digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

30 August 1945. Yokosuka Naval Base, Tokyo Bay. Commander Yuzo Tanno hands over the keys of the Yokosuka Naval Base to Captain H. J. Buchanan, Royal Australian Navy. Buchanan led the first British Commonwealth party to go ashore in Japan.
General Robert L. Eichelberger inspects the Australian Guard of Honour at Kure.

The British Commonwealth Occupation Force (BCOF), was the name of the joint Australian, British, Indian and New Zealand military forces in occupied Japan, from 21 February 1946 until the end of occupation in 1952. At its peak, the BCOF comprised about 40,000 personnel, equal to about 25% of the number of US military personnel in Japan.

History and role[edit]

While US forces were responsible for military government, the BCOF was responsible for supervising demilitarisation and the disposal of Japan's war industries.[1] The BCOF was also responsible for the occupation of the western prefectures of Shimane, Yamaguchi, Tottori, Okayama, Hiroshima and Shikoku Island. They were also supported by the Women's Auxiliary Service (Burma). BCOF headquarters was at Kure.

For most of the occupation period Australia contributed the majority of the BCOF's personnel. The initial BCOF presence included the Australian 34th Brigade; the 9th Brigade, 2nd New Zealand Expeditionary Force (J Force); and BRINDIV, a British/Indian division of two brigade groups: the British 5th Infantry Brigade Group (from 2nd Infantry Division in India), and the 268th Indian Infantry Brigade. Major General David Cowan commanded BRINJAP Division from 1945 to 1947. The position of commanding officer was always filled by an Australian: Lieutenant General John Northcott, February to June 1946; Lieutenant General Horace Robertson, June 1946 to November 1951, and Lieutenant General William Bridgeford from November 1951 until the end of the occupation.

May 1946. The 2nd Battalion, 5th Royal Gurkha Rifles marching through Kure soon after their arrival in Japan.

The British Pacific Fleet initially provided most of the naval forces. The air contingent, known as BCAIR, initially comprised the Royal Australian Air Force's No. 81 Fighter Wing, flying P-51 Mustangs, four Spitfire squadrons (including No. 11 and No. 17 of the Royal Air Force and No. 4 of the Indian Air Force), and No. 14 Squadron of the Royal New Zealand Air Force flying F4U Corsairs.

During 1947, the BCOF began to wind down its presence in Japan. However, BCOF bases provided staging posts for Commonwealth forces deployed to the Korean War, from 1949 onwards. The BCOF was effectively wound-up in 1951, as control of Commonwealth forces in Japan was transferred to British Commonwealth Forces Korea.

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Singh, Rajendra (1958). Post-War Occupation Forces: Japan and South-East Asia. Delhi: Combined Inter-Services Historical Section (India & Pakistan) India, Orient Longmans [distributor]. OCLC 518916. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Commonwealth_Occupation_Force — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1490 videos foundNext > 

British Commonwealth Occupation Force In Japan, November 8, 1945

National Archives "A group of British officers, members of the British Physical Damage Team, walk through the ruins of Nagasaki Prison, located approx. 1000'...

Amanda speaking about the British Commonwealth Occupation Force

BCOF Days - Parades and Displays

One of a series of digital stories using the photos and recollections of a retired Australian Army officer, recalling his time in the British Commonwealth Oc...

BCOF Days - Hiroshima

One of a series of digital stories using the photos and recollections of a retired Australian Army officer, recalling his time in the British Commonwealth Oc...

The Forgotten Force - Australian BCOF Japanese Occupation Forces - DVD Doco Trailer

http://booksonwaraustralia.com/dvd-on-war/402-forgotten-force-bcof-.html This DVD is a Australian Documentary on the Australian involvement as part of BCOF t...

Images of the Ainu people

THE AINU PEOPLE OF NORTHERN JAPAN BY I. L. G. SUTHERLAND Canterbury University College, Christchurch, N.Z. IN February, 1947, while on a lecture tour of the ...

Weekly Review No. 232 (1946) [Maori Battalion Returns]

On 23 January 1946 the 28th (Maori) Battalion arrived in Wellington, after returning from service during World War Two. 780 troops were welcomed home with po...

The Australian BCOF Force DVD Doco Trailer

WW2: Allies in Japan (Nov. 08, 1945 - June 04, 1946)

A group of British officers, members of the British Physical Damage Team, walk through the ruins of Nagasaki Prison, located approx. 1000' from zero at 3 deg...

The Commonwealth Forces

Does not contain the military from all the commonwealth countries. The Commonwealth of Nations, commonly known as the Commonwealth is an intergovernmental or...

1490 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "British Commonwealth Occupation Force" right now.

Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight