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Borgeets (Assamese: বৰগীত, songs celestial) are a collection of lyrical songs that are set to specific ragas but not necessarily to any tala. These songs, composed by Srimanta Sankardeva and Madhavdeva in the 15th-16th centuries, are used to begin prayer services in monasteries associated with the Ekasarana Dharma; and they also belong to the repertoire of Music of Assam outside the religious context. They are a lyrical strain that express the religious sentiments of the poets reacting to different situations,[1] and differ from other lyrics associated with the Ekasarana Dharma.[2] Similar songs composed by others are not generally considered borgeets.

The first Borgeet was composed by Srimanta Sankardeva during his first pilgrimage at Badrikashram in c1488, which is contemporaneous to the birth of Dhrupad in the court of Man Singh Tomar (1486-1518) of Gwalior.[3]

Lyrics[edit]

The borgeets are written in the pada form of verse. The first pada, marked as dhrung,[4] works as a refrain and is repeated over the course of singing of the succeeding verses.[5] In the last couplet, the name of the poet is generally mentioned. The structure of borgeets is said to model the songs of 8-10th century Charyapada.[6]

The first borgeet, mana meri rama-caranahi lagu, was composed by the Sankardeva at Badrikashrama during his first pilgrimage. The language he used for all his borgeets is Brajavali, an artificial Maithili-Assamese mix; though Madhavdeva used Brajavali very sparingly.[7] Brajabuli, with its preponderance of vowels and alliterative expressions, as considered ideal for lyrical compositions, and Sankardeva used it for Borgeets and Ankiya Naats.[8] Sankardeva composed about two hundred and forty borgeets, but a fire destroyed them all and only about thirty four of them could be retrieved from memory. Sankardeva, much saddened by this loss, gave up writing borgeets and asked Madhavdeva to write them instead.

Madhavdeva composed more than two hundred borgeets, which focus mainly on the child-Krishna.[9]

Music[edit]

Borgeet: Alu moi ki kohobu dukho
Raga: Bhatiyali
Composer: Madhavdeva
Artist: Ashwini Bhide-Deshpande

The music of borgeets are based on ragas, which are clearly mentioned; and raginis, the female counterparts of ragas, are emphatically not used.[10] The rhythm (tala), on the other hand, are not mentioned; and borgeets need not be set to rhythm. Nevertheless, by convention tala is used when a borgeet is performed for an audience, or in a congregation, and in general specific ragas are associated with specific talas (e.g, Ashowari-raga with yati-maan; Kalyana-raga with khar-maan, etc.).[11] The lightness that is associated with the khyal type of Indian classical music is absent, instead the music is closer to the Dhrupad style. The singing of a borgeet is preceded by raga diya or raga tana, the local term for alap, but unlike the syllables used in Khyal or Dhrupad, words like Rama, Hari, Govinda, etc. are used.[12] Furthermore, raga diya is fixed as opposed to alap which is improvised.

Contemporary uses[edit]

The strict rules that are associated with the Borgeets, and still practiced in the Sattras, are eschewed in popular renderings. Borgeets were used by Bhupen Hazarika,[13] in movies, and popular singers like Zubeen Garg have released their renderings.[14]

Translations[edit]

Borgeets have recently been translated into Hindi by Devi Prasad Bagrodia.[15]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ (Neog 1980, p. 178)
  2. ^ The other forms lyrics are the bhatima (laudatory odes), kirtan- and naam-ghoxa (lyrics for congregational singing), ankiya geet (lyrics set to beats and associated with the Ankiya Naat), etc.
  3. ^ (Sanyal 2004, pp. 45–46)
  4. ^ Dhrung is likely an abbreviation of Dhruva, the dhatu named in the Prabandha musical tradition (Mahanta 2008, p. 52)
  5. ^ (Neog 1980, p. 278)
  6. ^ (Barua 1953, p. 100)
  7. ^ "Madhavdev did not use Brajabuli the way Sankardev did. If we dropped a few words, the language of most of Madhavdev's Borgeets reduce to old Assamese" (Mahanta 2008, p. 15).
  8. ^ (Barua 1953, pp. 98–100)
  9. ^ (Sarma 1976, p. 60)
  10. ^ (Neog 1980, p. 286)
  11. ^ (Neog 1980, p. 278)
  12. ^ (Neog 1980, p. 278)
  13. ^ Tejore Kamalapoti, by Madhavdeva, sung by Bhupen Hazarika (1955) Piyoli Phukan
  14. ^ Pawe Pori Hori, by Shankardeva, sung by Zubeen Garg.
  15. ^ http://www.assamtribune.com/scripts/detailsnew.asp?id=may2114/state05

References[edit]

  • Barua, B K (1953), "Sankaradeva: His Poetical Works", in Kakati, Banikanta, Aspects of Early Assamese Literature, Gauhati: Gauhati University 
  • Das-Gogoi, Hiranmayee (December 6, 2011). "Dhrupadi Elements of Borgeet". Society for Srimanta Sankaradeva. Retrieved October 23, 2012. 
  • Mahanta, Bapchandra (2008). Borgeet (in Assamese) (2nd ed.). Guwahati: Students' Stores. 
  • Neog, Maheswar (1980), Early history of the Vaisnava faith and movement in Assam, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass 
  • Sanyal, Ritwik; Widdness, Richard (2004). Dhrupad: Tradition and Performance in Indian Music. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. 
  • Sarma, Satyendra Nath (1976), Assamese Literature, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Borgeet — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
6290 videos foundNext > 

Hari hey (হৰি হে..) - Borgeet by Zubeen Garg

"প্ৰথমে প্ৰণাম ব্ৰহ্ম ৰূপী সনাতন" (Prathame pranam brahma) Assamese traditional devotional song - Borgeet copyright: VenusMusic.

