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This article is about the president of Poland. For the Catholic priest murdered during World War II, see Bronisław Komorowski (priest).
Bronisław Komorowski
KPRP 20130131 WG 267 BRONISLAW KOMOROWSKI.jpg
Komorowski in January 2013
5th President of Poland
Incumbent
Assumed office
6 August 2010
Prime Minister Donald Tusk
Preceded by Grzegorz Schetyna (Acting)
In office
Acting
10 April 2010 – 8 July 2010
Prime Minister Donald Tusk
Preceded by Lech Kaczyński
Succeeded by Bogdan Borusewicz (Acting)
Marshal of the Sejm
In office
5 November 2007 – 8 July 2010
President Lech Kaczyński
Prime Minister Jarosław Kaczyński
Donald Tusk
Preceded by Ludwik Dorn
Succeeded by Grzegorz Schetyna
Minister of National Defence
In office
16 June 2000 – 19 October 2001
Prime Minister Jerzy Buzek
Preceded by Janusz Onyszkiewicz
Succeeded by Jerzy Szmajdziński
Personal details
Born Bronisław Maria Komorowski
(1952-06-04) 4 June 1952 (age 62)
Oborniki Śląskie, Poland
Political party Independent (2010–present)
Other political
affiliations
Civic Platform (2001–2010)
Conservative People's Party (Before 2001)
Spouse(s) Anna Dziadzia (m. 1977)
Children Zofia Aleksandra (b. 1979)
Tadeusz Jan (b. 1981)
Maria Anna (b. 1983)
Piotr Zygmunt (b. 1986)
Elżbieta Jadwiga (b. 1989)
Residence Belweder
Alma mater University of Warsaw
Religion Roman Catholicism
Signature

Bronisław Maria Komorowski [brɔˈɲiswaf kɔmɔˈrɔfskʲi] ( ) (born 4 June 1952) is a Polish politician and historian who has been President of Poland since 2010. As Marshal of the Sejm (Speaker of Parliament), Komorowski exercised powers and duties of head of state following the death of President Lech Kaczyński in a plane crash on 10 April 2010.[1] Komorowski was the governing Civic Platform party's candidate in the resulting 2010 presidential election, which he won in the second round of voting on 4 July 2010. He was sworn in as president on 6 August 2010. Komorowski is thus the second person to serve on two occasions as the Polish head of state since 1918 after Maciej Rataj. Rataj, however, was twice acting president, while Komorowski first acted as president, and then became elected president. Komorowski served as minister of Defence from 2000 to 2001.

Early life and education[edit]

Bronisław Maria Komorowski was born in Oborniki Śląskie. Komorowski is the son of Zygmunt Leon Komorowski (1925–1992), professor of the African studies at the University of Warsaw, and Jadwiga Komorowska (née Szalkowska) (1921–).[2]

From 1957 to 1959 he lived in Józefów near Otwock. From 1959 to 1966 he also attended elementary school in Pruszków. In 1966 he transferred to Warsaw and graduated from Cyprian Kamil Norwid High School no. 24. For many years he was affiliated with the Scout Movement. He belonged to the 75th Mazovian Scout Team in Pruszków. During his studies he was a Scout instructor in 208 WDHiZ "Parasol" Battalion in Mokotów. He met his future wife through Scouting.[3]

In 1977 he finished his studies in history at the University of Warsaw. From 1977 to 1980 he was an editor at the journal Słowo Powszechne.

