-province of Benguet was separated from the old Mountain Province and was converted into a regular province. Buguias remained to be a component municipality of the newly established province.[7][10]


Buguias is bounded by Mankayan on the northwest, Bakun on the mid-west, Kibungan on the southwest, Kabayan on the south, Tinoc on the east, Hungduan on the northeast, and Bauko on the north.

It is about 75 kilometres (47 mi) away from Baguio City.


The 14 barangays of the Municipality of Buguias[11]
Rank Barangay Population Rank Barangay Population
1 Loo 4,388 9 Sebang 2,643
2 Bangao 4,269 10 Natubleng 2,513
3 Amgaleyguey 3,538 11 Amlimay 2,197
4 Poblacion (Central) 3,472 12 Baculongan Norte 2,157
5 Baculongan Sur 3,169 13 Lengaoan 1,488
6 Buyacaoan 3,160 14 Calamagan 739
7 Abatan 2,780 Buguias Total 39,271
8 Catlubong 2,758

*Italicized names are former names


Population census of Buguias
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 25,236 —    
1995 28,034 +1.99%
2000 33,177 +3.68%
2007 34,507 +0.54%
2010 39,271 +4.82%
Source: National Statistics Office[2][12]


Buguias is primarily an agricultural town. It is one of the leading producer of highland vegetables, especially carrots,[13] in the province of Benguet.[5][14]

Most of the vegetables produced in the town are sold at the La Trinidad Vegetable Trading Post or are marketed to other parts of the country.[15]


Elementary Schools[edit]

The 40 public elementary schools of Buguias (2012-2013)[16] [17]
School Barangay
Abatan Elementary School Abatan
Alapang Elementary School Sebang
Ambanglo Primary School Catlubong
Amgaleyguey Primary School Amgaleyguey
Amlimay Elementary School Amlimay
Bacasen-Wakit Primary School Sebang
Bad-ayan Elementary School Baculongan Sur
Bangao Elementary School - Poway Annex Bangao
Bangsalan-Daganos Primary School (Bangsalan)
Bano-oy Elementary School Baculongan Norte
Bayoyo-Lukingan-Awal Elementary School Buyacaoan
Bekes Elementary School Buyacaoan
Bot-oan Elementary School Catlubong
Buguias Central School Poblacion
Buyacaoan Elementary School Buyacaoan
Calamagan Primary School Calamagan
Catlubong-Adiston Primary School Catlubong
Cayapas Elementary School Baculongan Sur
Cotcot-Talabis Elementary School Bangao
Deccan Primary School Baculongan Sur
Guioeng Elementary School Amlimay
Kimpit Primary School Amlimay
Laduan Primary School Lengaoan
Lam-ayan Elementary School Bangao
Lengaoan-Waking Elementary School Lengaoan
Loo Elementary School Loo
Nabalicong Saltin Elementary School Natubleng
Natubleng Elementary School Natubleng
Naytokyab Elementary School Poblacion
Orlani Telitel Primary School Baculongan Sur
Paing Elementary School Baculongan Sur
Pan-ayaoan Elementary School Loo
Pasbol-Belino Primary School Sebang
Pugo James Mocate Elementary School Baculongan Norte
Saclalan Sagandoy Elementary School Amgaleyguey
Sagandoy Elementary School Amgaleyguey
Sinipsip Elementary School Amgaleyguey
Taba-ao Primary School Loo
Tin-apan Primary School Bangao
Tindo-Bosania Primary School Bangao

Secondary Schools[edit]

The 6 public secondary schools of Buguias (2013-2014)[18] [19]
School Barangay
Bangao National High School Bangao
Buguias National High School Poblacion
Catlubong National High School Catlubong
Loo National High School Loo
Sinipsip National High School Amgaleyguey
Sinipsip National High School - Natubleng Extension Natubleng

Historical markers and shrine[edit]

Veteran Memorial Marker[edit]

The Veteran Memorial Marker marks the liberation of Abatan and Buguias on July 27, 1945, that fought between the Japanese Imperial Army and the combined Filipino and American ground troops. Through municipal council resolution No. 19; July 27, 1945, was declared as the Liberation Day and local holiday in the municipality. Festivals during this date include parade, programs and wreath-laying.

World War II 66th Infantry Shrine[edit]

The World War II 66th Infantry Shrine symbolizes the bravery of the combined Filipino and American soldiers; this is where they stood their ground defending the area and firing their cannons against the Japanese forces. This historical monument is located in Lengaoan, along the Halsema Highway.


  1. ^ "Province: Benguet". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "History". LGU of Buguias, Benguet. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "Municipality of Buguias: History of Buguias". Province of Benguet (official website). Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c "Municipality of Buguias, Benguet". Department of Interior and Local Government - Cordillera Administrative Region. 29 April 2013. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  6. ^ "Facts & Figures: Benguet Province". Philippine Statistics Authority - National Statistical Coordination Board - Cordillera Administrative Region. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c "History: Benguet Province". Province of Benguet (official website). Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  8. ^ "Buguias: Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Practices". Province of Benguet (official website). Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  9. ^ "Executive Order No. 42, s. 1963: Declaring Certain Municipal Districts in the Philippines as Municipalities". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  10. ^ "Republic Act No. 4695: An Act Creating the Provinces of Benguet, Mountain Province, Ifugao and Kalinga-Apayao". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 18 September 2014. 
  11. ^ "2010 Census of Population and Housing: Population Counts - Cordillera Administrative Region" (PDF). National Statistics Office (Philippines), April 4, 2012. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  12. ^ "Province of Benguet". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  13. ^ Catajan, Maria Elena (9 October 2010). "Buguias highlights carrots in town fiesta". Sun.Star Baguio. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  14. ^ Arida, Imelda A.; Embuscado, Erwin S. (15 June 2005). "Buguias farmers benefit from the agricultural tramline". Department of Agriculture - Philippine Center for Postharvest Development Mechanization. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  15. ^ Aro, Susan (2 April 2013). "Resorts in Buguias are emerging destinations". Sun.Star Baguio. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  16. ^ "Masterlist of Public Elementary Schools for the School year 2012- 2013" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), July 4, 2013. Retrieved 20 September 2014. 
  17. ^ "Public Elementary Schools, Buguias, Benguet". PhilippineCompanies.com. Retrieved 22 September 2014. 
  18. ^ "Masterlist of Secondary Schools (School Year 2013- 2014)" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), July 4, 2013. Retrieved 20 September 2014. 
  19. ^ "Public Secondary Schools, Buguias, Benguet". PhilippineCompanies.com. Retrieved 22 September 2014. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buguias,_Benguet — Please support Wikipedia.
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