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Official seal of Buguias
Location in the province of Benguet
Location in the province of Benguet
Buguias is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°43′23″N 120°49′41″E / 16.72306°N 120.82806°E / 16.72306; 120.82806Coordinates: 16°43′23″N 120°49′41″E / 16.72306°N 120.82806°E / 16.72306; 120.82806
Country  Philippines
Region Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)
Province Benguet
District Lone district of Benguet
Founded February 9, 1942
Barangays 14
 • Mayor Melchor Daguines Diclas
 • Total 175.88 km2 (67.91 sq mi)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 39,271
 • Density 220/km2 (580/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2607
Dialing code 74
Income class 3rd class

Buguias is a third class municipality in the province of Benguet, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 39,271 people.[2]



According to folklore, Buguias got its name from the word "bugas" (or "begas") which means "rice".[3][4]

Another version of its origin would be an Igorot settlement during the pre-Spanish time called "Bogey-yas", which was modernized and spelled as "Buguias" by Spanish authorities.[5]

Spanish period[edit]

The arrival of Spanish colonizers in Buguias were primarily due to the construction of Spanish trails leading to the mountain region. Buguias and Loo were two separate rancherias during the Spanish Regime.[4]

American period[edit]

During the American rule, Buguias was established as one of the 19 townships of the province of Benguet, upon the issuance of Act No. 48 by the Philippine Commission on November 22, 1900.[5][6][7]

On November 23, 1900, the township of Loo was abolished and integrated into the township of Buguias with the issuance of Act No. 49.[3][8]

On August 13, 1908, Benguet was established as a sub-province of the newly created Mountain Province with the enactment of Act No. 1876. As a result, six townships of Benguet were abolished, but Buguias remained a constituent town of Benguet sub-province.[7]

Post-war Era[edit]

On June 25, 1963, then-President Diosdado Macapagal issued Executive Order No. 42 converting eight (8) of the thirteen (13) towns (designated as municipal districts) of Benguet sub-province into regular municipalities. Buguias was among them.[9]

On June 18, 1966, the sub-province of Benguet was separated from the old Mountain Province and was converted into a regular province. Buguias remained to be a component municipality of the newly established province.[7][10]


Buguias is bounded by Mankayan on the northwest, Bakun on the mid-west, Kibungan on the southwest, Kabayan on the south, Tinoc on the east, Hungduan on the northeast, and Bauko on the north.

It is about 75 kilometres (47 mi) away from Baguio City.


The 14 barangays of the Municipality of Buguias[11]
Rank Barangay Population Rank Barangay Population
1 Loo 4,388 9 Sebang 2,643
2 Bangao 4,269 10 Natubleng 2,513
3 Amgaleyguey 3,538 11 Amlimay 2,197
4 Poblacion (Central) 3,472 12 Baculongan Norte 2,157
5 Baculongan Sur 3,169 13 Lengaoan 1,488
6 Buyacaoan 3,160 14 Calamagan 739
7 Abatan 2,780 Buguias Total 39,271
8 Catlubong 2,758

*Italicized names are former names


Population census of Buguias
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 25,236 —    
1995 28,034 +1.99%
2000 33,177 +3.68%
2007 34,507 +0.54%
2010 39,271 +4.82%
Source: National Statistics Office[2][12]


Buguias is primarily an agricultural town. It is one of the leading producer of highland vegetables, especially carrots,[13] in the province of Benguet.[5][14]

Most of the vegetables produced in the town are sold at the La Trinidad Vegetable Trading Post or are marketed to other parts of the country.[15]


Public schools[edit]

As of 2014, Buguias has 43 public elementary schools and 6 public secondary schools.[16][17][18]

Historical markers and shrine[edit]

Veteran Memorial Marker[edit]

The Veteran Memorial Marker marks the liberation of Abatan and Buguias on July 27, 1945, that fought between the Japanese Imperial Army and the combined Filipino and American ground troops. Through municipal council resolution No. 19; July 27, 1945, was declared as the Liberation Day and local holiday in the municipality. Festivals during this date include parade, programs and wreath-laying.

World War II 66th Infantry Shrine[edit]

The World War II 66th Infantry Shrine symbolizes the bravery of the combined Filipino and American soldiers; this is where they stood their ground defending the area and firing their cannons against the Japanese forces. This historical monument is located in Lengaoan, along the Halsema Highway.