Dissident activity[edit]

In the People's Republic of Poland Komorowski took part in the democratic movement as an underground publisher and co-operated with Antoni Macierewicz[4] on the monthly Głos.[4] In 1980 he was sentenced along with activists of the Movement for Defense of Human and Civic Rights to one month in prison for organizing a demonstration on 11 November 1979[5] (the judge who presided the trial was Andrzej Kryże).[5] From 1980 to 1981 he worked in the Centre of Social Investigation of NSZZ "Solidarity".[5] On 27 September 1981, he was one of the signatories of the founding declaration of the Clubs in the Service of Independence.[5] He was interned while Poland was under martial law.[5] From 1981 to 1989 he taught at the Lower Seminary in Niepokalanów.[5]

Third Republic[edit]

Bronisław Komorowski as Deputy Marshal in Sejm, September 2007

From 1989 to 1990 he was the manager minister Aleksander Hall's office, and from 1990 to 1993, the civil vice minister of national defence in the governments of Tadeusz Mazowiecki, Jan Krzysztof Bielecki and Hanna Suchocka. In the early 1990s he was involved with the Democratic Union and Freedom Union. From 1993 to 1995 he was the general secretary of these parties.

Bronisław Komorowski with Lech Kaczyński and Nicolas Sarkozy

As the candidate of the Democratic Union he was elected to parliament in 1991 and 1993. In 1997, during the 2nd Sejm, together with a group of Warsaw University activists under the management of Jan Rokita he created Koło Konserwatywno-Ludowe. In the same year Koło Konserwatywno-Ludowe joined the newly created Conservative People's Party (SKL), which joined Solidarity Electoral Action (AWS). In 1997 Komorowski was elected as a candidate of AWS. From 1997 to 2000 he presided over the Parliamentary National Defence Committee, and from 2000 to 2001 served as the minister of national defence in the government of Jerzy Buzek. In 2001, while still a minister in the minority AWS government, Komorowski, along with some activists from SKL, became a member of Civic Platform (PO). He stood for election to the 4th Sejm as a candidate of PO. Again he was elected, this time for the Warsaw constituency. After the inauguration of the new parliament he resigned from SKL. Since 2001 he has been a member of the National Civic Platform Board. In the 4th Sejm he was the deputy chairman of the Parliamentary National Defence Committee and a member of the Parliamentary Committee on Foreign Affairs.

He won election to the 5th Sejm in a district outside Warsaw. On 26 October 2005, he was elected Vice Speaker of the Sejm. 398 MPs voted in favour of his candidacy. His party had earlier recommended him as a candidate for Speaker. His candidacy, in defiance of precedent, was rejected by Law and Justice (PiS) which voted for Marek Jurek. This created an unfavourable climate further discussions regarding a PO-PiS coalition.

After the resignation of Marek Jurek as Speaker of the Sejm on 25 April 2007 Civic Platform announced Komorowski's candidacy for Speaker. On 27 April 2007 the Sejm rejected his nomination, and Ludwik Dorn from PiS became a new marshal. 189 MPs voted for Komorowski. Komorowski became Vice Speaker.

Komorowski took first place on the PO list for the Warsaw constituency in the 2007 parliamentary election and received 139,320 votes.

Marshal of the Sejm[edit]

On 5 November 2007, in the first session of the 4th Sejm of the Polish Republic Bronisław Komorowski was elected Speaker by 292 votes. He stood against Krzysztof Putra from PiS who received 160 votes. Stefan Niesiołowski, Krzysztof Putra, Jarosław Kalinowski, Jerzy Szmajdziński were elected Vice Speakers.

On 27 March 2010, he was chosen by PO members to be their candidate in 2010 presidential election.

President of Poland[edit]

Acting President[edit]

President Bronisław Komorowski with two former presidents, Lech Wałęsa and Aleksander Kwaśniewski

Komorowski became acting president on 10 April 2010 following the death of President Lech Kaczyński. His first decision was to announce seven days of national mourning beginning on 10 April.[6] According to the Constitution of Poland, Komorowski was required to set a date for the next presidential election within 14 days of assuming the position, the election date coming within 60 days of that announcement. On 21 April, his office announced that the election would be held on 20 June.[7] In the election, he got 41.54% of votes in the first round and then faced Jarosław Kaczyński, who got 36.46% of votes in the first round.

In the runoff Komorowski was elected president (8 933 887 valid votes, 53,01%) and formally took office on 6 August 2010.

