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"Ofen" redirects here. For the pass, see Fuorn Pass. For other uses, see Buda (disambiguation).
Buda in the Middle Ages

Buda (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈbudɒ]) is the former capital of the Kingdom of Hungary and the western part of the current Hungarian capital Budapest on the west bank of the Danube. Buda comprises about one-third of Budapest's complete territory and is mostly wooded and hilly. Notable landmarks include the Buda Castle and the Citadella. The Hungarian president's residence, Sándor Palace, is also in Buda.


Historical coat of arms of Buda, Holy Crown on the top

While Pest was mostly Hungarian in the 15th century, Buda had a German majority,[1] however according to the Hungarian Royal Treasury, it had a Hungarian majority with a sizeable German minority in 1495.[2] Buda became part of Ottoman ruled central-Hungary from 1541 to 1686. It was known as Budin Eyalet during the Ottoman era. Ottoman Empire settled Serbian settlers in the nearby areas of the city. The original Christian citizens (Germans and Hungarians) of the city fled.

In 1686, two years after the unsuccessful siege of Buda, a renewed European campaign was started to enter the erstwhile capital of medieval Hungary. This time, the Holy League's army was twice as large, containing over 74,000 men, including German, Dutch, Hungarian, English, Spanish, Czech, French, Croat, Burgundian, Danish and Swedish soldiers, along with other Europeans as volunteers, artilleryman, and officers, the Christian forces reconquered Buda. (See: Siege of Buda)

After the reconquest of Buda, Bourgeoisie from Southern Germany (Bavaria) moved to the almost deserted city. Germans — also clinging to their language — partly crowded out, partly assimilated the Hungarians and Serbians they have found here.[1] With the rural population moving in the capital city, in the 19th century slowly Hungarians became the majority in Buda too.

Notable residents[edit]

Twin cities[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Budapest". A Pallas Nagy Lexikona (in Hungarian). Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  2. ^ Károly Kocsis (DSc, University of Miskolc) – Zsolt Bottlik (PhD, Budapest University) – Patrik Tátrai: Etnikai térfolyamatok a Kárpát-medence határon túli régióiban, Magyar Tudományos Akadémia (Hungarian Academy of Sciences) – Földrajtudományi Kutatóintézet (Academy of Geographical Studies); Budapest; 2006.; ISBN 963-9545-10-4, CD Atlas

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • John Thomson (1845), "Buda", New Universal Gazetteer and Geographical Dictionary, London: H.G. Bohn 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°28′N 19°03′E / 47.467°N 19.050°E / 47.467; 19.050

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buda — Please support Wikipedia.
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17109 news items

Community Impact Newspaper
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 07:15:00 -0700

Kay Bailey, director of Chrysalis Art Foundation, a Buda-based nonprofit focused on fostering art and art education in Central Texas, said her organization has teamed up with International Experience to bring two budding artists to Hays High School.
Austin Business Journal (blog)
Fri, 04 Jul 2014 11:10:57 -0700

In exchange for the corporate investments, the city will offer as much as $210,000 in total incentives to the three companies: Spohn and Associates Inc., Buda Mill & Grain Co. and The Fat Quarter Shop. Collectively, the companies' expansions are ...
Seeking Alpha
Tue, 22 Jul 2014 14:45:00 -0700

Chesapeake Energy has applied for its first permit in the Buda in Dimmit County, Texas. The latest home run Buda well is the Jessica drilled by CML Exploration, LLC. This well was spud on March 2 and produced 29,071 barrels of oil by May 31. The best ...

Community Impact Newspaper

Community Impact Newspaper
Tue, 15 Jul 2014 22:06:44 -0700

When McMurray moved to Buda, he noticed there was a dedicated skateboarding scene—not quite as big as in California—but nowhere for the skaters to safely ride. With both his itch to skate and the community's lack of a proper dedicated skating venue ...

San Marcos Mercury

San Marcos Mercury
Mon, 21 Jul 2014 04:13:10 -0700

Since Campbell left the position this spring, Soor-el Puga has served as interim principal; he will return to his previous position as an assistant principal at Buda Elementary. Robinson started at Hays CISD in 2002 as a fourth grade teacher at Elm ...
Community Impact Newspaper
Mon, 14 Jul 2014 12:46:04 -0700

As the regulatory landscape around his business evolves, Garcia said he is increasingly receiving offers to move his business away from Buda. Sixth Street in Austin is a potential option, and Garcia said he has been approached by a wedding and special ...


Mon, 14 Jul 2014 09:25:33 -0700

Austin Water is doing a prescribed burn at the Water Quality Protection Lands off FM 967. Smoke may be visible west of Buda, east of FM 1826 and north of FM 967 fro mid-morning to sunset. Firefighters are aware and will be on hand to monitor the burn.


Mon, 14 Jul 2014 15:02:43 -0700

Seems to be a lot of people being found dead lately. Wonder what the deal is... Reply · Like. · July 15 at 9:28am. Add a Reply... Reply using... Facebook; Yahoo; AOL; Hotmail. Reply using... Facebook, Yahoo, AOL, Windows Live. Facebook social plugin ...

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