Borgeet-Srimanta Sankare-By Jubin and his Team

borgeet xuno xuno re xuro বৰগীত শুন শুন ৰে সুৰ

Bhupen Hazarika TEJORE KAMALAPOTI Borgeet by MADHABDEV

BORGEET BY MAHAPURUSH MADHABDEV SINGER BHUPEN HAZARIKA তেজৰে কমলাপতি পৰভাতে নিন্দ ৷ তেৰি চান্দ মুখ পেখো উঠৰ...

AARE KOMPITO MADHOVO. "PROJECT BORGEET" Behind The Music

Mahapurus Srimanta Sankardeva and Srimanta Madhavdeva created the backbone of Assamese society and culture around 500 years back. Borgeet is one of ...

borgeet uthore utho bapu বৰগীত উঠৰে উঠ বাপু

Title- 2 (Borgeet by Angarag)

Noted Singer Angarag ,Mahanta Paying tribute to Srimanta Sankardeva (Noted 15th century Saint, Scholar and Social Reformer of Assam) at Srimanta ...

ASSAM:: BORGEET ::AGUMAI:: GOALI PAROTE NACHE PRANGOPAL

Borgeet are devotional songs of the Vaishanav culture.. orginally started by SHri Shri Sankardeva a vaishnav saint...lead actor.. JATIN BORA.

Bhupen Hazarika Xuno xuno শুন শুন ৰে সুৰ Borgeet SANKARDEV

আ আ আ আ আ শুন শুন ৰে সুৰ বৈৰী প্ৰমাণা নিশাচৰ নাশ নিদানা আ আ আ আ আ শুন শুন ৰে সুৰ...

Pawe Pori Hori পাৱে পৰি হৰি । Borgeet । Sri Manta Sankaradeva

6290 videos foundNext > 

172 news items

 
Times of India
Tue, 09 Feb 2016 06:48:45 -0800

GURGAON: The wonder of India's rich heritage is that it is accessible to all, to explore and to appreciate. And for his contribution to the study of Sankariya theatre, and the folk and traditional drama of Assam, M L Varadpande was honoured with the ...
 
Press Trust of India
Fri, 05 Feb 2016 10:00:00 -0800

... social-religious reformer who has left an extensive literary oeuvre of transcreated scriptures, theological works in Sanskrit, besides new form of music (Borgeet), dance (Sattriya), theatrical performance (Ankia Naat, Bhaona) and literary language ...
 
NYOOOZ
Tue, 09 Feb 2016 17:41:15 -0800

GURGAON: The wonder of India's rich heritage is that it is accessible to all, to explore and to appreciate. And for his contribution to the study of Sankariya theatre, and the folk and traditional drama of Assam, M L Varadpande was honoured with the ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Thu, 21 Jan 2016 16:33:14 -0800

To understand dance, especially abhinaya, one has to understand to emote along with the music. Music and dance have to blend together to complement a piece. I am learning Borgeet , the songs on which Sattriya dance is performed. So, I am still a ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Thu, 14 Jan 2016 02:28:40 -0800

I am learning Borgeet, the songs on which Sattriya dance is performed. So, I am still a student of music though my heart is in dance. As a student, there must have been high expectation from your family to excel in academics. Dance and music must have ...

The Statesman

The Statesman
Wed, 02 Dec 2015 16:11:15 -0800

After the Borgeet performance by the Borgeet Mahavidyalaya, the concluding Govardhan-Leela was presented by the Guwahati Kala Kendra. The climax of the festival and the concluding evening was the dance-drama Dashavatar by Sharodi Saikia and her ...

thenortheasttoday.com (press release)

thenortheasttoday.com (press release)
Wed, 14 Oct 2015 07:37:30 -0700

Those visiting the park will not only be able to see these collections but also taste juices of local fruits, pithas (local cakes) and enjoy the Borgeet and Xattriya dance performances as well,” KMSS leader Kamal Kumar Medhi added. The KMSS has been ...
 
Assam Tribune
Sat, 12 Dec 2015 10:22:30 -0800

Ranjan Bezbarua and Madhab Krishna Das will perform borgeet in the function. Artists of Srimanta Sankaradeva Sangha will perform diha naam and thiya naam. Artists from Rangalaya, Puranigudam will perform gayan bayan. An exhibition of the aharya ...
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