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Bruno Abakanowicz
Born (1852-10-06)6 October 1852
Ukmergė, Lithuania (then part of Russian Empire)
Died 29 August 1900(1900-08-29) (aged 47)
Saint-Maur-des-Fossés, France
Occupation mathematician, inventor and electrical engineer

Bruno Abdank-Abakanowicz (6 October 1852 – 29 August 1900) was a Polish mathematician, inventor and electrical engineer.

Life and Nationality[edit]

Abakanowicz was born in 1852 in Vilkmergė, Russian Empire (now Lithuania).[1] After graduating from the Riga Technical University, Abakanowicz passed his habilitation[2] and began an assistantship at the Technical University of Lwów. In 1881, he moved to France[2] where he purchased a villa in Parc St. Maur on the outskirts of Paris.

Earlier he invented the integraph, a form of the integrator, which was patented in 1880,[3] and was henceforth produced by the Swiss firm Coradi.[4] Among his other patents were the parabolagraph, the spirograph, the electric bell used in trains, and an electric arc lamp of his own design.[5] Abakanowicz published several works, including works on statistics, integrators and numerous popular scientific works, such as one describing his integraph. He was also hired by the French government as an expert on electrification and was the main engineer behind the electrification of, among other places, the city of Lyon.[2] His patents allowed him to become a wealthy man and made him receive the Legion d'Honneur in 1889.

The Château de Costaérès

Around that time he retired to a small island in Trégastel, off the coast of Brittany, where between 1892 and 1896 he erected a neo-Gothic manor.[6] Although the construction works were not finished in Abakanowicz's lifetime, the castle of Costaérès became a notable centre of Polish emigree culture, housing many notable artists, scientists and politicians. Among frequent guests of Abakanowicz were Aleksander Gierymski, Władysław Mickiewicz, Leon Wyczółkowski and Henryk Sienkiewicz. The latter became the closest friend of Abakanowicz. It was in Abakanowicz's villa in Parc St. Maur that he finished his The Teutonic Knights and The Polaniecki Family, while the Quo Vadis novel, one of the works for which Sienkiewicz was awarded with the Nobel Prize, was written entirely in Abakanowicz's manor.[2]

Bruno Abakanowicz died suddenly on 29 August 1900. In his will, he made Sienkiewicz the tutor of his sole daughter Zofia, who later graduated from the London School of Economics and the Sorbonne and was murdered during World War II at the Auschwitz concentration camp.

As for Abakanowicz's nationality, he was born in the lands which were once part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Some later documents refer to him as a Russian because at the time of his birth, Ukmergė was part of the Russian Empire. Encyclopædia Britannica calls him a Lithuanian mathematician in its article on the integraph. Others consider him a Pole due to his fluent command of the language, friendship with many leading Polish personalities of the time, and literary contributions in Polish.[2] His surname Abakanowicz which has Lipka Tatar roots goes back to the szlachta of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth under the Abdank Coat of Arms[7][8] .[9][10]


  • Les intégraphes. La courbe intégrale et ses applications, Paris, Gauthier-Villars, 1886. Translated into German as Die Integraphen. Die Integralkurve und ihre Anwendungen, Leipzig, Teubner, 1889.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Piotr Bielerzewski (2005). "Wiłkomierz". Rzeczpospolita Wirtualna (in Polish). own. Retrieved 2006-09-20. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Ewa Klaputh (2006). "Le Château de Costaérès, czyli tajemnice inżyniera Abakanowicza". Po Prostu (in Polish) (22). Retrieved 2010-01-20. 
  3. ^ Bruno Abdank-Abakanowicz (1886). Les intégraphes (in French). Paris: Gauthier-Villars. 
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ sir William Henry Preece (November 1882). "On a New Electric Arc Lamp". Scientific American. Supplement No. 360 (1882-10-25). Retrieved 2006-09-20. 
  6. ^ "maison de villégiature dite Château de Costaérès". Monuments de France (in French). 2005. Retrieved 2006-09-20. 
  7. ^ A. Boniecki, Herbarz polski, t. 1, Warszawa 1899, s. 17.
  8. ^ S. Uruski, Rodzina. Herbarz szlachty polskiej, t. 1, Warszawa 1904, s. 1.
  9. ^ Выдающиеся математики - биографические сведения - а
  10. ^ Fera na Latvia: Julho 2007


External links[edit]

Mathematical contributions

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bruno_Abakanowicz — Please support Wikipedia.
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7 news items


Tue, 07 Jul 2015 00:52:30 -0700

However, the original spirograph was actually invented by a mathematician named Bruno Abakanowicz sometime in the late 19th century, in order to help calculate area delimited by curves. Today, many varieties of the toy can be purchased, and now if you ...


Mon, 16 Mar 2015 17:28:43 -0700

Spirograph was designed by mathematician Bruno Abakanowicz in the late 19th century to measure the area of a space defined by curves. The shapes it draws are called hypotrochoids and epitrochoids. Play-Doh was invented in the 1930s by Noah ...

Christian Science Monitor

Christian Science Monitor
Wed, 18 Sep 2013 14:38:54 -0700

He reportedly based the toy on the invention by Bruno Abakanowicz who invented the integraph drawing device sometime between 1881 and 1900, all according to the Encyclopedia Britannica. Fisher's toy was first sold they year I was born in 1965. Today my ...


Thu, 18 Jun 2015 23:44:01 -0700

... du coup d'œil sur le site : une séduisante anse parsemée de nombreux rochers roses dominés en arrière-plan, sur l'Île de Costaerès, par un château néo-gothique construit à la fin du 19e siècle par le mathématicien polonais Bruno Abakanowicz ...
FAZ - Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung
Sat, 27 Dec 2014 23:00:48 -0800

Der Gewinner des Rätsels der vergangenen Woche ist Marion Schramm aus München mit der Lösung „Bruno Abakanowicz“. Herzlichen Glückwunsch! Zur Homepage. Quelle: F.A.S.. 0. Schließen. Was sind Top-Argumente? Was bedeuten die grünen Punkte ...


Mon, 26 Mar 2012 21:48:03 -0700

Bruno Abdank-Abakanowicz merupakan seorang ahli matematika yang juga mendalami ilmu teknik elektro. Ia menempuh masa kuliahnya di Riga Technical University dan Technical University of Lwow. Kemudian pada 1881 ia pergi ke Perancis untuk ...


Mon, 22 Jun 2009 01:03:18 -0700

На обратном пути, при заходе в бухту Плуманак открывается замечательный вид на замок (Château de Costaérès), В конце 19века его построил польский математик инженер и изобретатель Bruno Abakanowicz.

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