  1. ^ "Province: Benguet". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "History". LGU of Buguias, Benguet. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "Municipality of Buguias: History of Buguias". Province of Benguet (official website). Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c "Municipality of Buguias, Benguet". Department of Interior and Local Government - Cordillera Administrative Region. 29 April 2013. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  6. ^ "Facts & Figures: Benguet Province". Philippine Statistics Authority - National Statistical Coordination Board - Cordillera Administrative Region. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c "History: Benguet Province". Province of Benguet (official website). Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  8. ^ "Buguias: Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Practices". Province of Benguet (official website). Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  9. ^ "Executive Order No. 42, s. 1963: Declaring Certain Municipal Districts in the Philippines as Municipalities". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  10. ^ "Republic Act No. 4695: An Act Creating the Provinces of Benguet, Mountain Province, Ifugao and Kalinga-Apayao". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 18 September 2014. 
  11. ^ "2010 Census of Population and Housing: Population Counts - Cordillera Administrative Region" (PDF). National Statistics Office (Philippines), April 4, 2012. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  12. ^ "Province of Benguet". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  13. ^ Catajan, Maria Elena (9 October 2010). "Buguias highlights carrots in town fiesta". Sun.Star Baguio. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  14. ^ Arida, Imelda A.; Embuscado, Erwin S. (15 June 2005). "Buguias farmers benefit from the agricultural tramline". Department of Agriculture - Philippine Center for Postharvest Development Mechanization. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  15. ^ Aro, Susan (2 April 2013). "Resorts in Buguias are emerging destinations". Sun.Star Baguio. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  16. ^ "Masterlist of Public Elementary Schools for the School year 2012- 2013" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), July 15, 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 
  17. ^ a b "Masterlist of Secondary Schools (School Year 2013- 2014)" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), July 4, 2013. Retrieved 20 September 2014. 
  18. ^ a b "Masterlist of Public Schools SY 2013-2014" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), 22 October 2014. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 
  19. ^ "Public Elementary Schools, Buguias, Benguet". PhilippineCompanies.com. Retrieved 22 September 2014. 
  20. ^ "Public Secondary Schools, Buguias, Benguet". PhilippineCompanies.com. Retrieved 22 September 2014. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buguias,_Benguet — Please support Wikipedia.
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75 news items

Herald Express | News in Northern Luzon (press release)

Herald Express | News in Northern Luzon (press release)
Thu, 19 Nov 2015 00:48:45 -0800

Servicing of claims for the bank's Head Office, Kabayan and Bauko Branches will be conducted on November 12, 13 and 16, 2015, from 8:00 a.m to 5:00 p.m. The Head office is located in Abatan, Buguias, Benguet. Kabayan Branch is in Kabayan, Benguet ...

Herald Express | News in Northern Luzon (press release)

Herald Express | News in Northern Luzon (press release)
Tue, 03 Nov 2015 21:12:00 -0800

According to the PDIC, the Rural Bank of Buguias is a six-unit rural bank with Head Office located in Abatan, Buguias, Benguet. Its five branches are located in Cervantes, Ilocos Sur; Kabayan and La Trinidad towns in Benguet; and Bauko and Tadian towns ...

Herald Express | News in Northern Luzon (press release)

Herald Express | News in Northern Luzon (press release)
Fri, 27 Nov 2015 22:26:37 -0800

BUGUIAS, Benguet – A 19-year old motorcycle driver died while his three back riders were injured after their vehicle rammed into an electric post at sitio Cotcot, barangay Bangao here around 9:30 pm Friday. File photo. Superintendent Cherry Fajardo ...
Herald Express | News in Northern Luzon (press release)
Thu, 26 Nov 2015 19:22:30 -0800

BUGUIAS, Benguet – The Philippine Deposit Insurance Corporation (PDIC), the receiver of the closed Rural Bank of Buguias (Benguet), Inc., reminded borrowers of the bank to continue to pay their loans and transact only with authorized PDIC ...

Herald Express | News in Northern Luzon (press release)

Herald Express | News in Northern Luzon (press release)
Thu, 26 Nov 2015 18:37:30 -0800

Coming in second was Buguias, Benguet, which placed 205th among 9788 participating municipalities and 59th among third to sixth class municipalities, landed 8th among 43 municipalities regionwide. Placing third in the said category was Alfonso Lista, ...
Baguio Midland Courier
Tue, 24 Nov 2015 20:07:30 -0800

The top three performing LGUs in the third to sixth class municipalities category the region are Lagawe, Ifugao at 17th place; Buguias, Benguet, 32nd; and Alfonso Lista, Ifugao, 51st. Benguet was also recognized for ranking 8th out of 68 provinces ...
Mon, 16 Nov 2015 05:52:30 -0800

CATLUBONG National High School won the Buguias Secondary Schools District Athletic Meet, with a medal harvest of 24 golds, 12 silvers and five bronzes. Catlubong edged Loo National High School for the title. Bangao National High School finished third.


Fri, 21 Aug 2015 16:26:15 -0700

Mt. Province (CNN Philippines) — The Cordillera region suffers as Typhoon Ineng (international name: Goni) continues to batter the area, resulting in three deaths and causing more than a dozen landslides, as well as damage to roads and bridges.

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