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Houses in Buguias
Houses in Buguias
Official seal of Buguias
Location in the province of Benguet
Location in the province of Benguet
Buguias is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°43′23″N 120°49′41″E / 16.72306°N 120.82806°E / 16.72306; 120.82806Coordinates: 16°43′23″N 120°49′41″E / 16.72306°N 120.82806°E / 16.72306; 120.82806
Country  Philippines
Region Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)
Province Benguet
District Lone district of Benguet
Founded February 9, 1942
Barangays 14
 • Mayor Melchor Daguines Diclas
 • Total 175.88 km2 (67.91 sq mi)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 39,271
 • Density 220/km2 (580/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2607
Dialing code 74
Income class 3rd class

Buguias is a third class municipality in the province of Benguet, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 39,271 people.[2]



According to folklore, Buguias got its name from the word bugas (or begas) which means rice.[3][4]

Another version of its origin would be an Igorot settlement during the pre-Spanish time called Bogey-yas, which was modernized and spelled as Buguias by Spanish authorities.[5]

Spanish period[edit]

The arrival of Spanish colonizers in Buguias were primarily due to the construction of Spanish trails leading to the mountain region. Buguias and Loo were two separate rancherias during the Spanish Regime.[4]

American period[edit]

During the American rule, Buguias was established as one of the 19 townships of the province of Benguet, upon the issuance of Act No. 48 by the Philippine Commission on November 22, 1900.[5][6][7]

On November 23, 1900, the township of Loo was abolished and integrated into the township of Buguias with the issuance of Act No. 49.[3][8]

On August 13, 1908, Benguet was established as a sub-province of the newly created Mountain Province with the enactment of Act No. 1876. As a result, six townships of Benguet were abolished, but Buguias remained a constituent town of Benguet sub-province.[7]

Post-war era[edit]

On June 25, 1963, then-President Diosdado Macapagal issued Executive Order No. 42 converting eight (8) of the thirteen (13) towns (designated as municipal districts) of Benguet sub-province into regular municipalities. Buguias was among them.[9]

On June 18, 1966, the sub-province of Benguet was separated from the old Mountain Province and was converted into a regular province. Buguias remained to be a component municipality of the newly established province.[7][10]


Buguias is bounded by Mankayan on the north-west, Bakun on the mid-west, Kibungan on the south-west, Kabayan on the south, Tinoc on the east, Hungduan on the north-east, and Bauko on the north.

It is about 75 kilometres (47 mi) away from Baguio City.


Climate data for Buguias
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23.1
Average low °C (°F) 13.3
Average rainy days 2 3 6 9 19 21 26 26 23 14 9 5 163
Source: Storm247 [11]


Buguias is subdivided into 14 barangays:

Barangay Population
Abatan 2,780 2,834 −1.91%
Amgaleyguey 3,538 2,098 +68.64%
Amlimay 2,197 2,239 −1.88%
Baculongan Norte 2,157 2,023 +6.62%
Baculongan Sur 3,169 2,719 +16.55%
Bangao 4,269 3,947 +8.16%
Buyacaoan 3,160 3,036 +4.08%
Calamagan 739 653 +13.17%
Catlubong 2,758 2,468 +11.75%
Lengaoan 1,488 1,378 +7.98%
Loo 4,388 3,886 +12.92%
Natubleng 2,513 2,019 +24.47%
Poblacion (Central) 3,472 2,957 +17.42%
Sebang 2,643 2,250 +17.47%
  • Italicized names are former names


Population census of
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 25,236 —    
1995 28,034 +1.99%
2000 33,177 +3.68%
2007 34,507 +0.54%
2010 39,271 +4.82%
Source: National Statistics Office[2][14]


Buguias is primarily an agricultural town. It is one of the leading producers of highland vegetables, especially carrots,[15] in the province of Benguet.[5][16]

Most of the vegetables produced in the town are sold at the La Trinidad Vegetable Trading Post or are marketed to other parts of the country.[17]


Public schools

As of 2014, Buguias has 43 public elementary schools and 6 public secondary schools.[18][19][20]

Historical markers and shrine[edit]

Veteran Memorial Marker

The Veteran Memorial Marker marks the liberation of Abatan and Buguias on July 27, 1945, that was fought between the Japanese Imperial Army and the combined Filipino and American ground troops. Through municipal council resolution No. 19, July 27, 1945 was declared as the Liberation Day and local holiday in the municipality. Festivals during this date include parades, programs and wreath-laying.

World War II 66th Infantry Shrine

The World War II 66th Infantry Shrine monument, located in Lengaoan along Halsema Highway, symbolizes the bravery of the combined Filipino and American soldiers who stood their ground defending the area and firing their cannons against the Japanese forces.


  1. ^ "Province: Benguet". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "History". LGU of Buguias, Benguet. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "Municipality of Buguias: History of Buguias". Province of Benguet (official website). Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c "Municipality of Buguias, Benguet". Department of Interior and Local Government - Cordillera Administrative Region. 29 April 2013. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  6. ^ "Facts & Figures: Benguet Province". Philippine Statistics Authority - National Statistical Coordination Board - Cordillera Administrative Region. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c "History: Benguet Province". Province of Benguet (official website). Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  8. ^ "Buguias: Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Practices". Province of Benguet (official website). Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  9. ^ "Executive Order No. 42, s. 1963: Declaring Certain Municipal Districts in the Philippines as Municipalities". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  10. ^ "Republic Act No. 4695: An Act Creating the Provinces of Benguet, Mountain Province, Ifugao and Kalinga-Apayao". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 18 September 2014. 
  11. ^ "Weather forecast for Buguias, Philippines". Storm247.com. StormGeo AS, Nordre Nøstekaien 1, N-5011 Bergen, Norway: StormGeo AS. Retrieved 26 April 2016. 
  12. ^ "2010 Census of Population and Housing: Population Counts - Cordillera Administrative Region" (PDF). National Statistics Office (Philippines), April 4, 2012. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  13. ^ "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of August 1, 2007: Benguet". National Statistics Office. National Statistics Office. April 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 November 2008. Retrieved 12 October 2014. 
  14. ^ "Province of Benguet". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  15. ^ Catajan, Maria Elena (9 October 2010). "Buguias highlights carrots in town fiesta". Sun.Star Baguio. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  16. ^ Arida, Imelda A.; Embuscado, Erwin S. (15 June 2005). "Buguias farmers benefit from the agricultural tramline". Department of Agriculture - Philippine Center for Postharvest Development Mechanization. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  17. ^ Aro, Susan (2 April 2013). "Resorts in Buguias are emerging destinations". Sun.Star Baguio. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  18. ^ "Masterlist of Public Elementary Schools for the School year 2012- 2013" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), July 15, 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 
  19. ^ a b "Masterlist of Secondary Schools (School Year 2013- 2014)" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), July 4, 2013. Retrieved 20 September 2014. 
  20. ^ a b "Masterlist of Public Schools SY 2013-2014" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), 22 October 2014. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 
  21. ^ "Public Elementary Schools, Buguias, Benguet". PhilippineCompanies.com. Retrieved 22 September 2014. 
  22. ^ "Public Secondary Schools, Buguias, Benguet". PhilippineCompanies.com. Retrieved 22 September 2014. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buguias,_Benguet — Please support Wikipedia.
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