Presidency[edit]

President Bronisław Komorowski during the speech in front of the National Assembly with Sejm Marshal Grzegorz Schetyna and Senate Marshal Bogdan Borusewicz behind him.

Following the death of Władysław Stasiak, the chief of the Chancellery of the President of the Republic of Poland, Komorowski appointed Jacek Michałowski to succeed him on an acting basis.[8] A high number of vacancies following the Smolensk crash necessitated numerous other appointments. On 12 April, he appointed retired General Stanisław Koziej head of the National Security Bureau in place of the late Aleksander Szczygło.[9]

On 29 April 2010, Komorowski signed into law a parliamentary act that reformed the Institute of National Remembrance.[10]

On 27 May 2010, Komorowski nominated Marek Belka, former Finance Minister and Prime Minister (2004–2005) of a then-leftist government, to be the president of the National Bank of Poland in place of the late Sławomir Skrzypek.[11]

Following his election, Komorowski announced that he would resign from the Sejm on 8 July 2010, and thus cease to be a marshal and an acting president (his successor as an acting president was the next marshal of the Sejm Grzegorz Schetyna, who held the position for about a month before Komorowski's formal inauguration).[12] Komorowski currently resides and works in the Belweder Palace instead of the Presidential Palace.

Personal life[edit]

Komorowski has been married to Anna Dembowska since 1977. He has five children: Zofia Aleksandra (born 1979), Tadeusz Jan (born 1981), Maria Anna (born 1983), Piotr Zygmunt (born 1986) and Elżbieta Jadwiga (born 1989).

Honours and awards[edit]

State visits[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parliament Head Komorowski Becomes Poland President after Kaczynski's Death". novinite.com. 10 April 2010. Retrieved 10 April 2010. 
  2. ^ Andrzej Stankiewicz, Piotr Śmiłowicz, Zofia Wojtkowska, "Bronisław Komorowski. Człowiek, który płynie z prądem." (Bronisław Komorowski. A man's ability to go with the flow of life.) Part 1 of 4. Newsweek Polska, 19 March 2010.
  3. ^ bronislawkomorowski.pl
  4. ^ a b Mariusz Janicki, "Komorowski Bronisław. Kandydat." Polityka Weekly, Kraj; 28 March 2010. (Polish)
  5. ^ a b c d e f Bronisław Komorowski – Encyklopedia Solidarności
  6. ^ "Biuro Prasowe Kancelarii Sejmu". Orka.sejm.gov.pl. Retrieved 15 April 2010. 
  7. ^ "Poland's snap presidential elections set for 20 June." BBC News, 21 April 2010
  8. ^ "Nowy szef kancelarii Prezydenta". Tvn24. 22 March 2010. Retrieved 15 April 2010. 
  9. ^ ła. "Pierwsze decyzje Komorowskiego: Gen. Koziej będzie szefem BBN-u". Wiadomosci Gazeta. Retrieved 15 April 2010. 
  10. ^ Poland's Komorowski approves shakeup of archive body. arabnews.com
  11. ^ Komorowski: Marek Belka kandydatem na prezesa NBP. gazeta.pl
  12. ^ Shortly Borusewicz, Schetyna later. To oni będą kolejno pełnić obowiązki prezydenta They will in turn serve as President of Poland
  13. ^ Sovereign Ordonnance n° 3989 of 17 October 2012 (French)
  14. ^ Orders exchange between Polish and French Presidents (photo) – prezydent.pl
  15. ^ Orders exchange between Polish and French Presidents (photo) – elysee.fr

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Janusz Onyszkiewicz
Minister of National Defence
2000–2001
Succeeded by
Jerzy Szmajdziński
Preceded by
Ludwik Dorn
Marshal of the Sejm
2007–2010
Succeeded by
Grzegorz Schetyna
Preceded by
Lech Kaczyński
President of Poland
Acting

2010
Succeeded by
Bogdan Borusewicz
Acting
Preceded by
Grzegorz Schetyna
Acting
President of Poland
2010–present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Donald Tusk
Civic Platform nominee for President of Poland
2010
Most recent

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